Refinement on Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) to Reduce Peat Fires in Malaysia


Published on

Published in: Travel, Technology
1 Comment
  • Presentation Title: Action Plan To Refine the Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) to Reduce The Impact of Peat Fires in Malaysia

    Name of Presenter : Kang Thean Shong

    Affiliation/Organization/Department: Malaysian Meteorological Department (MMD)

    Malaysian Meteorological Department (MMD) in supporting the effort to reduce the impact of forest fire, especially on the peat land, has introduced various early warning information and tools, such as seasonal weather forecast, satellite hot spot monitoring, report of non-raining days, report of weather condition during severe haze episodes as well as FDRS, to the relevant disaster management agencies as well as the public.

    FDRS, as one of the fire management tools, has been continuously run and displayed daily on the MMD official web page since 2003. The 12th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting On The Environment, 13 October 2010 conveyed its recognition on the usefulness of the FDRS for monitoring fire danger in the ASEAN region. MMD was requested to look into the possibility of improving the existing products of FDRS.

    Thus, MMD has identified the pilot project of using the Google map to overlay peat soil area and product of FDRS in Selangor state. This would help in enhancing identification of the location of fire danger areas. The result of the pilot project was presented during the 13th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting On The Environment, 16-18 October 2011.

    Currently, MMD has expanded the pilot project to the whole country. The products are now available in MMD web site. MMD would endeavor to improve its early warning system for forest fire, such as using NWP products for fire danger forecasting and upgrading to open source FDRS, if available.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Refinement on Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) to Reduce Peat Fires in Malaysia

  1. 1. Refinement on Fire Danger Rating System (FDRS) to Reduce Peat Fires in Malaysia By MMD & DOE ASEAN Technical Workshop on Development of the ASEAN Peatland Fire Prediction and Early Warning System Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 20 - 21 March 2012
  2. 2. Contents◘ Development on Drought Monitoring, Fire Prediction and Early Warning System in Malaysia◘ History of FDRS◘ FDRS Pilot Project in State of Selangor, Malaysia◘ Current Products and Applications of FDRS◘ Future Plan
  3. 3. Development on DroughtMonitoring, Fire Predictionand Early Warning System in Malaysia
  4. 4. Development on Drought Monitoring,Fire Prediction and Early Warning System inMalaysia.• Seasonal Forecast• Drought Monitoring (SPI)• Report by Climate & Hydrology Section of non-raining days• Satellite Hot Spot Monitoring• Report by Environmental Studies Division During haze condition.• Watch Tower, Air & Land Surveillance
  5. 5. Monthly Rainfall Prediction and Anomaly Percentage March – Mei 2012a) March 2012 b) April 2012 c) Mei 2012 Rainfall Amount Anomaly Percentage
  6. 6. Drought Monitoring -Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) Accumulated 1 Month Accumulated 4 Month Accumulated 2 Month Accumulated 5 Month Accumulated 3 Month Accumulated 6 Month
  7. 7. Criteria For DROUGHT ALERT/WARNINGAlerta) Total cumulative rainfall for the last 3 months is 65% below the long term averageb) SPI of the last month is less than -1.5DROUGHT WARNINGa) Total cumulative rainfall for the last 3 months is 65% below the long term average AND Total cumulative rainfall for the last 6 months is 65% below the long term average.b) SPI of the last month is less than -1.5● SOP for Drought is follow when this Criteria is fulfill
  8. 8. Advice Issue when: 50% or more stations over the region recorded no rain for continuous 5 days !! ● Email are issue when the criteria comply, update and not comply
  9. 9. Advice on open burning banNorthern West Coast of Centre and South of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia 5 REGIONEast Coast of Peninsular Malaysia Sabah Sarawak
  10. 10. Hot Spot Monitoring
  11. 11. Hot Spot Monitoring
  12. 12. Daily Report by Environmental Studies Division During haze condition.
  13. 13. History of FDRS
  14. 14. FDRS In METMalaysiaFire Danger Rating System forMalaysia is computed and displayedon MMD website since 2003Also for Southeast AsiaBased on the Canada ForestryService (CFS) through CIDA
  16. 16. ● 12th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on the Environment : 6th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (October 2010 Brunei Darul Salam) endorsed the Development of FDRS for the ASEAN Region● To Refine FDRS
  17. 17. FDRS Pilot Refinement Project in State of Selangor, Malaysia
  18. 18. FDRS Pilot Project Over Peatland Area. Peat Forest in Selangor
  19. 19. Pilot Project the State of SelangorThe North Selangor Peat Forest Reserve Fire Prone Area
  20. 20. VERIFICATION OF FDRS CODES• Coordinated By NRE• Observations/Ground truth By DOE, JPSM & GEC• Phase 1 - Verification was carried out from 15 June 2011 to 31 July 2011• Phase 2 - Verification in progress from 1 August 2011 to 30 September 2011
  21. 21. Pilot Project the State of Selangor Burning in Parit 4 dan Parit 5, Raja Musa Forest Reserve on 20/6/2011 for FFMC, DMC, DC, ISI and FWI.Based observation on20 Jun 2011:reflect with actualsituation where mostplaces show all FDRSindices are in highcategory with highprobability to ignite fireexcept for DC Typicalwet-season conditionsand severe haze periodsare unlikely. More than30 dry days until DCreaches threshold atwhich point severe hazeis highly likely
  22. 22. Pilot Project the State of Selangor FFMC : Burning Was Observed in Johan Setia On 21/6/2011, 22/6/2011 and 25/6/2011 DMC For 21/6/2011, 22/6/2011 dan 25/6/2011 DC on 21/6/2011, 22/6/2011 and 25/6/2011
  23. 23. Current Products and Applications of FDRS
  24. 24. Increase station number from 39 to 168 39 station Peninsular - 26 East Malaysia - 13 168 station Peninsular - 132 East Malaysia - 36
  25. 25.● Zoom to Peninsular & East Malaysia● Google Map● Peatland area
  26. 26. Differences between the old and new Malaysian FDRS
  27. 27. Different between old and new Malaysian FDRS• Better resolution• Refinement of initial data from 37 principal station to all 168 weather station• FDRS product now are more detail and accurate.
  28. 28. Analyses done on some of the FDRS products
  29. 29. Analyses done on some of the FDRS products
  30. 30. Effort work towards refinement of FDRS Malaysian Meteorological Department & Department of Environment, Malaysia
  31. 31. Applications of FDRS• DOE use FDRS as early warning system in order to take appropriate action on the ground to curb land and peat fires that cause deterioration of air quality with particular attention during hot and dry weather SATELLITE IMAGE MAPPING AND COORDINATES
  32. 32. • Verification of fire incidence was done : - By having hotspot map superimpose to google map and having GIS system to indicate the spesific location of hotspots; - Ground truthing is done by sending enforcement officers from DOE/local authorities patrolling the potential fire risk areas.
  33. 33. - Engage local community such (English) RELA to monitor the fire prone area - fire suppression by engaging BOMBA/DID/MGD to ready with structures to mitigate fire breakout
  34. 34. • Use of FDRS as an alert system to the enforcement officer to monitor the area of concern such as peatland, forest, plantation area, waste disposal area and shrubs.
  35. 35. Future Plan for FDRS
  36. 36. Future Plan for FDRS• Using NWP data to produce FDRS forecast maps• Software Update• Increase the number of the weather stations• Redefine fire danger (severity) code
  37. 37. FDRS Forecast Product● Still in the development stage● Need verification
  39. 39. Collaboration of MMD and DOE ● Installation of a new Automatic Weather Station (AWS) in peatland area. ● Future Plan, minimum one AWS for each district .
  40. 40. Thank You