Media Freedom:Trends in the OSCE   Karin Deutsch Karlekar, PhD         Freedom House           21 Feb 2013
Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies  Concerns in established democraci...
I) IntroductionThe Freedom of the Press index  For past 32 years, has assessed the degree of print, broadcast,  and intern...
Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies  Concerns in established democraci...
II) Regional Overview
II) Regional Overview
II) Regional Overview
II) Regional Overview
Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies  Concerns in established democraci...
III) Selected Case StudiesConcerns in established democracies  United Kingdom     Expansive libel laws, use of so-called s...
III) Selected Case StudiesConcerns in established democracies  Hungary    Unique 13 point decline between 2010-2012    New...
III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom  Turkey    Use of restrictive laws       Provisions of the ...
III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom  Russia    Broadcast media ownership firmly under state con...
III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom  Azerbaijan    Media landscape dominated by the state      ...
III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with extremely limited press freedom   Worst of the Worst           3 of bottom 10 wor...
Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies  Concerns in established democraci...
IV) ConclusionsNeed for vigilance in established democracies  Backsliding in democracies: threats to freedom of the  press...
IV) RecommendationsReform of laws in established democracies  Decriminalization of libel/defamation  Encouragement of self...
For additional information:Please visit our website at www.freedomhouse.org         or email Karin Deutsch Karlekar at    ...
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Presentation by freedom house's karin deutsch karlekar on media freedom 21-02-13

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Presentation by freedom house's karin deutsch karlekar on media freedom 21-02-13

  1. 1. Media Freedom:Trends in the OSCE Karin Deutsch Karlekar, PhD Freedom House 21 Feb 2013
  2. 2. Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies Concerns in established democracies Countries with limited press freedomIV) Conclusions and Recommendations
  3. 3. I) IntroductionThe Freedom of the Press index For past 32 years, has assessed the degree of print, broadcast, and internet freedom in every country in the world, analyzing the events and developments of each calendar yearMethodology: 3 Categories, 109 indicators Legal: laws and regulations, and their use against media Political: editorial pressure, censorship, attacks on journalists Economic: structure, transparency, concentration, etc.Scores and Status 0 30: Free 30 60: Partly Free 60 100: Not Free
  4. 4. Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies Concerns in established democracies Countries with limited press freedomIV) Conclusions and Recommendations
  5. 5. II) Regional Overview
  6. 6. II) Regional Overview
  7. 7. II) Regional Overview
  8. 8. II) Regional Overview
  9. 9. Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies Concerns in established democracies Countries with limited press freedomIV) Conclusions and Recommendations
  10. 10. III) Selected Case StudiesConcerns in established democracies United Kingdom Expansive libel laws, use of so-called super-injunctions and gagging orders to prevent coverage Media ethics/regulation and the Leveson Inquiry Italy Significant concentration of ownership and influence under former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi Use of libel laws to limit free speech
  11. 11. III) Selected Case StudiesConcerns in established democracies Hungary Unique 13 point decline between 2010-2012 New media laws Broad restrictions on content Licensing of print and online media Large fines for unbalanced reporting New regulatory body Increasing political control and influence in public media
  12. 12. III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom Turkey Use of restrictive laws Provisions of the penal code and antiterrorism legislation Highest number of imprisoned journalists in the world Connected to deep state trials and Kurdish militant groups Increased self-censorship by journalists Internet censorship
  13. 13. III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom Russia Broadcast media ownership firmly under state control Control over television, which is dominant medium Judiciary subservient to the executive branch and use of laws to punish journalists Impunity for harassment and murder of journalists Moves to increase official control over internet
  14. 14. III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with limited press freedom Azerbaijan Media landscape dominated by the state Most broadcast media under official control Legal and physical harassment of journalists Record high in journalist imprisonments in 2012 High level of physical attacks Increasing focus on controlling internet Imprisonment of bloggers
  15. 15. III) Selected Case StudiesCountries with extremely limited press freedom Worst of the Worst 3 of bottom 10 worldwide are in the OSCE Belarus Draconian media laws, intimidation of foreign and local journalists, monopoly on broadcast media Uzbekistan All local media linked to the state, insult of president punishable by up to 5 years in prison, very few independent journalists Turkmenistan Absolute monopoly on national media, extralegal threats, harassment of journalists, restricted access for foreign correspondents
  16. 16. Media Freedom in the OSCEI) IntroductionII) Regional OverviewIII) Selected Case Studies Concerns in established democracies Countries with limited press freedomIV) Conclusions and Recommendations
  17. 17. IV) ConclusionsNeed for vigilance in established democracies Backsliding in democracies: threats to freedom of the press remain a concern The economic crisis has posed new challenges and threatens print media diversity and sustainabilityMethods of control continuously changing More subtle methods by authoritarian and semi- democratic governments Misuse of licensing and regulatory frameworks Moves to control new media and internet
  18. 18. IV) RecommendationsReform of laws in established democracies Decriminalization of libel/defamation Encouragement of self-regulation as best practice Removal of licensing/restrictions on print and internetIncreased pressure on governments that restrictmedia freedom Diplomatic pressure Aid conditionality (example of MCA in US) Support for independent media and journalists Focus on keeping the internet free of state control
  19. 19. For additional information:Please visit our website at www.freedomhouse.org or email Karin Deutsch Karlekar at karlekar@freedomhouse.org

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