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This presentation is about the life and creative work of Joseph Mallord William Turner, one of the greatest English painters.

This presentation is about the life and creative work of Joseph Mallord William Turner, one of the greatest English painters.

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  • 1. A perfect landscape painter Презентация по теме « Painting » Выполнила студентка 5 курса группы 752 Меликаева Ольга
  • 2. Introduction
    • This presentation tells about
    • the life and creative work of
    • one of the most influential
    • English painters, whose lifelong passion
    • was the sea and especially how the sea
    • affected ships. His name is
    • Joseph Mallord William Turner .
  • 3. Childhood
    • William Turner was born on April 23, 1775 in London. His father, William Gay Turner, was a barber and wig maker. His mother, Mary Marshall, became mentally unstable, perhaps, due to the early death of Turner's younger sister, Helen Turner, in 1786. Mary Marshall died in 1804, after having been committed to a mental asylum in 1799. Because of this rather difficult family situation, William Turner was sent in 1785 to stay with his uncle on his mother's side in Brentford, which was then a small town west of London on the banks of the Thames. It was here that he first expressed an interest in painting. As his house was situated on the bank of the river Thames with endless stocks, fish markets and a lot of masts. Those masts were like a magical forest for a little boy. Here begins his passion for all that is connected with sea that defined the character of his creative work.
    • A year later he went to school in Margate in Kent to the east of London. At this time he had been creating many paintings, which his father exhibited in his shop window.
  • 4. Studying
    • He entered the Royal Academy of Art schools in 1789, when he was only 14 years old, and was accepted into the academy a year later. Sir Joshua Reynolds, president of the Royal Academy at the time, admitted him. At first Turner showed a keen interest in architecture but was advised to continue painting by the architect Thomas Hardwick. A watercolour of Turner's was accepted for the Summer Exhibition of 1790 after only one year's study. He exhibited his first oil painting “ Fishermen at Sea ” in 1796 , and thereafter exhibited at the academy nearly every year for the rest of his life.
  • 5. First Works
    • By the time he was 18 he had his own studio. Before he was 20 print sellers were eagerly buying his drawings for reproduction. He quickly achieved a fine reputation and was elected an associate of the Royal Academy. In 1802, when he was only 27, Turner became a full member.
    • T hen he travelled widely in Europe, starting with France and Switzerland in 1802 and studying in the Louvre in Paris in the same year. He also made many visits to Venice.
    • One of his earliest paintings is “The Shipwreck” executed in 1805. It shows his absorption with the sea.
    • Wh at ever country he visited he studied the effects of sea and sky in every kind of weather. His early training had been as a topographic draftsman ( чертежник ) . With the years, however, he developed a painting technique of his own. Instead of just recording factually what he saw, Turner translated scenes into a n expression of his own romantic feelings.
  • 6. The Shipwreck, 1805
  • 7. “ The Battle of Trafalgar”, 1806
    • In 1806 Turner painted one of his most famous works “The Battle of Trafalgar”. This is one of his most gorgeous pictures.
    • Th e Trafalgar battle was the most decisive British victory of the war and was a basic naval battle of the 19th century.
  • 8. Narrative paintings
    • One of his narrative ( сюжетно-тематический ) paintings is “Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus” created in 1829 (see the illustration). Here we can also see his passion for light and color. Another one narrative painting is “Child Harold’s Pilgrimage” (1832)
  • 9. Personal life
    • As he grew older, Turner became more eccentric. He had few close friends except for his father, who lived with him for thirty years, eventually working as his studio assistant. His father's death in 1829 had a profound effect on him, and thereafter he was subject to depression. He never married, although he had two daughters born by Sarah Danby, one born in 1801, the other in 1811.
  • 10. A Mystic Picture
    • “ The Burning of the Houses of Parliament” is a mystic picture by Turner. It was executed in 1834 and when first shown it mystified people but the impact was so undeniable that it was accepted by the society.
  • 11. The Masterpiece
    • His entire life was devoted to his art. Unlike many artists of his era, he was successful throughout his career. And all his paintings can be called masterpieces of English art. But there is one picture that stands out of his other works, because the story of its creation is rather unusual. This picture is “The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to Her Last Berth to Be Broken up ”. In one of his trips along the Thames Turner saw how a little tug-boat was taking away a large warship to her last resting place. It was “Temeraire”, the glory of the Trafalgar Battle. This astounded ( поразило ) Turner as he depicted this ship in 1806 in his picture “The Trafalgar Battle”.
  • 12. The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to Her Last Berth to Be Broken Up
  • 13. “ The Snow Storm”
    • A picture “The Snow Storm” created in 1842 was not so warmly greeted. Here he had gone a bit too far ahead of his time for his generation to be able to accept his experiment, let alone understand it. “The Snow Storm” is an attempt to convey the material power, the blind weight of the snow.
  • 14. Other Important Works
    • “ The Grand Canal, Venice” (1835)
    • “ Rain, Steam and Speed” (1844)
  • 15.
    • He allowed no one to watch him while he painted. He gave up attending the meetings of the academy. None of his acquaintances saw him for months at a time. Turner continued to travel but always alone. He still held exhibitions, but he usually refused to sell his paintings.
    • In 1850 he exhibited for the last time. One day Turner disappeared from his house. His housekeeper, after a search of many months, found him hiding in a house in Chelsea. He had been ill for a long time. He died the following day-Dec ember 19, 1851.
    • Turner left a large fortune that he hoped would be used to support what he called "decaying artists." His collection of paintings was bequeathed to his country. At his request he was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.
  • 16. His Contribution ( вклад )
    • The most outstanding British painter – Joseph Mallord William Turner astonishes (поражает) first of all by his versatility: a delicate observer of nature, he had a deep insight ( проницательность ) into the mystery of the storms and the sea’s movement. Moreover, in his style and investigation of color he anticipates (предвосхищает) the practice of the Impressionists.
  • 17.
    • Thus, if you see the pictures by Turner, I believe you will like them as they are full of light and the color scheme is bright and warm. One critic wrote: “The execution of the picture is curious; to look at it close, it appears a confused mass of daubs ( мазки) . Turner seems to paint slovenly ( неряшливо ), yet what other painter preserves equal ( такую же ) clearness of color?”