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  • 1. Empires of the SeabyRoger Crowley
    Evan Gravlin
    History 150
    10/31/10
  • 2. The Western Leaders
    Spain:
    King Charles V
     Feb. 24, 1500 – Sept. 21, 1558
     Reign: 1516 – 1556 (abdicated)
    Titles: King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy, etc.
    King Philip II
     May 21, 1527 – Sept. 13, 1598
     Reign: 1556 – 1558 (death)
    Titles: King of Spain, King of Naples, King of England and Ireland, etc.
    The Knights of St. John:
    Grand Master Philippe Villiers de L’Isle-Adam
     1464 – 1534
     Reign: 1521 – 1534 (death)
    Led the defense of Rhodes against the Ottomans
    Grand Master Jean de la Valette
     1494 – 1568
    Reign: 1557 – 1568
     Led the defense of Malta against the Ottomans
  • 3. The Eastern Leaders
    The Ottomans:
    Suleiman I
     Nov. 6, 1494 – Sept. 1556
    Reign: 1520 – 1566 (death)
     Titles: The Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, Lord of Europe, etc.
    Conqueror of: Transylvania, Hungary, Rhodes, Baghdad, etc.
    Selim II
     May 15, 1524 – Dec. 1574
    Reign: 1566 – 1574 (death)
    Titles: The Drunkard, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, etc.
    The Corsairs:
    Oruch Reis
     1474 – 1518
     Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral
     Titles: Barbarossa (Redbeard), Governor of Algiers and the West Mediterranean
    Hizir Reis
     1478 – 1546
    Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral
     Titles: Barbarossa (after his brother Oruch’s death), Pasha of Algiers, Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Navy
  • 4. The Siege of Rhodes
    June 26, 1522 – January 1, 1523
    Aggressors: Ottomans with 100,000 troops
    Commanded by: Sultan Suleiman I and Mustapha Pasha
    Defenders: Knights of St. John with 7,500 troops
    Commanded by: Grand Master Philip de L’ Isle-Adam
    Major area of battle: Rhodes
    Result: Ottoman victory
    Losses: Ottomans - 20,000 men
    Knights of St. John – 2,000 men
  • 5. The Siege of Malta
    May 18, 1565 – September 11, 1565
    Aggressors: Ottomans with 48,000 troops
    Commanded by: Lala Kara Mustapha Pasha, Piyale Pasha, Turgut Reis, Salih Reis, Uluc Ali Reis
    Defenders: Knights of St. John, Spain, Maltese
    Commanded by: Grand Master Jean de Valette, Melchior de Monserrat, various Knights
    Major areas of battle: Saint elmo’s fort and Birgu
    Results: Knights of St. John victory
    Losses: Ottomans - 10-250,000 men, including Turgut Reis
    Knights of St. John – 250 knights, about 7,000 Milanese, etc.
  • 6. The Battle of Lepanto
    October 7, 1571
    Ottoman and Corsair fleet: 250 ships with 31,000 men
    - Commanded by: Ali Pasha, Barbarossa, Uluc Ali Reis, and various Corsairs
    Holy League Fleet (Venice, Spain, the Papal States, Genoa, Malta, Savoy, and various adventurers): 210 ships with 23,000 men
    -Commanded by: Don Juan, John of Austria, Marc’ Antonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier, etc.
    Results: Holy League victory
    Losses: Ottoman – 137 ships, 25,000 men
    Holy League – 17 ships, 7,500 men