«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                     Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»  ...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                    Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР ...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                                                        ...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                                                     Ilk...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                                                    Ilkk...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                    Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР ...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                                                      Il...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                     Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                    Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР ...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                          Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Зап...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                     Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                       Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «Ц...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                     Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»•N...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                                                       I...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                                           Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом...
«Инструменты кластерной политики»,                                     Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»Th...
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Skolkovo Business School, Moscow, organised by RosAtom, April 2012

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Skolkovo Business School, Moscow, organised by RosAtom, April 2012

  1. 1. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» INNOVATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CLUSTERS. THIRD GENERATION OF SCIENCE PARKS Case: netWork Oasis, Joensuu Science Park, Finland
  2. 2. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Cluster based thinking is evolvingCluster based thinking is widely used in context of the regional and nationaleconomic development since late 1990’s.Several types of clusters can be defined but be divided in two maincategories• Industrial clusters• Knowledge based clustersAt the moment the focus is moving towards knowledge ecosystems and theinteraction between several innovation communities inside the ecosystemThird Generation Science Parks are supporting mainly knowledge basedclusters
  3. 3. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Emerging realities of global innovation landscape*• Focus on dynamics of interaction with each other and new “none institutional elements” >> Networks – the challenge is to specify networks and how they operate >> complexity and emergence, ecosystem thinking• A holistic approach – focus not on isolated activity (inside a company or cluster) but what happens within specific firms, clusters and innovation communities as a cohesive system• To understand how organizations and ”none institutional elements” perform in complex environments• To measure the performance and activities between the institutions and communities (not only inside them) *) Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economical Development”, June 2009, www.iftf.org/iasp
  4. 4. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Future scenarios for technoparks*The IFTF report listed three different scenarios for STPs:1) Science and Technology Parks 3.02) The Rise of Research Clouds3) Dematerialized Innovation *) Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led EconomicalDevelopment”, June 2009, www.iftf.org/iasp
  5. 5. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» The Rise of Research Clouds • Disruptive Competition from outside • An Oort cloud around universities • A crucible for new institutions and networks • Parks hobbled high-energy infrastructure puts parks at a disadvantage • Lightweight approaches push R&D in productive new directions * ) Ref Institute for the Future report ” Future Knowledege Ecosystems – The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economical Development”, June 2009, www.iftf.org/iasp
  6. 6. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» 3GSP elements / © Manchester Science Park, workshop/ John Allen 2007 • A global player, but with local roots • A part of the community, with care for people and the environment • A healthy business and an opportunity for investment • An essential element of university activity • Part of multiplicity of networks • Focused on the needs of its tenants
  7. 7. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» 3GSP approach• A new approach is needed  third generation of science parks (3GSP).• The 3 GSP environment encourages diversity on all layers and respects serendipity, even a new management paradigm - serendipity management – is emerging.• The competitive edge for 3GSP is: • To attract nomadic talent • To be able to create sustainable innovation communities • To be able to harvest the innovation potential in more fruitful way • To be able to create ”sticky knowledge” in order to maintain and improve regional competitiveness *) Ref http://blogs.america.gov/ip/2010/03/05/new-innovation-landscape-a-challenge-for-science-parks/
  8. 8. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» 3GSP approach• Focus on supporting innovation activities on individual and CNO level• ”glocal” - local but with access to global competence pools• Managing activities and creation of new combinations of competences • Network Incubation • Serendipity Management• Oasis like co-creating space as an elemental part of facilities• Extensive use of virtual community platforms – like GLOW in Oasis case
  9. 9. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» 3GSP elements in Joensuu Science Park case• Focus: • To support innovation activities on individual level and to enable fluid CNO operations• Elements: • netWork Oasis, collaborative working environment, • GLOW, interaction tool, virtual community platform • CNO support: Oasis as VBE, ICT – PVC, Joensuu Entrepreneurship Society - PVC • Joensuu Living Lab for Design and Services
  10. 10. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Innovation Communities, typology © Karostech Ltd 2012
  11. 11. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»The fundamental factors driving dynamic clusterdevelopment• The complexity of traditional organizational structures• The increased market requirements for flexibility call for better usage of resources and connectivity to global competence pools.• The key players in a new innovation landscape are truly nomadic and well inter-connected, they work and live in a world powered and inspired by CNOs• Open innovation and social entrepreneurship widely used• Scientific knowledge and tools is available anywhere “on demand” because of scientific and technology bloggers, social media, virtual collaboration platforms and innovation intermediaries• == > Vital innovation activities are happening outside the walls of traditional STPs
  12. 12. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Dynamic cluster development• Innovation management bodies - like STPs and regional development institutions - are traditionally providing services, but the need in future is: >> to actively manage activities and knowledge creation >> to mastermind CNO (Collaborative Networked Organizations) theoretical approach and methodologies• Regional ecosystem elements that provide the capacity repeadetly re- inventing the cluster is paramount• More emphasis on creativity mechanisms that link local assets to global competence and markets• To include informal networks far beyond the major regional institutions of today
  13. 13. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»•North Karelia Centre of Expertise
  14. 14. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад» Cluster building –technology focus in Joensuu• Nanotechnology Forest Industry Future Energy Technology Housing• Fotonics• Materials• Precision technologies• Energy efficient lighting,• LED technology• Forest resources and management• Timber procurement and logistics, forest• technology• Natural fibre composites and secondary• metabolites of trees• Wood and composite products for• construction• Procurement and logistics of energy wood• Production of biofuels: wood chips, pellets,• firewood, other biomasses, biogas, FT diesel• Entrepreneurship and business models in wood• energy business• Energy systems and energy efficiency in• housing• Wood in construction: from small to large• buildings• Concepts for distric level construction• Energy efficiency• New service concepts for housing• Energy efficient wood construction
  15. 15. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»Cluster building with Finnish Center of Expertise ProgrammeJoensuu Science ParkExpert services for SMEs and start ups:• Technology Surveys, Market Surveys• Project preparation – networking, partner search, involving companiesin research projects• Support for internationalization (companies + researchers)• Linking companies to universities, research institutes and R&Dprojects• Technology transfer: fact-finding, customer & expert visits, Business Cafes.• Managing joint development projects for companies• Support for growth: capital investments, partners, piloting• Marketing of regional expertise and building up knowledge-basedfuture and profile for the region• Creation of value chain –based Mini Clusters (ICT business mainly)– Joint marketing, supply chain and export activities– Joint product and service development
  16. 16. «Инструменты кластерной политики», Ilkka Kakko, 24.4.2012Росатом, «ЦСР Северо-Запад»Thank You !• Contact info:• Ilkka Kakko • Tel + 358 50 536 2941 • E-mail: ike.kakko@gmail.com • Skype: ilkka.kakko

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