Occupational health hazards


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Occupational health hazards

  1. 1. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  2. 2. Occupational safety and health -is an area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. -The goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work environment. - OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  3. 3. Identifying safety and health hazards - A hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled. - The outcome is the harm that results from an uncontrolled hazard. - A risk is a combination of the probability that a particular outcome will occur and the severity of the harm involved Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  4. 4. How many cases of low back pain reported in a year Musculoskeletal problems Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  5. 5. Physical and Mechanical Biological and Chemical Psychological and social issues Workplace hazards Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  6. 6. Physical and Mechanical hazards Are the most common and will be present in most workplaces at one time or another. They include unsafe conditions that can cause injury, illness and death. 1- Electrical hazards: frayed cords, missing ground pins, improper wiring 2- Unguarded machinery and moving machinery parts: guards removed or moving parts that a worker can accidentally touch 3- Constant loud noise 4- High exposure to sunlight/ultraviolet rays, heat or cold 5- Working from heights, including ladders, scaffolds, roofs, or any raised work area 6- Spills on floors or tripping hazards, such as blocked aisle or cords running across the floor. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  7. 7. Biological and Chemical Hazards ** Biological Hazards: Come from working with animals, people or infectious plant materials. Work in day care, hospitals, hotel laundry and room cleaning, laboratories, veterinary offices and nursing homes may expose you to biological hazards. - The types of things you may be exposed to include: A- blood or other body fluids B- Fungi C- Bacteria and viruses D- Plants E- Insect bites Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  8. 8. Biological and chemical Hazards Chemical hazards - Are present when a worker is exposed to any chemical preparation in the workplace in any form (solid, liquid or gas). Some are safer than others, but to some workers who are more sensitive to chemicals, even common solutions can cause illness, skin irritation or breathing problems. -liquids like cleaning products, paints, acids, solvents especially chemicals in an unlabelled container (warning sign!). - flammable materials like gasoline, solvents and explosive chemicals. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  9. 9. Psychological and social issues - Work-related stress, whose causal factors include excessive working time and overwork - Violence from outside the organization. - Bullying, which may include emotional and verbal abuse. - Sexual harassment. - Mobbing. - Burnout. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  10. 10. Healthcare Wide Hazards 1- Blood borne Pathogens: * Needle stick Injury: Nursing staff are the most frequently injured employees from needlesticks. Data shows needlestick injuries occur most frequently in patient rooms. * Universal Precautions: An approach to infection control which treats all human blood and other potentially infectious materials as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV or other bloodborne pathogens. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  11. 11. Con….Healthcare Wide Hazards •Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). •Latex Allergy •Bloodborne Illnesses - Hepatitis B Virus: - Hepatitis is much more transmissible than HIV. - Risk of infection from a single needlestick is 6%-30%. -50% of the people with HBV infection are unaware that they have the virus. -The CDC states that HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood on environmental surfaces or contaminated needles and instruments. -Employer should offer testing for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen one to two months after the completion of the three-dose vaccination series. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  12. 12. Con….Healthcare Wide Hazards -Bloodborne Illnesses - Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Risk of HIV infection after needlestick is 1 in 3,000 or 0.3%. - Labeling and Signs. Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  13. 13. Con….Healthcare Wide Hazards 2- Infections: MDRO - Multidrug-Resistant Organisms - Can I get MRSA from someone at work? - If I have MRSA, can I go to work? - What should I do if I think I have a MRSA infection? - If I have a MRSA skin infection, what should I do to prevent its spread at work and at home? - What should I do if I suspect that my uniform, clothing, personal protective equipment or workstation has become contaminated with MRSA? - What can my boss (employer) do to prevent the spread of MRSA at the workplace? Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  14. 14. Con….Healthcare Wide Hazards 3- Tuberculosis: Nearly one-third of the world's population is infected with Tuberculosis (TB), nearly 9 million develop the disease, and it kills almost 2 million people per year. -TB warning symptoms: -Productive cough, coughing up blood, weight loss, loss of appetite, lethargy/weakness, night sweats, or fever. - What organs are affected? Lungs? Spine? Kideny? Amani.M. AL Bohisi
  15. 15. Amani.M. AL Bohisi To be Continued Thank You