Aaron Kendall (CUNY) Connections and Networks in N Atlantic Trade

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Aaron Kendall (CUNY) Connections and Networks in N Atlantic Trade

  1. 1. CUNY HERC Open Workshop New York, 15 October 2012 Viking Age and early medieval trade in theNorth Atlantic: Comparison of settlement sites from Iceland and Greenland Aaron Kendall The Graduate Center, City University of New York
  2. 2. Norse migration and potential subsequent trade routes
  3. 3. Three Hypotheses Addressed:1. First Viking Age settlers in the N. Atlantic brought a “Settler Kit” which could not be easily renewed.2. Because everyday artifacts were not easily replaced, status differences became blurred archaeologically.3. Increased trade resulting from expanding fish markets provided the opportunity to replenish household and elite objects in the Early Medieval Period.
  4. 4. Hofstaðir HSTHrísheimarHRH Sveigakot SVK
  5. 5. Hofstaðir Skáli
  6. 6. Sveigakot Skáli
  7. 7. Material from Mývatn Sites100%90% Misc.80% Wool Wood70% Plant60% Stone50% Steatite Schist 55% 59%40% 50% Glass Fe Fe Fe30% Copper Iron20% Bone10% 0% Hofstadir Sveigakot Hreisheimar
  8. 8. Myvatn Imports
  9. 9. Myvatn Local Materials
  10. 10. Material from Mývatn Sites100%90% Misc.80% Wool Wood70% Plant60% Stone50% Steatite Schist 55% 59%40% 50% Glass Fe Fe Fe30% Copper Iron20% Bone10% 0% Hofstadir Sveigakot Hreisheimar
  11. 11. Mývatn Imports Sveigakot 12 10 SteatitePercentage 8 6 4 Glass 2 0 Schist Hofstaðir 8 6 Percentage 4 2 0 AD 950 AD 1050 AD 1150
  12. 12. Western Settlement Sites V48 V51 V54 GUS
  13. 13. Local Greenland Materials
  14. 14. Greenlandic Antler Combs
  15. 15. Greenland Imports
  16. 16. Iceland-Greenland Comparison
  17. 17. Further Work• Finish inputting Greenland artifacts into database• Incorporate site phasing and temporal changes in assemblage at each site• Address wear of whetstones and nails• Add material from Skutustaðir and Sandwick• Future comparisons with Faroes, Shetland, Orkney, and Scandinavian mainland?• Make completed database accessible on the Internet

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