Assignment 14 part 1


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Assignment 14 part 1

  1. 1. Assignment 14 Photography Research and PracticeKaya RahelGledis Joanne
  2. 2. Who is doing each part of the Presentation…
  3. 3. Photography Basics – Lighting: Over Exposure
  4. 4. Photography Basics – Lighting: Under Exposure
  5. 5. Photography Basics – Lighting: Good Exposure
  6. 6. Photography Basics – Lighting: Diffusing/DiffusersExamples of different diffusers/ ways of diffusingHolding a white paper over Putting bottle bottom the flash over flash This is my diffuser – used to take pictures of small objects, rather than outside or Holding a white screen people as its an enclose cube- Using white reflective where the flash is like shape umbrellas flashing
  7. 7. Photography Basics – Lighting: Diffusing/Diffusers DIFFUSED BEFORE DIFFUSED BEFORE
  8. 8. Photography Basics – Deep Focus Poor focus of Everything in everything in shot is focused shot
  9. 9. Photography Basics – Leading Lines Photo with Normal shot of leading lines road
  10. 10. Lighting – High Key What is high key lighting?• reduces the lighting ratio present in the scene• High key photos are very bright• Doesn’t have very strong contrasts
  11. 11. Lighting – High KeyExamples
  12. 12. Lighting – Low Key What is low key lighting?• Creates dark looking photographs• Low-key lighting often uses only one key light, optionally controlled with a fill light or a simple reflector• Creates strong contrast• Low key lighting describes any scene with a high lighting ratio,
  13. 13. Lighting – Low KeyExamples
  14. 14. Shutter speed – what is it?• It’s the exposure time - the length of time a cameras shutter is open•• It is how quickly a shutter opens
  15. 15. Shallow focus What is shallow focus?• When the main object or person is in focus and the background is blurry• Incorporates a small depth of field
  16. 16. Shallow focusExamples
  17. 17. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpoints Rule of thirds• It is the theory that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines•• Also the idea that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections•• Purpose is to make photographs look more pleasant to view•
  18. 18. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpoints Powerpoints• Similar to rule of thirds• its the 4 axis points where the horizontal and vertical lines join.• The theory is that objects positioned in the powerpoints create the finest composition•
  19. 19. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpointsExamples
  20. 20. Lighting - Fill Fill lighting is used fill in any shady or dark areas by placingUsed to give a more clearer roundedphotograph
  21. 21. Lighting – Fill (Found Images) Without Fill Lighting With Fill Lighting•Only one direct light on the persons •Fill lighting used to highlight andface show all features and details in the•Making the rest of the image dark image giving even and enough lightand features cannot be seen for all to be seen
  22. 22. Lighting – Fill (Found Images) Without Fill Lighting With Fill Lighting•Without the whole face is not •With fill lighting features arevisible visible and clear to see
  23. 23. Shutter Speed – Fast & Slow Shutter speed determines the clarity and effect of an image taken...Slow Shutter speed Mid-Shutter Speed Fast Shutter Speed•The longer the shutter is •The shutter is open for a •The shutter is open foropen the more it will take shorter period of time less an a split secondin •Being able to capture •Capturing a clear image•Producing a blurry image movement a bit more of an moving object orand an object or thing is in clearer thingmotion
  24. 24. Shutter Speed – Fast & Slow (Found Image)With fast shutter speed its more With slow shutter speed all youclear as the shutter has been open see is a blur as the shutter hasfor a very short period of time taking taken in so much informationless information
  25. 25. Transferring Photos To Computer Their are many ways to Transfer images to your computer, some of which are... iCloud SD Card Social Media If the image is taken from your phone there are different options to send to your computerUsing iCloud an online storage An SD card holding all yourservice you can send the image photos can be taken and electronically inserted into an SD slot on your computer/laptop
  26. 26. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective Changing angle is using different position and angles to give different views/perspective of an otherwise normal settingThis makes images more interesting andeye catching to the viewer
  27. 27. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective (Found Images)This angle give the image more life and This image taken from the ground up give the looks exciting and a rush building more height and more eye catching
  28. 28. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective (My Image) This image taken from above gives a more interesting view than what would have been if on the ground
  29. 29. What Does Reflecting light Mean?• Reflection is defined as the bouncing back of a ray of light into the same medium, when it strikes a surface.••••• It occurs on almost all surfaces - some reflect a major fraction of the incident light.•• Others reflect only a part of it, while absorb the rest.
  30. 30. a founD exaMple• There is a dark shadow on her • There is much more light on the neck neck caused by her chin. now because its being reflected. Without Reflector With Reflector
  31. 31. a founD exaMple• Dark shadow on her face and body caused by object • The colour of her top is much darker due to lack of light. from above blocking light. • With a reflector the top becomes lighter. • The light reflecting is filling the dark areas of the previous Without Reflector With Reflector photo.
  32. 32. My exaMple How I used a home-made light reflector:• I took a laminated piece of paper.•• I wrapped the paper in tinfoil.•• I then held the paper up next to the subject.•• The tinfoil reflected the light in the room onto the subject.