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 Background:
› Since 2000 there are two law projects in the Congress that sought to
extend maternity leave permits and br...
 MTSS resumes the issue in 2012 thanks to its inclusion in the
proposal of the current government to build a National
Car...
Alliances
 In order to begin the work of the MTSS we proposed to interview
the MEF to have is impression about the previo...
 Results of the interviews :
› We identified the concerns of actors, which
should be addressed in the report.
› The incor...
How was the costing carried out technically?
 Methodology: simulation of five scenarios based on
the information for the ...
2. Identification of their salary incomes (wetter it the
primary or secondary occupation).
3. Identification of men and wo...
 The results were presented in a public activity in the
MTSS and this presentation had a very large media
coverage (radio...
 Challenges:
› Design of the methodology due to the difficulties
involved in emulating reality and the limitations in
ter...
 Lessons learned:
› Thepositive effect of having interviewed different actors
involved was that it allowed to draw a repo...
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Analysis of costs and possible impacts of different models of maternity, paternity and parental leave permits. Uruguay

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Transcript of "Analysis of costs and possible impacts of different models of maternity, paternity and parental leave permits. Uruguay"

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  Background: › Since 2000 there are two law projects in the Congress that sought to extend maternity leave permits and breastfeeding benefits. › Women organizations demanded equal rights in terms of permits for maternity and paternity leaves as well as breastfeeding benefits for workers of the private sector and the public sector and respect the 14 weeks of permit established by the ILO:  Maternity leave: private sector 12 weeks and public sector 13 weeks.  Breastfeeding rights: private sector two halve hours ad public sector half of a working day while the mother is breastfeeding.  Paternity leave: private sector 3 calendar days and public sector 10 working days.  In 2010 the MTSS developed a law project to match the rights of hired workers of the private sector with the rights of employees of he public sector, extend paternity leave permits and include amongst the beneficiaries, mean and women micro-entrepreneurs that contribute to social security. However, the initiative didn’t achieved the support of the Ministry of Economy and Finances and the issue was not discussed anymore. 2
  3. 3.  MTSS resumes the issue in 2012 thanks to its inclusion in the proposal of the current government to build a National Care System that will provide benefits and services for the care of he most dependable persons (children from 0 to 12 years old, specially children under 3 years old, the elderly and dependent disabled persons).  There was a first estimate of the cost of the law project proposed by this government in 2010.  The financial support of the UNFPA allowed to: › Extend the study by not only carrying out the costing of different policy options but also; › Incorporation of the necessary arguments to understand that these policies don’t necessarily promote discrimination against women and that in the current situation or scarce qualified workforce in Uruguay, it is not a cost but and investment. › Progressive vision: it allow to replaces the right of breastfeeding for a parental permit. 3
  4. 4. Alliances  In order to begin the work of the MTSS we proposed to interview the MEF to have is impression about the previous project and his opinion about the possible risks of the project and its impact on gender equality.  The consultant proposed an interview with : › TheGender Equality Department of the PIT-CNT (the union central organization) › The National Institute of Women. › Both organizations drafted a joint alternative before the proposal of the MTSS in the context of the law project of 2010 that was raised by the minister trough the Tripartite Commission for Equal Opportunities and Employment.  The Entrepreneurial Representative of the Institute of Social Securitywas also interviewed to get to know her opinion about the law project and the proposed alternatives. 4
  5. 5.  Results of the interviews : › We identified the concerns of actors, which should be addressed in the report. › The incorporation of the proposed PIT-CNT and the National Institute for Women as alternative scenario. › Convincing the MTSS about the need to extend maternity leave permits to 14 weeks in order to have the support of these two organizations. › Put different views into dialogue. 5
  6. 6. How was the costing carried out technically?  Methodology: simulation of five scenarios based on the information for the year 2011.  Information about the Continued Home Survey that contains data about the characteristics of employment, income and small children under one year old.  Themethodology consisted in: 1. Disaggregating the different occupation categories and, within them, clasiffy the size of the company (if the employee is also the owner) and social security institution to which they contribute. 6
  7. 7. 2. Identification of their salary incomes (wetter it the primary or secondary occupation). 3. Identification of men and women with children under one year old (at home). 4. Five alternative scenarios were defined and used to estimate the additional cost of the project, e.i., the additional cost of permits per population group. How was the costing exercise articulated with the planning and budgeting processes? o It was not articulated, this was not planned. 7
  8. 8.  The results were presented in a public activity in the MTSS and this presentation had a very large media coverage (radio, newspapers and television, in both general information and in depth programs). (in March/2013)  The discussion about the law was resumed in the Social Cabinet and the ratification of the Agreement 183 was promoted.  After a few months of exchange with the MEF the consolidation of an agreement was achieved by August in order to introduce the law project into the Parliament. 8
  9. 9.  Challenges: › Design of the methodology due to the difficulties involved in emulating reality and the limitations in terms of available information. › To convince the MTSS and the Ministry of Economy and Finances (MEF) of the accuracy of results.  Obstacles: non-existent.  Strategies to overcome them: › To maintain technicians of the MTSS involved in the design of the simulation (trough consultations and the validation of the process). › To keep on having exchange meetings from the beginning of the process. 9
  10. 10.  Lessons learned: › Thepositive effect of having interviewed different actors involved was that it allowed to draw a report that sought to give answers to different concerns and opened the possibility of generating strategic alliances between actors and smooth relationships (between the MTSS and Women Organizations). › The benefit of using an intuitive methodology is that it allowed an easy understanding of the general public.  Recommendations: › Keep on carrying out efforts to demonstrate that gender equality policies are an investment and a necessity that helps the hole system to contribute to general wellbeing. 10
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