In the EDA , one of the flagships initiatives for Europe 2020, the EU proposal for growth and jobs, one of the actions was to develop a EU-wide cloud strategy notably for government and science. End of September , the EC released a communication whose overall objective is to unleash the potential of cloud computing in Europe. It intends to enable and facilitate the faster adoption ov cloud computing in all sectors of the economy, helping to cut costs, boost productivity and promote the creation of growth and jobs.
Consultations 2011 Results: Major Cloud Challenges Interoperability & standards lock-in risks portability of data, security settings; Contractual Issues Contract templates Privacy & Legal Data Security and Traceability: where is my data? whose law applies? who can access it? Governance, control no control of licensing terms, SLA, use of legacy application Security, Dependability data, outages ...
There are opportunities both on the supply side, for telcos, equipment vendors and service providers , and on the demand side particularly for start-ups and small and medium enterprises due to the availability of quicker IT services lowering the entry level costs to set-up them.
There is a need for standards in cloud computing, particularly in the area of interoperability and security to avoid lock-in situations. European Telecoms Standard Institute to play an important coordination role here. Data protection is an important challenge, there is a need for technical specifications in this area Certification schemes can help to gain trust and ENISA (European Network and Information Security Agency) may help in this respect The delivery of cloud services needs the building of big data centers. There is need to measure the impact on the environment
There is relatively little experience in setting up cloud sevices contracts. Proper contracts , including service level agreements , are necessary to avoid litigation in case of disagreement. The Common European Sales Law models can be a good starting point for the expert group in charge of examinig this matter Standard clauses for data migration are of special interest for compliance and security. Finally a codo code of conduct by cloud suppliers is a good thing to have and increease trust in cloud services
Public sector is an important potential buyer of cloud services. Common requirements and joint procurement will be beneficial not only to public sector but also to help shape the market for the private sector
The FP7 and CIP have been funding cloud related research for the last year. More that 80 M€ in grants have been provided. The next Research programme Horizon 2020 intends to continue supporting research in this area The future Connecting Europe Facility will surely need support from cloud services Cloud will be a subject to be discussed with other international partners, like the USA and should be part of free-trade negotiations
Summing up Vendor lock-in, security and privacy are a danger for cloud adoption This can be avoided with standards and certification schemes that have to be identified The public sector can help to shape the market
1. Unleashing the Potential of Cloud Computing in Europe Francisco García Morán Director General DG Informatics mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org Global Forum Stockholm 29-10-2012 Digital Agenda
2. Objective of the EU Cloud StrategyEurope […] should develop an EU-wide strategy on cloudcomputing notably for government and science.” (EDA)1. Enabling and facilitating faster adoption of cloud computing, throughout all sectors of the economy to help cut ICT costs and boost productivity, growth and jobs Digital Agenda
3. Challenges Digital Agenda
4. Opportunities Supply side: for telcos, equipment, services providers Demand side: Productivity potential for all; quicker and less risky professional IT for new companies (e.g. start-ups) Digital Agenda
5. Key Action 1 : Cutting through the Jungle of Standards ETSI (European Telecoms Standards Institute) to coordinate stakeholders & identify necessary standards (e.g. for security and interoperability) Recognize ICT technical specifications for data protection ENISA & others to assist development of EU-wide voluntary certification schemes Agree with industry harmonised metrics for energy consumption & carbon emissions of cloud services Digital Agenda
6. Key action 2: Safe and Fair Contract Terms Develop with stakeholders model terms for cloud computing service level agreements for professional cloud users European model contract terms and conditions pursuant to Common European Sales Law; expert group for cloud-related issues beyond the CSL Review standard contractual clauses & binding corporate rules for international data transfers by cloud providers Work with industry towards a code of conduct for cloud providers for Article 29 Working Party to endorse Digital Agenda
7. Key Action 3: European Cloud Partnership What: Identify common requirements for public sector cloud use Towards common & joint public procurement of cloud services Shape the market to benefit private use How : Steering Board: industry and MS Pre-Commercial Procurement Action with MS (FP7, EUR 10m call published), with industry input Umbrella for MS cloud activities Digital Agenda
8. Other Actions Focus Future European Research Funding Horizon 2020 support Cloud support for Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Cloud in International Dialogue and free- trade negotiations Digital Agenda
9. European Cloud Communication: Conclusion• Closed models and vendor lock-in are a danger for Cloud model take-up• Appropriate standards and certification schemes need to be identified• The Public sector has an important role for the shaping of the Cloud computing market Digital Agenda
10. Further InformationEuropean Cloud Computing Strategyhttp://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/cloudcomputing/index_en.htmDigital Agenda for Europehttps://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/Software & Service Architectures and Infrastructureshttp://cordis.europa.eu/software-services Digital Agenda