Data is open if it satisfies two conditions: Technically open: available in a machine-readable standard format, which means it can be retrieved and meaningfully processed by a computer application Legally open: explicitly licensed in a way that permits commercial and non-commercial use and re-use without restrictions.
Open Government Data (OGD) - Data that is produced by the Government, whether it is produced by the National Statistical Organization (NSO) or any other sector ministry or national or sub-national agency of the public sector, or a public sector enterprise, and that complies with the above definition of Open Data. How is Open Data related to Open Government? - Open Data and Open Government are different concepts, but closely related.This graph illustrates clearly that:·There is more to Open Government than Open Data and, conversely, there is more to Open Data than there is to Open Government·Governments can impact both the openness of their own data, i.e. Open Government Data and Open Data not produced by the public sector.
Open government data has transformative potential. OGD is a means to achieve a broad spectrum of public policy goals, including: improved transparency and accountability, strengthened citizen participation in governance, more efficient public policy and provision of public services, as well as enhanced innovation for economic growth. Example of street address data (A. Stoot on Linkendin)
Leadership: High-level government leadership must be a primary driver for successfully executing any open government strategy. The World Bank's knowledge sharing platforms such as the Leaders for Transformation Network bring together top leaders to share experiences and provide peer support in leveraging ICT for open government. Policy/Legal Framework: A supportive policy and legal framework is essential to open government. Issues such as data management, privacy, information access (including Freedom of Information), data reuse and licensing must be addressed. The World Bank has helped develop policies on ICT related components in a number of countries, including Moldova, Macedonia, Ghana, and Sri Lanka.Institutions:Individual agencies hold primary responsibility for translating open government into real applications and services. Yet, open government on a whole-of-government basis requires high levels of coordination. The World Bank has supported the evolution of institutional partners such as the eGovernment Center in Moldova into first class managers of a major $23 million Governance eTransformation Project.Applications and e-Services: The World Bank partners with governments to help translate open government from words into actions that impact people's lives through development of innovative applications and e-services. This is happening every day on a global basis – the Water Hackathon event organized by The World Bank teamed up more than 800 water and technology experts in cities around the world to create technology solutions to local and global water challenges.Capacity Building: Open government requires changes to how agencies conduct business, and even how they define their core mission. In the context of major eTransformation projects, The World Bank has contributed to increased capacity of government counterparts and other stakeholders, for example through HELP – the High-level Experts for Leaders and Practitioners group of leading CIOs and knowledge exchange activities (e.g. South-South collaboration with e-leaders like India, Singapore, South Korea and Estonia) and most recently through the development of an online Open Government Data Toolkit.For open government to be meaningful, responsive to public needs, and self-sustaining, a strong demand-side is crucial. The World Bank Institute has inaugurated a robust, partnership-driven 'Data Literacy' program to build demand-side capacity among key stakeholder groups (mass media, civil society, and civic coders), to build and strengthen user constituencies around 'opened' data (e.g. in Kenya and Moldova, and in Tanzania and Ghana, which were convened as both governments launched their open data platforms, so that supply and demand-sides were launched concurrently).Citizen Engagement: The World Bank supports citizen-feedback initiatives, which are vital to any meaningful open government effort. For example, in Nigeria, the Bank is working with Edo State to launch a crime mapping platform that draws on crowdsourced data reported by citizens.Innovation Financing:A dynamic, sustainable Open Government Initiative requires public investment and public-private partnerships both to support development of innovative apps and services (including co-creation activities and challenges) and develop an Innovation Economy. The World Bank is working with Ghana on a PPP for tax modernization. In Sri Lanka, the Bank supported creation of a Partnership Assistance Program to fund innovative services to under-served communities.Technology:Implementing open government on a whole-of-government basis requires enterprise architecture, common open standards and interoperability frameworks, apps and adequate infrastructure to ensure connectivity and security. One pioneering example of The World Bank's work in this area is its planned assistance to Moldova and Macedonia to introduce cloud computing for government using innovative PPP models.
Media can play a key role in using and extending the reach of the analysis that comes out of open data. Recent media workshop in Kenya organized by WBI for media owners and then 3-day boot camp for journalists brought out the business case for how media globally is embracing ICT, making their own data more accessible, and able to Need to involve all intermediaries, round table discussions, hackathons, workshops, innovation hubsData
Web samia mehlem open data and wb main presentation
OPEN DATAImage Source: http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-05/21/open-data-institute-plans Image Source: http://www.nicva.org/news/open-data-service 1. Technically open: available in a machine-readable standard format 2. Legally open: explicitly licensed in a way that permits commercial and non- commercial use and re-use without restrictions
Relation between Open Data and Open Government?
Benefits of Open Government Data Transparency / Engagement Accountability Innovation Efficiency and Growth
Typical Policy Drivers for Open Data Transparent GovernmentTriple Objectives Improve public services Economic growth and social value
Better Information services to the public Transport, public facilities and crime data among most downloaded Smartphone Apps
Put pressure on local managers to improve Patient 12+ Weeks ratings MRSA-free Blood clots 2 recent MRSA Good C-Diff Low record Mortality
Business efficiency/optimisationReal time info on road delays and roadworks allowslogistics efficiency
Financial Products Weather Risk Management (US: $4bn annual contracts value) Flood insurance on detailed topography and river records
Economic Value of Open Data Economic Value of Open Data• Open Gov Data in EU would increase business activity by up to €40 Bn/year• Direct & indirect benefits up to €200 Bn/year (1.7% of EU GDP)• Open Weather Data in US has created 400 companies employing 4000 people• Spanish study found ~€600m of business from open data with >5000 jobs• Australian study found ROI of ~500% from open data
It’s not (just) an an project! It’s not (just) IT IT project!CIOs can give leadership, but• CIOs/IT Directors often do not “own” the data• Key issues are business, policy and politicsKeep the IT simple – Good choice of established open source (eg CKAN, Drupal) or commercial products (eg Socrata) – Start with simple solution, add functionality if/when needed
opendata.go.keKenya’s open data initiative (KODI)…
KODI data and usage are gradually expanding… 200+ datasets at launch (July 8, 2011) 340+ datasets as of Nov 2011 400+ datasets as of Jan 2012 146,690+ page views 3,500+ dataset downloaded and embedded to various websites and blogs
World Bank assistance Kenya Transparency & Communications Infrastructure project ($6.5m of $54m AF) Innovation Grant – Open Data Incubator ($100k) EFO (DfID) for Education data integration & outreach Governance Partnership Facility World Bank (WBI, TWICT) TA for open data, support for Hackathons, Open Data Media Workshops, etc
Some initial lessons Transparency is not enough – engaging the demand-side is critical to success of open data Many users will not spontaneously ‘take up’ open data There is no formula for successful outreach But a key element is bringing together data suppliers and users on sustained basis to define problems and iterate solutions Development professionals and ICT developers Infomediaries including traditional media Research and higher education communities Embedding open data in ongoing innovation hubs and events, incl. hackathons For WB support, a cross-sectoral approach is vital: Data – PREM, HD Open data global expertise – WBI, TWICT, DEC Citizen apps, social accountability – SD, WBI, TWICT
Applications that use open data BOOST - Open Public Expenditure Database Launched on: December 14, 2011 Based on Ministry’s of Finance public expenditure data Valuable tool for analyzing public financial data www.moldova.wb-boost.org Real estate registrations by regions Public Government forms all expenditure in one clickAlerts. Open data on schools+ crowdsourcing
Open Data in Moldova – Case Study, July 2012 E-Government Center together with the World Bank elaborated the study that outlines the major events that led to opening government data. The study offers a set of recommendations. http://www.scribd.com/doc/99595560/The- Journey-of-Open-Government-and-Open-Data- Moldova
The WB’s data.worldbank.org/open-government- data-toolkit