What is gum disease?


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What is gum disease?

  1. 1. What is Gum Disease? Yelena Paliyeva Ginny Loeb Sarah Boe
  2. 2. Two Types• Gingivitis – gums only• Periodontal disease – gums, teeth, and bone
  3. 3. Healthy GumsHealthy gums are pink – not red or swollen Do NOT bleed!
  4. 4. Question 1What is plaque?
  5. 5. Plaque• Pale yellow layer• Bacteria build up• Major cause of gum disease
  6. 6. Question 2 What do you think is the biggestreason people have gum disease?
  7. 7. Gingivitis• Swollen gums• Gums are often red• Can heal and become healthy again – Disease could go away• Can get worse if not addressed
  8. 8. Why Gingivitis?• If not removed plaque hardens into tartar (calculus)• Tartar under the gums can irritate the gums
  9. 9. Question 3Has anyone ever had bleedinggums when you brush or floss?
  10. 10. Question 4Do you think it is normal to have bleeding gums?
  11. 11. Bleeding gums are NOT normal• Gums are bleeding because of bacteria in plaque and tartar• Sign of disease• Bacteria can lead to a more severe disease that causes permanent damage to tissues around teeth – Leads to periodontal disease
  12. 12. Periodontal disease• Disease of gums, teeth, and bone• Bone can not heal• Permanent damage – Gums lower, teeth look longer – Bone loss – Teeth lose connection to bone – Tooth loss
  13. 13. Periodontal diseaseGum loss, bad breath, bleeding gums, loose teeth, new gaps between teeth
  14. 14. Progression of Disease
  15. 15. Healthy Bone
  16. 16. Bone Loss
  17. 17. Habits Heredity -General attitude -Immune deficiency toward health -Genetic syndromes -Smoking Diseases in the -Alcohol Negative Stress body -Diet -Diabetes -Medications Psychological Factors Viruses -bad effect on immune systemBacteriaCan be changed Social Factorsby: Periodontal -Family -Up-bringing-keeping themouth clean disease -Job/Profession -Culture-Diet
  18. 18. Main Factors• Smoking• Oral care – at home and dental visits• Stress• Overall health• Heredity• Immune response
  19. 19. How much bacteria in a cubic mm of plaque???
  20. 20. 100,000,000 100 million bacteria in a cubic mm of plaque
  21. 21. Question 5What do you think could help you from getting diseases in your mouth?
  22. 22. Prevention• Good daily brushing and flossing – Brush at least 2 times a day • after breakfast & bedtime – Floss at least 1 time a day • bedtime• Regular dental visits – Important – Areas where only professionals can reach • Areas especially involved in periodontal disease • Toothbrush does not reach past 3mm from gumline
  23. 23. Remove Plaque
  24. 24. Periodontal treatment• Gingivitis: – Use mouth rinses and toothpastes that kill bacteria that cause gingivitis• Periodontal disease: – Deep cleaning of tooth root surfaces below gums – Prescription medication – Oral surgery • $$$ costs lots of money!
  25. 25. Overview• Gingivitis: – Inflammation of the gums, redness, bleeding & infection – Could progress to periodontal disease – Can go back to healthy state if treated• Periodontal disease: – Disease of tissue surrounding teeth – Can not go back to a healthy state – but could be made stable with treatment – Many risk factors – #1 = smoking – Number one cause of tooth loss!!!
  26. 26. Thank You for Listening! BTC Dental Hygiene Clinic 360-752-8349Call for a free screening if you think you have a lot of tarter build-up!