The ecological backpack:
versatile indicator for
sustainable consumption
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
Lähte...
This presentation is about
• Confusion faced with different indicators
• MIPS and ecological backpack
• One case project o...
Sustainable consumption
– target for ecological cities?
Sustainable consumption is understood as “the use of goods
and ser...
Ecological footprint
CO2-equivalents
Carbon footprint
Water footprint
A jungle of indicators
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conferenc...
Best known: ecological footprint
QuickTime™ ja
TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma
Sustainable
level
Finland
The pe...
Earth overshoot day
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo
The day that we begin living...
CO2-emissions vrs.
Carbon footprint?
QuickTime™ ja
TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma
tarvitaan elokuvan katselemi...
Water footprint?
The water footprint is an indicator of water use
that looks at both direct and indirect water use
of a co...
Why is it called footprint?
Area of water needed? Can not be
measured as an area...
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, P...
material input
= life-cycle-wide resource
consumption
MIPS (Material Input Per Service)
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 200...
Ecological backpack
= resource
consumption
(non-renewable and
renewable resources and
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008,...
Not just one backpack
Abiotic resource backpack
Biotic resource backpack
TMR
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
L...
What do different backpacks tell?
”Average EU consumer”
TMR backpack of household, EU average
(Total 28 tonnes per person ...
Case: FIN-MIPS Household research
project 2006-2008
1. MIPS studies covering different aspects
• pre-study on existing dat...
The natural resource backpack of Finnish households
TMR by consumption sectors, average
9,900 9,800 9,400
4,4006,000
8,000...
Summary of the households TMR
60,000
80,000
100,000
120,000
140,000
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
Lähteenoja...
One did it -ecological social network
www.onedidit.com
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier...
One did it -ecological social network
www.onedidit.com
The best is yet to come...
By the end of year 2008
The onedidit.com...
Conclusions - what do different indicators tell?
• CO2
=> energy
• Ecological footprint
=> energy and agriculture
12.09.08...
Conclusions
• MIPS is rough but easy, still less used
and perhaps underestimated
• With one method, it is possible to stud...
Conclusions
• Footprint is clearly understandable,
when used to describe area needed
• However, it lacks with taking
infra...
We need many indicators, but...
• Let’s not spoil the great success of
footprint by mixing it with everything
(e.g. ”mobil...
Thank you for your attention!
Waiting for your comments!
www.mips-online.fi
12.09.08 ConAccount
Conference 2008, Prague
Lä...
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Ecological backpack

  1. 1. The ecological backpack: versatile indicator for sustainable consumption 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo Satu Lähteenoja, Michael Lettenmeier, Marja Salo ConAccount conference 2008, Prague
  2. 2. This presentation is about • Confusion faced with different indicators • MIPS and ecological backpack • One case project on how it can be used 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo • One case project on how it can be used • How to compare the indicators • Does backpack bring something new to the discussion? • Conclusions and further questions
  3. 3. Sustainable consumption – target for ecological cities? Sustainable consumption is understood as “the use of goods and services that respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life, while minimizing the use of natural resources, toxic materials and emissions of waste and 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo resources, toxic materials and emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle, so as not to jeopardize the needs of future generations” (The Norwegian Ministry of Environment 1994). You can’t manage what you can’t measure...
  4. 4. Ecological footprint CO2-equivalents Carbon footprint Water footprint A jungle of indicators 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo QuickTime™ ja TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma tarvitaan elokuvan katselemiseen. Carbon footprint MIPS Ecological backpack Total Material RequirementToxics
  5. 5. Best known: ecological footprint QuickTime™ ja TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma Sustainable level Finland The people in 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo Source: Happy Planet Index TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma tarvitaan elokuvan katselemiseen. these countries have the same level of happiness
  6. 6. Earth overshoot day 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo The day that we begin living beyond our ecological means
  7. 7. CO2-emissions vrs. Carbon footprint? QuickTime™ ja TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma tarvitaan elokuvan katselemiseen. Carbon footprint is nowadays used just to tell how many tonnes of CO2 is consumed => it’s not telling about 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo => it’s not telling about area Source: footprintnetwork.org, Yahoo green
  8. 8. Water footprint? The water footprint is an indicator of water use that looks at both direct and indirect water use of a consumer or producer. The water footprint of an individual, community or business is defined as the total volume of QuickTime™ ja TIFF (pakkaamaton) pakkauksen purkuohjelma tarvitaan elokuvan katselemiseen. 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo business is defined as the total volume of freshwater that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the individual or community or produced by the business. Water use is measured in terms of water volumes consumed (evaporated) and/or polluted per unit of time. Source: waterfootprint.org
  9. 9. Why is it called footprint? Area of water needed? Can not be measured as an area... 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo Source:waterfootprint.org
  10. 10. material input = life-cycle-wide resource consumption MIPS (Material Input Per Service) 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo service unit = total benefit obtained
  11. 11. Ecological backpack = resource consumption (non-renewable and renewable resources and 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo renewable resources and erosion) of a commodity over its whole life cycle (g, kg, tonnes)
  12. 12. Not just one backpack Abiotic resource backpack Biotic resource backpack TMR 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo Soil backpack Water backpack Air backpack CO2 backpack?
  13. 13. What do different backpacks tell? ”Average EU consumer” TMR backpack of household, EU average (Total 28 tonnes per person in a year) 9 % 12 % 40 % 26 % 9 % 4 % Housing Energy use at home Mobility Food and beverages Household goods Waste management Air backpack of household, EU average (Total 5 tonnes per person in a year) 52 % 30 % 15 % 2 % 0 % 1 % Housing Energy use at home Mobility Food and beverages Household goods Waste management TMR backpack Air backpack 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo 40 % "One did it" backpack of household, EU average (Total 33 tonnes per person in a year) 18 % 37 % 25 % 8 % 4 % 8 % Housing Energy use at home Mobility Food and beverages Household goods Waste management Also possible: - CO2 backpack - Water backpack - Non-renewable backpack - Renewable backpack - Waste backpack ”One did it” backpack
  14. 14. Case: FIN-MIPS Household research project 2006-2008 1. MIPS studies covering different aspects • pre-study on existing data • 6 master’s theses 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo • 6 master’s theses 2. Application of the MIPS data to households • 27 different households monitoring their consumption • piloting and assessing the use(fulness) of MIPS 3. Illustration and conclusions • suggestions and conclusions: How to reach factor-targets?
  15. 15. The natural resource backpack of Finnish households TMR by consumption sectors, average 9,900 9,800 9,400 4,4006,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 kg/person/year 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo 4,400 2,900 2,400 200 20 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 M obility Tourism H ousing Foodstuffs Leisure tim e activities G oods and appliances Packaging W aste m anagem ent kg/person/year
  16. 16. Summary of the households TMR 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 P G S R E V B O H F W C N Q Y D L J T Housing Foodstuffs Packaging Waste management Mobility Goods and appliances Tourism Leisure time activities
  17. 17. One did it -ecological social network www.onedidit.com 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo Easy tips for everyday actions Test your ecological backpack Community to compare the results of improved eco-efficiency
  18. 18. One did it -ecological social network www.onedidit.com The best is yet to come... By the end of year 2008 The onedidit.com site will freshen up totally with cool new features! 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo
  19. 19. Conclusions - what do different indicators tell? • CO2 => energy • Ecological footprint => energy and agriculture 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo => energy and agriculture • Water consumption => agriculture • Abiotic resource backpack => infrastructure and non-renewable materials
  20. 20. Conclusions • MIPS is rough but easy, still less used and perhaps underestimated • With one method, it is possible to study 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo • With one method, it is possible to study different aspects of resource consumption by different backpacks => Good experiences from Finland
  21. 21. Conclusions • Footprint is clearly understandable, when used to describe area needed • However, it lacks with taking infrastructure into account 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo • However, it lacks with taking infrastructure into account • It confuses when the term footprint is used to tell about CO2 emissions (kilogramms) or water (cubic meters / tonnes)
  22. 22. We need many indicators, but... • Let’s not spoil the great success of footprint by mixing it with everything (e.g. ”mobility footprint”) 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo (e.g. ”mobility footprint”) • Instead, we could talk e.g. about CO2 backpack and water backpack to indicate the amout of these resources used in kilograms, when not indicating it to the needed land.
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention! Waiting for your comments! www.mips-online.fi 12.09.08 ConAccount Conference 2008, Prague Lähteenoja, Lettenmeier, Salo www.mips-online.fi satu.lahteenoja_at_sll.fi michael.lettenmeier_at_wupperinst.org marja.salo_at_onedidit.com
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