Research Sources & Techniques

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Research Sources & Techniques

  1. 1. Research Sources & Techniques<br />By Gina Singh <br />
  2. 2. Research Sources<br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />LIBRARY CATALOG<br />ENCYCLOPEDIAS<br />Provide short entries/articles for an overview of the topic and its main <br />ideas .<br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />PERIODICAL DATABASE<br />BOOKS<br />Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic.<br />(Example: Case study books, textbooks)<br />JOURNAL ARTICLES<br />Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.<br />
  3. 3. Research Sources<br />NEWSPAPER ARTICLES<br />Very brief news reports that focus on current events or topics currently in the news. <br />SEARCH TOOL:<br />PERIODICAL DATABASE<br />MAGAZINE ARTICLES<br />As short as encyclopedia articles, but instead of an overview, magazines narrow the focus to one or two specific aspects of a topic. <br />
  4. 4. Types of Resources<br />Scholarly Sources<br />It has abstract in the beginning<br />It may have a list of keyword<br />Article has a research problem<br />Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past<br />Has a purpose statement<br />Has research question and hypothesis<br />Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research<br />Has a conclusion at the end<br />Has a bibliography or reference list at the end<br />Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.<br />Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.<br />Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred. <br />Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred. <br />Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm<br />
  5. 5. Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals<br />Scholarly Journals<br />Audience: Experts in the field, students<br />Lengthy, technical language<br />Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed<br />Peer-reviewed<br />Look: Graphs, charts, statistical data, plain cover<br />References at the end<br />Examples: Child Development, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc. <br />Magazines<br />Audience: Large group of people<br />Brief, non-technical language<br />Author is journalist or freelance writer<br />Look: Graphics, images, advertising<br />No references<br />Examples: Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated etc. <br />
  6. 6. Background Research<br />Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down. <br />Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannicaand Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online. <br />Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection<br />Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help.<br />Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.<br />Is the information relevant?<br />Identify search terms<br />Is the information from a legitimate source?<br />
  7. 7. Additional Help<br />For more on primary & secondary sources:<br />http://lib1.bmcc.cuny.edu/help/sources.html<br />Spotting Bias in news: http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/handouts/broadcast_news/bw_bias_in_the_news.cfm<br />Tania Shabelnik Libguide: http://libguides.riohondo.edu/evaluatingwebsites<br />
  8. 8. Narrow Your Topic<br />Who?<br />What?<br />Which?<br />When?<br />Where?<br />Why? <br />Source: OSU Tutorial from liblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt<br />
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  12. 12. Start Research from the library homepage<br />FIND BOOKS<br />FIND JOURNAL, MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES<br />
  13. 13. Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources<br />PROQUEST <br />RESEARCH LIBRARY<br />(Journal Articles)<br />LIBRARY CATALOG<br />(Books)<br />
  14. 14. Databases by Subjecthttp://library.riohondo.edu/online_databases/databasesA_Z.htm<br />
  15. 15. Gale Virtual Reference Library Database for Background Info, Religion, Biography, History & Multicultural Studies <br />
  16. 16. Art Stor: Database for Sculpture, Architecture, Art and Humanities<br />
  17. 17. For & Against Viewpoints<br />Issues & Controversies Database<br />Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context<br />
  18. 18. Access Rio for Off Campus Use<br />
  19. 19. Where to Search<br />For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/<br />For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, Gale Reference Library.<br /> Off Campus Users: Access Rio<br />For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies<br />Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/<br />For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies<br />For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context<br />For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/<br />For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearch<br />For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database<br />For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database<br />Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar<br />For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end). <br />
  20. 20. Citation Help<br />In the Library: <br /><ul><li>Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
  21. 21. Handouts: Available at the reference desk & given during orientation</li></ul>Online: <br /><ul><li>Son of Citation Machine</li></ul> http://citationmachine.net/<br /><ul><li>Easy Bib</li></ul> http://www.easybib.com/<br />IMP: Always double check your citations with the handbook or the handouts given to you in the library. DONOT rely on online citation generators for correct and accurate citations.<br />

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