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Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney	2012
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Ruth Maher and the CUNY/WPU students; International Sustainability Field School in Orkney 2012

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  1. ROUSAYInherited Landscapes, Coastal Erosion &  Sustainability  Ruth Maher, PhD., Adjunct Lecturer  William Paterson University Julie Bond, PhD. , Senior Lecturer, Bradford University Steve Dockrill, Senior Lecturer,  Bradford University
  2. First Goal:  Community ArchaeologyCreating a Vested Interest in the Past – Kids Programs – Visitor Days – Established Tour Guides – Guest Book – Community Meet & Greets
  3. Second Goal:  Undergraduate &  Graduate Education Student Outcomes • To learn archaeological techniques and  teamwork • To understand and incorporate scientific  methods of data collection • To apply that knowledge to overall  research project • To study (and experience) the effects of  Coastal Erosion and Climate Change
  4. Third Goal:  Scientific Research – Human Interactions with the  Landscape– Impacts of Coastal Erosion &  Climate Change– Secrets to a Sustainable  Future
  5. Background of The Orkneys• 5000+ years of agricultural success – With subsistence fishing, of course• a/k/a “The Heart of the Neolithic” – Quite a strong showing of brochs too• Windy, temperate climate• Salty winds and sprays attributed to healthy  agricultural conditions and healthy animals
  6. Rousay Archaeology
  7. Neolithic:  3,700 ‐ 2,200 BCE
  8. Neolithic Settlement:  Rinyo Excavated in 1938 and 1946 Stone tools and Unstan Ware long slabs separating spaces
  9. Neolithic Period Space
  10. Maes Howe Chambered Tomb
  11. Bronze Age:  2,200 – 700 BCE
  12. Burnt Mound:  Excavated 2009
  13. Bronze Period Space
  14. Iron Age:  700 BCE – AD 400
  15. Mousa Broch, Shetland
  16. Iron Age Space
  17. Viking/Norse 800‐1200
  18. Research at Swandro Rousay provides the opportunity to study the resilience of an island community to climatic and environmental change from the Neolithic to  the modern day. Coastal Erosion is an unavoidable issue and research is targeting vulnerable sites with very limited life spans in terms of survival but with  multi‐period occupation sequences.
  19. Current Research• Focus – Swandro • Test Pits• Norse Hall adjacent to  • Survey other remains • Auguring• Broch? • Excavation – Maybe still…• Neolithic Chambered Tomb – 5000 years continuous use
  20. Test Pits in Surrounding FieldsMidhowe Broch, 2010 Swandro, 2011
  21. Deep Time Agricultural Soils • Throughout fields,  substantial evidence  long‐term agricultural  activity
  22. • Two early trenchesLandscape Model • GIS interpolated surface reveals overall  characteristics of mound • 2011 Excavation – Revealed a “Broch”
  23. 2012 Revealed a Chambered Tomb
  24. Could there have been more? Compiled by Mark Littlewood
  25. Well‐Constructed Feature Coming  Through…
  26. Area D • Series of wall features  • Perpendicular to the sea • At similar level (and  below) nearby Norse Hall
  27. Climate:  Past & Future• The Mid‐Holocene saw  • We are back to levels we saw  substantial changes in  2000 years ago atmospheric and ocean  • Understanding the Sociocultural  circulation patterns.  changes and adaptations will • In the North Atlantic,  help us in the future sediment cores suggest sea  surface temperatures  warmed between 8000 &  5000 ka• We see increasing  temperatures out of the  Bronze Age increasing  through the Viking Age
  28. Race Against Time
  29. Potential on Rousay• We already see long‐term occupation at Swandro from the Neolithic through Norse periods.  • As work continues, we have the opportunity to  study all details of this sequence (before the sea  swallows it up) providing the opportunity to – Create models which will lead us to a more complete  occupation and use of landscape in Rousay and the  Orkneys – Create models of past adaptations to climate change,  both abrupt and gradual as well as effective and  ineffective approaches – Prepare for wherever the future takes us

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