Empires of the SeabyRoger Crowley Evan Gravlin History 150 10/31/10
The Western Leaders Spain: King Charles V Feb. 24, 1500 – Sept. 21, 1558 Reign: 1516 – 1556 (abdicated) Titles: King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy, etc. King Philip II May 21, 1527 – Sept. 13, 1598 Reign: 1556 – 1558 (death) Titles: King of Spain, King of Naples, King of England and Ireland, etc. The Knights of St. John: Grand Master Philippe Villiers de L’Isle-Adam 1464 – 1534 Reign: 1521 – 1534 (death) Led the defense of Rhodes against the Ottomans Grand Master Jean de la Valette 1494 – 1568 Reign: 1557 – 1568 Led the defense of Malta against the Ottomans
The Eastern Leaders The Ottomans: Suleiman I Nov. 6, 1494 – Sept. 1556 Reign: 1520 – 1566 (death) Titles: The Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, Lord of Europe, etc. Conqueror of: Transylvania, Hungary, Rhodes, Baghdad, etc. Selim II May 15, 1524 – Dec. 1574 Reign: 1566 – 1574 (death) Titles: The Drunkard, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, etc. The Corsairs: Oruch Reis 1474 – 1518 Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral Titles: Barbarossa (Redbeard), Governor of Algiers and the West Mediterranean Hizir Reis 1478 – 1546 Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral Titles: Barbarossa (after his brother Oruch’s death), Pasha of Algiers, Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Navy
The Siege of Rhodes June 26, 1522 – January 1, 1523 Aggressors: Ottomans with 100,000 troops Commanded by: Sultan Suleiman I and Mustapha Pasha Defenders: Knights of St. John with 7,500 troops Commanded by: Grand Master Philip de L’ Isle-Adam Major area of battle: Rhodes Result: Ottoman victory Losses: Ottomans - 20,000 men Knights of St. John – 2,000 men
The Siege of Malta May 18, 1565 – September 11, 1565 Aggressors: Ottomans with 48,000 troops Commanded by: Lala Kara Mustapha Pasha, Piyale Pasha, Turgut Reis, Salih Reis, Uluc Ali Reis Defenders: Knights of St. John, Spain, Maltese Commanded by: Grand Master Jean de Valette, Melchior de Monserrat, various Knights Major areas of battle: Saint elmo’s fort and Birgu Results: Knights of St. John victory Losses: Ottomans - 10-250,000 men, including Turgut Reis Knights of St. John – 250 knights, about 7,000 Milanese, etc.
The Battle of Lepanto October 7, 1571 Ottoman and Corsair fleet: 250 ships with 31,000 men - Commanded by: Ali Pasha, Barbarossa, Uluc Ali Reis, and various Corsairs Holy League Fleet (Venice, Spain, the Papal States, Genoa, Malta, Savoy, and various adventurers): 210 ships with 23,000 men -Commanded by: Don Juan, John of Austria, Marc’ Antonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier, etc. Results: Holy League victory Losses: Ottoman – 137 ships, 25,000 men Holy League – 17 ships, 7,500 men