Measuring the performance of clusters- The European Cluster Observatory approach

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A presentation for the Workshop "Promoting cluster excellence - measuring and benchmarking cluster performance and quality of cluster organisations" …

A presentation for the Workshop "Promoting cluster excellence - measuring and benchmarking cluster performance and quality of cluster organisations"

www.clusterobservatory.eu

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  • 1. The European Cluster Observatory: Measuring the performance of clusters
    Berlin, 15 December 2009Göran LindqvistCSC, Stockholm School of Economics
    Download this presentation at: www.slideshare.net/GoranLindqvist
  • 2. IVORY TOWER
    The ECO Consortium
    2
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
  • 3. a European hub for clusters and cluster organisations
    providing knowledge and facilitating collaboration
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    3
  • 4. Innovation Platform
    www.clusterobservatory.eu
    KnowledgePlatform
    Collaboration Platform
    Cluster Mapping
    Regional Framework Conditions
    Cluster Library
    4
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    Cluster organisation profiles
    Clustermemberprofiles
    Clusterorganisationbenchmarking
    European Cluster Managers’ Club
    Sectoralinformation(events, news…)
    “Market place”(projects, training…)
  • 5. What to evaluate and measure?
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    5
    the cluster initiative / programme
    operational performance of the organisation

    evaluation
    the cluster
    effects of the efforts on the enterprise or region level
  • 6. Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    6
    Source: adapted from Diez, European Planning Studies, 2001
  • 7. Global Cluster Initiative Survey 2003, 2005
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    7
    Objectives
    Types of goals, e.g. innovation, training, exports, etc.
    Business environment
    Economic policy setting
    The initial strength of the cluster
    Setting
    Performance
    Cluster competitiveness
    Cluster growth
    Operational performance
    Initiation and planning
    Governance and financing
    Resources
    etc.
    Process
    Source: Sölvell, Lindqvist, Ketels, The Cluster Initiative Greenbook, 2003
  • 8. Värmland triangulation model
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    8
    Large-scale survey to participants: estimated changes to the research, education programmes, entrepreneurship, and to sales growth
    Shadow Controls
    Statistical comparison of sales and employment growth between targeted firms and a national reference group in same industries
    Deep interviews with key actors, assessing the success of the process
    Generic Controls
    Process Tracing
  • 9. Cluster mapping
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    9
    Employment data update
    in 2010 and 2012
    Time series, growth
    (high sector resolution,full geographicalcoverage)
    Performance indicators
    Wages, patenting, etc(lower sector resolution, partial geographical coverage)
    Flexiblemapping tool
    Flexibility to address regions and sectorsrelevant for the user
  • 10. A flexible online cluster mapping tool
    User-defined regions
    combinations of NUTS-2 regions
    Specialregions
    “Baltic”, “Mediterranean”, “Danube”
    Defaultregions
    NUTS-2
    User-defined
    sectors
    Combinations ofNACE-4 industries
    Specialsectors
    “Creative industries”, “KIBS”, “eco”, etc.
    Defaultsectorsabout 40 categories = allconcentrated industries
    10
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
  • 11. Regional framework conditions
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    11
    Secondary data:
    skills, innovation, etc.
    Regional framework online mapping tool
    Primary data:
    regional survey
    Regional benchmarking report
  • 12. Online collaboration platform
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    12
    “ the official European platform for cluster collaboration ”
    Cluster organisation profiles
    Clusterorganisationbenchmarking
    “Market place”(projects, training…)
    Clustermemberprofiles
    Sectoralinformation(events, news…)
    European Cluster Managers’ Club
  • 13. Cluster library
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    13
    Policy reports
    a virtual
    EuropeanClusterLibrary
    Sectoral reports
    Regional reports
    Cluster cases
  • 14. The Observatory’s role
    Statistical cluster analysis, time series
    Cluster performance indicators: wages, etc
    Regional competitiveness data
    Benchmarking of cluster organisations
    Also:
    Own reports: emerging clusters, regional competitiveness
    Depository for reports by others
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    14
  • 15. Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    15
    2010
    2011
    2012
    • First performance indicators
    • 16. New Cluster Library
    • 17. New cluster mapping tool
    • 18. GCIS 2011
    • 19. Secondary regional data
    • 20. Primary regional data
    • 21. Cluster organisation benchmarking
  • 2nd user survey: government and academia
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    16
  • 22. Contact
    Göran Lindqvist, PhD
    Center for Strategy and Competitiveness
    Stockholm School of Economics
    www.sse.edu/csc
    goran.lindqvist@hhs.se
    +46 8 7369524
    17
    Lindqvist, Berlin, 15 Dec 2009
    Download this presentation at: www.slideshare.net/GoranLindqvist