State of fusion Gieljan de Vries FOM Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen
Energy use
More people – more energy demand
Energy projection 1980 — 2100
Fusion - energy for the future Fire 2.0 Heat without CO 2 Large scale Compact machine Safe and renewable
Fusion reaction — pushing nuclei together
Fusion fuel <ul><li>Deuterium </li></ul><ul><li>Tritium </li></ul><ul><li>Lithium </li></ul>sea water  billions of years w...
Fusion – lighting the reaction Heart of the sun: 15 miljoen degrees enormous pressure On Earth 150  million degrees Heat w...
Keeping in the heat – plasma reacts to magnets
Keeping in the heat with magnetic fields
Work horse of fusion – the tokamak <ul><li>Tokamak (1959) </li></ul><ul><li>magnetic confinement </li></ul><ul><li>250 bui...
Fusion in action
Building the future <ul><li>ITER (2019) </li></ul><ul><li>Successor of JET </li></ul><ul><li>World wide cooperation </li><...
Future fusion power plant: DEMO
When will we have fusion?
 
<ul><li>Thanks for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>ww...
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State of fusion

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30 minute presentation on the energy problem of the 21st century. One of the solutions is fusion energy, the process powering the sun - and, in the future, power plants on Earth!

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State of fusion

  1. 1. State of fusion Gieljan de Vries FOM Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen
  2. 2. Energy use
  3. 3. More people – more energy demand
  4. 4. Energy projection 1980 — 2100
  5. 5. Fusion - energy for the future Fire 2.0 Heat without CO 2 Large scale Compact machine Safe and renewable
  6. 6. Fusion reaction — pushing nuclei together
  7. 7. Fusion fuel <ul><li>Deuterium </li></ul><ul><li>Tritium </li></ul><ul><li>Lithium </li></ul>sea water billions of years worth ??? get it from... mining - 3000 years sea water – 30,000 years
  8. 8. Fusion – lighting the reaction Heart of the sun: 15 miljoen degrees enormous pressure On Earth 150 million degrees Heat with microwave power!
  9. 9. Keeping in the heat – plasma reacts to magnets
  10. 10. Keeping in the heat with magnetic fields
  11. 11. Work horse of fusion – the tokamak <ul><li>Tokamak (1959) </li></ul><ul><li>magnetic confinement </li></ul><ul><li>250 built </li></ul><ul><li>JET (Oxford, UK) </li></ul><ul><li>fusion record in 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>16 MW produced </li></ul><ul><li>...25 MW used </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fusion in action
  13. 13. Building the future <ul><li>ITER (2019) </li></ul><ul><li>Successor of JET </li></ul><ul><li>World wide cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Large EU share </li></ul><ul><li>Fusion power </li></ul><ul><li>50 MW use </li></ul><ul><li>500 MW production! </li></ul>ITER
  14. 14. Future fusion power plant: DEMO
  15. 15. When will we have fusion?
  16. 17. <ul><li>Thanks for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.rijnhuizen.nl </li></ul><ul><li>www.fusie-energie.nl </li></ul>

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