POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
     IN INDONESIA

              Linkage Master Program
Double Degree FIA-Universitas Brawijaya and...
The Evolving Political System
System of               Unitarian/      Federal/        Unitarian/          Unitarian/      ...
Political Institutions: 1945 Constitution

                       People’s

              Consultative Assembly (
        ...
Political Institutions: 1959-1966
                         1959-


                     President




                    ...
al stitutio (1966-1999)
                                                                The People
                       ...
People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR)
                                                                  2 x DPR Members (92...
Political Institutions: 1999-2004
                         1999-

                     People’s

            Consultative ...
MPR
                                                                                    700
                            4)...
Political Institutions (2004-Now)
                       (2004-

                          P
                          Peo...
Political Institutions (2004-Now)
                                         (2004-

                                       ...
Local Government Political Institutions
                        Before 2004

                                         Pres...
Local Government Political Institutions
                             After 2004

                                         ...
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POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA

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Linkage Master Program Double Degree FIA-Universitas Brawijaya and Japanese Universities 2006

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POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA

  1. 1. POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA Linkage Master Program Double Degree FIA-Universitas Brawijaya and Japanese Universities Lecturer : Prof. Dr. Ir. Ginandjar Kartasasmita jgkar@cbn.net.id www.ginandjar.com Assistant Professor : Dr.Ir. Deddy S. Bratakusumah, BE, MURP, M.Sc. deddys@bappenas.go.id www.ginandjar.com
  2. 2. The Evolving Political System System of Unitarian/ Federal/ Unitarian/ Unitarian/ Unitarian/ Unitarian/ Unitarian/ Government Presidential Parliamentary Parliamentary Presidential Presidential Presidential Presidential Constitution 1945 Federal Provisional 1945 1945 1945 1945 (amended) Period P i d 1945-1949 1945 1949 1950 1950-1959 1959 1966 1959-1966 1966-1998 1998 2004 1998-2004 2004-Now 2004 N Political Situation • The system • Functioning • Guided • New Order Democratization of govern- parliamentary Democracy • Stability ment was democracy • Campaign to • Economic • Reforms parliamenta li t (1955 generall • Democra win back Irian progress movement ry election) tically Jaya • Restrained • Demo- elected • War for • Political • Confrontation democracy cratic govern- Indepen- Instability with Malaysia transition • Concentrati ment dence • Rebellion: and its allies on of power • Demo- • Rebellion: Regional Regional, • D t i Deteriora- • Dominant cratic Communist Islamic tering role of conso- (1948), Extremism economy military in lidation Islamic • Coup attempt Extremism politics and 1965 governance www.ginandjar.com 2
  3. 3. Political Institutions: 1945 Constitution People’s Consultative Assembly ( y (MPR) ) Supreme Supreme Court Advisory Board (MA) ( ) (DPA) President House of Supreme A di S Audit Representatives Board (BPK) (DPR) www.ginandjar.com 3
  4. 4. Political Institutions: 1959-1966 1959- President Supreme Supreme Court Advisory Board (MA) ( ) (DPA) MPR House of Supreme A di S Audit Representatives Board (BPK) (DPR) www.ginandjar.com 4
  5. 5. al stitutio (1966-1999) The People 6 People Consultative Assembly (MPR) P l C lt ti A bl President House of Representatives ons (DPR) Cabinet Provincial House of Politica Ins Governor Representatives (DPRD I) District House of District Chief (Bupati) Representatives (DPRD II) www.ginandjar.com 5
  6. 6. People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) 2 x DPR Members (920) 1/3 Appointed 9) ons 1966-1999 House of Representatives (DPR) Additional Members 360 Elective Members 100 Appointed 1966- Regional F i lG Functional Group d Non ABRI and N Political Golongan Representatives ABRI Parties Karya 4 - 7 x Provinces Representatives Governors included titutio (1 Non ABRI ABRI DPRD I DPRD II 40 s.d 75 d 20 s.d 40 20% Appointed 20% Appointed Golongan g Po al Inst Golongan Karya Politik Golongan Karya Golongan Politik ABRI Non ABRI olitica ABRI Non ABRI General Election www.ginandjar.com The People 6 Source: Law No. 19/1969
  7. 7. Political Institutions: 1999-2004 1999- People’s Consultative Assembly ( y (MPR) ) Supreme Supreme Court Advisory Board (MA) ( ) (DPA) President House of Supreme A di S Audit Representatives Board (BPK) (DPR) www.ginandjar.com 7
  8. 8. MPR 700 4) ons 1999-2004 Local Representatives Functional Group DPR 5 x 27 members 65 500 DPRD I Functional 45 s.d 100 Associations ABRI Parpol 38 462 olitica stitutio (1 ABRI Parpol 10% 90% DPRD II 20 s.d 45 Po al Ins ABRI Parpol 10% 90% General Election The People Th P l www.ginandjar.com 8 Source: Law No. 4/1999
  9. 9. Political Institutions (2004-Now) (2004- P People’s l ’ Consultative Assembly (MPR) House of Regional g Representatives Representatives (DPR) Council (DPD) The People General Election President www.ginandjar.com 9
  10. 10. Political Institutions (2004-Now) (2004- MPR SUPREME DPR DPD SUPREME CONSTI- AUDIT COURT TUTIONAL BOARD PRESIDENT 550 4 x Number of (MA) COURT (MK) (BPK) Provinces DPRD Province 35 s.d 100 DPRD Kab/Kota 20 s.d 45 Political Parties General Election The People www.ginandjar.com 10 Source: Law No. 22/2003
  11. 11. Local Government Political Institutions Before 2004 President DPRD I Governor 45 - 100 DPRD II Bupati/ ABRI Political Parties 20 - 45 Walikota 10% 90% Political Parties ABRI 90% 10% Village General Election The People Sources: Law No. 4/1999 on Arrangement and Position of MPR, DPR, and DPRD Law No. 22/1999 on Local Government 11
  12. 12. Local Government Political Institutions After 2004 President DPRD Province Governor 35 - 100 DPRD Bupati/ Kabupaten/Kota Walikota 20 - 45 Political Parties Political Parties Village General Election The People Sources: Law No. 22/2003 on Arrangement and Position of MPR, DPR, DPD and DPRD Law No. 32/2004 on Local Government No www.ginandjar.com 12
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