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The basque case  a comprehensive model for sustainable human development
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The basque case a comprehensive model for sustainable human development

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  • 1. Executive Summary“The Basque Case offers a model for 21st Century development, a merger ofKeynesian and Schumpeterian approaches; enhanced social change and !"#$%&()#$*&#+entrepreneurship.” ,$*-./0#"#123#$4-5#6$7-0 8)9&21&:6#$;).&1$<#3#6-/.#19$- Diogo Vasconcelos, Founding Chair of the Social Innovation Exchange“This fascinating Basque case study demonstrates the power of a holistic approachto development, one that simultaneously and creatively engages with economic,social, political, environmental and cultural elements and the potential for them tobe aligned to faciltate self-reinforcing positive change.”- Dr. Jacqueline Klopp, Columbia UniversityDr Ibarretxe!s report comes at a critical moment, offering an alternative modelbased on a record of success when other experiments have not been assuccessful.”- Dr. Kenneth Melchin, St. Paul University!"#$"%"&()#*"%$+,%-(.&"#/&0-(&%1(2&3,%(4567(36&#"%/,>$?@A51@(89:;<<:;=:99((((((((((((( ( (36&#A$?@A51@
  • 2. !"#$%"#&! "#! $%%&$! ()*+$! #,-#! .,-#! .%! $&%.,-#! /$%/0! 1%2%1! #! -$! 3#,%!4%$#%15!41/67!,-$!1%-8,%6!5%!2!#,$%!9*5#$!*5!#*&%!.,%5!8*18+&$#-58%$!218%! *#! #! #-:%! -! /5;<! ,-16! /:! -#! #,%! (-$*8! 9/*#*8-/<! $8*-/! -56! %85&*8!*6%-$!#,-#!,-)%!+56%19*55%6!9/*8*%$!6+1*5;!#,%!91%)*+$!#,*1#0!0%-1$=!>/%-1/0<!,*$#10!,-$!5#!%56%6<!-56!#,%!#1*+&9,!2!21%%!&-1:%#!8-9*#-/*$&!9/+$!/*(%1-/!6%&81-80!?2#%5<!*5!1%-/*#0<!-!6*$;+*$%6!9/+#81-80@!5.!/:$!$&%.,-#!/%$$!#1*+&9,-5#! #,-5! *#! 6*6! A! 0%-1$! -;=! ! B! 1*$*5;! #*6%! &-0! ,-)%! /*2#%6! -//! (-#$<!(+#! .,-#! ,-$! ,-99%5%6! #! #,%! &-50! 2! +$! .,! 6! 5#! .5! -! (-#! -99%-1$!+521#+5-#%! -56! C! #! &-50! 2! #,%! &-50! C! (/-#-5#/0! +52-*1=! D,%! 34-$,*5;#5!>5$%5$+$7! &-0! $#*//! (%! #,%! 85$%5$+$! 5! 4-//! E#1%%#! 1! *5! 4-$,*5;#5! (+#!*#! /:$! *581%-$*5;/0! &#,F%-#%5! 5! G-*5! E#1%%#! 1! *5! H%1*-=! "5! $,1#<! .,-#! !>=! I=! G-89,%1$5! &-50! 0%-1$! -;! 6%$81*(%6! -$! 3#,%! 9/*#*8-/! #,%10! 2!9$$%$$*)%!*56*)*6+-/*$&7!,-$!#-:%5!$&%!,-16!:58:$!1%8%5#/0<!8+/&*5-#*5;!*5!#,%!3J1%-#!K%8%$$*57!2!LMMNFLMOO!-56!-!1%#,*5:!$%%&$!#!(%!*5!16%1=!4,%1%!6!.%!;!21&!,%1%P! Q1#+5-#%/0<!.%!6!5#!,-)%!#!$#-1#!21&!$81-#8,!-$!#,%1%!-1%!-!5+&(%1!2!9#%5#*-/!&6%/$!21!-/#%15-#*)%!.-0$!2!1;-5*R*5;!$8*%#*%$!*5!&1%!,+&-5%!-56!/%$$!8&9%#*#*)%!.-0$!#,-5!-1%!8-//%6!21!(0!+52%##%1%6!-56!+51%;+/-#%6!8&9%#*#*5=!B&5;!#,%&!*$!#,%!-991-8,!-69#%6!*5!S+$:-6*!F!#,%!I-$T+%!>+5#10!*5!51#,!%-$#%15!E9-*5!C!.,*8,<!9$#!Q1-58<!-8,*%)%6!-!85$*6%1-(/%!6%;1%%! 2! -+#5&0! 21&! #,%! J)%15&%5#! *5! G-61*6! -56! +$%6! *#$! 1%;*5-/!21%%6&!#!81-2#!-!+5*T+%/0!3I-$T+%!$#1-#%;07!#!+56%1#-:%!#,%!1%;%5%1-#*5!2!#,%!1%;*5=!S+$:-6*!,-6!(%%5!-5!*56+$#1*-/!8%5#%1!21!#,%!E9-5*$,!$#-#%!(+#<!-#!#,%!$#-1#!2!#,%!LO$#!>%5#+10<!*#!.-$!$+22%1*5;!21&!&-50!2!#,%!91(/%&$!2-8*5;!#,%1!1%;*5$!#,1+;,+#!S+19%!-56!U1#,!B&%1*8-!#,-#!,-6!%85&*%$!(-$%6!5!,%-)0!*56+$#1*%$!#,-#!,-6!&)%6!*5#!#,%!5%./0!*56+$#1*-/*$%6!8+5#1*%$!2!#,%!;/(-/!$+#,=
  • 3. ! "#$! %&()! *! #+! &#$! ,-%./$! 01$(23$2&! -24! 5$56$! 7(-*&$4! -!%&(-&$8)! &! ($8$2$(-&$! &#$9(! $723)! 1$(! &#$! 2$:&! 4$7-4$! ;! -24! &! 4! %!+9&#! &#$! %/55(&! *! &#$! 1-%&! 3-<(9&)! *! &#$! ,-%./$! 5$56$=! 92! %59&$! *! &#$! !2>8928!8/$((966-!7-35-982!*!?"@!-8-92%&!&#$!A5-29%#!%&-&$!>!9%!72&-92$4!92!&#$!*66+928!B$5(&=!+#97#!#-%!&#$!8($-&!-41-2&-8$!*!C$928!+(9&&$2!C)!2$!*!&#$!7#9$*!-(7#9&$7&%!*!&#$!,-%./$!%&(-&$8)=!&#$!*(3$(!D$#$4-(-E9=!F(G!H/-2!IC-(($&:$! J-(E/-(&/G! K9&#! 9&%! *7/%! 2! L&#$! ($-6! $723)=M! -! 7339&3$2&! &!8$2/92$!5/C697>5(91-&$!5-(&2$(%#95%=!-2!-77$5&-27$!*!&#$!2$$4!&!92161$!&#$!+(E!*(7$!92!56-22928!$72397!56979$%=!-24!-!C$69$*!&#-&!81$(23$2&!-7&92!92!%/55(&!*!921$%&3$2&%!92!&$7#268)=!9221-&92!-24!$4/7-&92!+/64!5-)!&#$!,-%./$!%&(-&$8)!5(194$%!%3$!76$-(!-6&$(2-&91$!6$%%2%!-C/&!($*(3!-24!($8$2$(-&92!&#-&!4!2&!2$7$%%-(96)!927(5(-&$!-!L(-7$!&!&#$!C&&3GM!!! N6$-(6)=!2&!$1$()&#928!+(E$4!-%!+$66!-%!+-%!#5$4=!-24!&#$!-C969&)!*!&#9%!-55(-7#!&!5(&$7&!&#$!$723)!-24!&#$!5$56$!+(E928!92!9&!*(3!&#$!$**$7&%!*!-!3-<(!($7$%%92!#-%!)$&!&!C$!($19$+$4G!O+$1$(=!&#$!94$-%!5/&!92&!5(-7&97$!92!?/%E-49!-($!+$66!+(&#!C$928!&-E$2!1$()!%$(9/%6)!92!&#$(!7/2&(9$%!-24! ($892%G! H/%&! -%! &#$! J24(-82! $:5$(9$27$! #-%! *7/%$4! 92&$(2-&92-6!-&&$2&92! 2! -6&$(2-&91$! +-)%! *! (/22928! 924/%&(9-6! $2&$(5(9%$%=! %! &#$! 1$(-66!L,-%./$!%&(-&$8)M!3-)!C$73$!&#$!C-%9%!*(!&#$(!5%9&91$!-24!7($-&91$!($-!&92%!&!%3$!*!&#$!5(C6$3%!*!5%&>924/%&(9-6!%79$&9$%!92!&#$!PQ%&!N$2&/()GN#(9%&5#$(!J9&7#$660$(8$!J-%2!R291$(%9&)=!S9(8929-
  •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
  • 5. The Basque Case! !!!!!!!!!"#$%&()$*&#! !!!!!!!!!+!,-.%/!0*1*&#! !!!!!!!!!2-%//!,$%.$/3*)!+4/1 Economic Strategy! !!!!!!!!!"#$%&()$*&#! !!!!!!!!!5/.%#*#3!$&!6&78/$/! !!!!!!!!!5/.%#*#3!$&!6&78/$/!*#!6&&8/%.$*&#! !!!!!!!!!5/.%#*#3!$&!"##&9.$/!*#!6&&8/%.$*&# Social Cohesion Strategy! !!!!!!!!!"#$%&()$*&#! !!!!!!!!!:().$*&#! !!!!!!!!!;/.<$-!.#!,&)*.<!6.%/! !!!!!!!!!,&)*.<!"#)<(1*&#!! !!!!!!!!!=/#/%!:>(.<*$?! !!!!!!!!!+!6(<$(%.<!"/#$*$?!@8/#!$&!$-/!A&%< Environmental Strategy! !!!!!!!!!"#$%&()$*&#! !!!!!!!!!B/*(7C$/%7!,$%.$/3*)!D<.##*#3E!FGGF!C!FGFG! !!!!!!!!!H*3-$!+3.*#1$!6<*7.$/!6-.#3/! !!!!!!!!!,(1$.*#.I</!:#/%3?E!2%.#18&%$!.#!B&I*<*$? Results! !!!!!!!!"#*).$&%1!&J!:)&#&7*)!=%&K$-! !!!!!!!!"#*).$&%1!&J!,&)*.<!6&-/1*&#! !!!!!!!!"#*).$&%1!&J!:#9*%&#7/#$.<!,(1$.*#.I*<*$?! !!!!!!!!,(77.%?! !!!!!!!!6&#)<(1*&# Keys to Success! !!!!!!!6&#)/8$*&#!.#!0*1*&#! !!!!!!!D(I<*)CD%*9.$/!,-.%/!5/./%1-*8! !!!!!!!6&77*$7/#$!$&!$-/!L/.<!:)&#&7?! !!!!!!!+!,&)*.<!,$.$/! !!!!!!!,/<JC=&9/%#7/#$ A Road Map for New Governance! !!!!!!!M/K!=&9/%#.#)/! !!!!!!!M/K!,/<J!=&9/%#7/#$!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Conclusion!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!:#!M&$/1!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!N*I<*&3%.8-?
  •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  •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uality of Employment:!!"#$!9&1:6$!;+6,*%0!#&1!.&11$!*#%$$!>,1*(*6*(+,&5! HKJ3.5+03$,*!@5&,1&55! L+7! 1$$M$%1E! (,)56(,8! 3&%8(,&5(I$! 1$83$,*1! +-! *#$! .+.65&*(+,! &,! *#$!)#%+,()&550!6,$3.5+0$= HNIntegration of immigrant population: "?+!9&1:6$!>33(8%&*(+,!@5&,1 !?$%$!$1(8,$! *+! (,*%+6)$! *#$! %$&5(*0! +-! (33(8%&*(+,! (,*+! *#$! &02*+2&0! *&1M1! +-!.675()! &3(,(1*%&*(+,=! "#$1$! .+5()($1! #&/$! 7$$,! 86($! 70! .%(,)(.5$1! +-!$:6&5(*0E!.&%*()(.&*(+,E!.675()!%$1.+,1(7(5(*0!&,!)+2%$1.+,1(7(5(*0=!! HPSupport for families:!O$8(15&*(/$!*++51 ! #&/$!7$$,!$/(1$!*+!-+1*$%!%$1.$)*!-+%! *#$! (/$%1(*0! +-! *#$! -&3(50E! &,! .%+*$)*! *#$! %(8#*1! +-! &55! -&3(50! 3$37$%1=!Q+*&750E! *&M(,8! (,*+! &))+6,*! *#$! 1.$)(&5! )#&%&)*$%(1*()1! &,! 5$/$5! +-! ,$$!+-! 7+*#! 5&%8$! &,! 1(,85$! .&%$,*! -&3(5($1=! ! @%$/$,*(+,! .+5()($1! #&/$! 7$$,!*%&(,(,8!*+!$,#&,)$!.%+*$)*(+,!-+%!*#$!/()*(31!+-!+3$1*()!/(+5$,)$=Reconciling work and family life:!"#$1$!-&3(50!.5&,1!&51+!1$$M!*+!%$3+/$!*#$!7&%%($%1! *+! $3.5+03$,*! &%(1(,8! -%+3! .&%$,*#++E! &,! 1(365*&,$+6150! )+%%$)*!*#$! 5(3(*&*(+,1! *#&*! ?+%M(,8! 5(-$! (3.+1$1! +,! -&3(50! 5(-$=! R$&16%$1! (,)56$! &!?#+!*&M$!5$&/$!+%!%$6)*(+,!(,!*#$(%!#+6%1!*+!)&%$!-+%!&65*!+%!(,-&,*!$.$,$,*1=Social focus of housing policy:! "#$! O&,! &,! S%7&,! @5&,,(,8! <)*HT! #&1!7$$,!86($!70!&,!+/$%%((,8!.#(5+1+.#0!+-!&))+33+&*(+,!&1!&!7&1()!,$$E!:6&5(*0E!161*&(,&7(5(*0E!1&-$*0!&,!(,,+/&*(+,=
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  • 20. !"#$%&(")*+$",!-.%-*/01#2&-2.%&$3*,-$-0"4*,-"-)*5".&3!"#$%&#!(")(*)+"(,-$.%$)".)/&$#!0!#1)#()$"2-$)".)!"34!&$)!""(0#!("5))67!3)73) &$89!&$.) ") 9"$89!0(/-) .$.!/#!(") #() #$/7"(-(%1:) !") ,7!/7) !"*(&;#!(")".) /(;;9"!/#!(") &$) !".!34$"32-$5) ) 67!3) ,(9-.) "(#) 70$) 2$$") 4(33!2-$),!#7(9#)")/+"(,-$.%$;$"#)(*)#7$);9-#!<.!;$"3!("-)0-9$)(*)/9-#9&$5))=9-#9&$)9".$&3#((.)3)!"7$&!#$.)*&(;)#7$)43#:)33!;!-#$.)*&(;)(#7$&3:)".))4&(.9/#!0$)/4/!#1)*(&)!"%$"9!#15)))67!3)!3)("-1)4(33!2-$)!*)/9-#9&$3)&$)2-$)#()34$+)#()$/7)(#7$&:)-!#$&--1)".);$#4713!/--15) >")&$/(%"!#!(")(*)#7$)$33$"#!-)31;2!(#!/)&$-#!("37!4)2$#,$$")-"%9%$)".)/9-#9&$)#7$)?389$)=(9"#&1)73)/#!0$-1)/(;;!##$.)!#3$-*)#()#7$).$*$"3$)(*) DA)/9-#9&-)!.$"#!#1)(4$")#()#7$),(&-.5)67$)@AAB)?389$)=9-#9&-)C-" )(9#-!"$.)#7$)*(--(,!"%)4&!(&!#!$3E)#7$)4&!;/1)(*)#7$)/&$#!0!#1)".)4&(.9/#!0!#1)#)#7$)/(&$)(*) #7$) !""(0#!(") 4&.!%;F) #7$) !"#$%&#!(") (*) /9-#9&-) 4-9&-!3;) 3) ) 4&#) (*)!"/-93!0$)/!#!G$"37!4F)&$!"*(&/$;$"#)(*)#7$).1";!/)"#9&$)(*)?389$)!.$"#!#1F)&$/(%"!#!(")(*)/9-#9&$)3)")$0(-9#!("&1)4&(/$33)!"7$&$"#)#();(.$&"!G#!("F)".)#7$)"$$.)#()4&(H$/#))4(3!#!0$)!;%$)(*)?389$)/9-#9&$)2&(.5))67$)?389$)/("/$4#!(")(*)/9-#9&$).&,3)94(")#7#)(*)I7#;)J7".!5))K$)$L4&$33$.)).$3!&$)#()-!0$)!"))7(;$),7$&$)#7$)2&$$G$3)(*)--)#7$),(&-.M3)/9-#9&$3)/(9-.)433)*&$$-1:)29#)&((#$.)21)7!3)(,")!.$"#!#1)7$)&$*93$.)#()2$)3,$4#),1)21)"1)(*)#7$;5!3) "(#) #7$!&) ("-1) -"%9%$5) ) N&$"/7) ".) O4"!37) &$) #7$) PQ$&.$&RS) 3$/(".)-"%9%$3)(*)#7$)?389$)C$(4-$:),7!/7)!")#7$)@T3#)/$"#9&1)&$)H(!"$.)21)#7!&.)-"%9%$3) (*) U"%-!37) ".) J$&;"5) =("3$89$"#-1) #7$) ?389$) =(9"#&1) 73) DT.$0$-(4$.))-"%9%$)4(-!/1!3)(*)4$&3("-)0-9$:)".)-!"%9!3#!/)/($L!3#$"/$)!3)")33$#)*(&)/(7$3!(")".)+"4(&:) H-%!) .!) 4-G&:) H-%!) .!) ;9".9&R:) /("#!"9$) #() &$3("#$) ,!#7) #7$)4(-!/!$3)#7#)4&(;(#$)")(4$")?389$)/9-#9&-)!.$"#!#1E))Q?389$)-"%9%$)%() D@(9#V)J()#()#7$)389&$V)W4$")1(9&).((&3)#()#7$),(&-.VR)
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  •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
  •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he “Basque case”: an integral model based on principles! "#!A4(%56!)(%B!$%!1#!&%681!+3!1#!-,8+*:.1!+3!(!%+)$+9*+8$1$)(8980(89)+.+:$)! :+-8! /6$81! +.! 1#&! *&$.)$*8%C! 1#! 1#$)(8! *&$.)$*8?! 1#!).16&2! N! 1#! 4(%56! *+*8! #(,! :(-! )+.1$.6+6%! 33+&1%! 1+! /6$8-! O()!/(%-! 6*+.! %+)$(8! P6%1$)?! (.-! $.-$,$-6(8! (.-! )+88)1$,! 8$/&12G! Q&+:! 1#%!6.-&%1(.-! *&+0&%%G! M0($.%1! 1#! *&,($8$.0! I$.-%! +3! .+98$/&(8$%:?! (! 12*!+3! *&+0&%%! I(%! 3(,+&-! $.! I#$)#! 1#! %6/P)1! (.-! 36.-(:.1(8! .-! I(%! 1#!(-,(.):.1!+3!1#!*&%+.!$.!#(&:+.2!I$1#!1#!.,$&+.:.1GII – The Ethical Principle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
  • 39. III – The Democratic Principle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– Identity and Innovation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
  • 40. V – Self-government and Sustainable Human Development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
  •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`:+"M%7*4%30-"L+44%*4%+7"*"(0%$*0%$A"+7*09-%71A"4+2:-0*+A"-+P."0$&"%$7,+3*"0"*0/0*%$"7.7*+("%*1%$"*1+%4"*+44%*4.8"S$"0&&%*%$"*"0"(+310$%7(")"2P+4$0$3+"*1+"#24++(+$*"%7"0-7"0$"%$7*4:(+$*")4"+3$(%3",424+77A"0$&"*"%(,4P+"*1+"`:0-%*.")"-%)+"0$&"+--59+%$28"""""] "OEWL=WA"K8A"L1+"X(,+*%*%P+"#&P0$*02+7")">0*%$7A">+"@46A"+&8"C4++"O4+77A"!GGT8""S$"3$*407*"*"*1+"*40&%*%$0-")4(7")"9:7%$+77"0773%0*%$"ZL4:7*A"304*+-7A"0"7,+3%0-%7+&",4&:3*%P+",-+"%*1"3(,+*%*%P+"0&P0$*02+78a" OEWL=WA"K8A"%$""#bJ#A"B8A"X-:7*+4%c04"."2-90-%c04"-0"+3$(d08"^N0"(02%0"&+-",43+7eA"_2*fA"+&8"EP+g0">+240A"ITTaA",4-2:+A",%$*7":*;"^*1+"_07`:+"X:$*4."-0:$31+&"%*7"7*40*+2.")4"3(,+*%P+$+77"907+&"$"3-:7*+47"%$"!GGT8"L1+"^3-:7*+4e",1%-7,1."107")0P:4+&"*1+"&+7%2$")"7:33+77%P+"_07`:+"+3$(%3",-%3%+78"L1+"_07`:+"X:$*4."107"+$g.+&"3$7%&+409-+"7:33+77A"9+%$2"$+")"*1+"_07`:+"X:$*4."%7"*&0."0*"*1+"P0$2:04&")"*1+"0.")"*1%$6%$2"09:*"1"4+2%$7"0$&"$0*%$7"71:-&"710,+"0$&"%(,-+(+$*"3-:7*+4%c0*%$",-%3%+7e8""G" _07`:+"X-:7*+47;"#+4$0:*%3"Z!GG][h"#:&%P%7:0-"ZITTV[h"#:*(*%$"Z!GGF[h"<$-+&2+"Z!GGH[h"=-+3*4&(+7*%3"Z!GGI[h"=$+42."Z!GGH[h"K031%$+"*-"Z!GGI[h"=$P%4$(+$*"Z!GGU[h"O0,+4"Z!GGa[h"K04%*%(+"C4:("Z!GG][h"O4*")"_%-90"Z!GGV[h"L+-+3((:$%30*%$7"Z!GGH[h"L40$7,4*"0$&"N2%7*%37"ZITTU[8""!T" S$"!G]G"+/,+$&%*:4+"%$"4+7+0431"0$&"&+P+-,(+$*"07"g:7*"T8THG"i")"*1+"_07`:+"X:$*4.j7"D?OA"9."!GGa"*1%7"10&"4%7+$"*"!8!!iA"09P+"*1+"$0*%$0-"0P+402+"ZT8a]i["9:*"9+-"*1+"=:4,+0$"0P+402+"Z!8ai[8
  •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`-"!` "A3:"1J72;?1+",IIa$+"9M"S$(%$QD$(,S+"N"75="EDB,bPa+"S-+"D1@8357?"(553670835")./012/+"R35=35+"D3[0?1=@1+"#KK-"!" (EBDD$*c$+"F-F-"(57[@1:70835");11<>"7/"E7/d[1",3[50:."9:1/8=150-"E7/d[1"97:?872150+"!!0>"F[?."#KK!-"%87:83"=1"/1/8351/-"X(("R1@8/?70[:7-"Qe"_";7@1"#!-!L "(EBDD$*c$+"F-"F-+"9:1/15070835"34"0>1"E7/d[1"9:1/8=150"70"0>1")<815<1+"*1<>53?3@."75="(553670835"9?75"#KK!W#KK+")75")1T7/0875+""!0>"N7:<>"#KK!-!f" 9Xg$S"G#KK^H+"YR7"5861:/8=7="15"<84:7/Z-"97@1-"!]-!]" A[5=70835"E834h/8<7"E8iU787M"%353/087"(501:5708357?"9>./8</",1501:M"N701:87?/"9>./8</",1501:M"E7/d[1",150:1"43:",?82701",>75@1M"E7/d[1",150:1"43:"B;;?81="N70>12708</M"E7/d[1",150:1"35",3@580835+"E:785"75="R75@7@1!V ",(,"T8327CQ$M",(,"T83CQ$M"",(,"28<:3CQ$M"",(,"5753CQ$M",(,"03[:CQ$-",(,"27:CQ$M",(,"151:@8CQ$-"!^" EB)&$"CIX$DQN$Q*+"A8:/0"E7/d[1"9?75"I<<[;708357?"*:78585@+"C361:52150",3[5<8?"##5="B;:8?"!^^]-#K EB)&$"CIX$DQN$Q*+")1<35="E7/d[1"9?75"34"I<<[;708357?"*:78585@+"C361:52150",3[5<8?"^0>"Q3612T1:"#KK-#!" RBO"!^g!^^V+"#^0>"F[51+"I:=157<8j5"5861:/807:87"=1"?7"B[035323[/",322[580."34"0>1"E7/d[1",3[50:.+"EI9X"!f0>"F[?."!^^V-##" EB)&$"CIX$DQN$Q*+"5861:/80."9?75"#KKKW#KK`+"C361:52150",3[5<8?"!0>"Q3612T1:"#KKK-#` "EB)&$"CIX$DQN$Q*+"E7/d[1"S17?0>"9?75"#KK#W#K!K+"C361:52150",3[5<8?"^0>"F[?."#KK#+"EI9X"5e"!^"!L0>"F[?.-# ""E7/d[1"C361:52150+"`:="(501:W85/080[08357?"$2;?3.2150"9?75"#KK]W#K!K+"!]0>"F[?."#KK]-
  •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`U[1#$%&()#6%-74%/).01#$V6W#.+#2F8#+M#2=P!A9!# [Xa[6RL[1#$A1#G4.5(%)#,%&<+.(/#O-4/404%)1#$+-C)7)1#Q-%.b+4&##J+-O%4.1#/%40-)#4/O-4/%0)(-1##2"]"A#99 #GRS#9I2==P#+M#0>)#!D#Q)@-(%-K1#*).)-%7#+.#[.,4-+./).0#6-+0)<04+.#4.#0>)#$%&()#;+(.0-K1#$%&()#6%-74%/).0A9] #3$RLL[Xa[#EAEA1#$%&()#;+(.0-K#;+//40/).0#0+#N(&0%4.%@4740K1#$47@%+#!!#E%.(%-K#!882A9" #$RN`U[#*VW[LTJ[TX1#$%&()#[.,4-+./).0%7#N0-%0)5K#+M#N(&0%4.%@7)#?),)7+O/).0#!88!:!8!81#*+,)-./).0#;+(.<47#+M#]#E(.)#!88!A9F #$RN`U[#*VW[LTJ[TX1#Q4-&0#Q-%/)H+-c#[.,4-+./).0%7#6-+5-%//)#!88!:!88F1#*+,)-./).0#;+(.<47#+M#]#E(.)#!88!d##N)<+.C#Q-%/)H+-c#[.,4-+./).0%7#6-+5-%//)#!88D:!8281#*+,)-./).0#;+(.<47#+M#"#E(.)#!88DA#9D #$RN`U[#*VW[LTJ[TX1#L)O+-0#+.#7+<%7#&(&0%4.%@4740K#4.#0>)#$R;1#!88PA#[e)<(04,)#&(//%-Kd##$RLLUX3R1#EAJfA1#BT)0H+-c#+M#O+74<4)&#0+#C4&&)/4.%0)#0>)#R5).C%#!2#7+<%7#4.#0>)#$%&()#;+(.0-Kg1#L)&)%-<>#%-04<7)#&(OO+-0)C#@K#0>)#U6WI[^U#h9!A9!2:2"=8PI!88]i#%.C#UT[N;V#M+-#N(&0%4.%@7)#?),)7+O/).0#hU.)&<+#8"I!88Fi
  •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`3#Z688BJ6;9:LHH&6FE;G63#8DZ6F6T#;<3#8D9:B<6F>#;3356F#GF6T;<#F2<;9:#D9#&O2;9a3#%5<D9D>D53#Hb# %..%.1#cL1#)S#&6GF6<2FN#*696F28#DQ#<?6#(9;<6T#.2<;D93L#&O66G?#>2T6#;9#<?6#.DJ68#7F;^6#%Z2FT#=6F6>D9N1#+38D1#.DFZ2N1#CA#I6G6>J6F#@AACLHd #-++&),)e01#RLIL1#W925:5F28#3O66G?#<D#<?6#!@9T#OF63;T69GN#DQ#<?6#(9;<6T#&<2<631#f23?;9:<D91#H#/2FG?#CM!!LHK #IWgW01#%L1#0?6#/2];9:#DQ#)GD9D>;G#7D8;GNL#%#0F2932G<;D9B=D3<#7D8;<;G3#76F3O6G<;E61#=2>JF;T:61#/W0#7F6331#CMMdLH" #.+-0V1#IL1#W93<;<5<;D931#;93<;<5<;D928#G?29:6#29T#6GD9D>;G#O6FQDF>29G61#/6S;GD1#RD9TD#T6#=58<5F2#)GD9D>;G1#CMM!1#OL#C!LHMG2O;<281#GF6T;<1#;9<6F63<#29T#6GD9D>;G#GNG861#/hS;GD1#RD9TD#T6#=58<5F2#59T6F3<DDT#DF#2GG82;>6T#59<;8#<?6#36GD9T#?28Q#DQ#<?6#@A<?#G69<5FNL#bA# +-W+e1#_L1#[-6E;3;D9#GFi<;G2#T6#8D3#2ODF<63#T68#;93<;<5G;D928;3>D#2#82#<6DFi2#29T#82#OFjG<;G2#T68#T632FFD88D1#-6E;3<2#T6#)GD9D>i2#W93<;<5G;D9281#,D8L#M1#9k#Cd1#7F;>6F#36>63<F61#@AAK1#OL#CH!L
  •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`,#$L155#32#@6223750*#3/##$=GIL1=G0<*#-,],*#$L155#32#701I93HI5*#:1;<3;*#%I<20/#$,B,T#_0<L1//#5IL0#0;,*#"RR?*#@2,#>UQ#96#A?U,#!! #-%a-C&b-#D,:,*#W6/H0<0/=0#KW<3232,#-;I=1936/#1/;#$=30/=0M*#B&W-T&)-B#aac#B//3P0<21<O*#I440/G03L*#35716*#d##:1O*##>??R,!U# _Be-b*#],#B,*#%G0#<61;#96#20<H;6L*#:1;<3;*#0;,#B531/81*#>??>,!S6H#9G0#7I23/022#2@3<39#3/#9G0#@I753=#20=96<*#1<=056/1*#0;,#D13;f2*#"RR!*#####@,#U!*!d #W6LLI/3=1936/#6H#9G0#W6LL32236/#96#9G0#-I<6@01/#D1<531L0/9*#96#9G0#W6I/=35*#96#9G0#-=6/6L3=#1/;#$6=315#W6LL39900#1/;#9G0#W6LL39900#6H#F0436/2#@I7532G0;#3/#9G0#XEW-#WE:#Z>??"[#Q>d#0/;,!R# D<6@6215#96#<0H6<L#9G0#D65393=15#$919I90#6H#9G0#W6LLI/39O#6H#9G0#12gI0#W6I/9<O*#1@@<6P0;#7O#17265I90#L1h6<39O#3/#9G0#D50/1<O#$02236/#6H#9G0#12gI0#D1<531L0/9#6/#9G0#A?#X0=0L70<#>??Q*#12gI0#D1<531L0/9#180990*#c&&#50432519I<0*#/,#"d?*#A#+1/I1<O#>??!#U?# #+B.F-.&*#,*#X0L6=<1=O#3/#9G0#>"29#=0/9I<Oi#1#/0Y#Y6<5;*#/0Y#P15I02*#Ej190*#&cBD*#Ej190*#>??Q*#@2,#R>#1/;#RA*#291902#9G19#K#6P0</1/=0#=6/2939I902*#0/1753/4#9G0#H<00#0`0<=320#6H#@65393=15#Y355#9G<6I4G#=3P3=#670;30/=0#7O#9G0#@06@50,#G6Y0P0<*#0/=6L@12202#1#LI=G#Y3;0<#90<<396<315#1<01,#]6<#9G32#<0126/*#9G0#;3293/=936/#709Y00/#6P0</L0/9#1/;#46P0</1/=0#32#@1<93=I51<5O#@0<93/0/9#3/#9G0#=I<<0/9#0<1#6H#456715381936/M,
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