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Regional Clusters Crossing Borders
 

Regional Clusters Crossing Borders

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Presentation at ESPON Workshop, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009

Presentation at ESPON Workshop, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009

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    Regional Clusters Crossing Borders Regional Clusters Crossing Borders Presentation Transcript

    • Economy First: Regional Clusters Crossing Borders
      ESPON Workshop
      Luxembourg, 5 November 2009Göran LindqvistCSC, Stockholm School of Economics
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      2
    • IVORY TOWER
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      3
    • www.clusterobservatory.eu
      Cluster Mapping
      Collaboration Platform
      Regional Framework Conditions
      Cluster Library
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      4
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      5
    • Co-location of industries
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      6
    • Local (not clustered)
      The ”cluster sector” represents about 1/3 of all employment
      About 65% of employment
      Cluster category 1
      About 35%of employment
      Cluster category 2
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      7
    • About 250 NUTS-2 regions
      About 500 industries,
      38 cluster categories
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      8
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      9
    • Cluster mapping projects
      2000
      2001
      2002
      2003
      2004
      2005
      2006
      2007
      2008
      2009
      v. 1.2
      US
      SWE
      ECO v. 1.0
      EU-10
      Porter:
      • US cluster codes
      • Mapping of the US
      Lindqvist, Malmberg & Sölvell:
      • Translation of US codes to EU codes
      • Mapping of Sweden, first application in Europe
      Ketels, Sölvell, Lindqvist :
      • Mapping of EU-10
      • Star measurement system developed
      Sölvell, Ketels, Lindqvist & Protsiv :
      • Mapping of EU-27+4
      • Launch of the European Cluster Observatory
      Lindqvist, Protsiv , Sölvell & Ketels :
      • Revision of cluster codes based on European data
      • Introduction of prioritised sectors (e.g. creative industries)
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      10
    • Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      11
    • Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      12
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      13
    • Ind. A: 140
      Ind. B: 130
      Ind. C: 0
      Ind. D: 110
      Ind. E: 230
      Ind. A: 120
      Ind. B: 250
      Ind. C: 80
      Ind. D: 0
      Ind. E: 0
      Disproportionalitymeasures:Gini, Krugman, Theil, etc.
      Ind. A: 260
      Ind. B: 310
      Ind. C: 100
      Ind. D: 190
      Ind. E: 240
      Agglomeration
      measures:Ripley’s K,“Lindqvist’s Q”
      Ind. A: 130
      Ind. B: 110
      Ind. C: 90
      Ind. D: 0
      Ind. E: 0
      Regional totals vs. geo-coded data
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      14
    • Agglomeration and co-location
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      15
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      16
    • Rural
      Urban
      rural, dispersed
      urban, dispersed
      rural, concentrated
      urban, concentrated
      Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      17
    • Concentration:
      the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of the same industrymore than with firms in general
      Urbanisation:
      the tendency of firms to co-locate with firms of any industrymore than firms in general do
      Clusters
      Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      18
    • Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      19
    • Agglomeration depends on the range
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      20
    • Concentrated
      The urban-rural shift
      swine farmers
      1 km
      egg farmers
      meat wholesalers
      1 km
      5 km
      security brokers
      1 km
      25 km
      1 km
      1 km
      125 km
      agricultural wholesalers
      non-life insurance
      Dispersed
      Rural
      Urban
      Ref: Lindqvist (2009) “Disentangling Clusters”
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      22
    • A flexible online cluster mapping tool
      User-defined regions
      Combine NUTS-2
      Specialregions
      Baltic, Mediterranean, Danube
      Defaultregions
      mostly NUTS-2
      User-defined
      sectors
      Combine NACE-4
      Specialsectors
      Creative industries, eco, etc.
      Defaultsectorsabout 40 categories = allconcentrated industries
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      23
    • Agenda
      The European Cluster Observatory
      Clusters – spatial and functional dimensions
      Cluster mapping
      Measuring spatial industry agglomeration
      Urban vs. rural agglomeration
      Future approaches
      Q&A
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      24
    • ?
      !
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      25
    • Contact
      Göran Lindqvist, PhD
      Center for Strategy and Competitiveness
      Stocholm School of Economics
      www.sse.edu/csc
      goran.lindqvist@hhs.se
      +46 8 7369524
      Lindqvist, ESPON, Luxembourg, 5 Nov 2009
      26