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National and sectoral specialisation - the state of play

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Presentation for joint workshop of the Sectoral Innovation Watch and the European Cluster Observatory. Brussels, 11 May 2010.

Presentation for joint workshop of the Sectoral Innovation Watch and the European Cluster Observatory. Brussels, 11 May 2010.

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  • 1. Methodological approaches: The state of play
    Innovative Industries Workshop
    Brussels, 11 May 2010Göran LindqvistCSC, Stockholm School of Economics
  • 2. Cluster mapping projects
    2000
    2001
    2002
    2003
    2004
    2005
    2006
    2007
    2008
    2009
    v. 1.2
    US
    SWE
    ECO v. 1.0
    EU-10
    Porter:
    • US cluster codes
    • 3. Mapping of the US
    Lindqvist, Malmberg & Sölvell:
    • Translation of US codes to EU codes
    • 4. Mapping of Sweden, first application in Europe
    Ketels, Sölvell, Lindqvist :
    • Mapping of EU-10
    • 5. Star measurement system developed
    Sölvell, Ketels, Lindqvist & Protsiv :
    • Mapping of EU-27+4
    • 6. Launch of the European Cluster Observatory
    Lindqvist, Protsiv , Sölvell & Ketels :
    • Revision of cluster codes based on European data
    • 7. Introduction of prioritised sectors (e.g. creative industries)
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    2
  • 8. Co-location of industries
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    3
  • 9. Local (not clustered)
    The ”cluster sector” represents about 1/3 of all employment
    About 65% of employment
    Cluster category 1
    About 35%of employment
    Cluster category 2
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    4
  • 10. About 250 NUTS-2 regions
    About 500 industries,
    38 cluster categories
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    5
  • 11. Employment
    Indicators
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    6
    NUTS-2 region:
    Innovation
    New indicators:
    Establishments?
    Wages?
    Investments?
    NACE 4-digit industry:
    Exports


    EmploymentStars: size, specialisation, focus
    Cluster category:
    Exports
  • 12. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    7
  • 13. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    8
  • 14. The need for data
    ”The signartories…callupon the European institutions…tocontinue the development of neutral information on clusters, regional innnovationcapacity, cluster policies and the impact of cluster policies”
    European Cluster Memorandum, 2008
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    9
  • 15. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    10
    Is European data available?
    Collected?
    Costly?
    Accessible?
    Data search for NUTS-2 regions and 4-digit NACE industries carried out March-May 2010
  • 16. Contact
    Göran Lindqvist, PhD
    Center for Strategy and Competitiveness
    Stocholm School of Economics
    www.sse.edu/csc
    goran.lindqvist@hhs.se
    +46 8 7369524
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    11
  • 17. ?
    !
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    12
  • 18. Concentration:
    the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of the same industrymore than with firms in general
    Urbanisation:
    the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of any industrymore than firms in general do
    Clusters
    Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    13
  • 19. Rural
    Urban
    rural, dispersed
    urban, dispersed
    rural, concentrated
    urban, concentrated
    Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    14
  • 20. Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010
    15
  • 21. Concentrated
    The urban-rural shift
    swine farmers
    1 km
    egg farmers
    meat wholesalers
    1 km
    5 km
    security brokers
    1 km
    25 km
    1 km
    1 km
    125 km
    agricultural wholesalers
    non-life insurance
    Dispersed
    Rural
    Urban
    Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
    16
    Lindqvist, SIW/ECO, Brussels, 11 May 2010

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