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Understanding     the21 Century         st  Youth LandscapeSpeaker: Mr Glenn Lim
The Straits Times    More Youths Abusing DrugsCentral Narcotics Bureau (CNB) figures show an increasing number of         ...
Young people’s attitudes…Girls play with phones andmake old man stand from Jurong to Tanah Merah                   Glenn L...
Young people’s attitudes…              Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   4
Parents are becoming more liberal…           Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   5
Young people’s attitudes…              Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   6
Young people’s attitudes…              Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   7
The New Paper, Dec 2011NSF bashed to death just because he     touched a passing car…           Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte ...
The Straits Times, Mar 201213-year-old ambushed by 5 teens         outside school          Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd ©...
Youths getting bolder :They kiss in uniform - inside Classroom              Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   10
The Straits Times, 16 Oct, 2012Asean scholar posted obscene    material on blog…                             The ASEAN sch...
The Straits TimesTeens having sex earlierGirls aged below 14 havingconsensual sex jump up by 70%…   Glenn Lim Consultancy ...
The Straits TimesGlenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   13
“Sexting on the rise among youth”           Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   14
‘Internet Marriage’ fad gives wrong idea of wedlock                  Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   15
What are today’s cultural differences?               Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   16
What are today’s cultural differences?               Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   17
What are today’s cultural differences?               Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   18
What are today’s cultural differences?               Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   19
Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   20
Body Modifications           (We’re just 1 generation behind!)Eyeball Tattooing                                          E...
Body Modifications  ‘Branding’ & ‘Scarification’     Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011   22
Body Modifications      ‘Scarification’    Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011   23
Body Modifications                                                          Face -HackingTongue-Splitting                 ...
The 21 Century:        stA very different Youth Landscape             Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   25
Who is the 21st Century Youth?         •   Age 10 - 26 yrs         •   Gen Next / Gen ‘Y’         •   ‘Bridgers’ / Milleni...
Portrait of the Generations  BUILDERS            BOOMERS              BUSTERS           BRIDGERS  (1929-1945)         (194...
The Singapore Generation Gap                                                    age!”                                     ...
21st Century Worldview1. CONSUMERISM  Option-overload / Media over-exposure / ‘Rootless’ & ‘Instant’ culture2. GLOCALISM  ...
ExperientialYouth want an experience, not just information                      YOUTHParticipatoryYouth want to participat...
Pressures youth face today   1.   Rapid technological advancement   2.   Academic expectations   3.   Peer pressure   4.  ...
Cries of today’s youth (2008)   1. We’re changing, confused & vulnerable   2. You don’t understand us? We don’t      under...
The world of today’s youth is filled with…                   Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   33
4 Developmental Arenas in Youth             Moral
Youth Developmental Changes  Physical Changes  (Puberty, self consciousness, sexual awareness etc)  Cognitive Changes  (In...
While 21st century education provides for physical    and cognitive development, most youth demonstrate a lack in Socio-Em...
The world of today’s youth is filled with…                   Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   37
Social-Emotional Competencies                Self              Awareness        Self               Responsible     Managem...
Foundational Development                                                                   Fruits                         ...
2 Key Challenges in 21 C                            st  1. Move from Industrial economy to     a Knowledge economy  2. Dig...
21 C Competencies          st1.   Critical thinking and problem-solving2.   Collaboration across networks3.   Agility and ...
21 C Competencies           st1.   Critical thinking (problem-solving)2.   Creative thinking (innovative, inventive)3.   C...
Critical Thinking Skills                             (ASLO Comm, 2007)1. Analyzing arguments     a)   Recognising fallacie...
Process of Critical Thinking     “CHECKLIST”  1. Clarity  2. Accuracy  3. Precision  4. Relevance  5. Depth  6. Breadth  7...
What do we anchor on?
5’R’ Values Syllabus                         il it y                  s ib                on             sp          Re   ...
Education Minister Heng Swee Keat wants values andcharacter development to be a priority for schools…                     ...
Psychosocial Development          the way they relate to their ‘world’Age Group       Description                      Psy...
6– 12 years“Wet Cement” era                   “Imprinting” of values                   and life principles by             ...
13 – 19 years           “Setting-In” phase“Shaping/Molding”  is still possible to      correct wrong        values in the ...
20 years onwards“Concrete” stage                   To correct maladaptive                   behaviours at this stage      ...
Youth’s Developmental Tasks               (13 – 19yrs old) •   Coping & accepting bodily changes •   Developing personal i...
Psycho-Social Development Framework            Early Adolescent           Middle Adolescent                 Late Adolescen...
Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010   54
Sowing into the process…What you sow today determines thekind of product you get tomorrow…          Glenn Lim Consultancy ...
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21st Century Youth Landscape (Mr Glenn Lim)

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Abbreviated version of Mr Glenn Lim's powerful presentation on the 21st Century Youth Landscape and Zeitgeist.

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Copyright © 2010. Ministry of Education. GLC Pte Ltd.

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Transcript of "21st Century Youth Landscape (Mr Glenn Lim)"

  1. 1. Understanding the21 Century st Youth LandscapeSpeaker: Mr Glenn Lim
  2. 2. The Straits Times More Youths Abusing DrugsCentral Narcotics Bureau (CNB) figures show an increasing number of youths under 25 yrs being caught for drug abuse. 2
  3. 3. Young people’s attitudes…Girls play with phones andmake old man stand from Jurong to Tanah Merah Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 3
  4. 4. Young people’s attitudes… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 4
  5. 5. Parents are becoming more liberal… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 5
  6. 6. Young people’s attitudes… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 6
  7. 7. Young people’s attitudes… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 7
  8. 8. The New Paper, Dec 2011NSF bashed to death just because he touched a passing car… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 8
  9. 9. The Straits Times, Mar 201213-year-old ambushed by 5 teens outside school Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 9
  10. 10. Youths getting bolder :They kiss in uniform - inside Classroom Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 10
  11. 11. The Straits Times, 16 Oct, 2012Asean scholar posted obscene material on blog… The ASEAN scholar who posted sexually explicit videos and pictures of him and his girlfriend online will be investigated by the National University of Singapores Board of Discipline Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 11
  12. 12. The Straits TimesTeens having sex earlierGirls aged below 14 havingconsensual sex jump up by 70%… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 12
  13. 13. The Straits TimesGlenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 13
  14. 14. “Sexting on the rise among youth” Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 14
  15. 15. ‘Internet Marriage’ fad gives wrong idea of wedlock Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 15
  16. 16. What are today’s cultural differences? Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 16
  17. 17. What are today’s cultural differences? Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 17
  18. 18. What are today’s cultural differences? Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 18
  19. 19. What are today’s cultural differences? Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 19
  20. 20. Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 20
  21. 21. Body Modifications (We’re just 1 generation behind!)Eyeball Tattooing Ear Re-shaping Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011 21
  22. 22. Body Modifications ‘Branding’ & ‘Scarification’ Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011 22
  23. 23. Body Modifications ‘Scarification’ Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011 23
  24. 24. Body Modifications Face -HackingTongue-Splitting Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2011 24
  25. 25. The 21 Century: stA very different Youth Landscape Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 25
  26. 26. Who is the 21st Century Youth? • Age 10 - 26 yrs • Gen Next / Gen ‘Y’ • ‘Bridgers’ / Millenials / Mosaics • Digital / Internet Generation • ‘Screenagers’ • Strawberry Generation etc…
  27. 27. Portrait of the Generations BUILDERS BOOMERS BUSTERS BRIDGERS (1929-1945) (1946 – 1964) (1965 – 1983) (1984 – 2002) Industrial Gen Post-War Gen Gen X Gen Y“Be Grateful with “You Owe Me” “Relate to Me” “Life is a Buffet” what you have” Conservative Self-based Media-based Choice-based values values values valuesLearn technology Master technology Enjoy technology Employ technologyEndure authority Question authority Ignore authority Choose authority Stabilize future Create future Bleak future Optimistic future
  28. 28. The Singapore Generation Gap age!” your I was “ When PARENTS CHILDREN Builder / Boomer Generation Millennial Generation Manufacturing economy Digital economy Survival (nation-building) Pleasure (self-indulgent) Loyalty Consumerism Linear mindset Multi-Tasking mindset Stability is ideal Change is constant Cautious behaviour Extreme expression Absolute / Conventional Subjective / Situational morality morality 28
  29. 29. 21st Century Worldview1. CONSUMERISM Option-overload / Media over-exposure / ‘Rootless’ & ‘Instant’ culture2. GLOCALISM Highly connected & adaptable / Technology is indispensable3. EXTREMISM No boundaries / ‘All things are possible’ / Provoke reaction4. ECLECTICISM Multi-tasking / Non-linear ‘Mosaic’ mindset / Rise in ‘Superficiality’5. RELATIVISM Open & non-dogmatic view of life & world / Rejection of absolutes6. PARADOXISM Comfortable with contradictions / Co-existential & ‘pluralistic’ mentality7. METOPIA-ISM It’s all about ‘Me’ / Customized lifestyle / ‘I’m in control’ / ‘I can make a difference’ 29
  30. 30. ExperientialYouth want an experience, not just information YOUTHParticipatoryYouth want to participate in outcomes, not just listen to instructions or lecturesImage-DrivenYouth are driven by images, symbols & stories more than wordsConnectedness Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 30Youth want to connect relationally and work in teams
  31. 31. Pressures youth face today 1. Rapid technological advancement 2. Academic expectations 3. Peer pressure 4. Changing family structures 5. Unsupervised free time 6. Physically maturing earlier 7. Moral boundaries unclear Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 31
  32. 32. Cries of today’s youth (2008) 1. We’re changing, confused & vulnerable 2. You don’t understand us? We don’t understand ourselves 3. We’re hurting & hurting deeply 4. We need a place to belong 5. Will you be here for us? 6. We want to be trusted 7. Please don’t NAG! Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 32
  33. 33. The world of today’s youth is filled with… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 33
  34. 34. 4 Developmental Arenas in Youth Moral
  35. 35. Youth Developmental Changes Physical Changes (Puberty, self consciousness, sexual awareness etc) Cognitive Changes (Intellectual capacity, mental processing etc) Social Changes (Friends, environment, life transitions etc) Emotional Changes (Mood swings, easily affected by events, remarks etc) Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 35
  36. 36. While 21st century education provides for physical and cognitive development, most youth demonstrate a lack in Socio-Emotional skills
  37. 37. The world of today’s youth is filled with… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 37
  38. 38. Social-Emotional Competencies Self Awareness Self Responsible Management Decision SEC Matrix Making Social Relationship Awareness Management 38
  39. 39. Foundational Development Fruits Desired OutcomesBranchesCore Learning Attributes Trunk Socio-Emotional Learning Roots Core Values Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2012 39
  40. 40. 2 Key Challenges in 21 C st 1. Move from Industrial economy to a Knowledge economy 2. Digital generation raised on the Internet Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 40
  41. 41. 21 C Competencies st1. Critical thinking and problem-solving2. Collaboration across networks3. Agility and adaptability4. Initiative and entrepreneurialism5. Communication (effective oral & written)6. Accessing and analyzing information7. Curiosity and imagination Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 41
  42. 42. 21 C Competencies st1. Critical thinking (problem-solving)2. Creative thinking (innovative, inventive)3. Collaborative working (across networks)4. Communication (effective oral & written) Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 42
  43. 43. Critical Thinking Skills (ASLO Comm, 2007)1. Analyzing arguments a) Recognising fallacies b) Identifying credible evidence c) Recognising assumptions2. Inductive reasoning3. Deductive reasoning4. Problem-solving5. Making interpretations Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 43
  44. 44. Process of Critical Thinking “CHECKLIST” 1. Clarity 2. Accuracy 3. Precision 4. Relevance 5. Depth 6. Breadth 7. Logic Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 44
  45. 45. What do we anchor on?
  46. 46. 5’R’ Values Syllabus il it y s ib on sp Re hips Rela tions Respect R e so urcef Re ulnes si l s i en ce
  47. 47. Education Minister Heng Swee Keat wants values andcharacter development to be a priority for schools… "Developing the whole child must first begin with instilling the right character and values…We must adopt a student- centric, values-driven approach” Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2012 47
  48. 48. Psychosocial Development the way they relate to their ‘world’Age Group Description Psychosocial Task 6 – 12 yrs Childhood Industry13 – 19 yrs Adolescence Identity / Individualism20 – 25 yrs Young Adulthood Intimacy25 – 55 yrs Middle Adulthood Investment55 – 75 yrs Late Adulthood Integrity Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 48
  49. 49. 6– 12 years“Wet Cement” era “Imprinting” of values and life principles by parents take place in a child’s world Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 49
  50. 50. 13 – 19 years “Setting-In” phase“Shaping/Molding” is still possible to correct wrong values in the adolescent stage Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 50
  51. 51. 20 years onwards“Concrete” stage To correct maladaptive behaviours at this stage requires an intensive “Breaking-In” of the hardened concrete, and major reconstruction. Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 51
  52. 52. Youth’s Developmental Tasks (13 – 19yrs old) • Coping & accepting bodily changes • Developing personal identity, self-image, value system & worldview • Redefining relationships with family • Establishing meaningful peer relationships Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 52
  53. 53. Psycho-Social Development Framework Early Adolescent Middle Adolescent Late Adolescent (8 – 12yrs) (12 – 16yrs) (16 – 20yrs) Concrete thinking Abstract thinking Critical thinkingCognitive The ‘Event’ Lens The ‘Relational’ Lens The ‘Logic’ LensSocial Classification Egocentrism Interpretation (based on Appearance and (Self-consciousness; Discover (Analyze & judge actions based Actions) self through relationships) on personal value system)Emotional Based on ‘Actions’ and Self-Critical appraisal Strive to find coherency & ‘Reactions’ of others based on Identity meaning between objective / subjectiveMoral Good Behaviour Good Motives Good Ideas (Idealistic)One-WordSummary WHAT? WHO? WHY? 53
  54. 54. Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 54
  55. 55. Sowing into the process…What you sow today determines thekind of product you get tomorrow… Glenn Lim Consultancy Pte Ltd © 2010 55
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