Present simple and present continuous moodle

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Theory and exercises on the Present Simple and the Present Continuous tenses.

Theory and exercises on the Present Simple and the Present Continuous tenses.

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  • 1. REVISIONPresent Simple – Present Continuous
  • 2. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Simple means that it is NOT a compound tense. Simple means that it only needs an auxiliary in the negative and in the interrogative forms, NOT in the affirmative. In the negative and in the interrogative forms THE AUXILIARY IS NEEDED. Simple means that the auxiliary to be used is the verb TO DO. The Simple Present is in all persons the same EXCEPT IN THE 3rd PERSON SINGULAR!!
  • 3. AUXILIARY VERBSWhat are auxiliary verbs? Auxiliary verbs are verbs that are used to assist the main verb (I am dancing; You have written). Auxiliary verbs can not be used without a main verb. Auxiliary verbs can not be used with modal verbs (I am canning swim; I have musted study). Auxiliary verbs are used to make sentences negative (I don’t dance; You didn’t write). Auxiliary verbs are used to ask questions (Do you dance?; What did he say?). Auxiliary verbs are used to build different tenses (I am dancing; I have written; He has been talking).
  • 4. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Affirmative form verbs TO DANCE, TO LEARN and TO STUDY:  I dance learn study  You dance learn study  He/She/It dance s learn s studies  We dance learn study  You dance learn study  They dance learn study
  • 5. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Affirmative form verb TO DO (Auxiliary):  I do  You do  He/She/It does  We do  You do  They do
  • 6. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Negative verb TO DANCE: Subject + aux. (TO DO) + not + INFINITIVE -to  I don’t (do+not) dance  You don’t (do+not) dance  He/She/It doesn’t (does+not) dance  We don’t (do+not) dance  You don’t (do+not) dance  They don’t (do+not) dance
  • 7. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Interrogative verb TO DANCE: Yes/no questions: Wh- questions:•Wh-+ Aux. (TO DO) + Subject + INFINITIVE -to?•Where Do I dance ?•When Do you dance ?•Why Does he/she/it dance ?•How Do we dance ?•When Do you dance ?•Where Do they dance ?
  • 8. PRESENT SIMPLE - FORM Short answers to Yes/no questions: Auxiliary verb: TO DO.Yes, I do. No, I don’t.Yes, you do. No, you don’t.Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it doesn’t.Yes, we do. No, we don’t.Yes, you do. No, you don’t.Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
  • 9. PRESENT SIMPLE - USE The Present Simple is used for general truths:  Water boils at 100ºC.  Fish don’t walk.  Does the earth go round the sun? The Present Simple is used for repeated or usual actions:  I play tennis at the weekend.  He doesn’t eat pizza every day.  Do you usually come to school by bus?
  • 10. AUXILIARY VERBSWhat are auxiliary verbs? – Let’s see that again Auxiliary verbs are verbs that are used to assist the main verb (I am dancing; You have written). Auxiliary verbs can not be used without a main verb. Auxiliary verbs can not be used with modal verbs (I am canning swim; I have musted study). Auxiliary verbs are used to make sentences negative (I don’t dance; You didn’t write). Auxiliary verbs are used to ask questions (Do you dance?; What did he say?). Auxiliary verbs are used to build different tenses (I am dancing; I have written; He has been talking).
  • 11. PRESENT SIMPLE - USE Words that are used with the Present Simple:  Always  Sometimes  Every week  Never  Mondays  At the weekend  Usually  Etc. That is to say, frequency adverbs and expressions.
  • 12. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - FORM It isn’t called SIMPLE. This means that IT IS a compound tense. Therefore we will need an auxiliary and the main verb will be a verbal (non-personal verb). Continuous means that the auxiliary needed is the verb TO BE. Continuous means that the main verb is a gerund verbal. Gerunds are –ing forms. Present means that the auxiliary (TO BE) is conjugated in the present tense.
  • 13. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - FORM- ing form 1. +ing watch watch +ing watching see see +ing seeing walk walk +ing walking play play +ing playing read read +ing reading wear wear +ing wearing buy buy +ing buying
  • 14. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - FORM- ing form 2. -e +ing dance danc -e+ing dancing type typ -e+ing typing write writ -e+ing writing drive driv -e+ing driving have hav -e+ing having take tak -e+ing taking give giv -e+ing giving
  • 15. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - FORM- ing form 3. CVC +double consonant+ing a) 1 syllable run run +n+ing running swim swim +m+ing swimming get get +t+ing getting dig dig +g+ing digging cut cut +t+ing cutting stop stop +p+ing stopping sit sit +t+ing sitting
  • 16. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - FORM- ing form 3. CVC +double consonant+ing b) 2 syllables, 2nd syllable stressed begin begin +n+ing beginning prefer prefer +r+ing preferring control control+l+ing controlling
  • 17. PRESENT CONTINUOUS- FORM Affirmative form verb TO BE (Auxiliary):  I am dancing.  You are dancing.  He/She/It is dancing.  We are dancing.  You are dancing.  They are dancing.
  • 18. PRESENT CONTINUOUS- FORM Negative form verb TO BE (Auxiliary):  I am not ( ‘m not) dancing.  You are not (aren’t) dancing.  He/She/It is not ( isn’t) dancing.  We are not (aren’t) dancing.  You are not (aren’t) dancing.  They are not (aren’t) dancing.
  • 19. PRESENT CONTINUOUS- FORM Interrogative form verb TO BE (Auxiliary): Yes/no questions: Wh- questions:•Wh-+ (TO DO) + Subject + INFINITIVE -to? Aux. Am•Where I dancing ?•When Are you dancing ?•WhyIs he/she/it dancing ?•How Are we dancing ?•When Are you dancing ?•Where Are they dancing ?
  • 20. PRESENT CONTINUOUS- FORM Short answers to Yes/no questions: Auxiliary verb: TO BE.Yes, I am. No, I ‘m not.Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.Yes, he/she/it is. No, he/she/it isn’t.Yes, we are. No, we aren’t.Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
  • 21. AUXILIARY VERBSWhat are auxiliary verbs? – Let’s see that again Auxiliary verbs are verbs that are used to assist the main verb (I am dancing; You have written). Auxiliary verbs can not be used without a main verb. Auxiliary verbs can not be used with modal verbs (I am canning swim; I have musted study). Auxiliary verbs are used to make sentences negative (I don’t dance; You didn’t write). Auxiliary verbs are used to ask questions (Do you dance?; What did he say?). Auxiliary verbs are used to build different tenses (I am dancing; I have written; He has been talking).
  • 22. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - USE We use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening now.  Examples The kids are watching TV. We are studying the Present Continuous. I am not learning German, because this is an English class. Who are you writing to? We can also use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening around now, and not necessarily this very moment.  Examples Sally is studying really hard for her exams this week. I am reading a really interesting book now. How hard are you rehearsing for the “mostra”? We arent working hard these days.
  • 23. PRESENT CONTINUOUS - USE Words that are used with the Present Continuous:  Now  Right now  Today  At the moment  This morning (if it is morning now)  This afternoon (if it is afternoon now)  Etc. That is to say, adverbs and expressions that express the idea of NOW.
  • 24. PRESENT SIMPLEAND PRESENT CONTINUOUS - EXAMPLES Where are you going? I’m going to the library. Wednesdays I always go to the library. Are you sleeping? No, I’m not sleeping now. I never sleep until so late. What are you doing? I’m learning the Present Simple and the Present Continuous. They’re difficult!
  • 25. PRESENT SIMPLEAND PRESENT CONTINUOUS - VIDEOS Now you’re going to watch two videos. Note as many verbs as possible from what you hear.  What’s Bert doing?  What’s Ernie doing?  What happens?  What’s the coyote doing?  And the road runner?  What happens always with the coyote?
  • 26. PRESENT SIMPLEAND PRESENT CONTINUOUS - VIDEOS Video 1 Video 2 Video 3
  • 27. SIMPLE PRESENTAND PRESENT CONTINUOUS - EXERCISES Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4
  • 28. IF YOU’VE STILL GOTQUESTIONS, PLEASE ASK!!