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Music is a part of everybody’s life because we can hear it everywhere: in the street, in transport, in shops, and of course we listen to it at home.
Every person likes this or that kind of music, be it classical or modern one.
But for some people it’s difficult to say what kind of music they like best of all. It happens because they like several kinds of music, but sometimes they just don’t know how this or that music is called.
This presentation shows how different kinds of music are called and what their characteristic features are.
Classical music is a very wide term to be determinated and it’s not easy to characterize it.
The major time divisions of classical music are the early period (which includes Medieval (476 – 1400) and Renaissance (1400 – 1600)), the Common practice period (which includes Baroque (1600 – 1750); the Classical (1730 – 1820) and Romantic (1815 – 1910)) periods, and the modern and contemporary period which includes 20 th century classical (1900 – 2000) and contemporary classical (1975 – current).
Classical music is considered primarily a written musical tradition, preserved in music notation.
Here is the list of some classical composers from Europe:
J. Haydn, W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, J. S. Bach, N. Paganini, F. Schubert,
R. Wagner, and Russian ones:
M. P. Mussorgsky, P. I. Tchaikovsky, N. Rimsky-Korsakov, S. Prokofiev,
S. Rachmaninov, G. Sviridov.
Though some pieces of classical music were written centuries ago, they still remain popular.
An instrumental is a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music ; all of the music is produced by musical instruments . This term is used when referring to popular music rather than to other musical genres . Instrumental music also includes soundtracks to films. When we hear them we don’t even think how they are called. So, we enjoy this kind of music, but some examples of it help people to relax, to sleep better, and it also makes our mood good.
Folk music can have a number of different meanings, but most commonly refers to Traditio nal Music . Folk songs are commonly seen as songs that express something about a way of life that exists now or existed in the past or about to disappear . There are many styles of folk music, all of which can be classified into various traditions, generally based around some combination of ethnic, racial, religious, tribal, political or geographic boundaries. And of course, there exist a great number of folk musical instruments. For example, Russian folk musical instruments are balalaika, bayan, and gusli, Scottish one is bagpipes, French and Hungarian people play hurdy gurdy.
Jazz is a primarily American musical art form which originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African-American communities in America.
It is characterized by the use of improvisation and syncopation.
T he skilled performer will interpret in jazz a tune in very individual ways, never playing the same composition the same way twice. Depending upon the performer's mood and personal experience, a jazz musician or performer may alter melodies and harmonies.
The most popular jazz musicians are Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman and others.
Pop music is a music genre that combines a noticeable rhythmic element, melodies and hooks ( a musical or lyrical phrase that stands out and is easily remembered ) , a mainstream style and a conventional structure.
The term "pop music" was first used in 1926 in the sense of "having popular appeal", but since the 1950s it has been used in the sense of a musical genre .
The standard format of pop music is the song , usually less than five minutes dur ation, with instrumentation that can range from an orchestra to a lone singer.
Lyrics in pop music are frequently about love, relationships and life experiences. The primary goal s of the pop music genre are audience enjoyment and commercial success .
Rock music is a loosely defined genre of popular music that entered the mainstream in the mid 1950s. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rhythm and blues , country music and other influences. In addition, rock music drew on a number of other musical influences, including folk music , jazz , and classical music .
The sound of rock often revolves around the electric guitar or acoustic guitar, and it uses a strong back beat laid down by a rhythm section of electric bass guitar , drums , and keyboard instruments such as organ , pi ano , or, since the 1970s, synthesizer s .
A group of musicians s specializing in rock music is called a rock band or rock group . Many rock groups consist of an electric guitarist t , lead singer, bass guitarist, and a drummer, forming a quartet.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock ’n’ roll) is a form of music that evolved in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Its roots lay mainly in rhythm and blues, country, folk, and jazz. The style quickly spread to the rest of the world and developed further, leading ultimately to modern rock music.
Classic rock and roll is usually played with one or two electric guitars (one lead, one rhythm), a string bass or (after the mid-1950s) an electric bass guitar, and a drum kit. In the earliest rock and roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument .
The massive popularity and eventual worldwide view of rock and roll gave it a unique social impact. Far beyond a musical style, rock and roll, seen in movies and in the new medium of television, influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language.