Parliamentary elections 2012

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- definition of the electoral rules,
- pre-election campaign,
- the vote,
- translation of votes into seats.

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Parliamentary elections 2012

  1. 1. ASSESSINGPARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN UKRAINE 2012 Mykhailo Minakov Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars November 2, 2012
  2. 2. ASSESSING ALL FOUR PHASES OF ELECTIONS•  definition of the electoral rules•  pre-election campaign•  the vote•  translation of votes into seats
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF THE ELECTORAL RULES•  new electoral Law (November 2011) reinstated a mixed electoral system•  electoral Law novelties: •  higher party threshold – 5% •  only parties to compete, not blocks of parties •  extended rights of domestic nonpartisan observers•  additional Law on elections (July 2, 2012) •  video cameras in all voting chambers •  Internet transmission of voting process
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF THE ELECTORAL DISTRICTS
  5. 5. PRE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN•  party competition •  registration of candidates on party lists at the Central Election Commission has been rather smooth •  restricted access to media for opposition parties•  majoritarian campaigns •  misuse of administrative resources is widespread •  direct buy of votes•  composition of electoral commissions •  final outcome of lottery did not ensure a balanced DEC composition
  6. 6. PRE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN
  7. 7. THE VOTE DAY•  smooth voting around the country•  developed registry of voters•  ineffective procedure for correction of the voters’ registry in case of error•  six exit-polls with more or less equal results•  overall positive assessment of the voting day
  8. 8. THE VOTE DAY : EXIT POLLS
  9. 9. THE VOTE DAY : VOTER TURNOUT 2012 – 57,98% 2007 – 57,94%   2006 – 58,97%   2002 – 65,22%
  10. 10. PROPORTIONAL ELECTIONS RESULTS
  11. 11. PROPORTIONAL ELECTIONS RESULTS
  12. 12. PROPORTIONAL ELECTIONS RESULTS •  5 parties to seat in the Parliament •  approx. 6% of votes were given to parties under threshold •  first time ever – relative majority of the ruling party •  two parties with articulate totalitarian ideologies •  United Opposition visibly distantiated from democratic values •  no champions of democracy
  13. 13. MAJORITARIAN ELECTIONS RESULTS
  14. 14. MAJORITARIAN ELECTIONS RESULTS •  most of manipulations reported in connection with the majoritarian elections •  outcome in favor of financial groups •  doubtful representation of local constituencies
  15. 15. FOUR-DAYS LONG COUNTING NIGHT
  16. 16. TRANSLATION OF VOTES INTO SEATS•  non-transparent counting•  slow counting in several districts in comparison with other districts•  quality of counting process made the whole outcome of elections questionable
  17. 17. TRANSLATION OF VOTES INTO SEATS

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