Research Sources & TechniquesPresentation Transcript
Research Sources &TechniquesBy Gina Singh
Research SourcesENCYCLOPEDIAS SEARCH TOOL:Provide short entries/articles for an LIBRARY CATALOGoverview of the topic and its mainideas . SEARCH TOOL: PERIODICAL BOOKS DATABASE Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic. (Example: Case study books, textbooks) JOURNAL ARTICLES Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
Research SourcesNEWSPAPER ARTICLESVery brief news reports that focus on SEARCH TOOL:current events or topics currently in the PERIODICALnews. DATABASEMAGAZINE ARTICLESAs short as encyclopedia articles, butinstead of an overview, magazines narrowthe focus to one or two specific aspects ofa topic.
Types of Resources Scholarly Sources It has abstract in the beginning It may have a list of keyword Article has a research problem Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past Has a purpose statement Has research question and hypothesis Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research Has a conclusion at the end Has a bibliography or reference list at the end Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc. Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc. Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred. Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usin gprimarysources/index.cfm
Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals Magazines Scholarly Journals Audience: Experts in the field, students Audience: Large group of people Lengthy, technical language Brief, non-technical language Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed Author is journalist or freelance writer Peer-reviewed Look: Look: Graphs, charts, statistical Graphics, images, advertising data, plain cover No references References at the end Examples: Examples: Child Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sp Development, Social Science orts Illustrated etc. Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
Background Research Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down. Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online. Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers. Is the information relevant? Identify search terms Is the information from a legitimate source?
Narrow Your Topic Questions To Ask Yourself Who? What? Background Research Which? When? Where? Why?Source: OSU Tutorial fromliblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt
Example Topic : Mexican RevolutionWhy? : Evaluate: Causes & Who? : Age; Reasons and Race; Gender: Results & Outcomes. Madero’s Presidency, Ade Where? : latas Place:USA, California Mexico What? : Types: Youth When? : Time Movement, Catholic period: Church? Current, historic al or period of life?
Research QuestionMix and Match two elements together and form a researchquestion and form a topic of your choice.New Topic: Adelitas Contribution to Mexican Revolution.Read the requirements of the assignment: How manypages? How many sources are required? What kind of sourcesare required?What are the search terms and related terms that youwould use? For example: Adelatis, Mexico, Revolution etc.
Checklist for Evaluating WebsitesAuthor: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about linkCheck the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type oforganization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.Reason for webpage: Its purposeDetermine the origin of the documentTimeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?Objectivity : Point of View or BiasBibliography: Citations and references to other sourcesCoverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?Source: http://libguides.uwb.edu/content.php?pid=103537&sid=778496Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm#evaluating
Start Research from the library homepageFIND BOOKSFIND JOURNAL,MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
Databases To Explore• Gale Virtual Reference Library• Proquest• EBSCO• Professional Development Collection• Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences (Sage Publications)
Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources PROQUEST RESEARCH LIBRARY (Journal Articles)LIBRARY CATALOG (Books)
EBSCO: For ArticlesThrough Online Databases link on http://library.riohondo.edu/For Home Access: Login Access Rio, click on library tab and clickon EBSCO in the middle column.
Gale Virtual Reference Library Database for Background Info, Religion, Biography, History & Multicultural Studies
For & Against ViewpointsIssues & ControversiesDatabase Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context
Access Rio for Off Campus Database Use
Where to Search For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/ For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, EBSCO, Gale Reference Library. Off Campus Users: Access Rio For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies, SIRS Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/ For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, EBSCO, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/ For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearch For Statistics Data & Charts: Social Science Database For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
Citation HelpIn the Library:•Books: MLA Handbook for Writers of ResearchPapers•Handouts: Available at the reference desk &given during orientationOnline:•Son of Citation Machine http://citationmachine.net/•Easy Bib http://www.easybib.com/IMP: Always double check your citationswith the handbook or the handoutsgiven to you in the library. DONOT relyon online citation generators forcorrect and accurate citations.