Cultures of india

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Cultures of india

  1. 1. Presented ByR.Gowtham B.E (civil)From Sree Sakthi Engg. College.Coimbatore
  2. 2. CULTURES1.Religions & spirituality2.Cuisine3.Clothing4.Languages and Literature5.Performing arts6.Visual arts7.Sports & martial arts8.Popular media
  3. 3. Religions and spirituality India is the birth place ofHinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, collectivelyknown as Indian religions India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world, The religion of 80% of the people is Hinduism. Islam is practicedby around 13% of all IndiansSikhism, Jainism and especially Buddhismare influential not only in India but across the worldChristianity, Zoroastrianism, and Judaism are alsoinfluential but their numbers are smaller.Religions and spirituality.  Family  Marriage  Namaste  Festivals  Names and language  Animals and Birds
  4. 4. Family Family plays a significant role in the Indian culture. For generations,India has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. It is asystem under which extended members of a family – parents, children,the children’s spouses and their offspring, etc.Marriage For centuries, arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indiansociety though men and women have always had the choice of whothey want to marry. Even today, the vast majority of Indians havetheir marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members,The divorce rate is extremely low compared with about 50% in theUnited States .The arranged marriages generally have a much lower divorce rate. Namaste Namaste, namaskar or Namaskara or Namaskaram, VanakkamNomoshkaar is a common spoken greeting in Indian subcontinent. Namaskar is considered formal version than Namaste but both express deep respect.Taken literally, it means "I bow to you“,word is derived from Sanskrit (namah): to bowand (te): "to you".
  5. 5. Festivals India, being a multi-cultural and multi-religious society, celebrates festivals of variousreligions. Popular religious festivals include the Hindu festivals of Navratri, Diwali, GaneshChaturthi, Durga puja, Holi ,Rakshabandhan and Dussehra.Names and language Indian names are based on a variety of systems and naming conventions, which vary fromregion to region. Indias population speaks a wide variety of languages.Animals and Birds The varied and rich wildlife of India The word has been also made famous in The JungleBookby Rudyard Kipling. In Hinduism, the cow is regarded as a symbol of ahimsa .Feeding a cow is seen as an act of worship. The most common bird known to all is our national birdPeacock.
  6. 6. 2.Cuisine The cuisine in India isclassified into three majorcategories. Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas. Rajas stands for passion.balance. Satva which stand for Tamas stands for indulgence. Food is consumed according to the lifestyle of the person.India is known for its love for food andit plays a role in everyday life as well as in festivals. Indian cuisine varies from region to region, reflecting the varied demographics of the country. Though the tandoor originated in Central Asia, Indian tandoori dishes, such as chicken tikka made with Indian ingredients, enjoy widespread popularity.
  7. 7. 3.ClothingTraditional clothing in India greatly variesacross different parts of the countryIt is influenced immensely by local culture,geography and climate.Popular styles of dress include drapedgarments such as sari for women and Dhotior lungi for men; in addition, stitched clothessuch as churidar for women and kurta-pyjama and European-style trousers and shirtsfor men, are also popular.
  8. 8. 4.Languages and LiteratureHindi, Indias most spoken language And another languages Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Bengali, Kannada.EpicsThe Rāmāyaṇa and the Mahābhārataare the oldest preserved and well-known epics of India.
  9. 9. 5.Performing arts Indian dance too has diverse folk and classical forms. Among the well-known folk dances are the bhangra of the Punjab the bihu of Assam, the chhau of Jharkhand, the Odishi of Orissa, the ghoomar of Rajasthan, the dandiya and garba of Gujarat, the Yakshagana of Karnataka and lavani of Maharashtra and Dekhnni of Goa.
  10. 10. Visual arts Painting Painting Sculpture Architecture The earliest Indian paintings were the rock paintings of pre-historic times, the petroglyphst it was common for households to paint their doorways or indoor rooms where guests resided.
  11. 11. Sculpture The first sculptures in India date back to the Indus Valleycivilization, where stone and bronze figures have been discovered.Later, as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism developed further, Indiaproduced some extremely intricate bronzes as well as temple carvings.Some huge shrines, such as the one at Ellora were not constructed byusing blocks but carved out of solid rock.Architecture Indian architecture encompasses a multitude of expressions overspace and time, constantly absorbing new ideas. The result is anevolving range of architectural production that nonetheless retains acertain amount of continuity across history. Some of its earliestproduction are found in the Indus Valley Civilization (2600–1900 BC)which is characterised by well planned cities and houses. Religion andkingship do not seem to have played an important role in the planningand layout of these towns.
  12. 12. Sports and Martial arts Indian martial arts Field Hockey is the national Sport in India, and the India national field hockey team won the1975 Mens Hockey World Cup and 8 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals at the Olympic games.Cricket is the most popular Sport in India One of the best known forms of ancient Indian martial arts is theKalarippayattu from Kerala. This ancient fighting style originated insouthern India in 12th century BC and is regarded as one of the oldestsurviving martial arts. Silambam which was developed around 200 AD, traces its roots tothe Sangam period in southern India.
  13. 13. Popular mediaTelevision Indian television started off in 1959 in New Delhi with tests for educational telecasts.[75] Indian small screen programming started off in the mid 1970s. At that time there was only one national channel Doordarshan, which was government owned. 1982 saw revolution in TV programming in India, with the New Delhi Asian games, India saw the colour version of TV, that year. The Ramayana and Mahabharat were some among the popular television series produced. By the late 1980s more and more people started to own television setsCinema Bollywood is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based film industry in India. Bollywood and the other major cinematic hubs (in Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Punjabi and Telugu) constitute the broader Indian film industry, whose output is considered to be the largest in the world in terms of number of films produced and number of tickets sold.
  14. 14. Presented ByR.Gowtham B.EFrom Sree Sakthi Engg. College.Coimbatore

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