Discussion on the Final Papers
i th Fi l P
Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies
Waseda University, 17 February 2007
The bj ti
Th objectives of thi course was t di
f this to discuss i
order to enhance understanding of the political economy
of changes set upon by economic crisis.
g p y
We have discussed the causes and consequences, and
the national responses to the economic crisis.
We have analyzed the interaction between economic
crises and political reforms.
We have attempted to discover what lessons are to be
learned from the crisis, and what are the prospect and
challenges to the consolidation of democratic
governance and sustainable growth.
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The t h df
Th country has moved from a closed, traditional and
l d t diti l d
semi-authoritarian state, to an open and democratic one.
We have learned that the seed of political process of
change had already begun before the economic crisis hit.
The collapse of the economy had served as a catalyst to
p y y
accelerate the political transformation that was already
underway, even if it was moving slowly.
In our sessions the class has put an attempt to identify
the non-economic factors that were moving the nation to
a more open p
p political society before the events of mid-
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We have explored the subsequent interactions between
the economic crisis and the move towards political
We have also discussed the issues concerning
governance and administrative reform
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Economic Crisis and Political Change Dawn of a New Era
• E i Ci i dD ti
Economic Crisis and Democratic • O the Road to Democracy
On th R d t D
Transition in Indonesia • Democratic Reversal
• Indonesia Under the New Order • Constitutional reform
• The Crisis • Practicing Democracy
• E l i i the Demise
Explaining th D i
The Challenges Ahead Indonesia Rebounds
• Improving economic performance Macroeconomic Development
• Strengthening the political Outlook 2007
institutions Policy Reform Initiatives
• Keeping the country together
• Good Governance
• Administrative Reform
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Regime Change in Indonesia
• August 1945 - March • March 1968 - May 1998
1968 • Elected by MPRS
• Elected by the PPKI • Resigned under
• Impeached by MPRS pressure
Abdurrahman Wahid B.J. Habibie
October 1999 – July • May 1998-October 1999
2001 • Accountability Speech
Elected by MPR Rejected
Impeached by MPR • Declined to run for
Megawati Susilo Bambang
• July 2001 – October
2004 • October 2004 – 2009
• Elected by MPR • Directly elected
• Lost election to SBY
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You have discussed in the class and among yourselves
several policy issues confronted by a country that has
just reinvented itself, paving the way towards a better
future, with a, hopefully, better system of governance.
You have discussed hat
Yo ha e disc ssed what are needed for the ne new
democracy to be consolidated. This class has discussed
the relevant issues surrounding the tasks of democratic
deepening and political i tit ti
d i d liti l institution. I our group
discussion, you have discussed the relevance of culture,
the importance of leadership, and role of civil society in
As many believed that democracy is only a way to
achieve a higher objective of the state, i.e. the right of
the people to have a better life, we also have discussed
the desired performance of democracy to pursue
economic stability, growth, and equity.
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With to-day`s discussions the class has came to its final
Th guidance given i th l t
i in the lectures, th lit t
the literatures made
available to students as well suggested other reading
materials the students individual view and analyses as
well the dynamics of class discussion will hopefully open
up a new horizon to the students in their pursuit of
knowledge in this graduate courses.
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I hope th t students will fi d th course t b useful i
h that t d t ill find the to be f l in
their studies, as well for their future carrier.
The study on the case of Indonesia is just a way to open
up understanding about economic and political event that
have triggered a process of change which was
fundamental i nature and f reaching i consequences.
f d t l in t d far hi in
The knowledge hopefully could enhance in understanding
of similar phenomena that may occur in other country or
region and in other time.
Thank you, g
y good luck in your study and wish y a
y y you
bright and happy future.
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