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What is gum disease?
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What is gum disease?


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  • 1. What is Gum Disease? Yelena Paliyeva Ginny Loeb Sarah Boe
  • 2. Two Types• Gingivitis – gums only• Periodontal disease – gums, teeth, and bone
  • 3. Healthy GumsHealthy gums are pink – not red or swollen Do NOT bleed!
  • 4. Question 1What is plaque?
  • 5. Plaque• Pale yellow layer• Bacteria build up• Major cause of gum disease
  • 6. Question 2 What do you think is the biggestreason people have gum disease?
  • 7. Gingivitis• Swollen gums• Gums are often red• Can heal and become healthy again – Disease could go away• Can get worse if not addressed
  • 8. Why Gingivitis?• If not removed plaque hardens into tartar (calculus)• Tartar under the gums can irritate the gums
  • 9. Question 3Has anyone ever had bleedinggums when you brush or floss?
  • 10. Question 4Do you think it is normal to have bleeding gums?
  • 11. Bleeding gums are NOT normal• Gums are bleeding because of bacteria in plaque and tartar• Sign of disease• Bacteria can lead to a more severe disease that causes permanent damage to tissues around teeth – Leads to periodontal disease
  • 12. Periodontal disease• Disease of gums, teeth, and bone• Bone can not heal• Permanent damage – Gums lower, teeth look longer – Bone loss – Teeth lose connection to bone – Tooth loss
  • 13. Periodontal diseaseGum loss, bad breath, bleeding gums, loose teeth, new gaps between teeth
  • 14. Progression of Disease
  • 15. Healthy Bone
  • 16. Bone Loss
  • 17. Habits Heredity -General attitude -Immune deficiency toward health -Genetic syndromes -Smoking Diseases in the -Alcohol Negative Stress body -Diet -Diabetes -Medications Psychological Factors Viruses -bad effect on immune systemBacteriaCan be changed Social Factorsby: Periodontal -Family -Up-bringing-keeping themouth clean disease -Job/Profession -Culture-Diet
  • 18. Main Factors• Smoking• Oral care – at home and dental visits• Stress• Overall health• Heredity• Immune response
  • 19. How much bacteria in a cubic mm of plaque???
  • 20. 100,000,000 100 million bacteria in a cubic mm of plaque
  • 21. Question 5What do you think could help you from getting diseases in your mouth?
  • 22. Prevention• Good daily brushing and flossing – Brush at least 2 times a day • after breakfast & bedtime – Floss at least 1 time a day • bedtime• Regular dental visits – Important – Areas where only professionals can reach • Areas especially involved in periodontal disease • Toothbrush does not reach past 3mm from gumline
  • 23. Remove Plaque
  • 24. Periodontal treatment• Gingivitis: – Use mouth rinses and toothpastes that kill bacteria that cause gingivitis• Periodontal disease: – Deep cleaning of tooth root surfaces below gums – Prescription medication – Oral surgery • $$$ costs lots of money!
  • 25. Overview• Gingivitis: – Inflammation of the gums, redness, bleeding & infection – Could progress to periodontal disease – Can go back to healthy state if treated• Periodontal disease: – Disease of tissue surrounding teeth – Can not go back to a healthy state – but could be made stable with treatment – Many risk factors – #1 = smoking – Number one cause of tooth loss!!!
  • 26. Thank You for Listening! BTC Dental Hygiene Clinic 360-752-8349Call for a free screening if you think you have a lot of tarter build-up!