• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Eye donation awareness & keratoplasty
 

Eye donation awareness & keratoplasty

on

  • 3,435 views

Eye donation awareness to promote eye donation is need of today. Simultaneously to promote corneal blinds to undergo keratoplasty is need os a hour.

Eye donation awareness to promote eye donation is need of today. Simultaneously to promote corneal blinds to undergo keratoplasty is need os a hour.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,435
Views on SlideShare
3,431
Embed Views
4

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
58
Comments
0

1 Embed 4

http://www.slashdocs.com 4

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Eye donation awareness & keratoplasty Eye donation awareness & keratoplasty Presentation Transcript

    • Promotion of Eye donation awareness
      & number of Keratoplastyoperations:
      Comparative Study.
      Dr. Baban C. Dolas
      M.S. (Ophthalm)
      Nityaseva Eye Hospital
      & Global Vision Foundation Eye Bank, Pune.
    • Introduction:
      It is a fact that eye donation movement is negligible
      in our country due to lack of awareness, religious belief
      & taboos.
      Increase in Eye donations is need of today but
      preparation of minds of patients to undergo keratoplasy
      & also finding such patients through special camps is
      of more importance.
    • Objectives :
      • To determine effect of Public awareness on
      eye donation
      • To compare the Eye donation with
      Keratoplasty operations
    • Materials and Methods
      Eye donation promotion activities adopted by
      eye banks in Pune and its impact on the rate and
      quality of tissue procurement was studied prospectively
      from Jan 2010 to Mar 2011.
      Teachers and school children were involved in spreading the message on eye donation by holding poster painting competition, slogans writing etc.
       
    • Corporate sectors involved to participate and
      sponsor activities like sponsoring grief counselor/
      Medical Social Workers in major hospitals to
      motivate the family members of the deceased to
      donate his/her eyes.
       
      Cable operators involved to Flash messages and put
      Eye donation information through cable network.
       
      Religious institutions and leaders were asked to spread
      the message of eye donation.
       
    • Eye donation display board/ banners put on
      mortuaries, cremation grounds, hospitals and the
      public gathering place like railway stations, bus
      stops etc.
       
      Support taken from influential persons such as
      politicians, sports persons and celebrities etc. to
      promote eye donation.
       
      Awareness campaign on Eye donation done through
      NGO's, Senior Citizens Group, Youth Association
      and Resident Welfare Association etc.
       
    • Public awareness was made through print,
      audiovisual presentation, involvement of NGOs & social workers, observing eye donation fortnight, mobilization of eye donation pledges etc.
      Also side by side list of patients required to undergo keratoplasty was prepared by regular OPD & by conducting special camps for such patients.
    • Results :
      Jan 2010 to Mar 2011, 2056 eyeballs received by
      Donation…Total no. of keratoplastydone were 754
    • Total number of public awareness activities taken by
      Eye banks & District Blindness Control Society from
      Jan 2010 to Mar. 2011 were 210. Out of that almost
      52 were taken during eye donation fortnight (25 August to 8 September) that almost 25% of the activities.
      As compared to eye donation awareness activities, there were no special efforts to find patients for keratoplasty.
      There were nil special camps to find out such beneficiaries for keratoplasty.
    • List of such beneficiaries was made by routine OPD
      patients. At some places, special cornea OPDs were
      held to find out such patients but mostly routine OPD
      patients were referred to such OPDs.
      On an average at a given time list of such beneficiaries
      were not more than 400 including all eye banks &
      Government setups.
    • Among 2056 eyeballs collected, 38 eyeballs were
      Received from one eyebank to other due to unavailability or unwillingness of available patients
      to undergo keratoplasty.
      Though total number of collected eyes increased
      Steadily proving the benefit of eye donation
      Movement; Comparatively those patients who require keratoplasty were less & also among those almost 25 % were not willing to undergo procedure.
      90 % among those 25 % were having unilateral
      problems with other eye having good vision (> 6/24).
    • DISCUSSION
      Nearly 10 lacs are corneal blind people in the country.
      Majority of them are young in the productive age
      group who have lost their vision either due to injuries,
      infection/ malnutrition or were congenital in nature
      etc.
      The sight can be restored only by corneal
      transplantation.
    • Corneal infection is the most common cause of bilateral corneal blindness. There is a high frequency of involvement of one eye with subsequent involvement of the other eye at a later date. This is more commonly seen in the rural population, particularly in those belonging to a lower socioeconomic stratum and those who are illiterate and tend to be ignorant about proper eye care.
      Pattern of bilateral blinding corneal disease in patients waiting for keratoplasty in a tertiary eye care centre in northern India. Cornea. 2010 Mar;29(3):269-71.Tandon R, Sinha R, Moulick P, Agarwal P, Titiyal JS, Vajpayee RB. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    • Though there has been progress in Eye Donation,
      only 42,000 (approx.) eyes were collected last year
      with the efforts of eye banks in Govt. & Non Government
      sectors in India put together, whereas our requirement
      is around 75000 to 100000 corneas per year.
      Collection of donor materials is low
      even in metros & big cities where facilities for
      treatment of corneal blindness are available.
    • India has largest blind population
      NEW DELHI: India is now home to the world's largest number of blind people. Of the 37 million people across the globe who are blind, over 15 million are from India.
      What's worse, 75% of these are cases of avoidable blindness, thanks to the country's acute shortage of donated eyes for the treatment of corneal blindness.
      Kounteya Sinha, TNN Oct 11, 2007, 02.32am IST
    • Promoting pledging for Eye Donation has
      definitely led to increase in public awareness about
      eye donation. But, since donation can happen only
      after death, there is no direct relationship between
      pledging for eye donation and actual collection of the
      donated eyes.
    • Conclusions & Recommendation:
      This study concludes that awareness campaigns promote public for Eye donation, so that such activities should be held more frequently.
      There is also need for preparation of minds of patients to undergo keratoplasy & also finding such patients through special camps is of more importance.
    • REFERENCES :
      1. Pattern of bilateral blinding corneal disease in patientswaiting for keratoplasty in a tertiary eye care centre in northern India. Cornea. 2010 Mar;29(3):269- 71.
      2. Tandon R, Sinha R, Moulick P, Agarwal P, Titiyal JS,
      Vajpayee RB. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic
      Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
      3. KounteyaSinha, TNN Oct 11, 2007, 02.32am IST
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
      1. District Blindness Control Society, Pune.
      2. All eyebanks & Eye donation centers, Pune District
      3. Health Department, statistical section, Maharashtra.
      4. Dr. Harshal Pandve, M.D.(P.S.M.)
    • For your Participation..