Wi fi-wiki, City wide wifi with Certification Process

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Wi fi-wiki, City wide wifi with Certification Process

  1. 1. Wi-Fi Technology
  2. 2. Definition • Wi-Fi, also spelled Wifi or WiFi, is a popular technology that allows an electronic device to exchange data or connect to the internet wirelessly using radio waves. • The name is a trademark name, and was stated to be a play on the audiophile term HiFi.
  3. 3. • The Wi-Fi Alliance defines Wi-Fi as any "wireless local area network (WLAN) products that are based on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' (IEEE) 802.11 standards"
  4. 4. Trademark • Only Wi-Fi products that complete Wi-Fi Alliance interoperability certification testing successfully may use the "Wi-Fi CERTIFIED" trademark.
  5. 5. Devices • Many devices can use Wi-Fi, e.g. personal computers, video-game consoles, smartphones, some digital cameras, tablet computers and digital audio players.
  6. 6. Hotspot • Wifi hotspot has a range of about 20 meters (65 feet) indoors and a greater range outdoors. • Hotspot coverage can comprise an area as small as a single room with walls that block radio waves, or as large as many square miles achieved by using multiple overlapping access points
  7. 7. Security • Wi-Fi can be less secure than wired connections (such as Ethernet) because an intruder does not need a physical connection. Web pages that use SSL are secure but unencrypted internet access can easily be detected by intruders
  8. 8. • Because of this, Wi-Fi has adopted various encryption technologies. The early encryption WEP, proved easy to break. Higher quality protocols (WPA, WPA2) were added later.
  9. 9. Wi-Fi certification • The IEEE does not test equipment for compliance with their standards. The nonprofit Wi-Fi Alliance was formed in 1999 to fill this void — to establish and enforce standards for interoperability and backward compatibility, and to promote wireless localarea-network technology. As of 2010, the WiFi Alliance consisted of more than 375 companies from around the world
  10. 10. Certification Process • Specifically, the certification process requires conformance to the IEEE 802.11 radio standards, the WPA and WPA2 security standards, and the EAP authentication standard. Certification may optionally include tests of IEEE 802.11 draft standards, interaction with cellular-phone technology in converged devices, and features relating to security set-up, multimedia, and powersaving.
  11. 11. Internet access • A Wi-Fi-enabled device can connect to the Internet when within range of a wireless network which is configured to permit this. The coverage of one or more (interconnected) access points called hotspots can extend from an area as small as a few rooms to as large as many square miles
  12. 12. City-wide Wi-Fi • In the early 2000s, many cities around the world announced plans to construct city-wide Wi-Fi networks. There are many successful examples; in 2004, Mysore became India's first Wi-Fi-enabled city and second in the world after Jerusalem. A company called WiFiyNet has set up hotspots in Mysore, covering the complete city and a few nearby villages.
  13. 13. • In 2005, Sunnyvale, California, became the first city in the United States to offer city-wide free Wi-Fi. Minneapolis has generated $1.2 million inIn May 2010, London, UK, Mayor Boris Johnson pledged to have London-wide Wi-Fi by 2012. Several boroughs including Westminster and Islington already have extensive outdoor Wi-Fi coverage. profit annually for its provider
  14. 14. • In May 2010, London, UK, Mayor Boris Johnson pledged to have London-wide Wi-Fi by 2012. Several boroughs including Westminster and Islington already have extensive outdoor Wi-Fi coverage.
  15. 15. Campus-wide Wi-Fi • any traditional college campuses in the United States provide at least partial wireless Wi-Fi Internet coverage. Carnegie Mellon University built the first campus-wide wireless Internet network, called Wireless Andrew, at its Pittsburgh campus in 1993 before Wi-Fi branding originated. • In Europe many universities collaborate in providing Wi-Fi access to students and staff through the eduroam international authentication infrastructure.
  16. 16. • In 2000, Drexel University in Philadelphia became the United States' first major university to offer completely wireless Internet access across its entire campus. The Far Eastern University in Manila is the first university in the Philippines to implement a campus-wide Wi-Fi coverage.
  17. 17. Advantages • Wi-Fi allows cheaper deployment of local area networks (LANs). Also spaces where cables cannot be run, such as outdoor areas and historical buildings, can host wireless LANs. • Manufacturers are building wireless network adapters into most laptops. The price of chipsets for Wi-Fi continues to drop, making it an economical networking option included in even more devices
  18. 18. Range • Wi-Fi networks have limited range. A typical wireless access point using 802.11b or 802.11g with a stock antenna might have a range of 35 m (120 ft) indoors and 100 m (300 ft) outdoors. IEEE 802.11n, however, can more than double the range. • Range also varies with frequency band. Wi-Fi in the 2.4 GHz frequency block has slightly better range than Wi-Fi in the 5 GHz frequency block which is used by 802.11a and optionally by 802.11n
  19. 19. Wifi Adapter
  20. 20. Wifi Module
  21. 21. Piggybacking • Piggybacking refers to access to a wireless Internet connection by bringing one's own computer within the range of another's wireless connection, and using that service without the subscriber's explicit permission or knowledge. • During the early popular adoption of 802.11, providing open access points for anyone within range to use was encouraged to cultivate wireless community networks,particularly since people on average use only a fraction of their downstream bandwidth at any given time.
  22. 22. Safety • The World Health Organization (WHO) says "there is no risk from low level, long-term exposure to wi-fi networks" and the United Kingdom's Health Protection Agency reports that exposure to Wi-Fi for a year results in the "same amount of radiation from a 20-minute mobile phone call"
  23. 23. • Thank You

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