Exercise vs. disease presentation


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Exercise vs. disease presentation

  2. 2. Part I: Cardiovascular Disease Interactions, Negations, and Functional Improvement A presentation of Lifelong Fitness, Inc.
  3. 3. <ul><li>WHAT IS IT? </li></ul><ul><li>The term “cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term refers to the class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins). </li></ul><ul><li>While the term technically refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, it is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (plaque build-up in the arteries). </li></ul><ul><li>A response of the artery to injury. </li></ul><ul><li>A chronic progressive response of the arterial walls to stress. </li></ul>CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  4. 4. <ul><li>SO, WHAT’S THE CAUSE? </li></ul><ul><li>Irritation or, or injury to the Tunica intima </li></ul><ul><li>(innermost of the three layers of a blood vessel). </li></ul>CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  5. 5. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Sources of irritation/injury:
  6. 6. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE <ul><li>1. Dyslipidemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevated total blood cholesterol. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>>200 mg/dl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowered blood high density lipoprotein. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(HDL/Good Cholesterol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li><35 mg/dl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or elevated blood low-density lipoprotein. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(LDL/Bad Cholesterol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>>130 mg/dl </li></ul></ul></ul>Sources of irritation/injury:
  7. 7. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE <ul><li>2. Hypertension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>140/90 mm measured on two different occasions. (Preferably on two different days) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An elevation of either the systolic or diastolic pressure is classified as hypertension. </li></ul></ul>Sources of irritation/injury:
  8. 8. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE <ul><li>Other Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>Immune Responses (very rare). </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking (very common). </li></ul><ul><li>Turbulence (non-laminar flow in the center of the blood vessel). </li></ul><ul><li>Vasoconstrictor substances. </li></ul><ul><li>Viral or bacterial infection. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE <ul><li>The Atherosclerotic Process </li></ul><ul><li>(Plaque Build-Up) *Taken from “The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis-an update”. N Engl J Med 314:496, 1986. </li></ul>
  10. 10. EXCERCISE <ul><li>Decreases the severity of risk associated with factors not directly affected by exercise. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Genetic predisposition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The risk associated with cigarette smoking is less among the active as compared to their inactive counterparts. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise can decrease hypertension by 5-10 mm in both the systolic/diastolic. </li></ul>Effects on cardiovascular disease:
  11. 11. EXCERCISE <ul><li>Lowers your cholesterol by up to 30 points. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Can take up to 50% of people off their medication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lowers triglycerides. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Both intramuscular and free-form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Both of which contribute to heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decreases chances of immune responses. </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as a Vasodilator. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Increased blood flow to muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Promotes laminar (smooth flow) </li></ul></ul>Effects on cardiovascular disease:
  12. 12. HDL CHOLESTEROL <ul><li>Can DRUGS help? </li></ul>
  13. 13. HDL CHOLESTEROL <ul><li>Can DRUGS help? </li></ul><ul><li>In short…NO! </li></ul><ul><li>Many drugs and drug companies have claimed that they can help. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT… even the most successful studies have only shown a trivial positive effect. </li></ul>
  14. 14. HDL CHOLESTEROL <ul><li>What to DO? </li></ul><ul><li>Get off of the couch and into the gym! </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise is the ONLY proven method increasing your HDL! </li></ul>
  15. 15. HDL CHOLESTEROL <ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>HDL cholesterol is a lipoprotein that attaches to LDL (bad) cholesterol. </li></ul><ul><li>It then “dislodges” it from the endothelium, transports it to the liver to be oxidized and excreted from the body. </li></ul><ul><li>It literally allows your body to clear itself of harmful LDL. </li></ul><ul><li>This is one HUGE reason that exercise is important! </li></ul>
  16. 16. HDL CHOLESTEROL <ul><li>Why is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>A sedentary lifestyle and poor nutrition will promote the accumulation of LDL and a concurrent decrease in your HDL. </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to a very direct plaque build-up… </li></ul><ul><li>Which later leads to a heart-attack ! </li></ul>
  17. 17. EXERCISE SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>Rule #1: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular exercise is king in lowering LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily decreases free-form triglycerides. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rule #2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance Training is a close second with the LDL reduction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has no effect on HDL accumulation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily decreases intramuscular triglycerides. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. EXERCISE SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>Accumulate at least 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise on most if not all days of the week. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- (Duration) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If physical conditions permit… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Stay around a heart rate range of at least 70-85% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> of your heart rate max or VO2 Max </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- (Intensity) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be consistent! Most research shows that plaque can re-develop after the cessation of exercise after only 1-2 weeks! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- It is easy to put on, but difficult to take off! </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. VERY BASIC NUTRITION SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>Eat 3-5 servings of veggies everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat 2-3 servings of fruit per day. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit red meat intake to 16 oz. or less per week. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the amount of saturated fat in your diet to less than 10%. </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate your alcohol intake. </li></ul>
  20. 20. VERY BASIC NUTRITION SUGGESTIONS <ul><li>Consume foods that are high in anti-oxidants. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Fruits/Veggies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Use much variety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid “Trans Fats.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- More rare now </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. OTHER THINGS TO AVOID <ul><li>Stress! This can raise blood pressure through muscle spasms. </li></ul><ul><li>Homocysteine. This harmful amino acid should be kept in check. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Good nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Antioxidants </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Control vs. Non-Control. </li></ul><ul><li>You CANNOT control your genetics or predisposition towards CAD. </li></ul><ul><li>You CAN control the aforementioned factors to lessen your chances. </li></ul>“ Take care of your body and your body will take care of you” -Karl Malone
  23. 23. Thanks for Coming! <ul><li>Please mention these free seminars to your family and friends! </li></ul>
  24. 24. CONTACT INFORMATION <ul><li>If you are interested in a free fitness analysis please call or visit Lifelong Fitness at: </li></ul>LAYTON 801-776-4440 1776 N. Hill Field #9 KAYSVILLE 801-444-2796 288 W. 200 N. #4