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Chap 14 Power Point


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this is he poe pointvertion of the chapter 14 outline... it's all th same stuff i'm not even sure why i uploaded both

this is he poe pointvertion of the chapter 14 outline... it's all th same stuff i'm not even sure why i uploaded both

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  • 1. Chapter 14Media Policy and Law
    “ The media play such a critical roll in U.S. society that their right to contribute to public debate is guaranteed by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.”
  • 2. Communications Policies
    Freedom of Speech
    • First Amendment – Guarantees freedom of speech and of the press.
    - Freedom of speech - is the idea that media content should be free from government restrictions.
    • Obscenities and Indecencies– used censorship to protect people from obscenities defined by the supreme court.
    - Censorship- formal restriction of media or speech content by government, political, or religious authorities.
  • 3. Communications Policies
    • Crack down on “Incidents” after Janet Jackson’s “accidental” breast bearing during a Super Bowl half time show.
  • Communications Policies
    Commercial Speech
    • Deceptive Advertising – Some companies give false opinions about their product to sell it.
    - these misleading or untruthful claims can not really be dealt with as long as the product being sold is legal.
  • 4. Communications Policies
    Protecting Privacy
    • Privacy – The right to avoid unwanted intrusions or disclosure.
    - the clearest privacy protection against government snooping is found in the fourth amendment from the constitution
    “ … the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.”
  • 5. Communications Policies
    Preventing commercial Snooping
    • there is a generalized “right to be let alone”
    • 6. That includes an “individual interest in avoiding personal matters “
    • 7. Probable Cause – is a judge’s decision that provisional evidence of criminal violation or national security danger justifies a wire tap
  • Communications Policies
    Protecting Intellectual Property
    • Intellectual Property –a work of art, writing, film, or software.
    -Encouraging creativity
    -Copy Right – The legal right to control Intellectual Property
    - Patent – Secures the rights to an invention for a set number of years.
  • 8. Communications Policies
    Protecting Consumers Rights
    • Fair Use – Permits users limited copying of copyrighted works for academic, artistic, or personal use.
    -Controls sharing for profit. iTunes is legal because you buy the music and are allowed to make one copy to CD
    Pay to use iTunes Don’t pay to use Real
  • 9. Communications Policies
    Ownership Issues
    • Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 – Prohibits Monopolies
    - Restraints of trade – Limits Competition
    - Cross-Ownership – One firm owns different media outlets
    in the same area.
    Monopolies seek to rule the industrial world this act
    keeps that under control
  • 10. Universal Service
    Universal Service -The goal of providing basic access to telecommunication service for all.
    - this gave people from all different social groups and status the chance to access free telecommunication service
  • 11. Universal Service
    Who owns the Spectrum?
    • Communications act of 1934 – Regulated distance and channels that radio stations could use
    - License – Legal permission to operate a transmitter.
    - Localism – ownership and decision making at the community level
  • 12. Universal Service
    Technical Standards
    • Standards Bodies – some standards are Created by professional associations, and subsequently ratified by the U.S. Government.
    • 13. International Standards – International bodies exist because of the need for connections among countries with telephony, fax, and data.
  • The Policy-Making Process
    Federal Regulation and Policy Making
    • Law Proposal – Executive Branch or Congress
    • 14. Consider, Alter, Pass laws – Congress
    • 15. Sign or Veto – President
  • The Policy-Making Process
    The Federal Communications Commission
    • FCC regulates broadcasting, satellite/cable TV, and telecommunications.
    • 16. Capture Theory – explains that regulators are unduly influenced by the industry they regulate.
    • 17. Multilateral Trade Negotiations – are among a number of countries at the same time.
  • The Policy-Making Process
    The Federal Trade Commission
    • FTC is the regulatory agency charged with domestic trade policy.
    • 18. Responsible for monitoring trade practices such as deceptive advertising
  • The Policy-Making Process
    The Justice Department
    • Enforcement of general laws that apply to communications.
    • 19. Monitors Competativeness
  • The Policy-Making Process
    The Courts
    • Interprets challenges made to laws written by congress and rules made by the FCC and other federal agencies to see weather they are consistent with the U.S. constitution
  • The Policy-Making Process
    The Congress
    • Ultimately writes and rewrites the communications laws of the land
  • The Policy-Making Process
    State and Local Regulation
    • Public Utility – Regulated Monopolies
    • 20. Deregulation – removes restrictions on the nature and scope of activities that companies engage in and the prices they charge.
  • The Policy-Making Process
    • Lobbies try to effect how laws and rules are interpreted and enforced once they are made.
    The Fourth Estate
    • News and Media work as their own Lobbyists through their shows and work.