Past tense

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  • 1. The simple past tense Meaning and use Forms Pronunciation
  • 2. Meaning & UseIn what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense?Completed actions in the past What aresome common time expressions used withthe past tense?
  • 3. Examples:I saw Maria yesterday.Last Friday, the students took their spellingand vocabulary tests.They got married two years ago.
  • 4. How do we form the simple past tense . . .?1. Verbal SentenceVerbal sentence is a sentence with verb inside.Here the structure :I saw Maria yesterday.V2s compliment2. Nominal SentenceNominal sentence is a sentence without verb inside,so we need to put be ( was/were ) as the predicate1Here the structure :In 2002, I was still a student.s be
  • 5. V1,v2,v3 ????????English has two types ofverbs in the past tense:  taught walked studied gave became cried lived didLook at the followinglist of past tenseverbs…which verbs areregular, and whichare irregular? Regular verbs Irregular verbs
  • 6. Regular verbs are verbs that ….Simple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLive…end with –ed
  • 7. Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . .…DON’T end with –edsome irregular verbsHave a vowel change in the past tense:Simple Form Past Tensebecome becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
  • 8. other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change:Simple Pastteach taughtbring broughtLeave leftHear heardBuy bought
  • 9. And some irregular verbsdon’t change at all . . .Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
  • 10. For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of theverb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ inParis when she was younger.
  • 11. For irregular verbs, use the correct pasttense form in positive sentences.Last week, I ___________ you a letter.The students _____________ a speechin English. They __________ a greatjob!
  • 12. For negative sentences,USEI went to work yesterday.Carl didn’t go to workbecause he was sick.
  • 13. Exception =VERB BE!The verb be is special.Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with theverb BE. Instead, just use:
  • 14. pronunciationThe –ed ending in English has:
  • 15. Some regular verbs endwith a “t” sound:WalkedLaughedWashedTalkedjumped
  • 16. Some regular verbs endwith a “d” sound:plannedplayedlearnedansweredloved
  • 17. Other regular verbs endwith an “id” sound:These verbs have an extra syllable:Simple Form Past Tense
  • 18. There are rules that tell ushow to pronounce the –ed.However,It’s a good idea for students to makea list of which –ed verbs have a tsound, which have a d sound, andwhich have an id sound.And with practice, you can start to learn andmemorize correct pronunciation.
  • 19. Student Practice:Go to this website with a classmate topractice what you have learned orreviewed today:http://www.quia.com/quiz/664418.html