Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Education in India
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Education in India

1,105

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,105
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
108
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Educational Problems in India
  • 2. Background Information Diversity Issues Educational Structure Problems and Priorities
  • 3. Background Information
  • 4. an ancient civilization 2500 BC
  • 5. Aryan tribes invaded and they set the classical Indian culture 1500 BC
  • 6. Arabs 700s A.D. Turks 1100s A.D.
  • 7. British colonization of India 1800s A.D.
  • 8. independence in 1947 establishment of the Republic of India
  • 9. The Republic of India today …
  • 10. 1,220,800,359 July2013est. Population
  • 11. 1,220,800,359 50% population constitute school-aged children (25 years old and below) Population
  • 12. total GDP $570 billion
  • 13. unemployment rate 9.9 %
  • 14. educational expenditure from GDP3.3% 2010
  • 15. 73% age 15 and over can read and write Literacy Rate
  • 16. 80.90% 64.60% 19.10% 35.40% MALE FEMALE GENDER AND LITERACY RATES 2011 Literate Illiterate
  • 17. Diversity Issues
  • 18. Ethnic Diversity Religious Diversity Linguistic Diversity
  • 19. Indo-Aryan Dravidian Mongoloid Negrito Western Bracycephals
  • 20. 80.5 13.4 2.3 1.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 HINDUISM ISLAM CHRISTIANITY SIKH RELIGION
  • 21. “India has 200,000 gods, and worships them all. In religion, all countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire” (Twain, 1987, as cited in Meyer & Brysac, 2012, p.27).
  • 22. National Language English Hindu
  • 23. Educational Structure
  • 24. 1968 1976 1986 Initial attempt to design a National Education Policy Constitutional amendment to Educational Policy India as a whole had a uniform National Policy on Education 1964 Kothari Commission
  • 25. 1992 2001 2005 National Education Policy was modified Launch of the National Campaign for Education for All Proposed bill for Education for all
  • 26. Major Educational Goals Universal access and enrolment Universal retention of children up to 14 years of age Improvement in the quality of education Revival of Sanskrit and other classical languages for contemporary use Greater use of Educational Technology
  • 27. Central and State Government Governing Bodies Ministry of Human Resource Development Department of Elementary Education and Literacy Department of Secondary and Higher Education CentralAdvisory BoardofEducation CABE National Council of Education, Research and Training NCERT Educational Policies National Curriculum Framework
  • 28. Structure of School Education 10+2 years Pre-school (2-3 years) Elementary School (Grade 1 – 8) Primary School (Grade 1 -5) Middle School (Grade 6 – 8) Secondary Education(Grade 9 -12) Secondary Education (Grade 9 – 10) Senior Secondary Education (Grade 11-12)
  • 29. Structure of School Education 10+2 years Pre-school (2-3 years) Elementary School (Grade 1 – 8) Primary School (Grade 1 -5) Middle School (Grade 6 – 8) Secondary Education(Grade 9 -12) Secondary Education (Grade 9 – 10) Senior Secondary Education (Grade 11-12)
  • 30. Structure of School Education 10+2 years Pre-school (2-3 years) Elementary School (Grade 1 – 8) Primary School (Grade 1 -5) Middle School (Grade 6 – 8) Secondary Education(Grade 9 -12) Secondary Education (Grade 9 – 10) Senior Secondary Education (Grade 11-12)
  • 31. Structure of School Education 10+2 years Pre-school (2-3 years) Elementary School (Grade 1 – 8) Primary School (Grade 1 -5) Middle School (Grade 6 – 8) Secondary Education(Grade 9 -12) Secondary Education (Grade 9 – 10) Senior Secondary Education (Grade 11-12) • Compulsory Education • Free Education – in states where education is not free annual fee varies considerably
  • 32. Structure of School Education 10+2 years Pre-school (2-3 years) Elementary School (Grade 1 – 8) Primary School (Grade 1 -5) Middle School (Grade 6 – 8) Secondary Education(Grade 9 -12) Secondary Education (Grade 9 – 10) Senior Secondary Education (Grade 11-12) • Academic Stream • Vocational Stream
  • 33. The Curriculum • Developed by the National Council of Education, Research and Training NCERT • Core areas of curriculum are common • Reviewed every 5 years • Teaching English is compulsory (Grade 6 -10)
  • 34. The Curriculum • More focused on what to teach and not how to teach • National Curriculum Framework 2000 depends on the concept of Minimum Levels of Learning
  • 35. The Curriculum • Traditional • Irrelevant • Theoretical • Overcrowded • Dominated by examinations
  • 36. Traditional Information Provision Learner-oriented and competence- based gradual change in perspective
  • 37. Gross Enrollment ratio 82.5%girls enrollment has been higher than boys
  • 38. End of lower primary 34.9% End of upper primary 52.8% End of secondary school (Grade 10) Estimated drop out rates 62.6% 2002-03
  • 39. Problems & Priorities
  • 40. Economic Issues Spending • Ineffective use of funds • Very low expenditure on education Equity • Unequal opportunity for all sections of society to be educated • Disparity in the different states in the number of children completing school (drop rates rates)
  • 41. Educational Issues Quality • Teacher/Student Absenteeism • High teacher pupil ratio • Inadequate teaching material and facilities • Failure in implementing curriculum Access in Higher Education • Availability of institutions Structure of the Vocational Education • Quality • Efficiency of the programs
  • 42. Diversity Issues Nationalism • politicization of Hindu nationalism • biases and stereotypes in textbooks (religious & cultural) Gender • status of women; cost to family; child marriage and other cultural practices; child labor/domestic chores Exclusion: • linguistic groups (over 100) • disabilities (90 million) • orphans
  • 43. reform initiatives are needed
  • 44. Design by: Ghaidaa H. Naguib @ghido86 @ghido86

×