How To Research
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How To Research How To Research Presentation Transcript

  • English 101 – Curington
    June 23, 2011
    How to ResearchBy Gina Singh
  • Research Sources
    SEARCH TOOL:
    LIBRARY CATALOG
    ENCYCLOPEDIAS
    Provide short entries/articles for an overview of the topic and its main
    ideas .
    SEARCH TOOL:
    PERIODICAL DATABASE
    BOOKS
    Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic.
    (Example: Case study books, textbooks)
    JOURNAL ARTICLES
    Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
  • Research Sources
    SEARCH TOOL:
    PERIODICAL DATABASE
    NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
    Very brief news reports that focus on current events or topics currently in the news.
    MAGAZINE ARTICLES
    As short as encyclopedia articles, but instead of an overview, magazines narrow the focus to one or two specific aspects of a topic.
  • Types of Resources
    Scholarly Sources
    It has abstract in the beginning
    It may have a list of keyword
    Article has a research problem
    Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past
    Has a purpose statement
    Has research question and hypothesis
    Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research
    Has a conclusion at the end
    Has a bibliography or reference list at the end
    Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.
    Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.
    Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred.
    Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.
    Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm
  • Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals
    Magazines
    Audience: Large group of people
    Brief, non-technical language
    Author is journalist or freelance writer
    Look: Graphics, images, advertising
    No references
    Examples: Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated etc.
    Scholarly Journals
    Audience: Experts in the field, students
    Lengthy, technical language
    Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed
    Peer-reviewed
    Look: Graphs, charts, statistical data, plain cover
    References at the end
    Examples: Child Development, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
  • Background Research
    Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down.
    Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online.
    Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection
    Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help.
    Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.
    Is the information relevant?
    Identify search terms
    Is the information from a legitimate source?
  • Additional Help
    For more on primary & secondary sources:
    http://lib1.bmcc.cuny.edu/help/sources.html
    Spotting Bias in news: http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/handouts/broadcast_news/bw_bias_in_the_news.cfm
    Tania Shabelnik Libguide: http://libguides.riohondo.edu/evaluatingwebsites
  • Narrow Your Topic
    Who?
    What?
    Which?
    When?
    Where?
    Why?
    Source: OSU Tutorial from liblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt
  • Example
    Topic : Cheating
    Who? : Age; Race; Gender
    What? : Types: Infidelity; students: Sports, plagiarism; government
    Which? : Is justified? Or worse? Or Traumatizing?
    When? : Time period: Current, historical or period of life?
    Where? : Place: College, school, home, work, in sports
    Why? : Evaluate: Causes & Reasons and Results & Outcomes.
  • Research Question
    Mix and Match two elements together and form a research question and form a topic of your choice.
    Read the requirements of the assignment: How many pages? How many sources are required? What kind of sources are required?
    What are the search terms and related terms that you would use? For example: Cheating: Dishonesty, fraud, deception, infidelity, lying, embezzle etc.
  • Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources
    PROQUEST
    RESEARCH LIBRARY
    (Journal Articles)
    LIBRARY CATALOG
    (Books)
  • Start Research from the library homepage
    FIND BOOKS
    FIND JOURNAL, MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
    FIND CONTROVERSIAL
    TOPICS
  • Library Catalog
  • Checklist for Evaluating Websites
    Author: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about link
    Check the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type of organization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.
    Reason for webpage: Its purpose
    Determine the origin of the document
    Timeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?
    Objectivity : Point of View or Bias
    Bibliography: Citations and references to other sources
    Coverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?
    Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?
    Source: http://libguides.uwb.edu/content.php?pid=103537&sid=778496
    Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm#evaluating
  • Where to Search?
    For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/
    For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, Gale Reference Library.
    Off Campus Users: Access Rio
    For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies
    Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/
    For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies
    For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context
    For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/
    For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearch
    For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database
    For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database
    Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar
    For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
  • Acknowledgements
    Thank you Stephanie Wells (Librarian) for sharing some of her slides.