International Women´s Day, Global Education Magazine

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THIS EDITION IS A TRIBUTE TO THE WOMEN WHO GIVE US LIFE
“I saw that displaced women had many difficulties; they lived through atrocities and had enormous trauma. I realised that learning to write and training will help them forget the trauma, and what they had to go through. This is what pushed me to help these women and help them become independent”
2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award: Sister Angélique Namaika

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International Women´s Day, Global Education Magazine

  1. 1. Oficina de Santiago Con el apoyo de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura Nº 7 ISSN 2255-033X 8TH MARCH: INTERNATIONAL WOMEN´S DAY
  2. 2. THIS EDITION IS A TRIBUTE TO THE WOMEN WHO GIVE US LIFE 1 Oficina de Santiago Con el apoyo de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura "I saw that displaced women had many difficulties; they lived through atrocities and had enormous trauma. I realised that learning to write and training will help them forget the trauma, and what they had to go through. This is what pushed me to help these women and help them become independent" 2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award: Sister Angélique Namaika ©UNHCR/B.Sokol
  3. 3. 3 Human nature is inscribed on the biophysical laws of life and death; which forces us to consider our relationship with the planet Earth and our destiny as a species. A human species whose long cosmo-eco-biological evolution would lead to a huge diversity of singular cultures that have been mutually fertilizing themselves since its inception. The emergency of ecological science, cosmology and molecular biology have led to systemic and transdisciplinary understanding where the universe is inside of us, and at the same time we are the universe. Humanity has in his DNA all the history of the universe and life. Naturally, the reductive and mono-disciplinary conception of old science is blind to the self-eco-organization that occurs in all living autonomy. The sciences of 19th and 20th centuries house the human/animal and culture/nature dichotomy despite the Darwinian demonstration that contemplates humans as a long evolution of the lineage of primates Hominoidea. Effectively, self-eco-organizing principle is characterized by the autonomy and dependence of human life regarding their environment. That is, the human autonomy is inseparable from dependence on natural energetic resources of its environment. For this reason, the understanding of prehistory, with hunter-gatherer societies as las vestige of primitive humanity of homo sapiens, means a trans-cultural start point in the current world-society of the 21st century. In these hunter-gatherer societies organized by clans, the male and female genders were not only biologically differentiate through their sexual organs, but they would also begin to establish differences in their socio-cultural roles. Probably, the characteristics sociocultural functions of male bioclase, such as hunting or war, would cause a bigger development in the left cerebral hemisphere of the encephalon, which is the neurophysiological part that works the logic, analysis and planification. By contrast, the sociocultural conditions of female bioclase in this period, as the collection of plants and fruits -besides traditional mothering-, would lead to a bigger development of right hemisphere, which is the part responsible for the sensations, feelings, empathy, intuition and overall apprehension. Living conditions given from the Upper Paleolithic would cause the dispersion of human groups by the Earth-Homeland during the last 40,000 years of prehistory, resulting in the emergence of historical societies in the Middle East, India, China, Mexico and the Andes. Eight or nine millenniums ago, during the climate change of the interglacial period of Holocene geological time scale, new complex societies would begin to organize themselves into city-states: dominating agricultural techniques, transhumance and pottery. Human civilization abandoned subsistence economy based on nomadic hunting, to create a sedentary economy based in the sociocultural complementarity between male bioclase and female bioclase, that is, with the symbiosis between the pluri-skills of both genders. Effectively, with the understanding of gender roles in the prehistoric societies, we glimpse the human being is at the highest ethical and humanistic challenge has ever been faced during all the history of his own existence. Do not exist corners in the world where the telecommunications revolution has been impeded to arrive to shed the shameful figures of gender inequality and violence which plague the face of the Earth in the 21st century. All the earthly habitat is aware of such shameful and pitiful situation of female vulnerability: employment and educational discrimination, poverty, illiteracy, maltreatment, genital mutilation, trafficking, enslavement… Knowledge make us responsible. Responsibility and ethic commitment is, inexorably, universal. A planetary and multidimensional reformulation of trans-cultural values of current and future world-society is necessary. Male chauvinist prejudices existing in the minds and behavior in certain regions of the world, with patriarchal systems more or less marked, represent the decline of one-dimensional and linear thought of human beings, where testosterone is imposed on the foliculine. Therefore, a deeper level of awareness that understood equality and equity of womanhood as common progess of human species is required. A species that must learn to recognize at the face of its opposite and biological complementary, regardless of their cultural or religious beliefs. We talk about starting a new stage in the history of humanity: namely the cosmodernity. A new human era characterized by the active participation of the planetary civilization in the cosmos, whose self-eco-organizing principle involves a close symbiosis between the polar opposites Ying and Yang, as well as the genuine love to all interrelated phenomens of cosmic law. We talk to note all global problems from a new spirituality free of dogmas, and from the aperture that quantum physics gives us, to evolutionate into homo conscienciatus. Javier Collado Ruano Director of Edition The Feminine Condition: From Homo Sapiens in the Prehistoric Era to the Homo Conscienciatus in the Cosmodernity
  4. 4. 4 La naturaleza humana está inscrita en las leyes biofísicas de vida y muerte, lo cual nos obliga a plantearnos nuestra relación con el planeta Tierra y nuestro destino como especie. Una espe- cie humana cuya larga evolución cosmo-eco-biológica daría lugar a una enorme diversidad de culturas singulares que se han ido fecundando mútuamente desde sus inicios. La emergen- cia de la ciencia ecológica, la cosmología y la biología molecular, han llevado a la comprensión sistémica y transdisciplinar de que el universo está dentro de nosotros, al mismo tiempo que nosotros somos el universo. El género humano lleva en su ADN toda la historia del universo y de la vida. Naturalmente, la antigua concepción reduccionista y monodisciplinar de la ciencia, resulta ciega ante la auto-eco-organización que se produce en toda autonomía viva. Las ciencias del siglo XIX y XX albergan la dicotomía humano/animal y cultura/naturaleza a pesar de la demostración darwiniana que contempla al ser humano como una larga evolución de la estirpe de primates Hominoidea. Efectivamente, el principio auto-eco-organizador se caracteriza por la autonomía y la dependencia de la vida humana respecto a su medio ambiente. Es decir, la autonomía humana es inseparable de la dependencia de recursos energé- ticos naturales de su entorno. Por este motivo, el entendimiento de la prehistoria, con las sociedades cazadoras-recolectoras como último vestigio de la humanidad primitiva del homo sapiens, supone un punto de partida transcultural en la actual sociedad-mundo del siglo XXI. En estas sociedades cazadoras-recolectoras organizadas por clanes, los géneros masculino y femenino no sólo se diferenciarían biológicamente a través de sus órganos sexuales, sino que también comenzarían a establecer diferencias en sus roles socio-culturales. Probablemente, las funciones socioculturales características de la bioclase masculina, como la caza o la guerra, provocarían un mayor desarrollo en el hemisferio cerebral izquierdo del encéfalo, que es la parte neurofisiológica que trabaja la lógica, el análisis y la planificación. Por el contrario, las condiciones socioculturales de la bioclase femenina de este periodo, como la recolección de plantas y frutas -además de los cuidados maternales tradicionales-, daría lugar a un mayor desarrollo del hemisferio derecho, que es la parte encargada de las sensaciones, los sentimientos, la empatía, la intuición y la aprehensión global. Las condiciones de vida dadas a partir del Paleolítico Superior provocarían la dispersión de grupos humanos por la Tierra-Patria durante los últimos 40,000 años de la prehistoria, dando lugar a la emergencia de sociedades históricas en Oriente Medio, India, China, México y los Andes. Hace ocho o nueve milenios, durante el cambio climático del periodo interglaciar de la escala temporal geológica del holoceno, nuevas sociedades complejas comenzarían a organizarse en ciudades-estado: dominando técnicas agrícolas, la transhumancia y la alfarería. La civilización humana abandonaba la economía de subsistencia basada en la caza nómada, para crear una economía sedentaria basada en la complementaridad sociocultural de la bioclase masculina y la bioclase femenina, es decir, con la simbiosis entre las pluricompe- tencias de los dos géneros. Efectivamente, con la comprensión de los roles de género en las sociedades prehistóricas, vislumbramos que el ser humano está ante el mayor desafío ético y humanista al que haya podido enfrentarse jamás durante toda la historia de su propia existencia. No existen rincones en el mundo donde la revolución de las telecomunicaciones no haya conseguido llegar para arrojar las vergonzosas cifras de desigualdad y violencia de género que asolan la faz de la Tierra en los albores del siglo XXI. Todo el hábitat terrenal es conocedor de tan bochornosa y paupérrima situación de la vulnerabilidad femenina: discriminación laboral y educativa, pobreza, analfabetismo, maltrato, matrimonios tempranos, mutilación genital, tráfico, esclavi- zación… El conocimiento nos hace responsables. La responsabilidad y el compromiso ético es, inexo- rablemente, universal. Se hace necesaria una reformulación planetaria y multidimensional de los valores transculturales de la sociedad-mundo actual y futura. Los prejuicios machistas existentes en las mentes y en los comportamientos en determinadas regiones del planeta, con sistemas patriarcales más o menos marcados, representan el ocaso del pensamiento lineal y unidimensional del ser humano, donde la testosterona se impone a la foliculina. Por tanto, se requiere un profundo nivel de concientización que comprenda la igualdad y la equidad de la condición femenina como el progreso común de la especie humana. Una especie que debe aprender a reconocerse en el rostro de su opuesto y complementario biológico, independiente- mente de sus creencias culturales o religiosas. Hablamos de iniciar una nueva etapa en la historia de la humanidad: la cosmodernidad. Una etapa humana caracterizada por la participación activa de la civilización planetaria en el cos- mos, cuyo principio auto-eco-organizador suponga una estrecha simbiosis entre los opuestos polares yin y yang, así como el amor genuino a los fenómenos interrelacionados de la ley cósmica. Hablamos de comprender todas las problemáticas mundiales desde una nueva espiri- tualidad libre de dogmas, y desde la abertura que la física cuántica nos aporta, para evolu- cionar hacia el homo conscienciatus Javier Collado Ruano Director of Edition La Condición Femenina: Del Homo Sapiens en la Época Prehistórica al Homo Conscienciatus en la Cosmodernidad
  5. 5. Marta Benavides 6.- Reflections for the 21st Century: On How to Discern on the Importance of International Women’s Day 10. Única solución: refundar unas Naciones Unidas capaces de establecer un nuevo orden mundial Federico Mayor Zaragoza 12. International Women´s Day: Interview with Leymah Gbowee 2011 Peace Nobel Prize 16. ACNUR: La igualdad e s u n d e r e c h o , l a aceptación una decisión Diana Díaz Rodríguez 18. Interview with Cecile Guidote-Alvarez UNESCO DREAM Center 29. Research Papers 30. MDGs 45. Global Education 68. Transversal Studies 88. Letters to the Editor 5Disseminate GEM to raise awareness! Follow us! E d i t a d a e n A l m a n s a , E s p añ a, p o r ONGD Educar para Vivir e com a parceria do DMMDC (Salvador, BA, Brasil) ©JoséGay
  6. 6. Reflections for the 21st Century: On How to Discern on the Importance of International Women’s Day The International day of Women was created in recognition and to celebrate the Rights of women workers, in order to promote their participation in the struggle for equity and equality, which presently is one of the UN Millennium Development Goals/MDGs.. and in the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals/SDGs, it is being considered as a possible stand alone goal, so, women can have an effective equal presence with men, for social and personal development. In the Sustainability and Social development Agenda, gender perspective and women rights are considered to be key to the eradication of poverty and hunger, and to the creation of the WORLD AND FUTURE THAT MUST BE CREATED FOR THE CARE OF PRESENT AND FUTURE GENERATIONS AND THE URGENT CARE OF THE PLANET. It was first celebrated on 8th March1911, in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland The United Nations at its General Assembly in 1977, proclaimed 8th March as the International Day for Women´s Rights, and now this celebration and commemoration is in most countries a Nationally celebrated day. Today, in spite of all the work about it, the concern on all types of violence and discrimination against women continues to be a major issue and concern, to the point that in many countries there are offices to monitor them as femicides. El Salvador, Guatemala and Mexico are concrete examples of this situation, which happen in many more countries and still does not seem to be effectively addressed. Violence against women is not just what is happening to individual women, we see that the educational, economic, social and cultural aspects of the current systems, at local, national and global levels must intentionally work with a transformational agenda to be able to achieve this urgently needed change, that not only robs women and societies of peace, but does not allow the qualitative development for the new paradigm to become a reality in our life time. There are aspects, many historical, many legal, many cultural, and economic that affect directly the maintenance of this reality: the colonial and slave enterprise, the international division of labor, the forced impoverishment that maintains people to live in survival, which in turn needs to force women into the care and the so called informal economy and to be cheap labor. All these conditions are based in ignorance and a culture of discrimination and the exploitation of peoples and whole nations, this is what we consider to be the extractive model of development, which is based in the violations of all human rights, the economic,social and cultural rights of peoples, and the rights of the planet and the environment. The structures of the state, must reflect the commitment to this understanding, that this is a matter of peace and of national security, thus there must be policies of state and administration of government that in fulfillment of the national constitution go about meeting in a timely manner, these demands for the well being of all, and the care of the planet. The national and international budgets must reflect this commitment. This is not about assistance, but about real transformation of all the endeavors of national and global society. If a country finds a way to meet the basic needs of women by taking loans that the whole society must pay, but the national constitution, and the various policies and services do not show the timely commitment for equity and equality, the chance to eradicate poverty and hunger will only be about the alleviation of 6 www.globaleducationmagazine.com International Women´s DayNº 7
  7. 7. these two major indicators of real development and sustainability It is then urgent and important not to fall in such a trap, which only comes to add to the financial and economic indebtedness of the society, and nations, to say the least, and to maintain the system of inequality and impoverishment as it basically exist.. If we are serious about this commitments and we keep our eyes wide open, and our eyes in the prize as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., called us to be, we will be able to detect the countless very costly gimmicks that are being created and carried out today, under the guise for women equality and for the defense of their rights. It is time to go from the promises to real action, it can be done, and the enjoyment of the fullness of life can be a reality sooner rather than later.Now is the time... let us move now. A way to contribute to this societal change of paradigm about equity and equality for all, and in particular for women, it is most important to make sure we have clarity of the call, FOR THE WORLD AND FUTURE THAT ARE NEEDED FOR THE CARE OF PEOPLE AND PLANET, FOR THE ERADICATION NOT THE ALLEVIATION OF POVERTY AND HUNGER. In El Salvador we have been conducting consultations on the MDGs and toward the SDGs, with the very people that have been excluded for centuries, since the colonizers went global around the world. These are some of the considerations that are key to real, timely and relevant results: Women, youth/children, migrants, older adults, first nations, LGBT, people with special challenges, rural and coastal peoples, who have been and are traditionally excluded must be intentionally listened to, and brought into the circle of all. Use the correct language when referring to people in conditions of poverty-- not the poor, the marginalized, the less fortunate, the disadvantage.. etc. etc.. you know all the names used to refer to people forced into poverty Do remember that there is lots of expertise in our communities, we know how to transform the situations we have to face, besides resisting them, we create possibilities. When we say we know how to end poverty and hunger, listen to us.. it is because of the illegal colonial practices, that we do not have our lands, water, seeds.. we know how to feed people, we have been doing this in spite of the land graving that is still going on. See our expertise. Do not continue to dismiss it, commit to not do it any more. Know that INGOs and NGOs can only accompany us in the social transformations that must happen, but each of person can choose to walk with us. Do not look down on us, nor use our situation to live privileged life. Be willing to see deeply on what has been going on.. we know of high level staff at the UN, who deny the impact of the historical colonial and slavery experiences.. these two are key to understand the conditions in which 7 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  8. 8. we are now, and to figure out the ways to move ahead. Cultural aspects are also very important factors of development For our communities peace and development are one and the same.. and happiness is what we see as a good result of them... success and progress do not mean the same to us as those people that see them as privilege, position and money. T h e U N i s a p e a c e organization, thus all its work must be for the enjoyment of a culture of peace. We understand that there is a critical financial and economic crisis, a crisis of employment and an environmental - climate change crisis that are impacting very negatively all aspects of life and that is also at the roots of conflict and violence, and wars. Especially we need to call a t t e n t i o n t o t h e f o l l o w i n g recommendation, which for our people is the most important and needed work that must carried out immediately: We a r e a f f i r m i n g t h e recommendation consumption and production patterns by Social Watch: Joint civil society action around Post-2015 has to focus on goals and commitments for the countries of the North, the necessary changes of the consumption and production patterns in these countries, and the structural framework conditions shaped by these countries, particularly in the global financial, investment and trade systems. This call to do this urgent work is best understood and underlined by a message from Bolivians on the terrible floorings they are suffering today: Therefore the Bolivian tragedy cannot be blamed only in climate change but in the fatal combination of causes all related to the thirst for energy of the occidental way of life. Here are suggested indicators to measure the effectiveness of this work, they were presented Feb 2014 to the UN by the Women Major Group and the Women Post 2015 Coalition working for the creation of the SDGs: •Secure Safe and Sustainable and Just Production and Consumption Patterns and eliminate hazardous substances and technologies. •Guarantee (100%) application of the precautionary principle and the polluter pays principle to policies and programs on sustainable production and consumption and to new and existing technologies, products and waste management processes. • Ensure full application of prior free and informed consent: Indigenous and local knowledge systems and technologies are adequately recognized, protected, strengthened and used ensuring control by the indigenous communities. Women and other affected groups participate effectively in 8 www.globaleducationmagazine.com International Women´s DayNº 7 Marta Benavides with Rosa Lizarde, Feminist Task Force
  9. 9. decision-making throughout all stages of technology development, including assessment. • Eliminate (100%) hazardous substances: Phase out harmful substances and chemicals and radioactive substances linked with persistent and/or irreversible damage to humans and the environment. • Harmful chemicals: hazardous pesticides, endocrine disrupting chemicals, CMRs, PB…etc. • Harmful substances including so mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium, asbestos in products and processes Radioactive substances • Eliminate (100%) all unsustainable tax incentives: Tax exemptions, subsidies, regulatory frameworks and other incentives are redirected towards sustainable, knowledge and employment-intensive sectors and local sustainable value chains and away from unsustainable activities, including industrial fisheries, forestry and agriculture, risky and otherwise unsustainable forms of energy production like fossil fuels, nuclear energy, unconventional energy production/franking and industrial bioenergy, extractive industries and chemical industry • 100% Internalization of environmental costs for the full life-cycle of products; this includes full insurance costs for greatest expectable accidents in case of high-risk technologies. Currently, nuclear power operators and many other high-risk industrial complexes, are exempted from insurance obligations, which means that in case of accidents, the tax-payer/ citizens end up paying for the damage. • Full environmental and social corporate reporting and accountability. Set binding criteria that industrial production and consumption practices, especially extractive industries, do not cause violence, toxic pollution, displacement, poverty, resource scarcity, gender disparity, or environmental degradation. • Enact corporate social accountability standards are put in place to enforce decent labor conditions and prevent overuse and overproduction of resources and pollution by investors and corporations. • Ensure access to environmentally sound technologies, developing countries have equitable access to technologies, agreement on lifting of intellectual property barriers and measures to ensure that knowledge is in the public domain. • Full technology assessment and authorization: Ensure independent social and environmental impact assessments to monitor and evaluate new and existing industries by establishing a multilateral mechanism for ecological, social, cultural, and economic evaluation of technologies. Enact moratorium on all technologies that can damage Earth cycles, such as geo-engineering and deep sea mining. A n d h e r e i s a l s o t h e O x f a m d o c u m e n t o n i n e q u a l i t i e s : http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/working-for-the-few-economic-inequality By Marta Benavides, GCAP Global Co Chair, and the Feminist Task Force/FTF, SIGLO XXIII Movement for Culture of Peace, El Salvador 9 www.globaleducationmagazine.com International Women´s DayNº 7
  10. 10. Es patente el caos en que han desembocado la codicia y las ambiciones hegemónicas de unos cuantos países y la total irresponsabilidad intergeneracional con que han intentado gobernar el mundo. Es necesario y apremiante poner en práctica la Carta de las Naciones Unidas y el diseño de cooperación, solidaridad, justicia y libertad para la “igual dignidad de todos los seres humanos”, tan bien establecidos en los “principios democráticos” de la Constitución de la UNESCO. Está clara la crisis sistémica –ética, social, política, económica, medioambiental,…- que estamos atravesando y que, como tantas veces he repetido, requiere múltiples transiciones: • La transición desde una economía de especulación, deslocalización productiva y guerra a una economía de desarrollo global sostenible y humano. • La transición desde una cultura de imposición, dominio, violencia y enfrentamiento a una cultura de encuentro, conversación, conciliación, alianza y paz. • Una transición, en suma, de la fuerza a la palabra. La Carta de las Naciones Unidas se inicia con un párrafo en el que, insisto, se sintetiza la razón de ser de las Naciones Unidas en 1945 y, hoy mismo, las soluciones que podrían permitir a la humanidad en su conjunto iniciar una “nueva era”: “Nosotros, los pueblos… hemos resuelto evitar a las generaciones venideras el horror de la guerra”. No se cita a los gobiernos o a los Esta- dos sino a los pueblos, que son quienes deben tener en sus manos las riendas del destino común. Y no se aplica, una vez más, como se ha hecho a través de la historia, el perverso adagio de “Si quieres la paz, prepara la guerra”. Se tiene que “evitar el horror de la guerra”, es decir, se debe construir la paz. Paz en uno mismo, paz en relación a los demás, en relación a nuestro entorno, paz a escala nacional, a escala regional, a escala mundial. Pero el inicio de la Carta nos da otra clave esencial para el mañana: la responsabilidad intergeneracional, el tener en cuenta, como compromiso supremo, según palabras del Presidente Nelson Mandela, a la generación que llega a un paso de la nuestra. Debemos cuidar la habitabilidad de la Tierra, y debemos cuidar también desde un punto de vista conceptual nuestro legado, de tal manera que todos los seres humanos, y no sólo unos cuantos, puedan vivir dignamente. 10 www.globaleducationmagazine.comNº 7 International Women´s Day Única solución: refundar unas Naciones Unidas capaces de establecer un nuevo orden mundial Fede"co Mayor Zaragoza por Director General de la UNESCO 1987-1999 Presidente de la Fundación para una Cultura de Paz
  11. 11. El neoliberalismo globalizador sustituyó a las Naciones Unidas por grupos plutocráti- cos y los valores éticos por los bursátiles, por el mercado. El resultado está a la vista: crisis de toda índole y de gran profundidad, en la que todos los parámetros se agravan, con en efecto, desigualdades inadmisibles -85 personas, según OXFAM, acaparan una riqueza equivalente a la de la mitad de la humanidad (¡!), estimada en 3.300 millones de seres humanos, que sobre- viven (o mueren) en condiciones de pobreza extrema-; amenaza nuclear; tráficos supranacionales de drogas, personas, armas…; incumplimiento reiterado de las responsabilidades propias de ciudadanos democráticos, puesto que evaden los impuestos en lugar de procurar comportarse como corresponde a las representaciones fidedignas de la volun- tad popular... Hace años, a principios de la década de los ochenta, puse de relieve que la adopción de medidas no podía aplazarse, especialmente en casos de potencial irreversibilidad. Y hoy, de manera particular en todo lo que tiene que ver con los procesos sociales y naturales, en lugar de asumir con criterios socialmente apropiados y con rigor científico la situación, nos dejamos guiar exclusivamente por el cortoplacismo de los beneficios dinerarios. El mercado lo domina todo, mientras que la propia habitabilidad del planeta se deteriora. Sólo el poder ciudadano, sólo “Nosotros, los pueblos…” puede ahora terminar con la deplorable situación mundial y esclarecer los sombríos horizontes actuales. Los siguientes títulos publicados en los últimos días en un periódico (“El País”) pueden hacernos reaccionar y expresar en un gran clamor popular el rechazo total, la objeción de conciencia y la desobediencia cívica a quienes intentan, a pesar de la severidad de los retos y amenazas que afligen a la humanidad, seguir favoreciendo la pujanza de unos cuantos cuando los muchos ven cómo se van mermando cada día sus necesidades materiales, intelectuales y culturales: • “La rebelión laica en Siria se rompe”. • “Ucrania se hunde en la violencia” y “La represión desencadena una matanza”. • “Los desmanes de la mayor mina europea de cobre a cielo abierto”(las multinacionales mineras siguen produciendo estragos en el medio ambiente… llenándose los bolsillos y colmando los paraísos fiscales). • “El negocio del cambio climático. Empresas y fondos apuestan por industrias que se beneficiarán del aumento de las temperaturas. Para los inversores, la clave estará en el agua…”. • “Tres años después de la primavera árabe"... (y once años después de la invasión de Irak… en medio del total desconcierto, aunque, eso sí, los yacimientos de petróleo ya están, desapareci- dos Sadam Husein y Gadaffi, en manos de los “grandes del poder energético”…) • “Se ven luces, pero Oriente Próximo no mejora”: es de especial urgencia terminar con la vergüenza del “eterno” conflicto palestino—israelí… sólo, con la autoridad de unas Naciones Unidas dotadas de un apoyo global y de los medios humanos, financieros y técnicos necesa- rios, podría reorientarse adecuadamente y sin mayor retraso, el futuro de Siria, Egipto… • “Inflamable” (las noticias que llegan de Ucrania, Tailandia o Venezuela hacen evidente que la historia es una pelea perpetua…). • “59 años de cárcel para siete acusados de inducir a la prostitución a menores…” (el tráfico y consumo de drogas, inmensamente mortíferos, no se resolverán hasta que se enfrenten, con acciones reguladoras apropiadas, como problemas de orden sanitario y no de seguridad, y dejen de promoverse, por los fabulosos réditos que proporcionan y por la existencia de paraísos fis- cales, que nunca desaparecerán porque son los países más ricos de la Tierra, cuya brújula está desquiciada por la ambición, los que los protegen celosamente). • “Pequeña guerra fría: el contraataque de Bruselas a Suiza intenta contener la escalada popu- lista en Europa”… • “Justicia Universal, sí, si no afecta al amigo… La presión política y la diplomática se impo- nen sobre los derechos si los criminales son socios. Prima la geoeconomía”… • El G-20 promete un plan para acelerar el crecimiento un 2% en cinco años", y "las tensiones por la fragilidad de los emergentes afloran en el G-20" Ya ven: “Para muestra, dice el refrán, vale un botón”. Este desolador panorama requiere con gran apremio un Sistema de Naciones Unidas eficaz para toda la humanidad, sin excepcio- nes. El Partido Republicano de los Estados Unidos se opondrá siempre –como lo hizo ya en 1919 con la Sociedad de Naciones- a que la justicia, la seguridad y la paz sean garantizadas por la unión de todos los países, capaces de reaccionar con prontitud y contundencia cuando un país recurra a la violencia, contraviniendo los principios de convivencia democrática. Democracia a escala mundial es la solución. Por primera vez en la historia, podemos construirla e incorporarla a nuestro comportamiento cotidiano. El tiempo de la obediencia ciudadana y de la sumisión ha terminado. Podemos expre- sarnos libremente y tenemos que hacer posible la gran inflexión histórica de la oligocracia a la democracia, del bienestar de unos cuantos al bienestar generalizado, donde cada ser humano único pueda desarrollar plenamente las facultades que le distinguen. “Nosotros, los pueblos…” tenemos la palabra. Unos cuantos tienen la fuerza. No estemos distraídos ni atemorizados: ha llegado el gran momento, después de tan- tos siglos de oprobio y sumisión, en que la palabra prevalezca sobre la fuerza. 11 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  12. 12. 12 INTERNATIONAL WOMEN´S DAY INTERVIEW WITH LEYMAH GBOWEE
  13. 13. Javier Collado Ruano: Today, 8th March 2014, International Women´s Day, we have a special guess with us: Ms. Leymah Gbowee, President of Women in Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET) and 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, along Ms. Tawakel Karman and Ms. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Thank you very much to attend us and to share your time and some of your reflections between our readers in this special today. Leymah Gbowee: Thank you very much to you Javier. The pleasure is mine. JCR: As an inherent specialist in Human Rights, Woman Rights and Peacebuilding, do you think 90´ Liberian woman experiences is a good example of Human Rights and Gender flight for other countries around the world, especially in Africa? LG: The Liberian women peace movement demonstrated to the world that grassroots movements are essential to sustaining peace; that women in leadership positions are effective brokers for peace; and the importance of culturally relevant social justice movements. Liberia’s experience is a good example to the world that women—especially African women—can be drivers of peace. JCR: I believe you. When we met last month of September in Salvador de Bahía, Brazil, during your conferences “Fronteiras do Pensamento” (Boundaries of Thought), I felt all your enormous courage comes from your ideological convictions and specially from your role as Mum. Mother of six children, you said that social changes must be performed by mothers. What kind of message could we send today to support their role as engine of change of the world-society? 13 Nº 7 2011 Nobel Peace Prize: Ms. Tawakel Karman, Leymah Gbowee and Ms. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  14. 14. LG: There are three things women can do as engines of change. First at the family level, we have to go back to the space as mothers. We lay down the values and principles for our children; we show them what is right and how to care for others. Many times and in many places, mothers think of their children as friends, and don’t enforce the values and principles of healthy living, of leading a healthy life. Second, mothers understand the challenges and ills of their communities. They know what is wrong and what is right in their communities. It is incumbent upon mothers to work on the issues that can derail the safety of their communities; if left untouched, the values and principles of family are undermined. At the national level, mothers must keep their eyes open on the political dynamics because the personal is the political. Politics affect the prices in the market, the maternal mortality rate, whether our children can obtain a quality education. Politics even decide the reproductive rights of women. Therefore, we must ensure that our political representatives expand and protect our rights. JCR: There are not doubts you see the world- society with a rich and interesting approach after your long theoretical and pragmatically experience. In this sense, how do you imagine the closed future? What are the hot points that human being should be focused to improve the current world? LG: The issue of rights will continue to be a source of tension well into the future. If we look at the situation of conflict in many communities, a lot of it derives from individuals not respecting the rights of others whether its determining the sexuality of others or what happens to the bodies of people. We must recog- nize that the way you treat your neighbors extinguishes or ignites conflicts. Essentially, the hot point is: How do we respect the rights of individuals? JCR: It is a good question and it is more interesting if we take a look to the humankind future. In fact, following some statistics from different studies, such as United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs inform of 2012, DESA, what kind of challenges we will have in 2050, for example, when the number of citizens arrive to 9,600 thousand of millions? LG: There are two major challenges we now face that will continue to define our future: the environment and youth unemployment. The environment—specifically climate change— impacts the way we relate to the Earth and to each other. The scramble for environmental resources will continue to be a source of conflict exacerbated by youth unemployment. Our failure to provide meaningful opportunities for the youth makes conflict more attractive which has a destabilizing affect. JCR: In this sense, it is also interesting to link your reflections with the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations (MDGs), because it is the first time in the history of humanity in which almost all the countries around the world signed deals to work together under the same premises. What do you think about them? Will we see them achieved any day? LG: The Millennium Development Goals are an important effort to address issues of gender-parity, opportunity, and safety. However, the MDGs are a little too ambitious. Unfortunately, we will likely not achieve the MDGs according to the timeline. This is evidenced by the limited commitment of national governments to fund education and gender parity programs. Instead, competing interests often override the national political will to adhere to the MDG which further d e l a y s i t s f u l l implementation. J C R : D e a r M s . Gbowee, thank you very much for your time and inspiring words, it was a real pleasure for me to know you and also to share your reflections today, International Women´s Day. LG: Your welcome, the pleasure was me. 14 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day: Interview With Leymah Gbowee “The Liberian women p e a c e m o v e m e n t demonstrated to the world that grassroots movements are essential to sustaining peace” “mothers must keep their eyes open on the political dynamics because the personal is the political”
  15. 15. Leymah Gbowee was born in 1972 in Monrovia, Liberia, and spent most of her formative years there, which at the time was one of the most modern and sophisticated cities in West Africa. Leymah attended private school, and was always a very driven and ambitious student. In high school she served as a senator in the student government and was on the honor roll. She had dreams of being a doctor, and in 1990, after graduating from high school, she planned to enroll in the University of Liberia to study medicine. It was at this same time that a small group of rebels passed from the neighboring country of Cote d’Ivoire into a small county in northern Liberia. Led by a man named Charles Taylor, the rebels were starting a movement to overthrow the current Liberian president, Samuel Doe. Doe was a corrupt and violent man who had sharply divided the Liberian population along tribal identities. It was in the face of this discrimination and corruption that Taylor started his rebel movement to kick Doe and his followers out of their political offices. As Taylor and his men advanced towards Monrovia, thousands of people became displaced as well as victims of rape, looting, and violence, by both government and rebel soldiers. Because Leymah’s father worked for the Liberian Security Agency in the US Embassy, he was able to send for his family, and they found safety there. As the situation in Liberia continued to deteriorate, Leymah, along with her mother and sisters, made plans to flee Liberia on a refugee boat that was headed for Ghana. They ended up in the Buduburam refugee camp, living among thousands of other displaced Liberians. In 1991 there was a break in the fighting, and Leymah returned to Liberia. There she ran into a man named Daniel, whom she had met in Buduburam, and they began a relationship. Daniel and Leymah had four children together, but Daniel turned into an emotionally and physically abusive man. In an effort to gain back some independence and self- confidence, Leymah enrolled in a local social work program. There she received her social work certificate and began working with refugees of the Sierra Leone civil war, helping to heal them from the traumas of war. Leymah enjoyed her role in helping others to heal, and in an effort to also heal herself, left Daniel and moved back in with her parents. Then, her work as a peace-builder really began. With the encouragement of her mother, Leymah returned to school and received her Associate of Arts Degree while volunteering with the Trauma Healing and Reconciliation Program (THRP). She worked with those in the rural communities who had suffered the worst acts of violence during the war; as well as with “Taylor’s Boys,” who where the children Taylor’s men had abducted and forced to become child soldiers. Leymah’s work, especially with the women of her country, made her realize how important it was for women to have a voice in the peace process, and Leymah dreamed of a time when women would be called together to fight for peace. A friend of Leymah’s, who she had met through her trauma healing work, presented her with a life-changing opportunity to make this dream a reality. Leymah’s friend, Thelma Ekiyor, had started an organization known as the Women in Peacebuilding Network, or WIPNET, and she asked Leymah to head the Liberian chapter. Leymah became their voice as the women of Liberia called for an end to the war. By this time, Taylor had been elected President of Liberia, but another rebel force had been carrying out attacks in and around Monrovia in an effort to overthrow him. There had now been violence in Liberia for roughly 14 years. The women of WIPNET decided they would not rest until peace was achieved. Leymah led several outreach campaigns to both Christian and Muslim women, which started the creation of the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace Movement. This movement brought thousands of women from all over the country to Monrovia day after day, wearing white and bringing signs declaring peace. The women of WIPNET staged a sit-in at a fish market by Capitol Hill, and told Taylor they would not move until he agreed to meet with them. They sat for weeks, in the baking hot sun and pouring rain, until Taylor eventually set up a meeting. As WIPNET’s voice, Leymah was chosen to address Taylor. She called for an immediate end to the fighting, and the resumption of peace talks between Taylor and the rebels with oversight from an international organization. Taylor agreed to these conditions. Leymah and other other core WIPNET workers made the same plea to the rebels, who also agreed. In June, Leymah and other supporters traveled to Ghana where the peace talks were being held, and staged a sit in there as well. However, the news day after day was that the negotiations were stalled. Leymah eventually led the women inside to the meeting hall, looped arms, and created a blockade, not allowing anyone out until an agreement had been signed. This last effort changed the course of the peace talks and by August, West African peacekeeping troops had arrived in Liberia, intercepting thousands of dollars worth of weapons that were intended for Taylor. A few days later, Taylor resigned and went into exile in Nigeria. Leymah’s work was instrumental in pushing Taylor into exile and smoothing the path for Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s election -Africa’s first female head of state. Gbowee has con- tinued her work in peace and conflict resolution, and is now leading the Liberia Reconciliation Initiative, one of the six coordinating organizations that created and guides the roadmap of resolution. She is the President of the Gbowee Peace Foundation Africa, based in Monrovia, and also serves as the Executive Director of Women, Peace and Security Network Africa (WIPSEN-Africa). 15 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day: Interview With Leymah Gbowee MORE ABOUT THE PEACE NOBEL LAUREATE Resource: Peacejam
  16. 16. El 10 de diciembre de 1948 se firmó la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos reconociendo que todas las personas nacen libres y en condiciones de dignidad e igualdad de derechos. Sin embargo, 66 años después, actos de discriminación y violencia siguen provocando la persecución de niños, niñas, hombres y mujeres alrededor del mundo. Dentro de la totalidad de la población, las personas lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, transgénero e intersexuales (LGBTI) y los defensores de sus derechos hacen parte de uno de los grupos más perseguidos. Una muestra de los niveles atroces de violencia social y política en su contra está relacionada con el hecho de que la orientación sexual e identidad de género de las personas LGBTI son ilegales en 76 países, siete de los cuales castigan las relaciones con personas del mismo sexo con la pena de muerte. Lo anterior, sumado a ex- presiones de violencia y discriminación permanente por parte de todos los sectores de la sociedad, incluso en países en donde no es penalizado, han obligado a miles personas a huir de sus lugares de origen en busca de protección. En situaciones de conflicto armado o extrema violencia los derechos de las personas LGBTI se ven amenazados con mayor ve- hemencia, generando la necesidad de buscar protección en el exterior o ser víctimas de desplazamientos forzados internos. Ante las más recientes y preocupantes demostraciones de brutal violencia hacia personas de la comunidad LGBTI, ACNUR manifiesta que todas las personas sin ex- cepción alguna deben ejercer sus derechos independientemente de su orientación sexual o identidad de género y saluda con gratitud las iniciativas y expresiones de solidaridad que al respecto han surgido. Es importante insistir en que ser lesbiana, gay, bisexual, transgénero o intersexual no es una enfermedad. La violencia y la discriminación están basadas en la inequidad de género y esquemas de valores restrictivos contrarios a la libertad e integridad sexual, y al libre desarrollo de la personalidad. Ser LGBTI es ser una persona como cualquier otra que por cuenta de su orientación sexual o identidad de género se ve enfrentada a desafiar los 16 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day ACNUR: La igualdad es un derecho, la aceptación una decisión
  17. 17. modos convencionales de ver la vida en familia, la sexualidad y las relaciones de poder, es vivir de una manera que va en contra de creencias culturales que niegan el pluralismo y la diversidad. A pesar de los avances en la reivindicación de los derechos humanos, las personas LGBTI se ven obligados a vivir como ciudadanos de segunda categoría que no tienen acceso igualitario a sus derechos en una sociedad que les esconde, niega su exis- tencia y les denigra. ACNUR con base en la premisa que “los derechos LGBTI son derechos humanos” ha convocado a organizaciones de la sociedad civil, entidades estatales, agencias de Naciones Unidas y miembros de la comunidad LGBTI a unir esfuerzos en contra de la violencia y discriminación. El pasado 25 de noviembre durante los 16 días de activismo en contra de la violencia basada en género, ACNUR lanzó una campaña que busca el respeto de los derechos a la vida, a la integridad, a la libertad, a la libre expresión, a la igualdad, a acceder a un trabajo digno, y a acceder a procedimientos de protección y asilo sin temor a ser abusados, discriminados o violentados. En el marco de dicha campaña ACNUR invita a todos los miembros de la sociedad a ponerle fin a la desigualdad, oponerse a los actos de violencia y a hacer frente junto a personas LGBTI, activistas y defensores para que los derechos puedan ejercerse condiciones de igualdad y dignidad. Hechos históricos de rechazo hacia personas LGBTI en varios de sus entornos sociales más cercanos (familia, iglesia, escuelas, etc.) se han convertido en esquemas de violencia cultural que se han traducido en políticas públicas y leyes restrictivas, anti- democráticas y punitivas. A menudo los asesinatos, la violencia sexual, la represión y el aislamiento son cometidos en contra de personas LGBTI como castigo por ejercer sus derechos y resistirse a la discriminación. Estos actos de violencia que se traducen en de- tenciones arbitrarias, condenas injustificadas, tortura, secuestro y demás abusos son en efecto violaciones reiteradas a sus derechos, actos que deben tener fin sin cabida a más postergaciones. Pese a las dificultades, varios países avanzan en el reconocimiento y respeto de los derechos de personas LGBTI; desde 1990 40 países han legalizado las relaciones entre personas del mismo sexo. Países como Sur África e India llevan una trayectoria luchando por descriminalizar las relaciones del mismo sexo y muchos otros han prohi- bido legalmente la discriminación hacia personas LGBTI. Acogiéndose al Derecho Internacional de Refugiados, la Corte Europea de Justicia (ECJ) ha ordenado recientemente que personas gay puedan solicitar refugio en la Unión Europea en caso de estar en riesgo en sus países de origen, reiterando el proceso al que cualquier ciudadano tiene derecho. ACNUR define como refugiado a aquella persona que huye de su país de origen y cruza fronteras internacionales por un temor fundado de persecución por pertenecer a un grupo, raza, religión o partido político. Dado el contexto y las circunstancias en las que viven lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, transgénero e intersexuales, esa persona puede ser su vecino, su colega de trabajo, su amigo cercano, su hija, incluso usted, y en todos los casos dicha persona tiene derecho de acceder a un proceso adecuado de protección den- tro o fuera de su país de origen. En las Américas, ACNUR ha trabajado en colaboración con organizaciones, ci- viles y estatales, para garantizar la protección de todas las personas de interés y en promover la creación de un espacio de protección libre de discriminación y desigualdad. El gobierno de Brasil ha concedido asilo y ha aceptado los casos de reasentamiento de personas que huyeron de la persecución por motivos de su orientación sexual. En Venezuela, ACNUR ha trabajado con la Comisión Nacional encargada de elaborar los criterios y el procedimiento de tramitación de los casos LGBTI. México ha incluido como una quinta casual para el reconocimiento de la condición de refugiado la persecu- ción por motivos de género. En Colombia ACNUR, a través del Sistema de Gestión de Datos sobre Violencia Basada en Genero (GBVIMS) que se ejecuta en coordinación con UNFPA, ha identificado graves casos de violencia sexual contra jóvenes y mujeres por su orientación sexual que han causado su desplazamiento forzado. Todos estos países se han sumado a la campaña lanzada por ACNUR con el fin de erradicar la violencia y la discriminación hacia personas LGBTI. ACNUR agradece y fomenta que todos los países mantengan abiertas sus puertas y trabajen en aumentar la protección de aquellos que huyen a causa de la violencia por ser lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, transgénero o intersexuales, dentro y fuera de los países de origen, y se mantiene firme y comprometido en la lucha contra la discriminación, la intolerancia y la violencia basada en género. 17 Diana Díaz Rodríguez Asistente Regional de Información Pública ACNUR Colombia www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  18. 18. Javier Collado Ruano: Dear readers, today we have the opportunity to learn from a big activist and a distinguished theatre artists in drama, music, literacy, arts, dance, visual and martial arts. Her name is Cecile Guidote-Alvarez and she is the Director of the Philippine Center of International Theater Institute/Earthsavers UNESCO DREAM Center. I met her in Rio+20 and since then we have exchanged reflections about how to achieve sustainable development, between many other issues. Ms. Guidote-Alvarez, thank you very much to attend us today, for our special edition of Global Education Magazine: International Women´s Day. Cecile Guidote-Alvarez: Thank you for allowing us the golden opportunity to share the Bohol Declaration that launched interdisciplinary, interfaith, the RAINBOW CROSS Movement of healing trauma through the arts. JCR: I would like to start the interview saying “thank you very much” for invite us to attend the Workshop-Forum entitled “the Inter-disciplinary Cultural Roadmap to Heal- ing Trauma and Building climate Solutions”, which took place two weeks ago in Bohol, the area affected by earthquake/ Super Typhoon Haiyan. Unfortunately, our aca- demical obligations did not allow us to visit the Philippine that time, but I hope to have new opportunities in the closed future. In the letter you sent me, you said “the forum and workshop will orient and engage teachers, artists, social workers, medical practi- tioners, policymakers, industry representatives, scientists, and other stakeholders in a lively discussion and demonstration of the realistic options at hand for restoring and nurtur- ing the mental health of survivors with skills training for employment or entrepreneurship while engendering fortitude, faith and the strength of spirit to triumph over adversity”. Could you please let us know what the results of such dialogue and effort were? Did you achieve the goal to build the “Interdisciplinary Creative Arts Therapeutic Emergency Response”? CGA: Yes, the demonstration workshop with disaster survivors was an effective theatre experience. Artists from different parts of our country worked together and collectively 18 by Cecile Guidote-Alvar! Nº 7 www.globaleducationmagazine.com International Women´s Day INTERVIEW WITH CECILE GUIDOTE-ALVAREZ
  19. 19. created scenarios that reflected the angst, the fears, and hopes through the coordination of the NCCA- National Committee of Dramatic Arts (NCDA) chaired by Luthgardo Labad. I think it is noteworthy to underscore the observation of Dr. Hubert Gijzen who witnessed the workshop and the vignettes created by different teams from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao and teachers from Bohol that had theatre healing orientation through the support of “Save the Children” This was complemented by the Earthsavers ‘handicapa- ble’ artists synergized with indigenous and out-of-school youth working with deaf children and survivors for 3 hours which they joined the showcase performance. The Earthsavers within the Philippine Center of the International Theatre Institute (ITI) were honored by UNESCO as Artists for Peace in 2003 and in 2011, the Earthsavers Academy with its inclusive and transformative teaching module for persons in difficult circumstances was designated the 6th in the world as a UNESCO DREAM Center. It was personally inaugurated in the Philippines by Director-General, Dr. Irina Bokova. Speaking in Bohol, Dr. Gijzen, Diector of the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Science Bureau stated: “With the Theatre on the Edge Festival, I also saw that building back better for you is not only related to the infrastructure, but also to the ‘soft- ware’, to the society at large. You, the per- formers and artists showcased today the power of culture, the power of arts and music, which can be applied in so many areas. Whether it is to raise awareness on MDGs, on political or societal issues, on the MDGs, or on complex issues such as climate change, the performing arts and music play a very special role in convey- ing sometimes difficult and complex mes- sages. Via this Theatre on the Edge Festival you focused on the specific theme of natural disasters, and I could recognize at least three key functions: a) To raise awareness on the origins and causes of natural disasters. b) To contribute to community preparedness, so that we know how to respond when disaster strikes. c) To mobilize arts for healing of trauma inflicted by natural disasters We all learned a lot from this. I personally learned also something else, namely that the performing arts and music is a very powerful way of conveying complex messages. Politicians and organizations like the United Nations, including myself, we all use words to convey our messages. The power of words indeed is strong, and if words are chosen right, the message goes straight to your head. But arts is much more powerful, be- cause the message goes straight to the heart.” JCR: And what was the role of the UNESCO-Jakarta, Regional Science Bureau for Asia and the Pacific, in such practices at the events? CGA: The dissemination of the Bohol experience will be facilitated by the UNESCO bureau in our region of the Asia-Pacific that is so vulnerable to extreme climate occurrence. The bu- reau’s wealth of research, experts and experience in the field enhances our goal of helping build green cities and safer schools. Moreover, UNESCO is a partner to strengthen south-south dialogue in defying disasters, our plans to link, coordinate and collabo- rate through facilitation of support from parallel UNESCO offices to expand the network with inter- continental connectivity with countries in the Arab-African region as well as in the Caribbean-Latin America region. We involve public- private partnership to execute our programs. 19 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  20. 20. The United Nations office of Coordinating Affairs (OCHA) reports that the Asia- Pacific region suffered worst national disasters in 2013 besides the impact of the fierc- est typhoon recorded in history, the Philippines also suffered 16 natural disasters. The Asia-Pacific region was hit by 137 natural disasters compared with 93 separate events in 2012. Meanwhile, the number of people killed recorded was 18, 375 and 82 million affected. More than 3.9 million people in 4 countries hit Cambodia, Vietnam, Lao PDR and Thailand. Bangladesh and Sri Lanka were hit by deadly typhoon ‘Mahasen’. India and China were also heavily affected by floods, not to count other earthquakes and tsu- namis in the last 3 years. In the light of this reality, the Asia-Pacific Science Bureau of UNESCO headed by Dr. Hubert Gijzen is humongous. We are grateful for the commitment of support from UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova as expressed in her message: “It is symbolic and important that this workshop is held in Bohol, which suffered from the impact of the earthquake and from the devastation of typhoon ‘Haiyan’. Bohol embodies the spirit of resilience that all societies need today, and especially those of Small Island Developing States, on the frontline of climate change. This Asia-Pacific Regional Forum is designed to address trauma through an interdisci- plinary approach to restore the confidence of communities and to rebuild anew. For this-the workshop will train and mobilize national teams to cope and over- come—through creativity and solidarity—the difficulties faced by survivors of disas- ters, victims of armed conflict or other forms of violence. Art Education has a key role to play in releasing trauma, in promoting healing and in catalyzing positive change…. This is why UNESCO supports arts education as a vital tool for intercultural learning, for global citizenship and for the acquisition of life skills. This education highlights the importance of cultural diversity, and it reinforces behaviors and values for deeper social cohesion. This is essential for all societies today—global challenges mean that no State can stand alone, and humanity can only move forward together, guided by shared values and common aspirations for a better future.” This vision is re-enforced by the message of our President, His Excellency Benigno Aquino III who applauded the organizers led by the UNESCO DREAM Center in stress- ing that “Adaptation, education, and synergized action are fundamental components of the global discourse on climate change. No longer are nations resigned to tackle environmental threats and issues within borders; all are moving towards more compre- hensive and inclusive approaches to development. Citizens hold crucial roles in the task, ensuring that our dialogues remain focused on intergenerational progress and grounded in the current and future needs and aspirations of the people. This is especially important as the Philippines recovers from one of the most devastating calamities in recorded history, and as we refine our strategies in the context of our vulnerabilities to climate risk. May your initiative serve the Filipino people as well, as it lends face to our country’s disaster preparation and risk reduction campaign. Let your exchange effectively chan- nel efforts into managing the risks we are exposed to as humanity harnesses natural resources, and enable your participants to become agents of healing and empowerment within and beyond our archipelago.” JCR: Without doubts, these efforts will go a long way as community members become more aware of the phenomenon of climate change, especially for the natural disasters. In this sense, I totally agree with Dr. Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, when she expressed you in the letter of 19th December 2013 that “the expedition of the Ensemble to Paris would not have been possible without your personal engagement and energy. Your presence here in the aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan was a more timely ges- ture to honour the victims of the devastating natural disaster”. I am sure the initia- tive Theatre Training for All of the ITI in the Asia-Pacific region will represent a big initiative to help all survivors. How could our readers support this initiative? How could they be involved? CGA: Readers can liaise and identify the theatre or culture group within their schools or community. You can share this methodology of cultural caregiving to get involve with them as a volunteer and reach out to vulnerable and marginalized sectors in your place to extend to them, with value laden art education. Hospitals, prisons, refugee camps, organizations for persons with disabilities and senior citizens, rehabilitation cen- ters for drug abusers can all be given arts education for their recuperation and restoring their mental health. 20 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  21. 21. Those interested can join our growing network and can connect with the International Theatre Institute (ITI) whose Director-General Tobias Biancone can be accessed for events like: the World Theatre Day in March, Arts Education Week in May, World Dance Day in April or the Earthsavers for participation in Clean Up the World in Sep- tember, Earth Day in April. The ITI website is: www.iti-worldwide.org Our Philippine Center of the ITI will be offering this Creative Theatre Transformative course show- cased in Paris and Bohol through a consortium of universities like the University of Makati, Isabela State University with La Salette University in Northern Luzon, through the SVD system and other community groups through the Earthsavers-UNESCO DREAM Center. My Skype address is cecile.alvarez7 and Viber number is +63917- 543-2889. We have a nationwide radio broadcast. We are now building a new Earthsav- ers website with the help of Filipino-American students from Stanford University in California, USA. Our email address is: dreamcenterphilippines@yahoo.com.ph JCR: By the other hand, I wanted to quote a phrase of Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary- General of the United Nations: “There is one universal truth, applicable to all countries, cultures and communities: violence against women is never acceptable, never excus- able, never tolerable.” Under this premise, our intentionality would be to integrate the new humanism vision of UNESCO to all our readers, especially for the women. In this way, I was thinking about how create a new “vanishing point” and raise awareness about the situation of women worldwide. That´s why I feel you could help us to build that kind of vision with your artistic and creative approach. Why do you think it is so important the theatre to help people in general and specially for those who are now handicapped physically and psychologically? CGA: Theatre is a mirror. It calls attention to problems and provides a multi-sectoral avenue for an intercultural dialogue to reflect on solutions and creatively bond groups of common interest to cooperatively address or prevent crisis. Creative empowerment with skills and confidence building coupled with endurance and perseverance is a pre- requisite armor for people who are in a mental state of discombobulation because of incalculable grief of loss, anger and despair due to physical incapacity or deprivation. It is an engine for creative industry and social entrepreneurship. Theatre is also an anchor that can help participants and audience grow in the apprecia- tion of indigenous heritage and traditional values that must not be laid aside but recon- ciled with technological advances. It is an antidote to forgetfulness. In fact, a memory bank to draw lessons from history to guide present and future action because the worst illness that can be inflicted on a person or a nation is amnesia and even Alzheimer’s dis- ease. JCR: In this sense, doing a cultural-sensitive parallelism between the emotional shock after earthquake that shook Bohol, I wanted you to express that, under UN WOMEN s- tudies, 70% of women in the world report having experienced physical and/or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime. Do you think it could be interesting to introduce “theatre therapy” into educational curricula at schools? Could that help the 60 million girls worldwide who are married before the age of 18? CGA: Yes. It is necessary to introduce an early awareness for the curriculum in schools. I had talked with our Secretary of Education informing him of our healing arts education module and he was receptive to integrate it in our K-12 educational curriculum. We are concerned that media also serves as a creative classroom and that local governments must be appropriately involved. There is a Commission on the Role of Women. Media must sustain interest on the violations or non-implementations of laws to protect the rights of women and children provide as well the good news. We linked up agencies of government, a number led by women and there is a greater number of women in both houses of the legislature. Senator Loren Legarda, Chair of the Committee on Environment and Climate Change has stressed that “there is an urgent need of healing. Disasters have wreaked havoc on cities and psyches across the Philippines. We cannot allow these people to wallow in collective sense of loss, grief and depression the same way we don’t allow the wounded to be left untreated. We need to deliver psycho-social assistance to these victims. “Besides her commendation, our Bohol effort has received attention as well from other women legislators, Senator Pia Cayetano who heads the Education and Culture Committee, Senator Cynthia Villar who addresses agricultural security, Senator Grace Poe who supervises the Committee on Communications and Information and Senator Nancy Binay as Minority Leader in the Committee on Women, Family Relations and Gender Equality and Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago for Foreign Relations. In the House of Representatives, the President of the Lady Legislators,-Representative Gina de Venecia composed of ¼ of the Congress. She is a mother, who in losing her only daughter in a fire has created a support network to deal with the pain of loss of their children. 21 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  22. 22. JCR: Unfortunately, up to 50% of sexual assaults are committed against girls under the age of 16. This is a big challenge to confront it and this is the reason why I would like to request you some advices to empower people. What kind of suggestions and advices you would like to tell us to develop a new vision of human values? What is it the essence of theatre ther- apy approach and how useful it is for people? Cecile Guidote-Alvarez: We realize that domestic violence and sexual harassment in the work site now even with internet outreach are rampant in our country equally so in the Asia-Pacific, Arab-African region where there is practice of girl brides and dowry system, the hidden crime against children, in- cest and the spread of pedophilia. Our government with civil society support has put up hotlines and women’s desk in police stations among its remedial measures. It is most surprising that an EU report by the Vienna-based director Morten Kjaeran still shows extensive human rights abuse with physical, sexual and psychological violence against women. These aggressions result in long lasting deep seated effects reflected in panic attacks, depression, difficulty in subsequent relations and even suici- dal tendencies. All these must be addressed but is unfortunately systematically under-reported. There is the stigma, the shame and fear of further reprisals. Society itself must be more open in providing understanding for the victims. Media should avoid sensationalizing reports of sexual violence into long running scandalous melodra- matic news stories. There must be respect for their privacy. Obviously, their trauma must be given the same cultural caregiving service to be able, after reflecting about their atrocious experience to move on and be empowered through innovative culture- based therapy response. This should be is beefed-up by medical and psychiatric guid- ance. One can see where artists, duly oriented and concerned can be employed to enhance the concept of social rehabilitation. Through a painting, poem, song, dance or even an installation, allowing release and imaginative approach to break the silence to calm tensions, to learn from and cast aside the pain of past experience towards better self-esteem and envisioning a stronger, grasp of their human right and discovery of their inner strength and ability to move on. The arts therapy encounter provides the bridging for similar expressions that generate the support system that engenders hope, the will to live and a mecha- nism for safety and security. We re-enforce with the Christian tenet that after the agony of Calvary and agony is the ecstasy of resurrection. JCR: Doing a link with your previous reflections, Edgar Morin, as many other authors, talks in his life´s work about the importance to reform thought, education and politics to face the challenge of future humanity´s governability. In this sense, it is obvi- ously that word-society need a deep transformation to achieve a sustainable development. Ideally, theatre therapy could reflect a values-based in the new humanism approach mentioned. Therefore, it would promote “stakeholder value,” where stakeholders include the whole human race and the planet itself. In shorts, all big thinkers of today are claiming a new and holistic vision about the world-society and their interconnections. What do you think it is the role of Global Citizenship Education proposed by UNESCO to achieve it? What kind of changes we should introduce to raise awareness about our responsibility with global problems? CGA: Definitely, change of attitudes, habits, and mindsets is essential for reform towards good governance to put a premium in affirming life rather than engagement in destruction of life. Violence against mankind and Mother Earth is a human rights issue. Caring, and sharing, dedication and perseverance to pursue a vision must be instilled through early childhood education. The absence of greed or substituting this obsessive desire for materialism with compassion and sensitivity to unfortunate conditions of others is a key to fighting poverty. Empathy is the ability to feel with those suffering atrocities, catastrophes, injustice and deprivation as well as the capacity to celebrate achievements that better the condition of mankind in particular the triumph of the spirit over adversity. We are deeply grateful to the citizens of the world for its expression of sympathy and immediate humanitarian aid to the Philippines that was crystallized with 22 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  23. 23. the personal visit of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to Taclo- ban, Leyte. UNESCO’s advocacy of global citizenship underscores the need to inculcate a sense of kinship with the family of nations and as well as a sense of duty and responsibility to advance the welfare of every citizen, regardless of race or creed to protect the planet earth, our common home. JCR: By the other hand, I also wanted you to ask about your beliefs, in order to understand better the bridges that you do between culture and spirituality. Is theatre ther- apy a thinking way faced with religions or, on the contrary, it is a new form of “entan- glement” cultures? CGA: Theatre therapy requires the appreciation and sensitivity in applying the inherent qualities of theatre (the meeting ground of all the arts) for healing. Those in difficult circumstances feel isolated and helpless. Theatre is a social art that engenders linkages, participation, and social interaction. It brings hope like a “Balm in Gilead”. After con- ducting theatre workshops since I was 15 years old beginning at the Orthopedic Hospital under a Jesuit drama and media teacher, Fr. James B. Reuter pursuing this mission when I founded the Philippine Educational Theatre Association (PETA in 1967); and carrying on in exile at La MaMa Theatre in a Brooklyn public school, work- ing the trainable and educable students, many institutions like the prison and church groups in ghettos, the deaf, the mentally challenged and even the delinquent at some point. I have been elated and gratified that the crippled, the blind are transformed like butterflies out of a cocoon. Our theatre therapy experience is a vehicle to draw them out of despair and despon- dency to help them express their fears and anxieties, to recall their experience of trauma and portray through any artistic form synchronized with their dream of a better life and hope for its fulfillment. They become ‘handicapable’ able to smile and continue learning while earning, rebuilding their lives with fortitude and faith. They have to re- call their own good experiences and use it as a foundation to develop the spiritual strength to continue and find a sense of confidence and purpose of existence. I believe in miracles and the power of prayers having undergone the persecution and repression of a dictatorial regime and being victorious after a long difficult struggle for freedom. Personally being afflicted with cancer, faith together with respect for my doc- tor’s medical formula for recovery has been the spine for my journey of survival. This is the wellspring of my conviction. JCR: At this point, it is interesting note that famous quantum physics Basarab Ni- colescu said that word “war” does not exists anymore in the vocabulary of trans- disciplinary, because its goals are “understand the present world, which passes by understanding the meaning of our life and our sense of death in this world which is ours”. Then, seeing theatre therapy as interdisciplinary programs which were recognized as UNESCO Artists for Peace for the cultural bridges developed… How do you see the future of the humanity after all your long experience as exiled? Could we achieve the SDG goals proposed in the agenda post-2015? CGA: Our work in exile to help achieve a peaceful restoration of our democracy provided me a stronger perspective that justice will prevail no matter how exceedingly slow it may seem to grind. Nothing is impossible with God’s grace coupled with one’s willingness to sacrifice with determination, patience and faith to pursue what is right and defend the truth. I am confident that if the social conscience is forged and global political leaders are con- cienticized; the post 2015 agenda for sustainable development can be agreed upon and can be realized. I believe that we all care for the future of our children and grandchildren. Cooperation is absolutely essential to insure the survival and safety of mankind through the health of our habitat. We cannot afford to fail. Self-interest must be substituted by commitment for the common good. JCR: I cannot imagine how such experience as exile changed your life and your way of thinking. Maybe it is interesting mentioned now that, globally, around 603 million women live in countries where domestic violence is not yet considered a crime. Have you ever considered writing a theatre piece to empower women in such situation? CGA: Returning to the Philippines— When I was in exile, convinced that the UN Conference on Women in Mexico in 1980 was a historic milestone to put in the global agenda. I was determined to participate and call attention to the marginalization of women in all aspects of life. We are lucky in the Philippines there is a law that punishes violence against women and children. The UN has passed the convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. (CEDAW) I have featured in our award-winning DZRH Radio Balintataw, the heroic lives of ordinary women on nationwide broadcast & global webcast to inspire those ‘in trou- ble’ and in doubt about stories of women in difficult circumstances that fought for their right to a dignified life and strengthen their faith in Divine providence with the value of a supportive family. 23 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  24. 24. One is a crippled who was able to serve as a senior official in the Solicitor-General’s office. Another is a cancer victim after being cured had set-up a help cooperative for can- cer patients called the I CAN SERVE FOUNDATION. An indigenous woman in Palawan struggled to achieve education and after graduation, did not look for greener pastures in the city life but remained to teach the tribal children. A historical figure, the wife of Sultan Kudarat, jumped-off the cliff with her child rather than be caught and used as a hostage by the Spanish conquistadores to allow Kudarat to lead the Muslims in defying the unhampered occupation of Mindanao. Beyond our local heroines, there is the path-breaking leadership of Dr. Irina Bokova, the first woman to lead UNESCO on her second term is a champion of ‘new humanism’ with her cross- disciplinary vigorous pursuit of education for all especially for girls. JCR: I am agree that Dr. Irina Bokova is a big example for thousand of women, but you are too. I am sure there will be thousands of people very fortunate to be around of your transformative energy, because you work with passion and wisdom. Personally, I will con- tact you again in the closed future, when I visit the Southeast Asia. Thank you very much to share your reflections and your time in this special day. I am wondering if there is any- thing I have not asked about that you wish I had? CGA: Partnerships and linkages are so important in spreading the apostolate of theatre that I have been engaged for 55 years reiterating like a Man- tra, that we can win the war against poverty and pollution, crime and corruption, disease and drugs, terrorism and tyranny. Not by force but by art, not by compulsion but by persuasion through a community spirit of caring and collaboration. Dear Javier, You were incisive and comprehensive in your questions, I was delighted to respond. We look forward to your visit where we can have a stronger exchange of best practices to realize our common vision that culture with arts is a catalyst to realizing the UNESCO ‘Education for All Policy’, now given the mechanics for implementation by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s push for a Global Education First Initiative. The assurance of the replication, echoing and adoption of the Bohol Declaration that launched RAINBOW CROSS is guaranteed through the messages from the Ocean Security Initiative led by its Chairman, Viktor Sebek, with Carlos Mauri- cio Iriarte Barrios, Gobernador del Departamento del Huila, Colombia in the Latin- American region, Professor Dr. Angela de Luca Rebello Wagener, Member of the OSI Scientific and Academic Board, Potificia Universidade Católica Do Rio de Janeiro, Vini- cio A. Cerezo, President 0f Guatemala from 1989 to 1991 as well as from leaders in key points of the globe: from South Africa, Francois Baird, Chairman of Daniel J Edelman Inc./ Policy Advisory Board Member: Ocean Security International; from Russia, Vtaly Lyststov, member of OSI Scientific and Academic Board National Research Cen- ter “Kucrhatov Institute” as well as the network of the Climate Institute in Washington D.C USA, one of the oldest NGOs concerned with global warming headed by its Presi- dent, Mr. John Topping, Jr. with Philippine Climate Change Commissioner Heherson Al- varez as Chairman of its advisory board. We are planning a global playwriting contest as a collaborative effort of the ITI-CIDC and the International Playwrights Forum (IPP) that will be coordinated by our Secretary- General of our Philippine ITI Center, an award-winning playwright, Dr. Isagani Cruz. JCR: Thanks a lot Cecile, I will try to visit you in the following months to continue with our dialogue. At the final point, what should it be your message to all the readers of Global Education Magazine in the International Women´s Day? CGA: Women constitute the other half of the world population. A woman is a symbol for Mother Earth, for our motherland. It is a portrait of love, the heart of the home. It is sad that the lament of mothers so often heard in areas of armed conflict and places dev- astated by ecological disasters have not been fully responded. Justice, peace and sustainable development must prevail in all corners of the world. Women must be harnessed in the center of peace negotiations and good governance. We are grateful for the concern of Global Education Magazine in linking women through media to continue the struggle for gender equity, protec- tion of their rights and family solidarity. We must sustain energy and strength from our common vision of restoring the beauty and bounty of our environment as we seek a safer, peaceful, sustain- able world for our children up to the seventh generation. JCR: Thanks a lot again Cecile for your inspiring words in the interview. 24 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 International Women´s Day
  25. 25. 25 Oficina de Santiago Con el apoyo de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura World Environmental Day 5 JUNE DEADLINE FOR MAY 5
  26. 26. 26 Ma maman fait parti de ses nombreuses femmes aux grands cœurs, aux sourires enjôleurs et dotés d’un très grand courage! www.globaleducationmagazine.com Quand je la regarde, elle exprime une vie remplie d’aventure, pleine d’émotion, parfois de chagrin, et de malheur, mais je garde en mémoire ses éclats de rire, et ses rencontres avec le bonheur. Cependant, je sais aussi qu’avant d’arriver à la joie, elle a fait preuve de sagesse, qu’elle a dû vaincre ses peurs, ses doutes, qu’elle a aussi traversé des intempéries et combattu la souffrance. Ma maman aurait pu être Simone de Beauvoir, cette femme française, née à Paris en 1908. « Mes vingt premières années se sont écoulées entre Notre-Dame-des- Champs et Saint-Germain-des-Prés sans qu’il m’arrive rien d’exceptionnel … » Écrit Simone de Beauvoir, qui allait devenir la compagne de Sartre (un écrivain), l’auteure du Deuxième Sexe et, en 1974, la présidente de la Ligue des droits de la femme. En effet, cette femme bouleversante pour la génération d’avant-guerre était une femme au grand pouvoir de liberté et écrivaine. Ces mots, ses lignes écrites sur de nombreuses pages, traversent encore les océans et les langues de notre monde. Après de brillantes études, elle poursuit ses cours supérieures à la Sorbonne. C’est à l’agrégation de philosophie qu’elle se présente en 1929, en même temps qu’un jeune homme qui a pour nom Jean-Paul Sartre. Il est reçu premier, tandis que Simone de Beauvoir sort deuxième du concours. En 1943, elle publie son premier livre, l’Invitée… English Version here Nº 7 by Sonia Colasse Children Bilingual Manager and author the children bilingual book: "The Adventures of Enzo" e-mail:  soloinfinity.ws@gmail.com   website: www.soloinfinty.com/enzo
  27. 27. 27 Après quelques années de liaison amoureuse, elle passe avec Sartre un « pacte de franchise » qui conjugue indépendance et vérité l’un vis-à-vis de l’autre. Elle va désormais en écrire les thèmes dans son œuvre. Ses premiers romans enseignent que l’engagement peut seul délivrer l’homme de la mauvaise conscience (le Sang des autres, 1945) et que la mort, loin d’être une malédiction, fonde la valeur de nos actes et de nos sentiments en leur donnant une portée irréparable (Tous les hommes sont mortels, 1946). Sa pièce les Bouches inutiles (1945) cher- chent à définir une morale politique, dont le fondement est la « joie d’exister » Pyrrhus et cinéas,1944 ; pour une morale de l’ambiguïté, 1947. Les voyages aux États-Unis (l’Amérique au jour, le jour, 1948), puis dans la Chine de Mao (la Longue Marche, 1957) conduisent Simone de Beauvoir sur les routes de la dénonciation de la condition féminine. Cette position est clairement assumée dans son essai de 1949, le Deuxième Sexe, texte fondateur du mouvement féministe en France. À la même époque, elle tombe amoureuse d’un écrivain américain rencontré à Chicago, Nelson Algren ; elle lui envoie des Lettres passionnées, et leur relation dure jusqu’en 1964. Simone de Beauvoir sera encore solidaire du « Manifeste des 343 », pétition signée par 343 femmes pour réclamer la légalisation de l’avortement et rendue publique en 1971. Avec l’avocate et femme politique Gisèle Halimi, elle sera ensuite la cofondatrice du mouvement Choisir, dont le rôle sera déterminant dans ce combat. Cette femme qui aurait pu être ma mère ou la vôtre est décédée en 1986. Une autre femme française et courageuse, une autre femme appelée Simone sera souvent comparée à l’écrivaine par sa force et sa ténacité. Simone Veil est l’une des figures politiques françaises les plus populaires. Légalisant l’avortement en 1975, elle a été la première présidente du Parlement européen (1979) et la première femme ministre d’État (1993). Si j’étais né au Pérou, en Amérique latine, j’aurais pu être le fils ou la fille de Jacqueline Domhoff. Pour- quoi ? Parce que sa force de vivre, sa force de vaincre tous les démons est une force que j’aurais souhaité recevoir de ma mère. « Le rire est la meilleure façon de répandre l’amour, la paix et c’est aussi un bon moyen de nous gué- rir » raconte Jacqueline. “ Vous avez un cancer ”, c’est un ainsi que l’histoire émouvante de Jacqueline, commence. Cette phrase formulée par son médecin, continu de lui expliquer qu’elle est atteinte d’un cancer des ovaires. Comment doit-on réagir face à cette terrible évidence ? Jacqueline répond pour nous : « Avec des rires et sans larmes ! » Titulaire d’un Master reçu en Espagne, elle revient dans son pays pour devenir responsable des relations publiques. Jacqueline avait tout professionnellement et se promettait un avenir fleurissant. “Personne ne s’attend à avoir un cancer. J’ai réalisé à quel point la vie peut prendre une sale tournure en moins de deux seconds. La vie elle-même est une leçon, j’ai dû faire un choix et j’ai choisi de donner un sens à ma vie.” Après bien des tempêtes, Jacqueline s’efforce de reprendre le cours de sa vie et être positif. « Une amie m’a parlé de la thérapie liée au positivisme, la joie de vivre et le bien-être qui conduit à une amélioration du système immunitaire, juste ce don, j’avais besoin ! . » Jacqueline prend des leçons de Yoga du rire et devient formatrice de la thérapie. Le yoga du rire est un traitement sérieux pour les personnes atteintes d’un cancer. Cette méthode permet aux globules rouges d’augmenter en volume, et attaque ainsi les cellules cancéreuses. Plus nous rions et plus nos cellules cancéreuses s’éliminent par notre énergie positive. Jacqueline n’est pas seulement une survivante du cancer, elle est aujourd’hui la fondatrice de l’hôpital de la joie et un fil moteur dans l’amélioration émotionnels et spirituels pour plus de 6 000 personnes dans différents quartiers de sa ville Lima. Son équipe bénévole apporte le bonheur et la thérapie du rire dans différent centre hospitaliers, de maisons de retraite ou de clinique. Le rire de Jacqueline a guéri environ 1200 personnes sur la place Plaza Mayor de Li- ma « nous voulons répandre le rire et ainsi augmenter la positivité dans le monde. Lorsque vous changez votre comportement, vous changez votre optimiste et vous attirez le positivisme. C’est le meilleur moyen de répandre l’amour, la paix et aussi de nous guérir. » « En avant toutes », est le titre du livre de Sheryl Sandberg, cette femme Américaine qui souhaite l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes. Qui refuse d’être une simple femme au foyer si ce n’est pas le choix de sa destinée. Elle œuvre pour que les femmes accèdent au pouvoir, qu’elles bénéficient des mêmes opportunités que les hommes, qu’elles osent s’affirmer et assumer leur choix : autant de défis que propose Sheryl Sandberg, à partir de son expérience personnelle. Sheryl est un exemple dans son pays, une figure parmi les cent personnalités les plus influentes au monde selon le Times. Sheryl est sincère et drôle. Souhaitant par son humour aider les hommes à se révéler, à aider leur épouse, à soutenir leur famille et à améliorer et gagner en efficacité. À rendre la femme plus épanouie. Elle conseille aux femmes, qu’elles peuvent être une femme, une amante, une femme d’affaires, tout en étant une bonne-maman et de ne pas s’oublier, mais plutôt de gagner leur indépendance. www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 Ma maman fait parti de ses nombreuses femmes aux grands cœurs, aux sourires enjôleurs et dotés d’un très grand courage!
  28. 28. 28 Sheryl reverse les bénéfices de son livre à « Lean In », une fondation à but non-lucratif encourageant les femmes à réaliser leur ambition, ainsi qu’à d’autres organisations caritatives de soutien aux femmes. Sheryl est une véritable femme révolutionnaire et un vrai modèle à suivre pour notre génération future. Et j’aurai été très fière d’être sa fille ! Naître en Suède et vivre près de Linda Forsell, photojournaliste, pourquoi ? J’aurai ainsi pu combattre à ses côtés contre la violence domestique et psychologique. Linda nous confie : « La violence conjugale est répandue dans le monde. Elle ne fait aucune différence de races ou de socio-économiques, ni cultuelles ou encore religieuses. » Linda raconte que les statistiques de la Banque mondiale démontrent que la violence domestique, frappe et tue plus de femmes que les accidents de la circulation, le paludisme et la guerre réunissent. Linda souhaitait changer ces horreurs. Elle crée alors le projet « Cause du décès : femmes », une plate-forme où elle dénonce et capture des photos témoignages de femmes confrontées aux violences dans 10 pays, les États-Unis, l’Afrique du Sud, l’Égypte, la Suède, le Pakistan, le Mexique, le Brésil, le Congo, l’Espagne et la Russie. Linda photographie des militantes, des survivantes, mais aussi de belles femmes qui racontent le drame et la perte d’une proche. Elle immortalise les souffrances, les horreurs que ces femmes vivent chaque jour. La violence conjugale comprend l’agression physique, sexuelle, verbale, émotionnelle et psychologique, et nous pouvons rajouter à la liste les menaces et l’intimidation. La plupart de ces actes ne sont pas signalés de peur d’empirer la situation, aucune preuve, car la plupart du temps les agresseurs ne laissent pas de trace de leur passage ou tout simplement pas honte. Selon l’ONU plus de 600 millions de femmes vivent dans des pays ou la violence domestique n’est pas considérée comme un crime ! Bien que la violence ait toujours été présente, le monde n’a pas à accepter l’épouvantable. “Les femmes et la sécurité routière : projet de société” 7 & 8 mars 2014 Palais des Congrès, Skhirat – Marra- kech – Maroc. Tous les jours, au Maroc et dans le monde beaucoup de gens sont tués ou blessés sur les routes. Les hommes, les femmes et les enfants qui vont à l’école ou au travail à pied ou de jeunes conducteurs ne reviennent pas en vie, laissant derrière eux des familles effondrées par le drame. Selon l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, les accidents sont parmi les dix principales causes de décès chez les adolescents et les femmes adultes. Dans les pays au revenu élevé ou moyen, les accidents sont la principale cause de décès parmi la population féminine entre 10 et 44 ans. Considérant le rôle central et multiforme ont les femmes, le Comité National pour la prévention des Accidents de circulation (CNPAC) et la Nationale Union des femmes du Maroc (UNFM), co-organiser le 1er Congrès mondial sur la femme et la sécurité routière, sous le thème “femme et la sécurité routière : projet de société. » Ce Congrès mondial fournira également l’occasion de rappeler au monde les rôles que les femmes et la société civile peuvent jouer dans le domaine de la sécurité routière et les défis de l’avenir. Et je pleure celle qui aurait pu me donner la vie, cette écrivaine rebelle de l’Inde, déterminée, passionnée, courageuse pour la cause des femmes Afghanes. Sushmita Banerjee, indienne installée en Afghanistan, infirmière en gynécologie, devenue écrivaine par hasard et assassinée le quatre septembre 2013. Sushmita s’est rendue célèbre en Inde avec sa biographie devenu un best-seller adapté à Bollywood. Elle raconte son aventure, son mariage en secret en 1990 avec Janbaz Khan, un Afghan. Sa rupture avec sa famille causée par l’hostilité de son union. Elle quitte l’Inde pour rejoindre son époux dans son pays l’Afghanistan. Une expérience tumultueuse, au cœur d’un pays ultra conservateur et sensible à la propagande de l’islamisme des Talibans. Sushmita n’en devient pas pour autant une femme soumise, elle était la seule femme dans l’ensemble de Paktika se refusant a porter une burqa. Sushmita ouvre une clinique et réclame la liberté d’expression aux femmes de son village. Revenue en Inde en 2003, après plusieurs menaces de mort et condamnation de mort par un tribunal Taliban local, elle écrit sa biographie révélatrice sur le Taliban. La même année, Bollywood sort le film retraçant la vie de Sushmita. Elle écrira quatre autres livres et dévoile les horreurs des Talibans. En 2013, Sushmita, décide de retourner en Afghanistan, rejoindre son mari et sa belle-famille. Elle avait un nouveau projet de livre, et même semble-t-il un documentaire écrit sur la vie des femmes là-bas. Ses assassins ne lui, on pas laissé le temps de continuer ses démarches. Elle est âgéeseulement de 49 ans, quand le destin décide de lui donner des ailes et de la laisser s’envoler vers d’autres horizons. Nous garderons en mémoire la bonté de cette douce et courageuse femme indienne. Nous devons soutenir les femmes qui pendant neuf mois donnent la vie à l’enfant de demain ! Et n’oublions pas la journée mondiale du bonheur du 20 mars, qui résume le visage de nos mères quand leur regard se pose délicatement sur leur enfant. Sources : Mujeres Mundi, le rôle des femmes dans le développement de leurs communautés. www.globaleducationmagazine.com Nº 7 Ma maman fait parti de ses nombreuses femmes aux grands cœurs, aux sourires enjôleurs et dotés d’un très grand courage!
  29. 29. 29 www.globaleducationmagazine.com Research Papers Transversal Studies Mujeres: Narrar lo público-privado y la política del entre-lugar y el entre-tiempo María Antonia Miranda González Female Genital Mutilation - Truths and Lies Athanasia Zagorianou Vidas Sumisas: la Mujer Indígena Lorena Yañez Ruano A n á l i s e s d a c o n t r i b u i ç ã o harmônica da execução em piano do “Concerto Italiano-971 de Bach” Alexia Kapsampeli Pedro Javier Gómez Jaime Millennium Development Goals Inspiring Change With the W o m e n ’ s D i r e c t o r s h i p Programme Amy Lau and Nick Marsh Empoderamento feminino sem fronteiras Valdir Lamim-Guedes, Eli- ane Santana, Luciene Silva Souza, Paulo Guilherme Martins da Rocha Rape in Somalia: Women and ‘Double Victimisation’ Patrick Mugo Mugo Turning Policy into Action: One Adolescent’s On-the-Ground Ac- tivism Julia Carter Global Education Mulheres Rurais: Cooperação Internacional para Estudos Multidisciplinares de Gênero, Educação, Cidadania e Responsabilidade Social da Universidade, José Cláudio Rocha e Denise A. B. F. Rocha The Story of the Green Lane Environmental Diary: Uniting Children and Cultures through Environmental Education, Katy Orell The Divine Nature of Women Naturally – A Challenge of 21st Century. Rashmi Chandran And the Walls Come Folding Down: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Building Awareness, Balance, and Connection in Ourselves, Our Schools, in Our Communities, and in Our World. Karen Melaas Education and Suicide. Anna Barchetti Durisch ©RaquelBocardi Nº 7

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