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Empires of the Sea
by
Roger Crowley
Evan Gravlin
History 150
10/31/10
The Western Leaders
Spain:
• King Charles V
 Feb. 24, 1500 – Sept. 21, 1558
 Reign: 1516 – 1556 (abdicated)
Titles: Kin...
The Eastern Leaders
The Ottomans:
• Suleiman I
 Nov. 6, 1494 – Sept. 1556
Reign: 1520 – 1566 (death)
 Titles: The Magni...
The Siege of Rhodes
• June 26, 1522 – January 1, 1523
• Aggressors: Ottomans with 100,000 troops
– Commanded by: Sultan Su...
The Siege of Malta
• May 18, 1565 – September 11, 1565
• Aggressors: Ottomans with 48,000 troops
– Commanded by: Lala Kara...
The Battle of Lepanto
• October 7, 1571
• Ottoman andCorsairfleet: 250 ships with31,000 men
- Commanded by: AliPasha, Barb...
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Empires of the sea

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Transcript of "Empires of the sea"

  1. 1. Empires of the Sea by Roger Crowley Evan Gravlin History 150 10/31/10
  2. 2. The Western Leaders Spain: • King Charles V  Feb. 24, 1500 – Sept. 21, 1558  Reign: 1516 – 1556 (abdicated) Titles: King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy, etc. • King Philip II  May 21, 1527 – Sept. 13, 1598  Reign: 1556 – 1558 (death) Titles: King of Spain, King of Naples, King of England and Ireland, etc. The Knights of St. John: • Grand Master Philippe Villiers de L’Isle-Adam  1464 – 1534  Reign: 1521 – 1534 (death) Led the defense of Rhodes against the Ottomans • Grand Master Jean de la Valette  1494 – 1568 Reign: 1557 – 1568  Led the defense of Malta against the Ottomans
  3. 3. The Eastern Leaders The Ottomans: • Suleiman I  Nov. 6, 1494 – Sept. 1556 Reign: 1520 – 1566 (death)  Titles: The Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, Lord of Europe, etc. Conqueror of: Transylvania, Hungary, Rhodes, Baghdad, etc. • Selim II  May 15, 1524 – Dec. 1574 Reign: 1566 – 1574 (death) Titles: The Drunkard, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, etc. The Corsairs: • Oruch Reis  1474 – 1518  Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral  Titles: Barbarossa (Redbeard), Governor of Algiers and the West Mediterranean • Hizir Reis  1478 – 1546 Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral  Titles: Barbarossa (after his brother Oruch’s death), Pasha of Algiers, Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Navy
  4. 4. The Siege of Rhodes • June 26, 1522 – January 1, 1523 • Aggressors: Ottomans with 100,000 troops – Commanded by: Sultan Suleiman I and Mustapha Pasha • Defenders: Knights of St. John with 7,500 troops – Commanded by: Grand Master Philip deL’ Isle-Adam • Major area of battle: Rhodes • Result: Ottoman victory • Losses: Ottomans - 20,000 men Knights of St. John – 2,000 men
  5. 5. The Siege of Malta • May 18, 1565 – September 11, 1565 • Aggressors: Ottomans with 48,000 troops – Commanded by: Lala Kara Mustapha Pasha, Piyale Pasha, Turgut Reis, Salih Reis, Uluc Ali Reis • Defenders: Knights of St. John, Spain, Maltese – Commanded by: GrandMaster Jean de Valette, Melchior deMonserrat, various Knights • Major areas of battle: Saint elmo’s fort and Birgu • Results: Knights of St. John victory • Losses: Ottomans - 10-250,000 men, including Turgut Reis Knights of St. John –250 knights, about 7,000 Milanese, etc.
  6. 6. The Battle of Lepanto • October 7, 1571 • Ottoman andCorsairfleet: 250 ships with31,000 men - Commanded by: AliPasha, Barbarossa,Uluc AliReis,and various Corsairs • Holy League Fleet (Venice, Spain,the Papal States, Genoa, Malta, Savoy, and variousadventurers):210 ships with23,000 men -Commanded by:Don Juan, Johnof Austria,Marc’ AntonioColonna, Sebastiano Venier,etc. • Results: Holy Leaguevictory • Losses: Ottoman –137 ships,25,000 men Holy League – 17 ships, 7,500 men
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