Is It Normal or Is It Dementia?


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As we age, we all start to wonder

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Is It Normal or Is It Dementia?

  1. 1. The Aging Brain and Maintaining Health<br />A Caregiver Town Hall Forum<br />August 4, 2011<br />Carlsbad, California<br />Presented by ActivCare at Bressi Ranch<br />Slide Show Developed by The George G. Glenner Alzheimer’s Family Centers<br />
  2. 2. Dr. Daniel Sewell, Geriatric Psychiatrist<br />Medical Director of the UCSD Senior Behavioral Health Program at the UCSD Medical Center<br />Dr. Neil Levine, Internist<br />Specialist in Geriatric Medicine <br />Medical Director of Rancho Vista Retirement Community and Health Center & Hospice Physician<br />Both also are on the George G. Glenner Alzheimer’s Family Centers’ Medical Advisory Board<br />Information Provided by<br />
  3. 3. Normal Memory Loss vs. Dementia<br />
  4. 4. Normal Memory Loss vs. Dementia<br />Brains shrink as we age and impact our cognitive abilities<br />Dementia is severe impairment due to damage to neurons in the brain<br />
  5. 5. Alzheimer’s Disease<br /> Most popular form of dementia; affects more than 50% of all dementia patients<br />Characteristic: Rapid forgetting<br />Frontal Temporal Dementia<br />Retain short-term memory but experience changes in personality<br />Most Popular Types of Dementia<br />
  6. 6. Lewy Body<br /> Hallmark is a change in the way muscles work; mimics Parkinson’s Disease tremors; absence of facial expressions<br />Vascular Dementia<br />Caused by a stroke<br />Most Popular Types of Dementia<br />
  7. 7. It’s important that families understand the difference between types and what type their loved one has since each runs a different course.<br />Family and others in a support system must educate themselves to what to expect and what is typically prescribed.<br />Most Popular Types of Dementia<br />
  8. 8. NORMAL<br />Being outspoken<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  9. 9. ABNORMAL<br />Being inappropriate<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  10. 10. NORMAL<br />Less concern with what others think<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  11. 11. ABNORMAL<br />Disrespectful of others’ rights & boundaries<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  12. 12. NORMAL<br />Become more mellow<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  13. 13. ABNORMAL<br />Become more hostile<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  14. 14. NORMAL<br />A bit of a hypochondriac<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  15. 15. ABNORMAL<br />Delusional about non-existent illnesses<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  16. 16. NORMAL<br />More vigilant about safety<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  17. 17. ABNORMAL<br />Avoidance to the point of disabling anxiety<br />Normal Aging vs. Dementia<br />
  18. 18. Exercise<br />Even if confined to a wheelchair, get out and move around for at least 20-30 minutes daily. A strong heart keeps blood flowing to the brain and protects against dementia.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  19. 19. Hang Around Positive People<br /> Surround yourself with those who embrace a positive attitude. Limit or eliminate interactions with those that make you feel like a failure or try to humiliate you. People who are always negative should be avoided.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  20. 20. Create a ‘Senior-Friendly’ Environment<br />Make sure your living quarters function well as you age. For instance, ensure there’s adequate lighting in rooms since aging eyes cannot adjust as well to dimness.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  21. 21. Control Your Blood Pressure<br />Doing so helps prevent strokes, which can cause vascular dementia.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  22. 22. Watch What You Eat<br />The brighter colored the fruit or vegetable, the better it is for you <br />What You Can Do<br />
  23. 23. Watch What You Eat<br />Eat vitamin- and mineral-packed whole foods instead of seeking daily nutrition in pills.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  24. 24. Watch What You Eat<br />Get enough protein. Eggs are excellent source and now lower in cholesterol.<br />If vegan or strict vegetarian, eat beans and rice together for similar protein impact.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  25. 25. Get Outdoors<br />You need at least 20 minutes of sunshine to start making Vitamin D.<br />A lack of Vitamin D has been linked to dementia in scientific studies.<br />What You Can Do<br />
  26. 26.<br />More Information<br />The George G. Glenner Alzheimer’s Family Centers<br />Chula Vista ■ Hillcrest ■ Encinitas<br />Providing Adult Day Care for Those With Memory Impairment Since 1982<br />