The simple past tense Meaning and use Forms Pronunciation
Meaning & UseIn what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense?Completed actions in the past What aresome common time expressions used withthe past tense?
Examples:I saw Maria yesterday.Last Friday, the students took their spellingand vocabulary tests.They got married two years ago.
How do we form the simple past tense . . .?1. Verbal SentenceVerbal sentence is a sentence with verb inside.Here the structure :I saw Maria yesterday.V2s compliment2. Nominal SentenceNominal sentence is a sentence without verb inside,so we need to put be ( was/were ) as the predicate1Here the structure :In 2002, I was still a student.s be
V1,v2,v3 ????????English has two types ofverbs in the past tense: taught walked studied gave became cried lived didLook at the followinglist of past tenseverbs…which verbs areregular, and whichare irregular? Regular verbs Irregular verbs
Regular verbs are verbs that ….Simple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLive…end with –ed
Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . .…DON’T end with –edsome irregular verbsHave a vowel change in the past tense:Simple Form Past Tensebecome becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
other irregular verbsHave a different kind of change:Simple Pastteach taughtbring broughtLeave leftHear heardBuy bought
And some irregular verbsdon’t change at all . . .Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of theverb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ inParis when she was younger.
For irregular verbs, use the correct pasttense form in positive sentences.Last week, I ___________ you a letter.The students _____________ a speechin English. They __________ a greatjob!
For negative sentences,USEI went to work yesterday.Carl didn’t go to workbecause he was sick.
Exception =VERB BE!The verb be is special.Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with theverb BE. Instead, just use:
Some regular verbs endwith a “t” sound:WalkedLaughedWashedTalkedjumped
Some regular verbs endwith a “d” sound:plannedplayedlearnedansweredloved
Other regular verbs endwith an “id” sound:These verbs have an extra syllable:Simple Form Past Tense
There are rules that tell ushow to pronounce the –ed.However,It’s a good idea for students to makea list of which –ed verbs have a tsound, which have a d sound, andwhich have an id sound.And with practice, you can start to learn andmemorize correct pronunciation.
Student Practice:Go to this website with a classmate topractice what you have learned orreviewed today:http://www.quia.com/quiz/664418.html