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Empires of the sea

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    Empires of the sea Empires of the sea Presentation Transcript

    • Empires of the SeabyRoger Crowley
      Evan Gravlin
      History 150
      10/31/10
    • The Western Leaders
      Spain:
      King Charles V
       Feb. 24, 1500 – Sept. 21, 1558
       Reign: 1516 – 1556 (abdicated)
      Titles: King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Italy, etc.
      King Philip II
       May 21, 1527 – Sept. 13, 1598
       Reign: 1556 – 1558 (death)
      Titles: King of Spain, King of Naples, King of England and Ireland, etc.
      The Knights of St. John:
      Grand Master Philippe Villiers de L’Isle-Adam
       1464 – 1534
       Reign: 1521 – 1534 (death)
      Led the defense of Rhodes against the Ottomans
      Grand Master Jean de la Valette
       1494 – 1568
      Reign: 1557 – 1568
       Led the defense of Malta against the Ottomans
    • The Eastern Leaders
      The Ottomans:
      Suleiman I
       Nov. 6, 1494 – Sept. 1556
      Reign: 1520 – 1566 (death)
       Titles: The Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, Lord of Europe, etc.
      Conqueror of: Transylvania, Hungary, Rhodes, Baghdad, etc.
      Selim II
       May 15, 1524 – Dec. 1574
      Reign: 1566 – 1574 (death)
      Titles: The Drunkard, Sultan of the Ottomans, Caliph of Islam, etc.
      The Corsairs:
      Oruch Reis
       1474 – 1518
       Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral
       Titles: Barbarossa (Redbeard), Governor of Algiers and the West Mediterranean
      Hizir Reis
       1478 – 1546
      Barbary Pirate, Corsair, Ottoman Admiral
       Titles: Barbarossa (after his brother Oruch’s death), Pasha of Algiers, Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Navy
    • The Siege of Rhodes
      June 26, 1522 – January 1, 1523
      Aggressors: Ottomans with 100,000 troops
      Commanded by: Sultan Suleiman I and Mustapha Pasha
      Defenders: Knights of St. John with 7,500 troops
      Commanded by: Grand Master Philip de L’ Isle-Adam
      Major area of battle: Rhodes
      Result: Ottoman victory
      Losses: Ottomans - 20,000 men
      Knights of St. John – 2,000 men
    • The Siege of Malta
      May 18, 1565 – September 11, 1565
      Aggressors: Ottomans with 48,000 troops
      Commanded by: Lala Kara Mustapha Pasha, Piyale Pasha, Turgut Reis, Salih Reis, Uluc Ali Reis
      Defenders: Knights of St. John, Spain, Maltese
      Commanded by: Grand Master Jean de Valette, Melchior de Monserrat, various Knights
      Major areas of battle: Saint elmo’s fort and Birgu
      Results: Knights of St. John victory
      Losses: Ottomans - 10-250,000 men, including Turgut Reis
      Knights of St. John – 250 knights, about 7,000 Milanese, etc.
    • The Battle of Lepanto
      October 7, 1571
      Ottoman and Corsair fleet: 250 ships with 31,000 men
      - Commanded by: Ali Pasha, Barbarossa, Uluc Ali Reis, and various Corsairs
      Holy League Fleet (Venice, Spain, the Papal States, Genoa, Malta, Savoy, and various adventurers): 210 ships with 23,000 men
      -Commanded by: Don Juan, John of Austria, Marc’ Antonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier, etc.
      Results: Holy League victory
      Losses: Ottoman – 137 ships, 25,000 men
      Holy League – 17 ships, 7,500 men