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Type 1&2 diabetes
 

Type 1&2 diabetes

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How to diagnose and cure diabetes 1&2 visit http://tinyurl.com/7oh54wb

How to diagnose and cure diabetes 1&2 visit http://tinyurl.com/7oh54wb

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    Type 1&2 diabetes Type 1&2 diabetes Document Transcript

    • ==== ====Get all the answers you need from herehttp://tinyurl.com/7oh54wb==== ====Diabetes affects the manner in which the body handles digested carbohydrates. If neglected,diabetes can cause serious health complications, ranging from blindness to kidney failure.Approximately 8% of the population in the United States has diabetes. This means thatapproximately 16 million people have been diagnosed with the disease, based only on nationalstatistics. The American Diabetes Association estimates that diabetes accounts for 178,000deaths, 54,000 amputees, and 12,000-24,000 cases of blindness annually. Blindness is 25 timesmore common among diabetic patients compared to nondiabetics. It is proposed that by the year2010, diabetes will exceed both heart disease and cancer as the leading cause of death throughits many complications.Diabetics have a high level of blood glucose. The blood sugar level is regulated by insulin, ahormone produced by the pancreas, which releases it in response to food consumption. Insulincauses the cells of the body to take in glucose from the blood. The glucose is used as fuel forcellular functions.Diagnostic standards for diabetes have been fasting plasma glucose levels greater than 140mg/dL on two occasions and plasma glucose greater than 200 mg/dL following a 75-gram glucoseload. More recently, the American Diabetes Association lowered the criteria for a diabetesdiagnosis to fasting plasma glucose levels equal to or greater than 126 mg/dL. Fasting plasmalevels outside the normal limit require additional tests, usually by repeating the fasting plasmaglucose test and (if indicated) giving the patient an oral glucose tolerance test.The symptoms of diabetes include excessive urination, excessive thirst and hunger, suddenweight loss, blurred vision, delay in healing of wounds, dry and itchy skin, repeated infections,fatigue and headache. These symptoms, while suggestive of diabetes, may be due to otherreasons also.There are two different types of diabetes.Type I Diabetes (juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes): The cause of type I diabetes iscaused by pancreatic inability to produce insulin. It is responsible for 5-10% of cases of diabetes.The pancreatic Islet of Langerhans cells, which secrete the hormone, are destroyed by the bodysown immune system, probably because it mistakes them for a virus. Viral infections are thought tobe the trigger that sets off this auto-immune disease. It is more common in caucasians and runs infamilies.If untreated, death occurs within a few months of the onset of juvenile diabetes, as the cells of thebody starve because they no longer receive the hormonal prompt to take in glucose. While most
    • Type I diabetics are young (hence the term Juvenile Diabetes), the condition can develop at anyage. Autoimmune diabetes can be definitely diagnosed by a blood test which shows the presenceof anti-insulin/anti-islet-cell antibodies.Type II Diabetes (non insulin dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes): This diabetes is a resultof body tissues becoming resistant to insulin. It accounts for 90-95% of cases. Often the pancreasis producing more than average amounts of insulin, but the cells of the body have becomeunresponsive to its effect due to the chronically high level of the hormone. Eventually the pancreasmay exhaust its over-active secretion of the hormone, and insulin levels fall to below normal.A tendency towards Type II diabetes is hereditary, but it is unlikely to develop in normal-weightindividuals eating a low- or moderate-carbohydrate diet. Obese, sedentary individuals who eatpoor-quality diets based on refined starch, which constantly activates pancreatic insulin secretion,are prone to develop insulin resistance. Native peoples such as North American Indians whosetraditional diets did not include refined starch until its recent introduction by Europeans haveextremely high rates of diabetes, up to 5 times the rate of caucasians. Blacks and hispanics arealso at higher risk. Though Type II diabetes is not fatal within a matter of months, it can lead tohealth complications over several years and cause severe disability and premature death. As withType I diabetes, the condition is found primarily in one age group, in this case people over 40(which is why it is often termed Adult Onset); however, with the rise in childhood and teenageobesity, it is appearing in children as well.If neglected, diabetes can lead to life-threatening complications such as kidney damage(nephropathy), heart disease, nerve damage (neuropathy), retinal damage andblindness(retinopathy), and hypoglycemia (drastic reduction in glucose levels). Diabetes damagesblood vessels, especially smaller end-arteries, leading to severe and premature atherosclerosis.Diabetics are prone to foot problems because neuropathy, which affects approximately 10% ofpatients, causes their feet to lose sensation. Foot injuries, common in day-to-day living, gounnoticed, and these injuries do not heal because of poor circulation through the small arteries inthe foot. Gangrene and subsequent amputation of toes or feet is the consequence for manyelderly patients with poorly-controlled diabetes. Usually these sequelae appear earlier in Type Ithan Type II diabetes, because Type II patients have some of their own insulin production left tobuffer changes in blood sugar levels.Type I diabetes is a serious disease and there is no permanent cure for it. However, the symptomscan be controlled by strict dietary monitering and insulin injections. Implanted pumps whichrelease insulin immediately in response to changes in blood glucose are in the testing stages.In theory, since it caused by diet, Type II diabetes should be preventable and manageable bydietary changes alone, but in practice many diabetics (and many obese people without diabetes)find it personally impossible to lose weight or adhere to a healthy diet. Therefore they arefrequently treated with drugs which restore the bodys response to insulin, and in some casesinjections of insulin.Please note that this article is not a subsitute for medical advice. If you suspect you have diabetesor are in a high risk group, please see your doctor.For more information, please visit our site,
    • http://www.diabetes-testing-2006.infoFrank Vanderlugt[http://www.diabetes-testing-2006.info]Article Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Frank_Vanderlugt==== ====Get all the answers you need from herehttp://tinyurl.com/7oh54wb==== ====