France for Datacenters


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Deciding where to locate your future Datacenter is the first strategic decision for any company seeking to optimize the value of its investment and secure its asset on a long term basis.
This is a strategic equation that needs a careful due diligence process to assess critical factors. Among them are political stability, security, competitive and growing market, international laws and compliance, and many other key benefits such as cost, engineering capabilities, availability and quality of power, fibre connectivity, tax incentives...
FRANCE provides significant guarantees and advantages to ensure successful strategic investments.

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France for Datacenters

  1. 1. FRANCE FOR DATACENTERS France offers the best economic and environmental advantages to build and operate your Datacenter
  2. 2. CONTENTS Executive summary p. 3 1. 1.1 1.2 Energy : the best quality for the lowest price in Europe Electrical energy: the key issue for datacenters Power Quality: another French asset p. 7 p. 5 p. 5 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Telecom Network: high quality, ubiquitous high bandwidth telecoms and business opportunities General context What future developments can be expected? What is the relative importance of telecom in the development strategy of datacenters? France’s advantages in terms of telecommunication networks 3. 3.1 3.2 Worldwide leaders on building, engineering and financing The strengths of France in terms of construction State of the art - Dynamic and comprehensive p. 19 p. 19 p. 20 4. 4.1 4.2 Skills and best practices Design, project and management conception Operating capabilities, operation and maintenance p. 23 p. 23 p. 25 5. Risk assessment & Management p. 27 “France for Datacenters” Workshop contributors Paul-François CATTIER Murielle COMBES Jacques PERROCHAT Gérard du BESSET Sébastien ORIFICI Julien PALENGAT Ahcène LATRECHE Nicolas ZERBIB Roger DURAND Michel GROSBOST Luc PHILIPPE Alain LE CALVÉ André ROUYER Pierre BISCARAT Didier GALINDO Eric STERN Dominique ROCHE Xavier MANCEAU Serge SINAPI Serge BRION APC by Schneider Electric APC by Schneider Electric APC by Schneider Electric APL FRANCE AREVA T&D BREZILLON BULL CORNING COTEBA CRIP EDF GIMELEC GIMELEC INEO NEXANS ORANGE ORANGE SDMO STULZ VINCI ENERGIES p. 11 p. 11 p. 11 p. 11 p. 12
  3. 3. Deciding where to locate your future Datacenter is the first strategic decision for any company seeking to optimize the value of its investment and secure its asset on a long term basis. This is a strategic equation that needs a careful due diligence process to assess critical factors. Among them are political stability, security, competitive and growing market, international laws and compliance, and many other key benefits such as cost, engineering capabilities, availability and quality of power, fibre connectivity, tax incentives... FRANCE provides significant guarantees and advantages to ensure successful strategic investments. Five key competitive factors make France a strategic choice for Datacenter investors: 1/ Electricity prices are by far the lowest in Europe and are guaranteed on the long term thanks to France’s strategic energy policy. 100 France 100 124 Denmark 125 133 Portugal 135 United Kingdom 135 Sweden 135 167 389 200 Ita Po 542 229 Italy Sp 514 212 Ireland De 361 206 Germany Slo 347 Spain 150 Ire 306 165 100 Th 264 Slovenia 50 Ge 222 153 0 Un 167 141 Belgium Be 139 Rumania The Netherlands Ile 250 Sw 694 800 Ru 600 400 200 Example of electricity costs for datacenters: (paid by members of the CRIP*) … * CRIP: Club des Responsables d’Infrastructures et de Production (includes some thirty members, legal persons from the Datacenters world). 0
  4. 4. 2/ Ubiquitous high bandwidth telecom services offered at the most competitive price, both for local and long-distance services. 3/ France is the place where your carbon footprint will be the lowest in Europe. The Electricity Emission factor, as defined by the International Energy Agency Data Services, 2006, listed France with only 87g per kWh, compared to an average for Europe of 460g (TBC), or to Ireland with 573g/kWh or 467g/kWh for the UK. 4/ State-of-the art engineering skills guarantees high-level services during design, construction phase and for operating even the most complex datacenters. 5/ French regulations promotes a “Digital Economy Policy” and grant barrier-free entry and legal protections to investors. This document highlights the key arguments for locating a datacenter in France.
  5. 5. Skills best practices Ubiquitous high bandwidth Energy cost and reliability Low barrier regulation Worldwide leaders on Building, Engineering and Financing
  6. 6. The best quality for the lowest price in Europe 1.1 Electrical energy: the key issue for datacenters The 225 and 400kV electricity transport networks AVELGEM SELLINDGE ACHENE Whether managing, reconfiguring, operating, or implementing a new datacenter, energy is the key issue. UCHTELFANGEN EICHSTETTEN The increase in electrical power required to operate computer equipment (servers, blade servers, and mainframes), energy-efficient cooling, and associated equipment has weighed more heavily in the energy costs in recent years. Energy is becoming an “operational cost” in some cases even exceeding equipment depreciation costs. Competitive electricity prices… The organization of the electricity sector, the structure of generating facilities in France and the technologies used (nuclear power plants) offer competitive prices to its European customers, including industrial and service companies. The comparison drawn by the Energy Observatory in January 2007 illustrates these facts by comparing the electricity price for industrial use including transportation and distribution (excluding VAT and all taxes). Among the countries of the EU 15, France, and Finland, are the countries whose electricity is ROMANEL VERBOIS RONDISSONE VENAUS HERNANI 0 100 400 kV grid 225 kV grid UK-France interlinking (270 kV DC) 200 Km VICH Source: RTE Electricity price €/MWh (without taxes) 120 Average price for UE 15: 80,3 Average price for UE 27: 78,6 111.5 104.6 98.3 100 92.7 80 75.4 70.9 69.8 73.5 73.3 63.1 54.1 60 56.0 54.8 54.0 93.2 90.1 85.8 83.4 75.2 73.8 70.0 58.7 48.4 44.0 40 35.9 20 0 nd nd Au st Be ria lg iu Bu m lg ar ia Cz ec Cyp h Re rus pu bl De ic nm a Es rk to n Fi ia nl an Fr d an Ge ce rm an Gr y ee Hu ce ng ar Irl y ea nd It al y La Li tvia t Lu hua xe nia m bo ur g Ma lt Po a la nd Po rtu Ru gal m an Sl ia ov a Sl kia ov en ia Sp ai Th n e Sw Ne ed Un th en ite erla d n Ki ds ng do m For a foreign investor, the choice of location of a datacenter is strategic. France is highly competitive in terms of energy (see map). LAUFENBURG ASPHARD BASSECOURT Source: Eurostat
  7. 7. Evolution of power quality in Europe Unplanned interruption excluding exceptional events: minutes lost per year least expensive (54 €/MWh), well ahead of Germany (92.7 €/ MWh), Ireland, Italy and Belgium (83.4 €/ MWh). 500 …independent of the changes in the price of fossil resources and supplies… 400 The nature of electricity generation in France - 80% nuclear - makes electricity somewhat independent of price changes for fossil resources. This is a guarantee of price stability in France in an environment in which energy prices in Europe are very volatile and dependent on supply, safety and pressure from investors. 300 200 100 ... and electricity production emits less CO2 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Unplanned interruption excluding exceptional events: number of interruptions per year 6 5 95% of electricity from the French utility company EDF is free of CO2 emissions through nuclear power and hydropower. EDF emits an average of 8 times less CO2 than the European fleet: 42.5 CO2/KWh (IEA source). 1.2 Power Quality: another French asset 4 3 2 1 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Austria (HV, MV) Italy (HV, MV, LV) Denmark (HV, MV) Lithuania (HV, MV, LV) Estonia (HV, MV, LV) Portugal (HV, MV, LV) France (LV) Spain (HV, MV, LV) Iceland (HV, MV, LV) UK (HV, MV, LV) The voltage level (LV, MV, HV) is related to where the incidents occur. The French values in the figure are lower than the reality Datacenters are very sensitive to power quality and cannot operate with interruptions of current or voltage dips (short interruption, long outage, etc.), which explains why datacenters power supplies are redundant – i.e. doubled for safety – and facilities are secured by uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) against short interruptions (less than 3 minutes) and generators in case of long outages (over 3 minutes). The quality of electricity supply is judged by the continuity of supply (no short interruptions or long outages) and the characteristics of the supply voltage (voltage fluctuations such as voltage dips that can affect the proper operation of equipment).
  8. 8. This quality depends on: • the performance of public power distribution network, • how electricity is used by the client; some equipment may impair the quality of voltage, such as the start of large motors that can lead to voltage dips or the presence of electronic equipment which may impair the quality of the voltage waveform. Number of power interruptions (long cuts 3 minutes per low voltage customer and duration in minutes) in Europe and United States SAIFI SAIDI (number of interruptions) (minutes) Including Major Events Excluding Major Events Including Major Events Excluding Major Events Finland 4.1 2.3 183 109 France 1.2 1.2 53 45 UK 0.8 NA 70 NA Italy In average, the total interruption duration for a low voltage customer is one hour per year. This duration has decreased by a factor of 6 in 20 years. In this respect, France is in the forefront in Europe (see figures on p.8). For medium voltage customers in France (from 20,000 V), the total downtime is even less than this value. In the U.S., downtime is higher with a value close to two hours per year (see following table). Country 3.8 3.4 203 160 Ireland 1.3 NA 236 81 Netherlands 0.5 0.6 29 33 Norway 2.7 NA 218 NA Portugal 7.5 NA 531 413 Spain 3.3 2.9 179 139 United States 1.1 1.1 214 107 SAIFI: System Average Interruption Frequency Index SAIDI: System Average Interruption Duration Index Reference: EPRI Solutions (CIRED 2005 conference)
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  10. 10. High quality, ubiquitous high bandwidth telecoms and business opportunities 2.1 General context A major characteristic of datacenters is their need for communication, via networks, with other datacenters and with the “rest of the world”. Therefore, such facilities are dependent on highly efficient telecommunications infrastructures. Datacenters requires multiple access points and the existing networks must be able to provide high bandwidth and to guarantee the availability and quality of service. 2.2 What future developments can be expected? Several structural evolutions in the future will lead to increased geographical dispersion of the physical components of the telecom infrastructure. This is due to the: • growth and diversification of points of access to information, • arrival of more powerful, more flexible servers closer to the customers, • growth of services within the network (storage, virtualisation, calculation, etc.) Finally, the new services related to grid and cloud computing require strengthened security, increased interoperability, and physical locations as close as possible to the end users to guarantee the interactivity of these services. What is the impact of openness toward telecom infrastructure? Electronic exchanges with customers (B2C), suppliers and partners (B2B), and between machines (M2M) impose new demands in terms of connectivity, availability, security and absorption of random loads. The infrastructure must be flexible and adaptable enough to guarantee maximum quality of service at all times. This requires that datacenters be connected to a telecommunication infrastructure that can meet these constraints both in terms of quality and geographical coverage to ensure several pathways for routing data in case of access point failure or traffic overload. 2.3 What is the relative importance of telecom in the development strategy of datacenters? The following figures are taken from the CRIP White Paper on Datacenters (http:// With 25%, Telecom is a decisive factor in the choice of location of a Datacenter (see graph next page). 11
  11. 11. 2.4 France advantages in terms of telecommunication networks Concerns of Datacenter owners 3% 2.4.1 Coverage of networks France is a critical European hub for data communication infrastructure networks. The country is served by transatlantic long distance fibre connection links such as shown in the COGENT international infrastructure below (source COGENT), which, in this case, connects directly into the Paris area high bandwidth capabilities. 5% 25% 5% 10% 12% 25% 15% France has a telecommunications infrastructure that is particularly efficient and competitive. The coverage of the entire territory provides the possibility of having several data routing paths at most points in the network, reducing the impact of a local/regional network breakdown. Telecoms Energy Access to Vendors, Manufacturers, and Publishers Accessibility of site Environment Quality of life Access to personnel Absence of natural risks and loss events France’s incumbent long standing operator (France Telecom/Orange) stands out in Source CRIP White Paper – Datacenters – May 2009 Cogent Communication’s fibre network Seattle Stockholm Portland Toronto Milwaukee Chicago Cincinnati Kansas City Marina Del Ray Los Angeles Cleveland Pittsburgh Newark Copenhagen Stainford Garden City Pennsauken Wilmington Herndon Washington Dayton Denver New York Toledo Columbus Boston Albany White Plains Troy Detroit Schiller Park Sacramento San Francisco Santa Clara Buffalo Baltimore Lille San Diego Phoenix Atlanta Caen Rennes Rouen Paris Tours Dallas Nantes Austin Bordeaux Orlando Houston Vigo Miami North America IP Capacity: 80 Gbps Transatlantic IP Capacity: 4 x 10 Gbps Paths European IP Capacity: 40 Gbps 12 Essen Brussels Düsseldorf Frankfurt Reims Zürich Poitiers Lyon Lisbon Avila Madrid Gerona Barcelona Tarragona Castellón Valencia Geneva Albacete Alamansa Marseille Berlin Dresden Mannheim Strasbourg Dijon Bilbao SanSebastian Burgos Toulouse Montpellier Palencia Valladolid Porto Pamplona Tampa Source Cogent Hamburg Bremen Dortmund Amsterdam London St. Louis Grenoble Nice Sophia Stuttgart Nürnberg Munich Vienna
  12. 12. Europe for the quality of its network and its level of coverage. It provides network backbones as well as local access points and offers connection potential able to meet datacenters telecom requirements. Since 1996, alternative service providers have appeared. They also offer optical infrastructures covering the entire country. They have joined with major infrastructure networks (electrical, railway, waterway, motorway, etc.) to deploy more than 86,000 km of optical networks, thus providing competitive quality services in Paris and most large French cities. 2.4.3 Competition of networks in large cities The connection of a datacenter to several operators secures the availability of service in case one of the networks breaks down. The number of operators who have their own infrastructure in a given territory is therefore a major factor of competitiveness. In France, the incumbent operator is present in all urban areas, and several alternative operators are present in most big cities, as illustrated by the table below. 2.4.4 Competitive TELECOM rates Moreover, France has many public-initiative networks which have been deployed since 1999 throughout various regions of the country. These networks reinforce the competitive coverage in France, providing fibreoptic access to more than 2,600 business parks where datacenters can be installed. In addition to the technical aspects and the quality of the service provided, the cost aspect is a decisive for choosing a datacenter location. The cost/quality ratio makes France a world leader in particular due to a highly competitive local market. Coverage of incumbent operator’s fibre network Dunkerque Fibre-optic networks in France’s major urban areas City France Telecom Network Alternative networks Paris 1 13 Marseille 1 10 Lyon 1 8 Toulouse 1 10 Nice 1 9 Nantes 1 8 Strasbourg 1 9 Montpellier 1 7 Bordeaux 1 6 Lille 1 9 Rennes 1 8 Reims 1 6 Le Havre Seclin Boulogne 1 0 Saint-Etienne 1 3 Toulon 1 5 Lille Amiens Le Havre Rouen St-Lo Caen Brest St-Brieuc Lens Arras St-Quentin Beauvais Compiègne Evreux Rennes Auxerre Vannes Nantes Dijon Poitiers Nevers Chateauroux Montluçon La Roche s/Yon Niort Besançon Chalons s/Saône Bordeaux Annecy Lyon Limoges Angoulême Périgueux Lons le Saulnier Bourg en Bresse Mâcon La Rochelle Saintes Mulhouse Belfort Chaumont Bourges Angers St-Nazaire Epinal Orléans Blois Strasbourg Nancy Troyes Laval Lorient Metz Paris Alençon Chartres Le Mans Quimper Charleville Reims Chambéry Clermont-Ferrand St-Etienne Grenoble Le Puy Rodez Agen Biarritz Montauban Auch Albi Valence Avignon Montpellier Toulouse Digne Aix Nîmes Sophia Bastia Nice Cannes Pau Tarbes Foix Béziers Narbonne Perpignan Ajaccio Marseille P-Pass Gen PE 10 Gb/s link Source France Telecom 1 Gb/s WDM metro Source: TACTIS, www.Data 300 Mb/s GE/IP 13
  13. 13. The graph below is taken from an internal study made by a major corporation in France. It compares telecommunication costs in several European countries (with baseline 100 corresponding to the Paris region). According to this data, the relative share of telecoms in the total cost of a datacenter in France is only 28%, which is lower by comparison to all other countries (from 35 to 91%). The next graph, from the same source, shows telecoms costs compared to the annual cost of a datacenter (amortization operation). For telecoms, the base used is a 2 x 4 Gbps link between the Paris region and the country in question. Again we see clearly that France is highly competitive. 2.4.4 Opportunities related to the internal telecommunications market France’s high-performance telecommunications infrastructures create an opportunity for locating datacenters. The high rate of penetration of broadband in France (19 mil- Comparison of telecommunications costs in several European countries Ile-de-France 100 Belgium 125 United Kingdom 139 Germany 167 The Netherlands 222 Ireland 264 Slovenia 306 Denmark 347 Spain 361 Italy 389 Portugal 514 Sweden 542 Rumania 694 0 200 400 600 800 Telecoms costs compared to the annual cost of a datacenter (amortization operation) 2008 2015 Datacenter Telecoms Total Datacenter Telecoms Total USA 108 - - 129 - - Brazil 88 165 253 95 140 235 China 67 - - 83 - - India 76 487 563 95 414 509 Japan 130 162 292 157 162 319 France 100 39 139 106 39 145 Spain 111 59 170 126 59 185 Romania 77 113 190 102 96 198 Morocco 91 979 1070 95 - - Source: French company affiliated with CRIP 14
  14. 14. France Telecom coverage and Local loop unbundling (LLU) - October 2009 Coverage ratio Population Firms DSL 98,75% 98,94% LLU 70,34% 70,85% Source: Tactis 15
  15. 15. lion subscriptions, of which nine million are for unbundled ADSL access), and more generally triple-play offerings (85% of all lines are eligible for 3 Mbps), has created a dynamic internal market for suppliers of content. Today France is one of the major Video-OnDemand markets in the world (80 Million € in 2009), and this market will be worth 500 Million € per year in 2012. In Europe, this market currently amounts to 700 Million € and will be worth 2.4 Billion € in 2012. Consumption of streaming video is also more developed in France than in the United States, with 79% of French Internet users using it. The density of datacenter network throughout France makes it possible to offer a high quality of service to consumers, and in particular to those requiring low latency times and high data rates. Distribution of audiovisual content (Video-On-Demand, YouTube, etc.) and online applications (cloud computing), for example, would greatly benefit from the multiplication of datacenters. The internal market will also be boosted by the massive mid-term deployment of FTTH Overall availability of the incumbent operator’s network Unavailability (10-6) 8 ‘IP’ ENU service 8am - 7pm 7 IP ENU (NBH) 10-5: objective 6 IP ENU (NBH) 10-5: realized 5 IP ENU (NBH) 10-5: 6-months moving average 4 3 2 1 0 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 2007 Source: France Telecom 16 2008 2009
  16. 16. networks in France, in particular thanks to public-initiative projects like the one in the Paris area Hauts-de-Seine department (800,000 connections), which will be accelerated by the contribution of the French government investment plan (2 Billion € devoted to VHB infrastructures in addition to 2 Billion € dedicated to digital content). Locating a datacenter in France, with its strategic position in the heart of Europe and its telecom networks, will make it possible to reach a significant percentage of a highpotential market for network-hosted services and content. According to Cisco, each month 466 PB of data related to video streams pass through the networks. Increasing the number of datacenters would limit congestion in the network core and increase the quality of service to users. 2.4.5 Availability and quality of the network France is recognised as one of the countries where the quality and availability of the telecom network are among the best in the world. Furthermore, the diversity of the networks existing in France and their direct interconnection with the principal points of exchange of world traffic result in the availability of a large bandwidth capacity and short latency periods. 17
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  18. 18. Worldwide leaders on 3.1 The strengths of France in terms of construction 3.1.1 High education level in engineering and construction France is historically well-structured to provide the best capabilities related to engineering and construction. France provides a large number of highly specialized schools in civil and structural engineering, in electrical and mechanical engineering, as well as in construction management. The construction sector directly employs about 1,550,000 people and is a leading professional branch in France. It is noteworthy that the biggest construction companies worldwide are French and that France also has many world leaders (Source: Fortune Global 500) in the areas of construction materials: concrete, glass, electrical equipment, water treatment... Large construction companies in France guarantee investors high-quality construction and timely execution. 3.1.2 Construction standards and regulations The construction sector in France is one of the most regulated and standardized in the world. The French Construction Code provides a transparent framework for the construction sector. Technical standards and mandatory audits surveys by certified third-parties guarantees solidity and safety and a legally binding 10-years guarantee on all new constructions limits the risks for foreign investors. 19
  19. 19. 3.1.3 Construction methods for Datacenters France promotes durable construction methods, including concrete. This has several advantages: • Reinforced concrete is a material that has very good fire stability and natural protection capabilities. • Precast concrete shorten construction times. The combination of specific construction methods and skills, with high production capacities allows high-quality constructions to be completed in a short period of time (typically 10 months construction). 3.1.4 Construction costs for Datacenters in France Construction cost of datacenter depends on several factors: • Expected service level (Tiering grade by Uptime Institute) • Power ratio • Associated areas and technical premises (ie: offices, common services) Various studies show that construction costs in France are generally lower than in other EU countries hosting datacenters (United Kingdom, Netherlands ...) in terms of investment / development land / power / Tiering, with an approximate 15% benefit compared to UK and 10% benefit compared to the Netherlands. 3.2 State of the art Dynamic and comprehensive The French commercial real estate market is very well structured and legally secure for local and foreign investors: • Freehold property only, with involvement of Notaries in all transactions means transparency. • High protection of the landlord and his property means security of investment. • Secured cash flow through legalized lease contracts and clear responsibilities of the landlord and the tenant means security of return on investment. 20
  20. 20. Investment vehicles for a Datacenter in France: • Direct ownership (possibly through a Special Purpose Vehicle, a French Joint Stock Company such as “SA” or “SAS”) • Private real estate vehicles such as an OPCI (similar to US REITs) or a SCPI (investment company floated on a specific market) Financing options available on the French Market Depending on the requirements of the private investor, various types of investment vehicles are available with different characteristics regarding: The French banking system has a large appetite for real estate projects. Moreover, all international banks operate in France. • Liquidity of the asset In the special case of investment in a datacenter project, all classic financing options are available: • Number of partners • Corporate financing • Tax optimization • Project financing • Leasing • Mortgage 21
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  22. 22. 4.1 Design, project and management conception Specialized French designers and consultancy companies can help investors assess their Datacenter projects in a worldwide competitive market. French companies can collaborate in a multidisciplinary and multinational team to offer adequate services throughout the implementation of datacenter projects. French professionals apply best international practices for reliability and efficiency. French Consulting and Contractors Companies collaborate to design and build cuttingedge datacenters, satisfying investor’s major requirements: • High availability of physical infrastructure for critical IT operations • Zero operation downtime • High power efficiency by introducing energy optimization at the earliest phases of design and construction • Cost-effective investments through life-cycle-cost analysis • Thorough commissioning for quality assurance Consulting Services A Datacenter project starts with determining investors’ objectives and availability requirements. Qualified and experienced French companies offer a broad range of consulting services to carry out the pre-design, budget and general planning of datacenter projects: • Feasibility studies • Cost budgeting • Infrastructure availability • Technical systems analysis • Risk assessment • Continuity and recovery requirements • Site selection • Master plan • Project Planning 23
  23. 23. Design Engineering Services (For traditional ‘‘design – specify – bid – build’’ solution) • Security systems Specialized French companies are currently involved in the renovation and upgrading of existing datacenters as well as the design of new facilities. They offer comprehensive architectural and technical services to develop datacenter design in accordance with the needs and programs of the investors. • Etc. They manage datacenter projects during the design, engineering and execution phases: • Green datacenter • Survey of existing systems and facilities • Architectural design • Structural design • Electrical design • Mechanical design • Fire protection 24 • Cabling systems • IT systems Design and Engineering services can cover all aspects of design: • Comprehensive design services for upgrading and renovating existing facilities • Maximizing free cooling and facility efficiency with dynamic simulation • Improving datacenter power efficiency (PUE) • Schematic design • Design development • Equipment and facilities specifications • Procurement and bid evaluation
  24. 24. Project Management and Construction Management (PM/CM) French specialized consulting firms and contractors offer all capabilities and experience for Project Management (PM) and Construction Management (CM) in accordance with international standards. PM/CM services optimize the implementation of complex datacenter projects, reduce capital spending, delivering the project ontime and within the budget according to the investor’s scope: • Design management, involving multidisciplinary project team • Management and coordination of contractors • Coordination of equipment delivery • Equipment installation • Full scale testing and commissioning Construction No matter what solution investors choose for the construction of their datacenter - the traditional “design – specify – bid – build” solution or the “design and build” solution, various French contractors provide specialized expertise and experience with separate trades or packages or general contractor for complex datacenters : • Detail specification and shop drawings • Procurement • Equipment supply and rigging • Equipment installation • Datacenters commissioning 4.2 Operation and maintenance French companies offer monitoring and control for operation and maintenance services in order to ensure reliable operation of the critical systems installed: • Infrastructure Management Control • Performance Management • Site monitoring and control • Preventive maintenance services • 24/7 emergency services • Corrective maintenance services These companies provide management staff and field technicians for all types of equipment and trades. They offer a wide range of services including specific preventive, 24/7 emergency and corrective services for supply of critical equipment: • HVAC and mechanical • Fire protection • General contracting • Electrical equipment, UPS batteries, generators, ATS • Construction management • Communication and cabling • Turn key construction • IT equipment • Security and access control 25
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  26. 26. Risk assessment Management France is one of the EU leaders in data protection and fully complies with the most stringent Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) standards. Datacenters, part of the “New Economy”, protect and provide the technical elements necessary to deliver computing and telecom services and are critical assets for companies’ operations. Such facilities need to meet the highest standards. Therefore identifying and preventing risks are of prime importance; risks can be sorted and classified in 3 main categories: • Natural risks such as climate disorders (storms, droughts, blizzards, etc.), geological accidents (earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis...), or hydraulic (flooding, avalanches...) • Risks of human origin: sabotage, terrorism, mistake, poor understanding of operational instructions • Technical risks : related to any threat generated by equipment breakdown or failure, obsolete equipment, etc France has set up a specific organization and corresponding procedures and regulations to cope with such risks, in particular with regard to security and safety. The French Agency DRIRE (Direction Régionale de l’Industrie, de la Recherche et de l’Environnement) is a public organization delivering permit for safe operation of industrial premises. Datacenter installations and equipment have to comply with regulations related to stocking inflammable liquids, accumulator’s battery, cooling refrigerant, etc… through a “ICPE” permit file application (ICPE Installations Classées pour la Protection de l’Environnement). 27
  27. 27. As a result, France provides a set of regulations in compliance with European directives and best international standards. French manufacturers and contractors fully comply with such requirements (such as Product Environment Profiles (PEP), WEEE, and RoHS, calculation of Life Cycle Assessments-LCA). For Datacenters, the complete life cycle from design to recycling has to be taken into consideration given the rising global concern for the environment and the use of natural resources, including emission of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. In the wake of this growing awareness and important measures that will follow, the Carbon Footprint of a datacenter throughout its entire life-cycle must be considered such as main following aspects: This application includes different aspects: • Materials • Neighbourhood • Design and construction • Health • Equipment manufacturing • Safety • Transportation / installation • Protection of the nature and the environment • Operation and consumption • Conservation of sites and monuments Sustainable development is key in all construction projects thanks to the French government’s strong commitment and involvement in terms of protection of the environment. France is at the leading edge of these works and has many experts working in various technical committees related to this matter. This includes works with standardization bodies at the French level with AFNOR or UTE, at the European level such as CEN or CENELEC or at the international level with the IEC, ISO or ITU. EU WEEE standard: Waste of Electronic and Electrical Equipment, which implies the complete selective treatment and recycling of products EU RoHS standard: Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic equipment which concerns lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), with maximum permitted concentrations of 0.1% by weight of homogeneous material. EU REACH standard: Registration Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals. 28
  28. 28. • Maintenance Life Cycle of products • Disposal, with recycling Transport Installation Use ibr a Wo tion rk Design Maintenance Cal Therefore, all manufacturers commit themselves to providing carbon assessments for products embedded in datacenters and reduce carbon footprint in the manufacturing process. In datacenters, electrical energy is the base of operations. In this context, relevant information is regularly released to implement best operating behaviors and practices for energy saving. Material Recycling French stakeholders have been involved in the drafting of the European Code of Conduct 29
  29. 29. on Energy Efficiency for Datacenters with qualified representatives participating in the working groups. Such a “voluntary scheme” will provide a platform for bringing together European stakeholders to define and implement voluntary actions toward energy efficiency. They are invited to enforce appropriate measures to control and monitor Health Safety procedures, as a vital part of Datacenter Management. 30 Participants are invited to continuously monitor energy consumption and adopt energy saving management to improve energy efficiency. The Code of Conduct will use the metrics recommended by the Green Grid, referring to two related metrics recently introduced in the Industry: “Power Usage Effectiveness” (PUE) and “Datacenter Infrastructure Efficiency” (DCIE). -oOo-
  30. 30. 03/10 Photos credits : contributors, Getty images, Phovoir, Fotolia France: Genuine attractiveness A Datacenter is a complex systemand such complex facilities need to be located in an adapted environment. Taking these criteria together, France’s attractiveness emerges very positive: • Highly reliable electric network • Stable, competitive and low electrical energy rates • Electrical energy produced with low carbon footprint • Reliable telecom infrastructure and open to competition • Broadly deployed fibre-optic infrastructure, connected directly to countries which are major players in the digital economy • Low per-m2 real-estate rates • A geostrategic position at the crossroads of Europe • Highly educated staff to design, build and operate datacenter • Credibility in terms of sustainable development The sum of all these advantages makes France a very competitive location for Datacenters. Welcome to your Datacenter in France The “France for Datacenters” Club is hosted by: Gimélec - French industry association for electrical equipment, automation and related services 11-17 rue de l’Amiral Hamelin F-75783 Paris cedex 16 Contact: tel. ++ 33 1 45 05 70 77