How To Research
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    How To Research How To Research Presentation Transcript

    • English 101 – Curington
      June 23, 2011
      How to ResearchBy Gina Singh
    • Research Sources
      SEARCH TOOL:
      LIBRARY CATALOG
      ENCYCLOPEDIAS
      Provide short entries/articles for an overview of the topic and its main
      ideas .
      SEARCH TOOL:
      PERIODICAL DATABASE
      BOOKS
      Give more information for an in-depth exploration of one or more aspects of the topic.
      (Example: Case study books, textbooks)
      JOURNAL ARTICLES
      Lengthy scholarly research studies on an extremely focused aspect of a subject.
    • Research Sources
      SEARCH TOOL:
      PERIODICAL DATABASE
      NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
      Very brief news reports that focus on current events or topics currently in the news.
      MAGAZINE ARTICLES
      As short as encyclopedia articles, but instead of an overview, magazines narrow the focus to one or two specific aspects of a topic.
    • Types of Resources
      Scholarly Sources
      It has abstract in the beginning
      It may have a list of keyword
      Article has a research problem
      Mentions studies that have addressed the problem in the past
      Has a purpose statement
      Has research question and hypothesis
      Uses qualitative, quantitative or mixed method approach to conduct research
      Has a conclusion at the end
      Has a bibliography or reference list at the end
      Popular Sources: Magazine articles like Style, Newsweek, Time etc.
      Newspaper sources: LA Times, Whittier Daily News etc.
      Primary Sources: Original writings created at the time when the event occurred.
      Secondary Sources: Sources that evaluate, summarize, analyze written by experts from that field after the event has occurred.
      Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm
    • Magazines vs. Scholarly Journals
      Magazines
      Audience: Large group of people
      Brief, non-technical language
      Author is journalist or freelance writer
      Look: Graphics, images, advertising
      No references
      Examples: Cosmopolitan, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated etc.
      Scholarly Journals
      Audience: Experts in the field, students
      Lengthy, technical language
      Author are experts in the field & credentials are always listed
      Peer-reviewed
      Look: Graphs, charts, statistical data, plain cover
      References at the end
      Examples: Child Development, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology etc.
    • Background Research
      Background research is needed to understand your topic and narrow it down.
      Research Source: Encyclopedias like World Book Encyclopedia (in the library) and eBooks like Encyclopedia Britannica and Gale Virtual Reference Library for reference books online.
      Go to Research Paper Topics on library homepage for topic selection
      Go to The Research Paper: Ten Steps to Researching it Right for additional help.
      Check out Library Catalog for books on topics for research papers.
      Is the information relevant?
      Identify search terms
      Is the information from a legitimate source?
    • Additional Help
      For more on primary & secondary sources:
      http://lib1.bmcc.cuny.edu/help/sources.html
      Spotting Bias in news: http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/handouts/broadcast_news/bw_bias_in_the_news.cfm
      Tania Shabelnik Libguide: http://libguides.riohondo.edu/evaluatingwebsites
    • Narrow Your Topic
      Who?
      What?
      Which?
      When?
      Where?
      Why?
      Source: OSU Tutorial from liblearn.osu.edu/courses/english110/old%20stuff/narrow_topic.ppt
    • Example
      Topic : Cheating
      Who? : Age; Race; Gender
      What? : Types: Infidelity; students: Sports, plagiarism; government
      Which? : Is justified? Or worse? Or Traumatizing?
      When? : Time period: Current, historical or period of life?
      Where? : Place: College, school, home, work, in sports
      Why? : Evaluate: Causes & Reasons and Results & Outcomes.
    • Research Question
      Mix and Match two elements together and form a research question and form a topic of your choice.
      Read the requirements of the assignment: How many pages? How many sources are required? What kind of sources are required?
      What are the search terms and related terms that you would use? For example: Cheating: Dishonesty, fraud, deception, infidelity, lying, embezzle etc.
    • Two Search Tools to Find Good Sources
      PROQUEST
      RESEARCH LIBRARY
      (Journal Articles)
      LIBRARY CATALOG
      (Books)
    • Start Research from the library homepage
      FIND BOOKS
      FIND JOURNAL, MAGAZINE, AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
      FIND CONTROVERSIAL
      TOPICS
    • Library Catalog
    • Checklist for Evaluating Websites
      Author: Credentials & professional affiliations, contact address, about link
      Check the URL (Uniform Resource Locator or website address) because it may be the name & type of organization sponsoring the webpage. E.g. .edu, .com, .gov, .net etc.
      Reason for webpage: Its purpose
      Determine the origin of the document
      Timeframe: Current or past view. What time period does your topic require?
      Objectivity : Point of View or Bias
      Bibliography: Citations and references to other sources
      Coverage: Relevance to the assignment. Is the source too narrow? Too broad? Can you understand it?
      Format, Organization, Appearance: Is it Easy to read?
      Source: http://libguides.uwb.edu/content.php?pid=103537&sid=778496
      Source: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/usingprimarysources/index.cfm#evaluating
    • Where to Search?
      For Books: Library Catalog http://library.riohondo.edu/
      For Scholarly Articles: Databases: Proquest, Gale Reference Library.
      Off Campus Users: Access Rio
      For Controversial Topics: Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context, Issues and Controversies
      Check out Controversial Topics Books Link on the library homepage http://library.riohondo.edu/
      For Current Issues: CQ Researcher, Proquest, Gale Opposing Viewpoints, Issues and Controversies
      For Biographies: Gale Biography in Context
      For Historical Books : Google Books at http://books.google.com/
      For Historical Newspapers: Google News Archives Search at http://news.google.com/archivesearch
      For Statistics data & charts: Social Science Database
      For Population Stats: US Census Bureau database
      Legitimate sources: Google Books, Google Scholar
      For Periodical Holdings List: Access from our library homepage. Direct url at http://library.riohondo.edu/Research_Help/Periodical%20Holdings%20List%20-%202010-2011.pdf (Check out the listings by subject in the end).
    • Acknowledgements
      Thank you Stephanie Wells (Librarian) for sharing some of her slides.