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  • 1. ANNUAL COUNTRY PROGRAMME REPORT-[JAMAICA] 1. PORTFOLIO OVERVIEW This report gives details of activities undertaken by the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF SGP) in Jamaica, during the first year of the fourth operational phase (OP4-Yr 1) of the GEF. This spans the period July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008. While the report is geared towards giving information on projects approved during the reporting period, occasional reference may be made to projects approved outside of this period, but which have significantly contributed to the outputs of OP4-Yr 1. In these instances, clear distinction will be made to avoid confusion. In Jamaica, the GEF focal areas of interest are biodiversity, climate change (mitigation) and land degradation. In addition to these, Jamaica is one of 10 participating countries in the United Nations Development Programme/Global Environment Facility (UNDP/GEF) Community-Based Adaptation (to Climate Change) Project (2007-2012). On October 24, 2008, SGP Jamaica received notification of its grant allocation in the sum of USD485, 000. This figure comprised USD 255,000 from SGP core funds and USD230, 000 from Jamaica’s RAF Biodiversity Country allocation. Over the reporting period, a total of 18 projects were approved, with two differed for funding during OP4-Yr 2 (July 1, 2008-June 30, 20009). The 16 projects under implementation, accounted for USD 458,000 (94%) of the 2007/2008 allocation. This disaggregates to USD 203,000 from the RAF Biodiversity allocation and the full sum of USD255, 000 from the Core SGP allocation. Individual grants varied in amounts from a maximum of USD40, 000 to a minimum of USD 17,000; the average being just over USD 25, 000.Table 1 below summarizes the activities undertaken in operational programmes of the respective focal areas. Item GEF Focal Area-Number of projects Biodiversity Climate Land Operational Programme (OP) Change DegradationOP 15-Sustainable Land Management 8OP 13-Conservation and Sustainable use ofBiodiversity important to agriculture 4OP 13-(as defined above) / OP 4-MountainEcosystem 1OP 2-Coastal, Marine & Freshwater Ecosystem 1OP 6-Promoting adoption of Renewable energyby removing barriers & reducing implementationcosts/ OP 15 1OP6/ OP3-Forest Ecosystem 1Total Number of Biodiversity Projects 7Total Number of Climate change(mitigation) Projects 1Total Number of Land Degradationprojects 8 Use of Funds Data Total Allocation (USD) RAF Funds (USD) Core Allocation (USD) 485,000 230,000 255,000Commitment of Funds per focal Area 203,000 30000 225,000Total Commitment for OP4-Yr 1 458,000 Table 1. Summary of Project Activity in GEF focal areas during OP4-Yr 1-SGP Jamaica Page 1 of 10
  • 2. As seen in table 1 (above), of the 16 projects approved in the reporting period, there were 7 biodiversityprojects, 8 land degradation projects and 1 climate change mitigation project. The total funding forbiodiversity projects amounted to USD203, 000, while USD 225,000 and USD30,000 were committed toland degradation and climate change projects respectively (please see figure 1). Figure 1. Distribution of Committed funds among GEF Focal Areas-SGP, Jamaica (July 1-June 30, 2008) Climate Change- Core, 30,000 Biodiversity-RAF, 203,000 Land Degradation- Core, 225,000 Biodiversity-RAF Land Degradation-Core Climate Change-Core The recipient grantees count 6 Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and 10 Community-based Organizations (CBOs). Of these entities, 6 (3 CBOs, 3 NGOs) are headed by women, and in others women play key roles. This further confirms the verdict of the Country Programme strategy (CPS) that gender equality is not a major issue, where beneficiaries of grant funding is concerned. In Jamaica, sites where significant global environmental benefits can be secured include biodiversity hotspots, protected areas and forest reserves. These areas not contiguous but scattered across the 10,991 km2 of the island’s land area. Figure 2. Shows current projects under execution. With the exception of 2 projects (Hope Pastures, and Cotterwood), all projects commenced during OP4 Yr.1 Page 2 of 10
  • 3. Given the disparate locations efforts have been made to focus activities within a number of these areas on a phased basis, in the reporting period Further, since, chief environmental problems are related to more than one focal area, a hybrid between a geographic and thematic focus has been selected. In this way a portion of the country grant allocation has been used for grant-making country-wide in areas where maximum global benefits can be attained (up to 50%) and the remainder of the allocation oriented towards priority themes as determined (and periodically revised) by the National Steering Committee. Only three new projects sited in Kingston; the rest are located in other parishes allowing for greater penetration into rural areas. Figure 2 (above) shows a map of current projects under execution.2. OUTCOMES AND IMPACT2.1 OUTCOME- Biological Diversity Conservation-Improved community management of protected areas and enhanced conservation of endemicthreatened, and endangered speciesUnder this GEF focal area, work was guided by priorities identified in SGP (Jamaica) Country Strategy forutilization of Resource Allocation Framework (RAF) Funds. A total of 7 projects were approved in the sumof USD 203,000, increasing the reach to 225 hectares of globally significant biodiversity area protected orsustainably managed. Projects have been sited in at least three biodiversity global hotspots including,the Cockpit Country, Dolphin Head Mountains (both in Western Jamaica) and the Portland BightProtected Area (Central Jamaica). This has resulted in the protection of over 56 globally significantspecies (including the West Indian Whistling Duck, the Giant Swallowtail butterfly and Thatch Palm).There has been wide engagement of community members in sensitization and training on biodiversityconservation and community management as manifested by the participation of over 1500 persons inover 55 communities. Already more than 40 households have benefitted from income generating activitiesof projects (including but not limited to short-term employment), and have acquired skills necessary tosecure longer term sustainable livelihoods. The expectation is that the number of livelihood options willincrease significantly when projects once completed.Figure 3. Restored inland pond at Comfort Hall- JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/02 Page 3 of 10
  • 4. Individual projects have addressed the development of protocols for monitoring of endangered speciesand improved community wetland management (JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/11), the restoration of an inlandPond (see figure 3 above) that has led to the regeneration of pond life, as manifested by increased incounts of endemic species (including Jamaican slider turtle) and other marine species(JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/02). Other projects have disseminated biodiversity lesson plans to over 25 schools(JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/10), developed eco-tourism attractions and marketing programme that redounds tothe benefit of communities (JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/08) and planted endemic tree species and timber trees(JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/08, JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/10).Project Code Project Title Grantee Grant Amount (USD) Ramble Pond Turtle Comfort Hall Assessment and Pond Community 24,000JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/02 restoration Development Committee Conserving Biodiversity Southern TrelawnyJAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/08 in Alps Environmental Agency 40,000 Biodiversity Portland EnvironmentalJAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/10 Conservation and Protection Association 27,000 Awareness, Portland Portland Bight Caribbean Coastal Area 30,000JAM/OP4/1/RAF/07/11 Sustainable Wetland Management Project: Phase 1 FoundationTable 2. List of individual project contributing to outcome 2.1 (biodiversity)2.2 OUTCOME- LAND DEGRADATION PREVENTION- SUSTAINABLE LAND MANAGEMENTCapacity built in Sustainable Agriculture (in Eastern and Central Parishes) with significantprogress made in drought mitigation, prevention of soil erosion and generation of alternativelivelihoods.During the reporting period, the SGP country programme promoted sustainable land managementthrough the introduction and strengthening of new techniques in sustainable agriculture, and improvedwatershed management. These were targeted outcome as outlined in the CPS. A total of eight projectswere approved with advanced implementation in three, while five commenced activities late in thereporting period (June 2008). A total of USD255, 000 was committed in grant funds, with majority (5projects) sited in eastern and central parishes (see figure 2 above). More than 108 hectares is undersustainable land management through reforestation or improved farming techniques which avoid malpractices such as slash and burn agriculture. This also increases the potential for carbon sequestration.Reports indicate that more than 70 persons have already received direct benefit from the projects,including new livelihoods, (comprising 15 females, 40 males and 15 children), while a total of 59 personshave benefitted by now from training and other capacity building activities.Four projects have focused on the use of high tunnel houses (HTHs) technology. The HTHs haveallowed crop cultivation in a weather proof, and pest free environment. Experiments have also been donewith new designs, leading to improved construction and notably, significant heat mitigation(JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/07, JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03). Additionally, one project (JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03)has implemented a very successful drought mitigation initiative, which was presented as a case study tothe United Nations Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). Gravity fed irrigation has been merged withthe use of solar power to provide reliable watering of crops even when the national grid experiencesdisruptions. Savings in electricity costs amounts to over USD110 per month. The employment of other soilmedia including dried coconut husks (in grow bags) has also improved drainage and increased water andnutrient recycling, while decreasing capital costs to the farmer. It also reduces the pressure on the soilallowing greater time for recovery and even use of marginal lands for agriculture (see figure 3). Page 4 of 10
  • 5. The production of organic manure has also been undertaken by another project (JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/01). This is produced by vermi-composting through combining the droppings from livestock (chicken), with shredded farm, and domestic waste (including cardboard), and allowing organic decomposition by worms. Experiments are also underway to use the leachate from the vermi-compost as an organic insecticide. Individuals have also been trained in gabion basket technology under this project, which has proven to be particularly effective in reducing land slippage and soil erosion in areas of high elevation, even if rainfall is high. Another project (JAM/06/11) which was approved in OP3, but only commenced implementation in OP4 (November 2007) has successfully used old tyres to create an effective terracing mechanism to halt soil erosion, and soil loss (see figure 5). The tyre bonding has proven to be very effective in this location, and has been used as an alternative to the more expensive options of contour stone walls. A nursery has also been repaired under this initiative, and it used to train mentally challenged students at the school in new techniques in horticulture and agriculture. The nursery also produces plants for sale and hence generation of alternative livelihoods. Cash crops are grown on the farm and intercropping practiced (planting of ground and tree crops in the same plot) as a means of preventing crop failure due to soil erosion. A collection of culinary herbs are also being grown on the farm, and these products are in high demand in the hotel industry.Figure 4. High tunnel house under cultivation in Figure 5- Innovative tyre bonding used for soil conservationChristiana (JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03). Note use of grow along slopes of the farm at the JAMR-JAM/06/11bags, in lieu of soil. Vertical support promotes highergrowth of crops. Project Code Project Title Grantee Grant Amount (USD) Application of vermin- composting and Land Jeffrey Town Farmers 30,000 JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/01 Management Techniques Association Limited to reduce soil erosion and use of persistent chemicals Encouraging Sustainable Christiana Potato JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03 Farming Through growers Cooperative 30,000 Reforestation and Protected Agriculture in Central Jamaica Santoy HTH JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/07 Development for Land Santoy Farmer’s 40,000 Degradation Management Cooperative and Small Farmer Development Page 5 of 10
  • 6. Project Code Project Title Grantee Grant Amount (USD) Improved Land Jamaica Association 24,962JAM/06/11 Management in Four on Mental Retardation ParishesTable 3. List of individual SGP projects contributing outcome 2.2 (Land degradation)2.3.1 OUTCOME- CLIMATE CHANGE (Mitigation)Adoption of renewable energy in eastern and central parishes, as a supplement to reversingunsustainable human practices.Jamaica has a responsibility under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) to take steps to reduce its emission of green house gases as part of its climate mitigationefforts. Unsustainable practices including, deforestation, over-reliance on fossil fuel, and indiscriminateburning have the collective impact of increasing emissions of greenhouse gases by sources and reducingremoval by sinks. Additionally, deforestation increases susceptibility to land slides and soil erosioncontributing to the degradation of land and the physical vulnerability of people in surrounding areas. Thisvulnerability is exacerbated in areas already prone to natural hazards and where human practices (suchas slash and burn agriculture) increase the incidence of tree removal. One project(JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/05) funded in the sum of USD30,000 has tackled this directly. In Dallas Castle, anarea very prone to landslides, a women led CBO has engaged women and young people in theapplication of renewable energy (solar and biogas) and soil conservation methodology. The project willimplement sustainable agriculture techniques (similar to those outlined in section 2.2 above), as analternative to hill side farming. Farm refuse along with other waste will be fed to a bio-digester to producemethane. This along with a solar energy system already in place (financed through co-financing) willprovide renewable energy to totally power agro-processing and other activities at the community centre.Another project (JAM/OP4/1/RAF/08/01) is integrating the use of solar energy into the operation of anature trail that is sited in one of the island’s most premier watersheds (Dunn’s River watershed). As alsonoted in section 2.2, a solar pump installed on a farm (JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03), is being used to powerirrigation of crops with harvested rain water. This has resulted both in reduction of greenhouse gases andalso savings in electricity costs of more than USD110 per month. The idea has been circulated to otherlocal and regional farmers (a presentation was made at a regional CaFAN1 workshop in Barbados).Significant interest has been generated and efforts are underway made to replicate the use of thetechnology.2.3.2 OUTCOME-CLIMATE CHANGE (Adaptation)Jamaica is one of 10 participating counties in the UNDP/GEF Community-based Adaption (to climatechange) project (CBA), which is funded by resources under the Strategic Priority on Adaptation. The fiveyear (2007-2012) initiative has a potential allocation of USD400,000 (maximum) per country. Eachcountry is expected to fund between 8 and 20 projects that generate global environmental benefits whileimproving the resilience of ecosystems to climate change including variability. The objective of the CBA inJamaica as outlined in the CBA Country Programme Strategy (CCPS) is to integrate climate change risksinto sustainable community management of natural resources. The initial and second Nationalcommunications of Jamaica to the UNFCCC have identified Agriculture and Coastal Resources as prioritysectors and these will be the focus of sectoral activities under the CBA. During the reporting period fiveconcepts were received, and three technically cleared. One project proposal developed from planninggrant (CBA/JAM/SPA/08/01) seeks to “Reduce Climate Change-Driven Erosion and Landslide Risksthrough Sustainable Agriculture for Safer Slopes (in the Blue mountains)”. The proposal was circulated tothe other 9 participating countries as best practice example and is pending submission to the NationalCoordinating Committee of the CBA.3. CO-FINANCINGOver the review period, through three co-financing agreements, the sum of USD 103,000 was availed tothe SGP Jamaica. Details of the contributions are outlined in table 4 below. Two of agreements werethrough parallel funding from National Environmental Funds and the third via joint programming with the1 The acronym CaFAN stands for Caribbean Farmers Network Page 6 of 10
  • 7. UNDP. Other efforts were made to secure funding from the Japanese International Cooperation Agency(JICA), the Japanese Embassy, the European Union (EU) and the Forest Conservation (National) Fund. Itis hoped that these efforts will bear fruit in OP4-Yr 2. It should be noted that negotiations for, and theduration of, funding agreements in general are not synchronized with the GEF Financial year. Challengesassociated with this are elaborated in section 5.1 (below).Donor Amount (USD) Duration of Type of Comment agreement Agreement The initial agreement was for1. Environmental 63,982.56 August 1, 2007- Parallel Funding USD100,000. Due to lateFoundation of July 31, 2008 receipt of SGP’s grantJamaica allocation, and differences with call/ review periods, this sum of nearly USD 64,000 was utilized. Gratefully USD55,00 has already been committed for OP4-Yr2. To date, 4 projects have benefitted from the agreement.2. USAID Rural The donor closedEnterprise, 50,000 March 20,2007- Parallel Funding operations in Jamaica inAgricultural and December 31, April 2008. However, in-cash contributions were made toCommunity 2007 two grantees referred byTourism (REACT) SGP. Also technical supportProject was rendered to three other SGP projects3. United Nations TRAC funds have beenDevelopment 8,000 June 2008- Joint Programming availed. This amount isProgramme December 31, however the balance of funds (20,000) committed in 2008 OP3-Yr2. The initial sum is funding a worthy project (JAMR) and part of the current sum was use to part sponsor a historic knowledge management session.Table 4. List of Co-financing valid over review period4. MAINSTREAMING, UPSCALING, REPLICATIONThe SGP in Jamaica embarked on an initiative of grantee exchange and sharing of experiences withother donors. To date 10 projects have benefitted from referrals made to other donors (as outlined insection 3 above). Other projects have also been able to leverage non-GEF funding due to the supportcommitted by SGP. Project JAM/OP4/1/RAF/08/02 provides one instance of this. The project in ChristianaJAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03 (through Devon Farmers Resource Centre) has been selected as the motherfarm for one of the green house clusters being set up by the Ministry of Agriculture through the RuralAgricultural Development Authority (RADA). It will serve farmers in the adjoining parishes of Clarendon,St. Ann, Trelawny and St. Elizabeth in areas such as Cascade Lorrimers, Alston Baillieston, Spaldings,Albert Town (please see figure 6). Another grantee, the Portland Environment Protection Association(PEPA) based on the success of a previous SGP project (JAM/06/07) helped with project development,and now sits on the steering committee of a medium-size GEF funded (IWCAM) project that is addressingwatershed management in the parish of Portland. The Jeffrey Town Farmers Association(JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/01), through equipment and funding from United Nations Educational, Scientificand Cultural Organization (UNESCO), has set up a community radio station (called JET fm). The granteeuses this medium to share best practices learnt in agriculture and sustainable land management withother farmers and community members in the surrounding communities and beyond. Page 7 of 10
  • 8. To observe the 3rd Anniversary of the launch of the SGP in Jamaica, a forum was hosted on June 9,2008, under the theme “Energy efficiency and Sustainable Agriculture: Pathways to SustainableDevelopment”. The event brought together GEF Implementing agencies, Government Representatives,past and current grantees, donor agencies, NSC members, academia and the media, among otherstakeholders. In the first session we presented the accomplishments of the programme to date, as well asmade appeals for continued support and co-financing. This was very well received. We also informed theaudience of the UNDP/GEF CBA project that is being implemented using the mechanism of the SGP.The occasion was also used to sign 7 new MoAs, which was highly praised by the RR, GEF FocalOperational Point as well as the keynote speaker the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agricultureand Lands. The event was extensively covered by the media (over 14 media houses attended). Kindlysee story captured in one of our daily papers, which is also posted on their website, and spotlighted onthe SGP global website. .A symposium on sustainable agriculture was also convened, which showcased among other thingslessons learnt from projects funded by GEF SGP (JAM/OP3/2/06/14, JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03). We hadrepresentation from a number of very influential local, national and regional agencies, as well as anumber of grass roots community groups. The discussants included representatives from the Ministry ofAgriculture, the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA), and the Caribbean AgriculturalDevelopment and Research Institute (CARDI). There was unanimous endorsement of our plans toformalise a draft paper on sustainable agriculture out of this session. This will be peer reviewed andpresented to the Ministry of Agriculture and the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA). Thiscould serve as a blue print for agricultural policy at a time when there is growing concern for food security.Both events were complemented by displays mounted by SGP grantees, the RADA, and the PetroleumCorporation of Jamaica (PCJ). The latter show cased among other things, outcomes from a UNDP projectfocussed on energy efficiency in hospitals and schools. The UNDP very kindly co-financed the event. Figure 6. Geographic area for replication of sustainable agriculture project- JAM/OP4/1/CORE/07/03 Page 8 of 10
  • 9. 5. LESSONS LEARNT, CHALLENGES OR OTHER MATTERS5.1 Lessons learntIn responding to the Joint Evaluation (2007) recommendations for global SGP, the Jamaica countryprogramme has taken a number of steps. These are elaborated below:Improved reporting and financial management: In preparation for an audit during OP4, the reportingrequirements for projects have been improved, and the programme has attempted to comply with all thereporting protocols of CPMT/UNOPS. Templates for project interim and final reports have been revised,and additional financial reporting is required. A special MS Excel spreadsheet with built in formulas hasbeen circulated and is being used by all grantees. The NSC is kept thoroughly briefed and providefeedback and guidance on the financial management of the programme.Handling conflict of Interest: Care has been taken not to award project in which NSC members havedirect stake. No such projects were considered or approved in the reporting period.Submission of Annual report: SGP Jamaica supports the move to submit annual programme reports. Itenvisages that timely reporting will be adhered to.Improved Monitoring and Evaluation and website updating: The programme has intensified its efforts inmonitoring and evaluation. There has been more active involvement of NSC members, and reports on allfield trips are circulated within 1 week of completion. Website updating has also improved, although thereis need for improvement in this area. This could be significantly addressed once staff replacement isdone.5.2 Challenges or other mattersAmong the challenges encountered over the review period are the following: I. Late receipt of allocation of grant funds: Jamaica’s allocation for 2007/2008 was received on October 24, 2007. This was well after the last scheduled NSC approval meeting, and significantly curtailed the interlude over which grant making was possible. Uncertainties regarding the amount and receipt of funds (from GEF/CPMT) also affected negotiations for and fulsome use of leveraged co-financing. Further, given set times for call and review periods of other local donors, SGP grantee experienced difficulties (and were disadvantaged) in accessing counterpart funding. It is hoped that the GEF will allow for consistent, predictable and timely release of funding. II. Expiry of Co-financing before end of GEF financial: In general donor funding is not synchronized with the GEF financial year. In many cases (especially with the UNDP) funding expires at the end of a calendar year, while SGP grant making is still progressing. Gaps between negotiations for new funds, therefore limits available co-financing at the start of each calendar year and also timely website reporting of same. III. Cuts to admin budget: The significant cuts to the global administrative budget pose serious challenges to SGP Jamaica. This is further compounded by the fact that most donors are not interested in funding administrative activities of the programme. IV. Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) challenges: In keeping with the mandate for cost-effectiveness of field monitoring travel, direct re-imbursements have been adopted and the maximum number of trips is combined as much as possible. The latter measure however poses challenges to NSC participation, especially in cases where multiple overnights are necessary. V. Difficulties Website update: during the reporting period, there were a number of times when the SGP website could not be updated from our end. This affected timely updating of records, especially at times which were scheduled for this activity. Page 9 of 10
  • 10. 6. WAY FORWARDA. PrioritiesOver the next reporting period (July 1, 2008-June 30, 2009) SGP Jamaica will intensify efforts to secure global environmental benefits in the GEFfocal areas of biodiversity, climate change (adaptation and mitigation) and land degradation. We endeavour to achieve a more balanced portfolio ofprojects (in GEF focal areas), especially in respect to number of climate change mitigation projects. More active implementation of CBA projects, anddue reporting on same are planned. SGP Jamaica has commenced discussions with the UNDP (Jamaica) CO to provide monthly supplements for itsNewsletter and will pursue this fully. This will provide greater visibility for SGP, enhance knowledge sharing among all stakeholders, improvecollaboration between UNDP and SGP, and allow for feedback with constituents. We will endeavour to secure additional co-financing, while fullyutilizing funds committed under current agreements. At least one major knowledge management publication is targeted, and this will be circulated tosenior policy makers, among other stakeholders. Monitoring and evaluation will also be further enhanced with more active participation of NSCmembers.B. Funds NeededGiven strong competition for grant funds, Jamaica estimates that its optimal grant allocation for 2008/2009 is USD500,000. This could be a compositeof USD250 each for Core and RAF allocations.C. Table 5. Proposed Abridged Work plan: July 2008-June 2009 Proposed Implementation by Month Item-Target Jul-08 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 May-09 Jun-09 1. Develop and implementdiverse portfolio of projects-6Biodiversity, 3-Landdegradation, 4-climate change 2. Implementation of CBAprojects- Target: 2 projects 3. SGP Supplements forUNDP newsletter developed-Target:3 4. Secure additional co-financing-Target: USD100,000 (including in-kind) 5. Develop SGP KMpublication-Target 1 6. Timely website updates-Allprojects updated 7. Enhance M&E with NSC-Target: at least 4 Page 10 of 10