Conservation and Sustainable  Use of Melaleuca Forests onPeatlands and Marshes area in             Ca Mau, Vietnam        ...
Contents of the presentation   Outline of Ca Mau Province    and Forest Situation   Melaleuca Forest    Conservation   ...
Outline of Ca Mau Province   and forest situation
Location and Socio-economic   Conditions of Ca Mau                                            2        Provincial area: 5,...
Natural Conditions of Ca Mau Climate: Tropical Monsoon   Annual Rain Fall: 2,000-2,700mm   Rainy Season: May – Nov.   ...
Peatlands in Ca Mau Year 1978: 30,000ha Now: 9,850ha (in which  4,647ha with thickness  of over 50cm) Covered by mainly...
Present State of Forests in Ca Mau  Forest Area: 100,733ha           580                 35,249             Special Used: ...
Melaleuca Forest and Bio-               diversity   Flora: 79 species including    11 timber species    (Melaleuca cajupt...
Melaleuca Forest and Economy                           Harvest Planting              Honey collection
Forest Fire in Melaleuca Forest     Forest fire area                Main cause of forest  -   1983: 28,000 ha           ...
Melaleuca Forest Conservation
National Park and Production               Forest   U Minh Ha National Park     Area: 8,085ha      (ex.forest:8,009ha)  ...
Conservation of Peatland            Ecosystem   U Minh Ha National Park    Classified into 3 sub-areas    Conservation o...
Forest Fire Prevention           Activities Fire Watch Station Fire-level Alarm Board Leaflet Training and Workshop etc
Forest Fire Prevention           Activities Canal and Sluice  system: Keep/control  water in canals to  maintain proper h...
Sustainable Use of Melaleuca Forest
Sustainable Use of Melaleuca           Forest   Forest Management Area by owner:    U Minh Ha forestry company: 19,466ha...
Main Use of Melaleuca Wood   Construction Pole   Furniture   Charcoal
Plantation technique of              Melaleuca Annual Plantation in Melaleuca  Forest Area Year     Plantation           ...
Importance of improvinglivelihood for forest management   70/30 regulation     Farmers must maintain 70% of      allocat...
Technical training for farmers   Training for income    generation to reduce poverty:       Rice cultivation       Frui...
Forestry income   Embankment enable to    plant more profitable    tree species     Nowadays Acacia is      recommended ...
Infrastructure development
Conclusion Peatlands are covered by mostly Melaleuca  forests in Ca Mau. Melaleuca forests are conserved in national  pa...
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Conservation and sustainable use of Melaleuca forests on peatlands and marsh areas in Ca Mau, Viet Nam

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Conservation and sustainable use of Melaleuca forests on peatlands and marsh areas in Ca Mau, Viet Nam

  1. 1. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Melaleuca Forests onPeatlands and Marshes area in Ca Mau, Vietnam Prepared by:- Mr.Pham Trung Thanh - Mr.Shimizu Fumiaki
  2. 2. Contents of the presentation Outline of Ca Mau Province and Forest Situation Melaleuca Forest Conservation Sustainable use of Melaleuca Forest Conclusion
  3. 3. Outline of Ca Mau Province and forest situation
  4. 4. Location and Socio-economic Conditions of Ca Mau 2 Provincial area: 5,294 km Population: over 1.2 millions Structure of GDP 2011(%) - Agriculture, forestry, fishery 38.8 - Industry and construction 36.7 - Service 24.5 *GDP per capita: 1,118 USD
  5. 5. Natural Conditions of Ca Mau Climate: Tropical Monsoon  Annual Rain Fall: 2,000-2,700mm  Rainy Season: May – Nov.  Dry Season: Dec. - April  Average Temperature: 26.5 C Topography:  Low/Flat average 0.5m altitude  Affected by Two Tidal Regime  Water Submerge Often Occur  Divided by Rivers and Canals
  6. 6. Peatlands in Ca Mau Year 1978: 30,000ha Now: 9,850ha (in which 4,647ha with thickness of over 50cm) Covered by mainly Melaleuca (Melaleuca cajuputi) Forests Pictures quoted from http://www.ctu.edu.vn/
  7. 7. Present State of Forests in Ca Mau Forest Area: 100,733ha 580 35,249 Special Used: 8,179ha Productive: 27,070ha 64,904 Melaleuca Mangrove Others
  8. 8. Melaleuca Forest and Bio- diversity Flora: 79 species including 11 timber species (Melaleuca cajupti is dominant species) Fauna: 32 mammal species (10 in Red Book), 74 bird (4 in Red Book), 36 reptile, 11 amphibian. *Species found in U Minh Ha National Park Hairy-nosed otter: Lutra sumatrana
  9. 9. Melaleuca Forest and Economy Harvest Planting Honey collection
  10. 10. Forest Fire in Melaleuca Forest  Forest fire area  Main cause of forest - 1983: 28,000 ha fire (%) 60 - 1987: 13,000 ha - 1990: 4,700 ha 50 Field - 2002: 4,420 ha 40 burning Honey - 2010: 230 ha 30 cllection Mouse trap 20 Other 10 0Burned area adjacent to local people
  11. 11. Melaleuca Forest Conservation
  12. 12. National Park and Production Forest U Minh Ha National Park  Area: 8,085ha (ex.forest:8,009ha)  Year registered: Jan. 2006  UNESCO Biosphere Reserve (May 2009)  Peatlands: 6,430ha • Thickness over 100cm: 792ha • 50–100cm : 2,190ha • 30–50cm : 3,448ha U Minh Ha National Park Sicientific research Forest in U Minh Ha: 170ha Production Forest in U Minh Ha: 27,070ha Diagram of U Minh Ha Forest Area
  13. 13. Conservation of Peatland Ecosystem U Minh Ha National Park Classified into 3 sub-areas Conservation of peatland ecosystem: 2,570ha Restoration and sustainable use of wetland forest ecosystem: 4,961ha Service and administration: 554ha
  14. 14. Forest Fire Prevention Activities Fire Watch Station Fire-level Alarm Board Leaflet Training and Workshop etc
  15. 15. Forest Fire Prevention Activities Canal and Sluice system: Keep/control water in canals to maintain proper humid of peat layers Green Bank: Planting trees on dykes Equipment: pump, boat, walkie-talkie…
  16. 16. Sustainable Use of Melaleuca Forest
  17. 17. Sustainable Use of Melaleuca Forest Forest Management Area by owner: U Minh Ha forestry company: 19,466ha National park office: 8,009ha Farmers etc: 7,774 ha Annual harvest forest area: 1,385 ha Annual harvest volume: 79,650 m3
  18. 18. Main Use of Melaleuca Wood Construction Pole Furniture Charcoal
  19. 19. Plantation technique of Melaleuca Annual Plantation in Melaleuca Forest Area Year Plantation Embankment 2007 1,292 2008 1,657 133 2009 1,150 234 2010 1,625 28 2011 1,198 131 Ave. 1,384 ha 105 ha
  20. 20. Importance of improvinglivelihood for forest management 70/30 regulation  Farmers must maintain 70% of allocated land as forest  High poverty rate, inadequate infrastructure and public services  Need improving livelihood for sustainable forest management
  21. 21. Technical training for farmers Training for income generation to reduce poverty:  Rice cultivation  Fruit tree farming  Domestic animal raising  Aquaculture etc…
  22. 22. Forestry income Embankment enable to plant more profitable tree species  Nowadays Acacia is recommended species in U Minh Ha  Annual plantation: 214 ha  Density: 2,400 trees/ha  Average growth: 25- 30m3/ha/year Acacia mangium x auriculiformis planted after 01 year
  23. 23. Infrastructure development
  24. 24. Conclusion Peatlands are covered by mostly Melaleuca forests in Ca Mau. Melaleuca forests are conserved in national park and sustainably used in production forest. Forest fire prevention is the most important matter for conservation and sustainable use of Melaleuca forests. Also improving livelihood is the key issue for sustainable management of forests.
  25. 25. Thank you for your attention!

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