SOCIAL INNOVATION NETWORKING EVENT FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES FOR KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE AND RESEARCH Friday September 21st, GCU London CampusSummaryThe latest round of research and knowledge exchange funding made available by the EuropeanCommission through FP7 and other programmes has seen a sharp increase in support for SocialInnovation. While this is very good news for both researchers and practitioners involved in the area, it isessential that the right complementary partnerships are developed to ensure that the projects that arefunded are effective and sustainable. In order to respond to this, the Social Innovation Laboratory atGlasgow Caledonian University is hosting a brokerage event specifically aimed at giving the opportunityfor leading practitioners in social innovation to share ideas, form partnerships and optimise the designof their project proposals. Places will be limited to a maximum of 80 participants.The idea of this event is to cross fertilise and create trans-disciplinary teams of both researchers andpractitioners who represent the vanguard of social innovation in Europe. As such, the content of theday’s activities will be defined by specific calls and the structure of the activities will be very much drivenby the interests of the invited participants themselves. In principal we have identified seven possibletopics for discussion: A. Incubation of Social Innovation B. Training and Capacity Building C. Economic underpinnings of social innovation D. Social Entrepreneurship E. Empowering people, changing societies F. The impact of the third sector on socio-economic development in Europe G. Social Innovation for Health Promotion **These relate to the calls included in an annex to this document.**Participants are invited to showcase and discuss their own experiences and/or research related to theseareas and to share ideas about how funding might be best directed to support their activities. It is hopedthat the discussions and synergies developed will lead to the formation of new partnerships orstrengthening of existing groups and help them to crystallise their ideas into effective projects.
CONCEPTThis workshop is experimental. By its very nature the format has to be very innovative and dynamic andvery much depends on the willingness, enthusiasm and efforts of the participants themselves. There willbe absolutely NO powerpoint presentations and no plenary speeches. The idea of the day is not to listenbut to talk, to share ideas. But this is not simply a “talking shop” either; there is a real purpose to ourdialogue. The aim of the day is to develop effective project ideas directly addressing the upcoming callsfrom the FP7 Programme. And even if a specific proposal does not emerge by the end of the day we atleast expect that the relationships and connections made will lead to enriched social innovation projectsin the future.FORMATSessionsFeedback from participants’ registration has indicated that some sessions may be oversubscribed formeaningful dialogue (based on the idea that about ten people is the optimum number) while others hadgenerated less interest. Furthermore, most people were interested in more than one session. As suchwe have needed to strike a balance between having as many sessions as possible while ensuring thatthere is time for in-depth discussion.Consequently, three of the seven topics are assigned two-hour sessions: A. Incubation of Social Innovation D. Social Entrepreneurship E. Empowering people, changing societiesThe other four sessions will be allocated one two-hour session each: B. Economic underpinnings of social innovation C. Training and Capacity Building F. The impact of the third sector on socio-economic development in Europe G. Social Innovation for Health PromotionThis will mean that everyone will have the chance to attend two different sessions, while there will alsobe the possibility of spending the whole day centred on one topic if so desired. If anyone feels that theyhave gathered all the information required or contributed all they can to one session, they are free tojoin another session whenever they like or alternatively continue conversations in groups separate from
the main agenda. In summary, we have designed a format where free flowing dialogue and a flexiblestructure is encouraged and passivity is banished.Feedback sessionsAlthough we have feedback sessions, there will not be any formal note-taking or use of “rapporteurs”.Instead we would like the feedback sessions to simply offer an opportunity for everyone to find outwhat has been developed in sessions that they haven’t attended.ModeratorsThe Moderator in each session will have one very important task: to ensure that everyone talks. Wedon’t want anyone to feel they didn’t have the chance to have their voice ideas. It might be that theModerator has a particular proposal they would like to present to initiate dialogue or they may inviteparticipants to present their own ideas, but there should never be any silence. It also goes withoutsaying that anyone who wants should have the opportunity to present their own proposal idea and itwill be the Moderator’s responsibility to ensure this happens. Clearly, the discussions elicited should asmuch as possible refer to the specific calls relating to the session topics (see Annex). We suggest thatone effective way of directing discussion will be to explore the three principal criteria for evaluation:science and technology (in particular how a project might go beyond the state of the art),implementation, and impact. Where there are two sessions on the same topic, the second moderatormay wish to continue and develop the ideas of the first session or alternatively begin a whole newdialogue, perhaps based on a different project idea.The Last WaltzA final session, the Last Waltz – like the last dance at a teenage disco! – will allow ideas that have beendiscussed to be consolidated or further responses, connections or comments made on the proposals putforward. It is the last chance to cement the relationship of your dreams!Cocktail reception and networking dinnerThe dinner and drinks reception is free of charge and will be held immediately following the finalsession.
PROGRAMME 9.00-9.30 REGISTRATION Speed Networking and organisation of morning sessions - Participants are invited to find out as much about each other as possible in a limited time frame in order to prepare help them9.30-10.30 identify suitable partners for projects.10.30-11.30 SESSION A: Incubation of Social SESSION B: Training and Capacity SESSION C: Economic SESSION E: Empowering people, SESSION D: Social Entrepreneurship (1) Innovation (1) Building underpinnings of SI changing societies (1) Moderator: Enrico Testi11.30-12.30 Moderator: Inderpaul Johar Moderator: Emma Clarence Moderator: Laura Bunt Moderator: Vanina Schick12.30-13.00 Feedback session and organisation of afternoon groupings - afternoon session will be structured according to the interests of the participants13.30-14.00 Break for Lunch SESSION F: The impact of the 3rd14.00-15.00 SESSION A: Incubation of Social SESSION G: Social Innovation for SESSION E: Empowering people, sector on socio-economic SESSION D: Social Entrepreneurship (2) Innovation (2) Health Promotion changing societies (2) development in Europe Moderator: Colin Combe15.00-16.00 Moderator: Gorka Espiau Moderator: Francesca Calo Moderator: Karen Miller Moderator: Luisa de Amicis16.00-16.30 Feedback Session and introduction of Concluding Session16.30-17.30 Concluding session: The Last Waltz17.30-20.00 Drinks reception and Networking Dinner
ANNEX – FP7 FUNDING CALLS RELATING TO THE DAY’S TOPICS*Title of topic: FP7-CDRP-2013-INCUBATORS Support to trans-national network of incubators for socialinnovationDescription of topic:Incubators can accelerate the growth of small innovative businesses (for profit and non-profit) and, inthe case of social innovation, enable experiments that are small and locally successful to be applied inother places across Europe, spreading good ideas and innovations. The action will provide support for upto two transnational networks of incubators to facilitate the scaling up of social innovations from theirlocal communities to higher levels across Europe. A broad definition of "incubators for social innovation"is applied, including business clusters and networks, social innovation parks, universities, technologicalinstitutes, private research institutions and bodies. Incubators for social innovation may work in a similarmanner to technology incubators, by bringing together the resources, skills, and expertise needed toassist entrepreneurs and innovators, including from the public sector, seeking to build a social enterpriseor to address a societal need.Scope of the actionThe network (or networks) will:a) assess and select social innovations successful at local level;b) ensure the provision of the professional services needed to scale up these social innovations, notablylegal and financial advice and business coaching;c) implement the necessary activities to support the scaling up of the selected social innovations acrossEurope.In addition, the network(s) could provide further services, such as dissemination events (e.g. successstories) and broad stakeholder collaboration (e.g. intensifying links between social and otherbusinesses). A transnational network supported by this call is expected to scale up more than 300 socialinnovations. The partners of the network(s) could be any type of organisations such as businessnetworks, technology parks, universities or other science and research bodies with experience inincubating services including for social enterprises and social innovators.Expected impact:The action is expected to increase the innovation capabilities of social innovators and to enable smalland locally successful social innovations to be realised across Europe. The action is also expected to
provide new evidence of the role of incubators networks in accelerating and scaling up socialinnovations, test social incubation processes and show what works and how across Europe.*(Note: The topic “Training and Capacity Building” does not relate to a specific call althoughpossible funding may be available through the FP7 Marie Curie Programme for researchermobility which is not thematically based.SSH.2013.1.1-1 Economic underpinnings of social innovationsContextSocial innovation plays a prominent role in the Europe 2020 strategy. It is an instrument both forempowering citizens and for facilitating the transition towards smart, inclusive and sustainable growthin Europe. Policies that target the recovery from the economic and financial crisis and the social goalswithin Europe 2020 require the potential of social innovations to be exploited. The Innovation UnionFlagship explicitly mentions the social innovations as an opportunity for citizens and businesses toaddress todays urgent societal challenges in Europe. Although social innovation has become animportant policy instrument, we lack systematic research about how markets, public sector andinstitutions (including incentives, norms, legal provisions) work for those groups of society which aremarginalised and/or in a poor economic position (including the unemployed, the elderly, women, non-educated persons, and young people). A particular question refers to the issue why markets do notfunction or what institutions are preventing these groups from satisfying their basic needs and changingtheir social and economic situation. Is it the lack of sufficient income and of access to borrowing, entrycosts, lack of education or gender, ethnic and cultural discrimination? How do incentives work, whatrole does wealth (or the lack of it) play and how can behavioural patterns and characteristics of demandbe explained? Social innovations also differ in one important feature from technology-basedinnovations, because profits are not necessarily their only driver, especially when based on alternativemodels for self-financing. Social innovations therefore require alternative business models of financing,distribution and/or employment. Social innovation that addresses the basic societal needs and demandsof the most vulnerable may be driven by the public, market or tertiary sector, or by a combination ofthese and can provide important new employment and business opportunities. Also the user plays amore central role in the innovation process given that the aim is to facilitate empowerment and theresponsibility of citizens.Research dimensionsResearch is needed in order to understand what works, how and why it works for economicallysuccessful social innovations and how public policy, including the European perspective, can facilitatethem:
-Explain how institutions (including incentives, norms, laws), public sector and markets function (or notfunction) in looking after the poor, marginalised and vulnerable in society and the economy, taking thegender dimension into account;-Develop stronger concept(s) of social innovation as compared to the economic ones (purely profit-oriented) which are technology based and non-technological innovation models; explaining thedifferences and similarities between technological and social innovations as well as the specific(economic and social) drivers of and barriers for social innovation;-The nature and co-evolution of technology-based growth and social innovations to facilitate systemicchange; taking stock of the past – successful and less successful - models providing social innovations(microcredit, mutual self-help, co-operatives) and identifying their economic underpinnings;-The changing importance of various factors, such as skilled people and creative entrepreneurs andtechnologies, including networking as well as the relative roles of the State and civil society in theprovision of social innovations throughout its life cycle; as well as the scaling up of economic conditionsfor pilots or prototypes;-Development of public policy instruments for effective financing and self-financing, public-privatepartnerships, networks to support social innovations; in particular, identifying what role EU levelinitiatives and instruments can play in comparison to the Member States and at the regional level;-Developing indicators to measure social innovations (inputs, outputs) and measuring their contributionto well-being, as well as to smart growth, new economic activities and employment (economic rate ofreturn) across countries and regions by taking into account the development of National Accounts;-Methods for evaluating the economic and social impact of social innovation initiatives, programmesand policies in European and/or global cross-country comparisons.Funding scheme: Collaborative project (small or medium-scale focused research project)SSH.2013.2.1-2. Social entrepreneurship for innovative and inclusive societiesContextThe importance of social entrepreneurship is constantly growing. Surveys have shown that new socialstart-ups are emerging at a faster rate than more conventional ventures. It is estimated that, currently,social enterprises account for at least 2% of all private enterprises in Europe, while the social economy,of which social enterprises are part, engages more than 11 million employees, or 6% of all employees in
Europe. At least one in four newly established enterprises is a social enterprise, this figure rising to onein three in some Member States. Social entrepreneurship refers to an activity whose primary purpose isto pursue social goals, produce goods and services in a highly entrepreneurial, innovative and efficientmanner to generate benefits for society and citizens, use surpluses mainly to achieve social goals, andaccomplish its mission through the way in which it involves workers, customers and stakeholdersaffected by its business activity. The prime objective of social entrepreneurship, therefore, is to generateand maximize social value while remaining economically profitable. Social entrepreneurship is perceivedto be a source of new and innovative solutions to the persistent problems of society, as well as a meanto allow a better inclusion of workers and consumers in the Single Market. It is also acknowledged as amajor producer or "laboratory" of social innovations, especially at local or community level. However,social entrepreneurship still suffers from numerous deficiencies – such as poor understanding of itsfunctioning, a bad visibility of its local, domestic and international role, inadequate access to resourcesand inappropriate legal environments – which prevent it from realising its full potential. Therefore,empirical and theoretical research is needed in order to better understand the conditions under whichsocial entrepreneurship can contribute effectively and efficiently to solving societal challenges in asustainable way.Research dimensionsResearch should address both the European and the non-European dimension and different sectors orservices in a comparative and interdisciplinary manner taking most of the following issues intoconsideration: − The extraordinary breadth of their operations and organisational forms of socialenterprises makes them difficult to classify. The aim of research is to identify the history of and trends inoperations and organisational forms, the role of communities, cultures and traditions, the differingeconomic relevance of the various organisational forms, and to analyse what these variations mean interms of national and European policy-making and laws. Research should lead to the establishment of adatabase of good practices.− What kind of finance (from fully grant funded to fully self-sufficient) and cooperation strategiesdo social enterprises embrace in order to increase social impact? How do they improve the social capitalmarket, including "crowd financing" and enhance the capacities of social enterprises to absorb socialfinance?− What institutional, political, cultural and economic environments favour the development andsurvival of social enterprises, their potential for growth, and the sustainability of their activities (in termsof growth, jobs, well-being and the environment)? What role do skills, ethnicity, gender anddemography play in developing and scaling-up social entrepreneurship, both domestically and Europe-wide?− How does social entrepreneurship impact on societal behaviour and behavioural change? Towhat extent does social entrepreneurship influence consumer-producer relations?
− The proposition that social entrepreneurs play a significant role in producing social innovationsshould be quantified and qualified, and the process of achieving social innovations should be analysed.Research could include innovation in organisation, management as well as workplace innovation toimprove the quality of jobs.− How can social entrepreneurship be encouraged and fostered in policy-making processes atlocal, national or European level?Funding scheme: Collaborative project (small or medium-scale focused research project)SSH.2013.3.2-1. Social Innovation – empowering people, changing societies?ContextSocieties around the world are facing many of the same challenges, which are exacerbated by theeconomic and financial crisis. These challenges include, for example, tackling inequalities anddemographic change, securing food, water and energy supply, combatting climate change and poverty,and improving the quality of life and employment. Moreover, the mounting costs of providing publicservices require major reforms of these services and greater government efficiency. However, thetraditional ways in which the market, the state and the civil sector have responded to societal demandsare no longer sufficient as technological progress and technological innovation reveal limitations when itcomes to resolving pressing societal challenges alone. Therefore, for most societal challenges, socialinnovations need to be taken into account, referring to changes in (production and consumption) habits,discourses, behaviour and values, strategies and policies, as well as organisational structures, processes,services and participation patterns. Through its process dimension, e.g. the active engagement of thecitizen, social innovation is said to contribute to reshaping society in the direction of participation,empowerment and learning. Consequently, social innovation is not only responding to social needs andaddressing societal challenges but also has the potential to improve societys capacity to act andinnovate with a view to achieving systemic change. However, there is still no sustained and systematicanalysis of social innovation, its theories, characteristics and impacts, and this has led to socialinnovation being developed through a "bottom-up process" with little conceptualisation of the political-institutional environments needed for propelling social innovation, its economic, social and culturalvalues, the conditions for its sustainability and diffusion, and the roles of the actors and institutionsinvolved. Therefore, the objectives of the research should be to elaborate a common understanding ofsocial innovation, to understand how and under what conditions social innovation leads to change inexisting structures, policies, institutions and behaviour, and to identify and assess the factors that arecrucial for social innovation to have a sustainable social impact and to be scaled-up. This topic isparticularly suited to comparative and multidisciplinary research, and shall address both the European
and the non-European dimension by covering an appropriate number of countries and a wide range ofpolicy areas (such as energy, environment/climate change, health, water and food supply,mobility/transport, finance, development, employment, education, youth, family, social policies, etc.).Research dimensionsResearch should address most of the following issues:− Cultural, religious and historical contexts should be considered through a comparative analysisof different practices and systems of social innovation across different world regions, with a view toelaborating a general theory of social innovation and to conceptualising and defining the value of thefield as a driver for growth, social cohesion and political participation.− Explore testable hypotheses regarding the conditions under which social innovations may have asustainable social impact, and identify critical success factors at each stage of the social innovation cycle.There is a need to understand what is the actual role of social innovation for societal transformationsand sustainable systemic change, including in times of economic crisis, as compared to technologicalinnovation.− Gaining a better understanding of the link between social innovation and behavioural change,between social innovation and participatory processes, the role of gender diversity and equality, skillsand leadership for the development and implementation of social innovations, and of how creativity andarts trigger social innovation.− In order to better understand how to scale-up social innovations and enhance their impact,there is a need for research on the diffusion processes of social innovations within and betweencountries as well as the analysis of critical points related to funding (including from the StructuralFunds). In this context, the opportunities and risks of social media for enabling and diffusing socialinnovations need to be better understood.− A crucial factor for the success for social innovation is the emergence of innovation networks inwhich the different groups of actors strike out along new paths in social change as part of an interactiveprocess. How can such networks be identified, developed, supported and sustained? What is the specificrole of the various actors involved? What role do networks play across different policy areas andcountries? How do these interactive processes work and what practices make them successful (goodpractices)?
SSH.2013.3.2-3. The impact of the third sector on socio-economic development in EuropeContextIn many parts of Europe, the third sector, which embraces the activities of organizations that are not-for-profit and non-governmental, has a long history of social and economic significance. One reason forits importance has been the growing number of organizations operating in the sector, and the ever-widening scope of their activities. In some countries, like Belgium or the Netherlands, it is estimated thatthe third sector currently represents about 10% of total employment. Another possible reason for this isthat the sector is often perceived as the source of qualitative advances in socio-economic governance,fostering novel forms of organisation and interactions that address societal needs that have beenhitherto unmet in areas such as health care, education, consumer protection or the environment. As amotor of social innovation, it therefore regularly fills the space between the market (first sector) andgovernmental institutions (second sector), promoting values such as justice and solidarity, while bringingpractical advances in the areas of social inclusion and integration. This latter virtue is particularly visiblein the field of volunteering, i.e. the formal or informal actions carried out by a (group of) person(s) on avoluntary basis and without any financial gain. Apart from those who make their living throughemployment in the third sector, around one in three Europeans contributes through voluntary activities.While research has produced sound empirical insights into the manifold types of entities and activitiesthat co-exist in the third sector, there remains a kind of conceptual ambiguity, especially as a result ofthe rapidly changing nature of the subject of study. Trends such as increased professionalization in someparts of the sector or the emergence of novel forms ofactivities (e.g. "e-volunteering") develop alongside traditional third-sector activities. As a result, it is attimes difficult to identify what can be considered as a third-sector activity, and how to study this activityand assess its impact in and on society. Differences in cultural models and traditions across Europe add afurther layer of complexity. Lack of understanding, in turn, complicates the design of legislation andpolicies that create the framework for third-sector operations. The aim of the research conducted underthis topic is therefore to further advance our understanding and develop the potential of the thirdsector in socio-economic terms, with a particular emphasis on volunteering.Research dimensionsStudies should address the following issues:− What are the long-term developmental trends of third sector activities in Europe? What formsdo these activities take, what purposes do they fulfil? Stock-taking presupposes conceptualclarifications, possibly from an historical perspective, on what the third sector entails. It should result inclassifications derived from cross-country, cross-cultural, cross-regional and cross-sector comparisons.
− What are the cultural, social and economic impacts of the third sector? The propositions that itpresents high single-digit percentage contributions to the GDP of many states in the EU need to beunderpinned by valid data, distinguishing between regions in Europe. Moreover, it needs to be clearhow the economic and social value and contribution to welfare of volunteering, for instance, can bereliably measured.− Moreover, research should engage in the development of methods and subsequentimplementation of ex-post evaluations of activities in the third sector with the aim of preciselyidentifying their contribution to society in a broad and long-term perspective. This involves investigatingnot only what the activities produce in terms of the general purpose they serve (macro-perspective), butalso their impact on those working in the sector as employees or volunteers (micro-perspective). Whatdo these people gain from it, how are their skills developed? In short, what social capital do third-sectoroperations generate?− Research should look into the reasons for both successful and failed third-sector activities. First,what are the enabling factors and what are the conditions that hinder engagement in the third sector,notably in volunteering, at the individual and organisational levels? Second, what accounts for theirimpact on society: under what conditions does an activity yield economic or social returns, and whendoes it not?− Lastly, there is a need to identify the necessary legal and political actions - at EU, national andsub-national levels – that flow from these findings: what type of governance infrastructures need to becreated in order to derive maximum benefit from the third sector?The topic is particularly suited to collaborative ventures between the socio-economic sciences andhumanities, and therefore the analyses should combine perspectives from different disciplines.Research should embrace a resolutely comparative approach, covering a sufficient number of countriesthat reflect the diversity of the cultural traditions that co-exist in Europe. It could also includecomparisons between EU and third countries. Finally, research may benefit by including non-profitorganisations engaged in third-sector activities of all types.Funding scheme: Collaborative project (small or medium-scale focused research projects)HEALTH.2013.3.3-1: Social innovation42 for health promotion. FP7-HEALTH-2013-INNOVATION-1.EU research should aim to identify, develop and better understand innovative approaches to reducesedentary behaviour and enhance the level of physical activity in the population. Research should
include the evaluation of innovative on-going initiatives that reduce sedentary behaviour, enhance thelevel of physical activity combined with dietary or other interventions. In this context, research shouldinclude the identification of "good practices", as well as the analysis of their economic and socialbenefits and impact. Correlates will have to be detected (such as cultural, environmental, economic,psychological and others) that inhibit or promote the individuals capacity to increase physical activity,reduce sedentary behaviour and self-regulate their dietary or other relevant behaviour. Research maycover various areas affecting lifestyle (e.g. sports, health, education, transport, urban planning, workingenvironment, leisure) as well as different intervention levels (local, national, European). As a socialinnovation it should address the role of diverse public and private entities, such as business, includingsocial enterprises, civil society organisations and public authorities, as well as their interaction. Theviews of potential end-users should be integrated in the design of the project as well as themethodology for assessing impact and outcomes throughout the project. The project should have astrong communication strategy.Note: Limits on the EU financial contribution will apply and will be implemented strictly as eligibilitycriterion.Funding scheme: Collaborative Project (small or medium-scale focused research project).One or more proposals may be selected.Expected impact: The relevant research should provide the necessary basis for empowering society toreduce sedentary behaviour, increase physical activity in everyday life, thus preventing major lifestylerelated diseases. This includes identifying more effective and efficient evidence-based strategies forreducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity together with supportive (multi-disciplinary) policy environments. This will result in a greater uptake of innovative approaches by policymakers and making it more appealing to citizens to choose a healthy lifestyle.Additional eligibility criteria:1. The requested EU contribution per project will depend on the needs of the project indicated in theproposal but shall not exceed EUR 6 000 000.2. The estimated EU contribution going to SMEs shall be 15 % or more of the total estimated EUcontribution to the project as a whole. The SME status and the financial viability will be assessed at theend of the negotiation, before signature of the grant agreement.