French Colonies North America<br />By: Cara Treneer<br />History 140<br />
Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquoia<br />16th century<br />The French along with the Dutch and English came to the new world to cl...
Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />French in St. Lawrence Valley<br />It offered the deepest access westward.<br /...
Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />Iroquois Indians<br />Hunters and Getherers<br />Located on lake Ontario and al...
Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />Fur<br />Trading for fur was a huge industry made in America and Canada startin...
Chapter 16- French America<br />17th century<br />French founded Louisiana colony<br />Spanish power was declining in Flor...
New Promise & Opportunity<br />“Seigneurs” brought 1st farm families<br />French peasant Canadian settlers were able to im...
Chapter 16- French America<br />Economically<br />French America was an economic disaster<br />French often sold goods und...
Chapter 16- French America<br />French Voyagers<br />The crown started populating their new colonies in 1663 after taking ...
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French N American Colony

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French N American Colony

  1. 1. French Colonies North America<br />By: Cara Treneer<br />History 140<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquoia<br />16th century<br />The French along with the Dutch and English came to the new world to claim new colonies.<br />They were looking for riches in trade and to start a better life. <br />St. Lawrence Valley=Canada<br />Modern Colonization with Indian and French Trade<br />Originally only traded within their own tribes.<br />Indians thought objects and materials, alive or not to have spiritual powers.<br />After starting to trade for shiny objects like beads, copper, and polished seashells; the Indians started to think of goods as commodities with a negotiable price<br />fish and furs were profitable commodities funding northern colonization.<br />French exchanged metals kettles, alcohol, guns, and knives for food and meat from the natives. <br />Indians now equipped with European modern firearms=treat to French colonies and well as other European colonies.<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />French in St. Lawrence Valley<br />It offered the deepest access westward.<br />Quebec offered good harbor for ships <br />High ground for fortifies posts.<br />Natives were more skilled as hunters<br />It was a safe distance from the Spanish reign.<br />Religious Influence<br />Jesuit Priest established among the natives to convert them to Christianity<br />Causing conflict splitting the Huron tribe into Christian converts & those against converting<br />Campaign 1648-49 destroyed Huron tribe<br />Jesuit Priest known as “Black Robes” influenced natives by their devotion to their god & faith<br />Natives of settled area<br />Iroquois<br />Algonquian<br />Micmac<br />Algonquians<br />Montagnais<br />Algonquin<br />Huron<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />Iroquois Indians<br />Hunters and Getherers<br />Located on lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence Valley<br />Enemies of the French<br />Made by fur trade which brought on violence. <br />Samuel de Champlain and 2 French musketeer assisted their Indian allies to defeat the Iroquois warriors.<br />
  5. 5. Chapter 5 Canada & Iroquois Continued<br />Fur<br />Trading for fur was a huge industry made in America and Canada starting in the 16th century.<br />Indians Role<br />Hunted the animals<br />Prepared the fur for trade by skinning and treating it.<br />Had a new found appreciation for knifes, metals arrowheads, hatchets and axes. <br />Fur industry developed by French explorers and fisherman arriving in Eastern Canada.<br />Beaver fur was very much sought after along with fox, mink, bear and others.<br />Tension with the Iroquois escalated with fur trade competition. <br />
  6. 6. Chapter 16- French America<br />17th century<br />French founded Louisiana colony<br />Spanish power was declining in Florida<br />Although Growing frustrated with their lack of control of the natives, the French had established good trade with them.<br />British were the French rivals<br />French America stretched from gulf of St. Lawrence to the gulf of Mexico.<br />
  7. 7. New Promise & Opportunity<br />“Seigneurs” brought 1st farm families<br />French peasant Canadian settlers were able to improve their status and their standard of living<br />Things that were too expensive like homes and horses back home were made more affordable<br />
  8. 8. Chapter 16- French America<br />Economically<br />French America was an economic disaster<br />French often sold goods under market value to compete with the British trade with the Indians<br />It became too expensive for the maintenance of their forts <br />Hard to please the natives<br />
  9. 9. Chapter 16- French America<br />French Voyagers<br />The crown started populating their new colonies in 1663 after taking over “New France.”<br />Many fled Canada looking for better climate conditions and more favorable terms for agriculture.<br />12% of emigrants were female, most came from French orphanages.<br />Most of the emigrants were made up of men, looking to better themselves financially.<br />

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