Affordable mobile learning: English language vocabulary through text messages Gisela Martiz Abad Utah State University ICEM Graduate Student Panel Presentation in Emerging Technologies AECT 2011 Conference, Jacksonville, Florida November 11, 2011 1
2Cell phone use in language learning Mobile devices are changing the way we learn with technology, providing potential advantages that can be applied to the English language teaching field (Kukulsma-Hulme & Shield, 2008) The most popular mobile devices, cell phones, have also been the most used in studies on mobile learning for English as a foreign or second language (Cui & Wang, 2008; Meurant, 2007; Cavus & Ibrahim, 2007)
3Studies using short message service (sms) forvocabulary learning Several studies have been conducted using short message service (sms) in English language vocabulary learning: Instructional material (Thornthon & Houser, 2005; Saran, Kursat & Seferoglu, 2008) Short quizzes for assessment (Cooney & Keogs, 2007) Vocabulary words (Lu, 2008; Cavus & Ibrahim, 2009)
4Some facts: Studies mainly conducted in East Asia, Europe, or Africa Activities require access to internet or the use of specific software, representing a disadvantage for people in some developing countries Mobile broadband subscriptions: 11% in Latin America and the Caribbean 89% in North America (ITU, 2009) 88% of cell phone owners have no internet data plan (NewLink Group Company, 2010) Costs of data plans are not affordable: 35% do not have internet in their cell phones due to the high costs
Free and inexpensive teacher 5resources: Group-messaging websites SMS Quiz Maker These can be found online, but functionality and availability varies depending on the country.
Inexpensive teacher resource: 6Voice group messaging service
7Burning questions…good for further research Has similar research been conducted with cell phones, where participants are not required to have internet access? Is the use of cell phones’ sms feature effective for English vocabulary learning? What are the advantages or disadvantages in using cell phones as teaching tools in public high school classrooms in a developing country like the DR? What are the attitudes of teachers and students in a low SES environment toward the use of cell phones as teaching tools for English language learning? What other factors should be considered for potential studies?
8Conclusion It is necessary to include English language learners in Latin American countries in future studies using cell phones, adapting their implementation to the resources available. Future research needs to take into account the affordability and efficiency of technological teaching resources and the possibilities teachers have to incorporate mobile learning activities into their lesson plans.
9ReferencesCavus, N., & Ibrahim, D. (2009). M-learning: An experiment in using sms to support learning new English language words. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(1), 78- 91. Cooney, G., & Keogh,K. (2007). Use of mobiles phones for language learning and assessment for learning, a pilot project. Department of Education and Science. Retrieved September 29, 2010 from: http://www.learnosity.com/files/learnosity-use-of-mobile-phones-for-language-learning-and-assessment-for-learning.pdf Cui, G. & Wang, S. (2008). Adopting cell phones in efl teaching and learning. Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 1(1), 69-80.International Telecommunication Union (2009). Information society statistical profiles 2009, Americas. Retrieved from: http://www.itu.int/dms_pub/itu-d/opb/ind/D-IND- RPM.AM-2009-E09-R1-PDF-E.pdfKukulska-Hulme, A., & Shield, L. (2008). An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction. ReCALL, 20(3), 271–289.Lu, M. (2008). Effectiveness of vocabulary learning via mobile phone. Journal of computer Assisted learning, 24, 515-525.Meurant, R.(2007). Using cell phones and sms in second language pedagogy. Journal of Convergence Information Technology, 2 (1), 98-106.Saran, M., Kursat C., & Seferoglu, G. Use of mobile phones in language learning : Developing effective instructional materials. Retrieved on September 25, 2010 from: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4489786