Term 3 Other handouts and notes


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Term 3 Other handouts and notes

  1. 1. Yourdivider forothersection
  2. 2. What is Collaboration?Collaboration is a type of activity where individuals work together for acommon purpose to achieve some goal or benefit. Possible modes ofcollaboration include: 1. Synchronous collaboration such as using shared online work site like Google Docs at the same time 2. Asynchronous collaboration such as using sites like Google Docs or ever Microsoft Word where students work together but necessary at the same time 3. Face-face interaction such as working in a group in the same physical setting to complete some task together 4. Taking turns to complete part of a task by sharing certain materials at different times.In addition, collaboration requires the incorporation or adoption of a number of ideas and practices inorder for it to the most useful. They include:Collaboration, at the conceptual level, involves:  Awareness - Becoming part of a working entity with a shared purpose  Motivation - Driving to gain consensus in problem solving or development  Self-synchronization - Deciding as individuals when things need to happen  Participation - Participating in collaboration while expecting others to participate  Mediation - Negotiating with others to an acceptable side of middle  Reciprocity - Sharing and expecting sharing in return through reciprocity  Reflection - Thinking and considering alternatives  Engagement - Proactively engaging rather than waiting and seeingCollaboration for students also involves the following structure in particular: 1. Learning is an active process whereby students assimilate the information and relate this new knowledge to a framework of prior knowledge. 2. Learning requires a challenge that opens the door for the student to actively engage others, and to process and synthesize information rather than simply memorize and regurgitate it. 3. Learners benefit when exposed to diverse viewpoints from people with various backgrounds or experiences. 4. Learning flourishes in a social environment where dialogue between learners takes place. During this intellectual gymnastics, the learner creates a framework and meaning to the discourse. Last, in collaborative learning environment, the learners are challenged both socially and emotionally as they listen to different perspectives, and are required to clarify and defend their ideas. In so doing, the learners begin to create their own unique conceptual frameworks and not rely solely on an experts or a texts framework. So, in a collaborative learning setting, learners have the opportunity to communicate with peers, present and defend ideas, exchange diverse beliefs, question other conceptual frameworks, and be actively engaged. Some important values to uphold include the follow‖ - Positive interdependence - individual accountability - Face-to-face interaction```````` - teamwork and social skill The Short End? You have to work with other and more importantly , some of you have to work harder in general!  to help or accept other’s work and advice. Still, you should be critical too!!
  3. 3. Helpful Instructions on Using Google DocsA. Logging In 1. Type your gmail ID and password 2. If necessary, click the document that you are interested in viewing or editing/creating.B. Adding Graphics1. Click the Shape icon2. Choose a desired shape by further clicking a category and then a shape or line3. Move the mouse to the area you wish to create the shape or line.4. Click the left mouse button.5. Adjust the size and position of the box to your liking after it appears.6. Also note, there are other neat features in the template at the top including colour, size etc.C. Adding Text1. Create any graphic you desire. (see Part B for help)2. Double click the graphic using the left mouse button3. Type in your text in the window that appears.4. If necessary, adjust features for the text such as underlining, changing the font size etc. using the template the top.D. Adding Other Images1. Copy the image you want by hitting <control c>2. Move the mouse cursor to the area in your google doc that you want to add the image.3. Hit <control v>4. Adjust the size of your image if necessary.
  4. 4. Stage 7 - Publishing the Inquiry – Extra Handout (Extra Information for Science Fair Presentation)Publishing an inquiry in the form a science fair presentation is very common way for middle schoolstudents and other people as well. It can be very fun but it is always requires a lot of time and effortcompared to other publishing methods.As stated in the Publishing the Inquiry help handout, there are three main parts to consider whencreating a science fair presentation.-------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART 1- What resources will be used or created? A. Pages- for a science fair presentation, you must create the following pages. Purpose /Topic and Prediction and Materials Background Hypothesis  List your inquiry’s  Describe your inquiry’s  Describe your inquiry’s materials question prediction and  Use information from the  Use information from hypothesis procedure you created Stage 1 handout-  Use information from in (Exploring a Question) Stage 2 handout Stage 3 (Prediction and Hypothesis) (Creating a Procedure) Procedure Analysis Application  List your inquiry’s  Review and analyze your  Apply the Inquiry procedure’s steps results  Use your paragraph from  Use information from the  Make a paragraph using Stage 6 procedure you created your Stage 5 handout (Applying the Inquiry) in (Analyzing the Results) Stage 3 (Creating a Procedure) Other Sections?? CitationsGrade 8 Test - Science  You are encouraged to include other research, information, ideas or other to enrich your presentation! (See Note 1 below)Note: 1. You may wish to make other pages too such as:  Abstract Page  Variable Page  Other Information Handouts 2. Your pages should look professional. Use a computer and printer.
  5. 5. B. Charts, Figures and Photos – you must include your chart(s) that you completed in Stage 4.As well, you may wish includes some figures (eg. graph or diagram) and some photos.C. Model- you should also include a model of your inquiry. Arrange together some the materials that you used or created in Stage 4.------------------------------------------------------------------------- -PART 2 – How will your resources be organized? A. Create a Display Board- You need to display all of your pages, charts, figures and photos on a display board. Display Board How? 1. Look at many examples of display boards. The following sites will help!  http://www.selah.k12.wa.us/SOAR/SciProj2002/KiereaM.html  http://www.odec.ca/projects/2004/walk4d0/public_html/  http://www.virtualsciencefair.org/display2003/PublicSelect2009.asp  Type Science Fair Projects in Google-Images 2. Make your display board.  Use a strong but light material (Ex. pegboard, corkboard, plywood, foam boardetc)  Cover your boards with fabric, wallpaper, construction paper etc.  Make a border around your boards using construction paper 3.Make Title Headings  Be artistic and professional  Use fancy paper to draw and cut out letters OR design letterheads on your computer 4. Post all your pages, charts, figures and photos  Post all of your pages, charts, figures and photos in a neat and organized way  Everything should look professional too 5. Set up your model in front of your display board
  6. 6. B. Create a Report – You will also need to create a small report containing all of your papers. Report 1. Obtain a nice binder or file folder 2. Make a copy of your all your pages (Purpose/Topic and Background, Prediction and Hypothesis, Materials, …etc) 3. Also create a title page and a table of contents. 4. Number all of your pages. 5. Put everything in your binder.------------------------------------------------------------------------- -Part 3 – What will you do with your resources? A. You will bring your display board, model and report to school on the appointed day. B. You will present your inquiry to all teachers, students in your school and their parents too! How?  Study your resources carefully.  Practice saying the information on your pages to another person or audience.  You could even right a short speech to help you say the information.  You could even dress up in a suit or dress!
  7. 7. Science Fair Project – Preparation HandoutsScience Topic: Students may choose but must receive permissionProject Name: Science Fair ProjectProject Tentative Due Date: Monday, March 19For Parent- I have read and understand my child has to complete the project outlined below by the tentative duedate given above.저는 이프로젝트 개요를 읽었으며 제 아아가 위에 명시 된 날짜가찌프로젝트를 완성해야 됨을이해합니다.__________________________________ (Parent’s Signature 학부모님 서명)-------------------------------------------------------------------------- Overview- Over the next month and bit, you must create a science fair project. What is a Science Fair Project? A science fair project is often (but not always) an inquiry. So you can follow all 7 stages of the inquiry process. However, for stage 7 (Publishing the Inquiry), you need to create a science fair presentation. (see extra stage 7 handouts) ** If you want to choose a different format than from below (Ex. a technological design, a correlational study etc.), it may be possible. However, you must get permission from your teacher NOW. ** 1. Partners- You may choose to do your science fair alone OR you may do it with a partner.  If you do it alone, you will be given a special bonus mark because you have to do more work!  By Monday, Feburary 13 confirm the box below: 2. Topic- You may choose any inquiry topic for your science fair project. Remember, you need to explore some question. (Inquiry Stage 1) and you need to create a prediction or hypothesis.(Inquiry Stage 2)  The following sites will give you a lot of ideas. Look at them before deciding your topic! 1. http://chemistry.about.com/od/sciencefairprojects/a/sciproelem.htm 2. http://www.juliantrubin.com/sciencefairprojectsaz.html 3. http://www.juliantrubin.com/fairprojects.html ____ I will be doing my science fair project with _________________. ____ I will be doing my science fair project alone. Chosen Topic: _____________________________________________ Teacher’s Signature: ________________________________________
  8. 8. 3. Steps – Follow all steps on the next page. Also be sure to complete all plan handouts that follow. Check as you do them. 1. _____ Complete Stage 1 Handout: Exploring a Question 2. _____ Complete Stage 2 Handout: Prediction and Hypothesis 3. _____ Make a page for Stage 3: Creating the procedure 4. _____ Carry out your procedure for Stage 4: Conducting a Procedure 5. _____ Complete Stage 5 Handout: Analyzing the Results 6. _____ Complete Stage 6 Handout: Applying the Results 7. _____ Complete Stage 7: Publishing your Inquiry 4. Marking- Remember that your science fair project will be graded too.  Your project will be marked using the rubric at the end
  9. 9. Science Fair Project - Stage 1 Exploring a QuestionStage 1 Instructions- 1. Choose a topic to explore. Look at the websites given on page 1. 2. Ask yourself questions like. What do I wonder about this topic? Do I really understand everything about his topic? What do I not know? Think carefully. 3. Find and write down some questions that you thought about in step 2 using the format below:  Be sure to use multiple resources such as your textbook, the Internet and other.  Use a proper format such as summary notes or jot notes to properly record your information My Topic: _______________________________________ Background Information: Complete on Other A4 Paper to ensure a sufficient amount is written!!! * Remember you have to rewrite your background information when publishing later. This step must be completed Monday, February 20 confirm the box below: Teacher’s Signature: __________________________________
  10. 10. Science Fair Project - Stage 2 Making a Prediction and Hypothesis  For this inquiry, you have already chosen your inquiry’s topic and researched some background information.  Now you should write a proper scientific prediction about a more specific inquiry focus for your inquiry’s topic  And, you need to make a proper hypothesis relating to your particular topic ****** MORE HELP ******  Remember to include: an independent and dependent variable  Also, remember to write a two-part sentence where you first show the relationship between your variables and then you make your guess  Write a –good- reasoning / explanation for making your guess using ―science‖. This is your hypothesis Specific Inquiry Focus: Now, I wonder ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Here is now what I want to check out more. I think there is a connection between ____________________ (write variable 1) and __________________ (write variable 2) My Scientific Prediction: ____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ My Hypothesis: __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ This step must be completed Monday, February 20 confirm the box below: _______________________________________________________________________ Teacher’s Signature: __________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________* Remember you have to rewrite your prediction and hypothesis when publishing _______________________________________________________________________ later.
  11. 11. Science Fair Project- Stage 3 Creating a ProcedureHow will you test your prediction and hypothesis? Make a procedure!Stage 3 Instructions-1. Brainstorm some ideas to test out your prediction and hypothesis below. Ideas For My Procedure2. On A4 paper, write out or type your procedure just like you learned in class.3. Check that your procedure is proper. Check each item on the checklist below.----------------------------------------------------------------------- Checklist for a Good Procedure____ The procedure contains a title.____ The procedure reviews briefly your inquiry’s topic/ purpose____ A materials section is present.____ Steps for the procedure are numbered in the right order____ Charts and diagrams are present and easily understood____ Charts record multiple repeats of key steps (trials)----------------------------------------------------------------------- ** Remember you have to rewrite your procedure when publishing later. ** Due Date for Step will be – DUE TUESDAY, February 28.
  12. 12. Science Fair Project- Stage 4 Conducting the ProcedureNow you can test your prediction and hypothesis! Conduct your procedure!Stage 4 Instructions- 1. Take out your procedure paper that you made in Stage 3 - (Creating a Procedure) 2. Check your procedure one more time. Fix it if you notice a problem. 3. Now have fun! Do your experiment!  Get your materials  Follow your procedure and make observations  Record your observations in your chart.Also, remember!  Do your experiment many times and record multiple results. (ie. trials)  You can always change it and do again. (if there is some problem or you  know of a better way) ** Remember you will have to redo your chart later and may even create other more attractive charts and graphs when publishing later. ** Due Date for Step will be Announced
  13. 13. Science Fair Project- Stage 5 Analyzing The ResultsIt is time to WRITE. Review what you did and try to understand your results. Complete ALL boxes.Directions- 1. ALONE- Complete ALL 5 boxes below by yourself 2. PAIR- Share your writing with someone. Then, make your writing better. 3. RE –WRITE – After sharing, re-write all your paragraphs together on one A4 page.Stage 5 – Part 1 – Reviewing 1. Question Re-write (Rewrite your inquiry’s topic. SEE STAGE 1!) 2. Useful Information Review (Rewrite some of your background information in STAGE 1!) 3. Prediction and Hypothesis Review (Look at Stage 2 or 3 handout. Which prediction did you choose? Re-write it! Re-write your hypothesis too!)
  14. 14. Stage 5 – Part 2 – Understanding the Results 4. Compare (Look at the results that you got in Stage 4. Write detailed information about them. Compare them with your prediction) 5. Discuss (Evaluate your content in the above box. Are your results and prediction the same? If yes, make a conclusion. If no, explain why and discuss possible problems. Add other relevant ideas too)** REMEMBER- After writing you must do two more things:1. Have someone check your writing.2. Write it again or type it on A4 paper ** Due Date for Step will be Announced
  15. 15. Science Fair Project- Stage 6 Applying the InquiryDirections-1. Write an application paragraph about your science fair inquiry.  Answer questions given in your help handout on The Inquiry Process Stage 6  You may use other ideas too.2. Ask someone to read your paragraph and give you feedback. Then, rewrite the paragraph again or type it. ____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________** REMEMBER- After writing you must do two more things: 1. Have someone check your writing** Due Date for Step will be Announced 2. Write it again or type it on A4 paper
  16. 16. Publishing the Inquiry – Stage 7 Science Fair PresentationNow you must create your medium to show your inquiry to others. Look at you help handouts for Inquiry- Stage 7 (Publishing the Inquiry) Remember there are three parts!-------------------------------------------------------------------------- PART 1- What resources will be used or created? A. Pages- for a science fair presentation, you must create final drafts (ex. second drafts or even third drafts) for all the proper pages (purpose, prediction and hypothesis, materials, procedure, analysis, application and research) B. Charts, Figures and Photos – you must include final copies for your chart that you completed in Stage 4. As well, you may wish include some other charts or figures (eg. graph or diagram) and some photos or other illustrations. C. Model- you should also include a model of your inquiry. Arrange together some the materials that you used or created in Stage 4. OR Make something to represent animportant part of your project.------------------------------------------------------------------------- -PART 2 – How will your resources be organized? A. Create a Display Board- You need to display the final drafts for all of your pages, charts, figures and photos on a display board. ** You may also request to use another format (ex. computer screen and presentation software). You must receive permission to do so from your teacher. B. Create a Report – You will also need to create a small report containing all of your papers.------------------------------------------------------------------------- -Part 3 – What will you do with your resources? A. You will bring your display board, model and report to school on the appointed day. B. You will present your inquiry to all teachers, students in your school and their parents too! How?  Study your resources carefully.  Practice saying the information on your pages to another person or audience.  You could even right a short speech to help you say the information.  You could even dress up in a suit or dress! ** Due Date for Step will be Announced
  17. 17. Science Fair Project – RubricStudent’s Name: ______________________________________________Student’s Partner? ____________________________________________Topic: ______________________________________________________ Objective Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Needs A lot of Needs Some Acceptable Outstanding Work Work Work Word1. Shows Has a limited Can explain most Can explain all 7 Can explain all 7knowledge of the understanding of stages of an stages of an stages of anScientific Inquiry the stages of an inquiry with fair inquiry inquiry withProcess inquiry. understanding. sufficiently. insight.2. Speaks Able to explain a Able to explain Able to share Able to shareknowledgeably limited amount of some details sufficient details many details andand eagerly about detail about the about the project. about the project. about the projectthe project project. Tells about the Is pleasant and and more. Answers only project only when willing to share Eager to tell some of the asked. information. about the project. questions asked.3. Written Handouts, pages Some handouts, All handouts, All handouts,documents clearly and figures have pages and figures pages and figures pages and figuresdemonstrate the been completed are completed are completed are completeduse of research, in a limited sense. and/or certain well. well as well asexperimentation parts or details additionaland analysis skills are missing or resources. lack accuracy.4. Presents data Data is presented Data is presented Data is presented Data is presentedusing a format in a limited on a board with on a board in an on a board inthat is well fashion. A limited some organized and insightful ways. Aorganized and model may or organization and attractive way. An very creativevisually appealing may not be attractiveness. A appropriate model is included present. model is present model is included and used in the and used with and used in the presentation. some success. presentation. Total Score:_________________________Comments: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  18. 18. Information on Writing CitationsWhat is a Citation?A citation is a quoting of specific information about some resource that you used to obtain information.(ie. that you researched from)Students and other people are expected to use a specific format when researching information fromother sources to write pieces of work that require information to be cited.Why is it Important to Cite Sources?As a researcher and writer, you have a responsibility to give proper credit to your sources. It is also veryimportant that you give this credit using a specific format so that it is easy for everyone to follow andunderstand. If you fail to cite a source properly, did you know that you have committed plagiarism? (Seebelow).What is Plagiarism?When you do not give proper credit to your sources, you have committed an act called plagiarism.Basically, you are lying to your readers. You used someone else’s ideas or other information withouttelling anyone where you took it from. Whether your reasons for doing this (ex. using someone else’sideas as your own on purpose, by mistake through careless research or forgetfulness), you are guilty ofplagiarism. So again, it is important for any information that you received from a source you needs tocite it. The only exception to this would be any idea or fact that is common knowledge. You do nothave to cite that. For example, you do not have to cite that ―Humans drink water‖ or ―There are 24hours in a day‖.How do you cite?Citing your work is basically the same as writing a bibliography. More specifically, you make a list of allthe sources you researched to write any part of your paper or other publication format. To correctly,record each a citation for each source, do the following: 1. Put your citation information at the END of your work piece. 2. Each entry of your list is like one long sentence. It does not matter where the second line begins in an entry; it begins on the second line simply because you ran out of room on the first line. 3. For every entry, indent the second and subsequent lines. 4. Write your entries in alphabetical order. 5. Last, use the following formats to write each of your entries:
  19. 19. Proper Citation Formatting1. Book by One AuthorLast Name, First Name. Title. Place of publication: Publisher, Copyright Date.Example: James, Bill. Ellis Island. London: Conpeil Press, 2012.2. Book by Two Authors Last Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. Title. Place of publication: Publisher, Copyright Date. Example: Smith, George and Betty Trent. Freedom Rides. Toronto: Broad Shoulder Press, 2008.3. Encyclopedia (Note: If an author is not listed, begin the entry with the title of the article.) Last Name, First Name. ―Title of Article.‖ Name of Encyclopedia. Edition Year. Example: Franc, Charles. ―Dogs.‖ World Books. 2001 ed.4. General Internet Website Last Name, First Name (if author is given). Title of Website. Date last updated. Name of organization that sponsors the site. Date accessed. <URL link>. Examples: O’Connor, Samson. Samson’s Collection. 7 July 2006. University of Toronto. 31 August 2010. <http://library.gcsu.edu/~sc/foc.html>. Jones, Kelly. The Effects of Solar Radiation. 15 Mar. 2010. Lamos Research Facility. 14 Oct. 2010. <http://www.larf.org/hiro/radeffect.htm>.5. Online Database—Encyclopedia ―Title of Article.‖ Name of Encyclopedia. Year. Name of online source. Date <URL (Persistent link)>. Example: ―Whales.‖ Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Canadiana Online. 23 August 2010. <http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9076727>.
  20. 20. Citation ActivityLearn how to cite your information that you record from a book, online site or other resource bycompleting the following activity.Part A – Answer the following 2 question. 1. What is a citation?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why should students (and other people) cite any information that they research?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Part B – Citing Internet SitesFor each and every question below, do the following: 1. Visit a site as directed in each question. 2. Enjoy browsing around the site. 3. Write 3 or more sentences (jot notes are okay) about some information in the site. 4. Cite the site accurately using the format you learned in today’s class.  Please complete on separate A4 paper. (You may type and print if you prefer)  Remember you must use proper citation format. Be sure to look at the example below and also review the other handouts that you received.1. What is your favourite site to get information?2. Find a site about your favourite animal.3. Go to http://www.nelliemuller.com/Junior_High_Webquests.htm Choose any sublink from this address.4. Go to http://faculty.usiouxfalls.edu/arpeterson/scien_scav_hunt_kids.htm Choose any sublink from this address.5. Go to http://faculty.usiouxfalls.edu/arpeterson/Inscavengerhunt.htm Choose any sublink from this address.6. Visit a site about some strange happening in the world.7. Visit a site about your favourite celebrity.8. Visit a site about some recent news.9. Visit any other site relating to science.10. Visit any other site of your choice.
  21. 21. Part C – Reviewing and Being Critical1. Review the information you got from each site.2. Which information do you think you could or would use for some writing piece. Explain well.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  22. 22. Finish Strong for Your Science Fair Project !  By now, you have almost completed your science fair project. Hurrah!  But it is important to check that you are completely ready  Today’s class and HW will help you to finish strongly!Part 1 – In class Questions  Work with a small group  Take turns showing your board to each other  When showing, have other students ask questions about how you completed your project  Keep in mind that the questions below are more about the process of getting ready. So you do not need to explain a lot about the scientific knowledge for your topic during today’s classQuestions to ask the Presenting Group Member 1. How many boards did you decide to use? Why? 2. How did you make the background parts for your board? (What colour is your board? Did you use fancy paper for the background or other? What kind of headings do you have and how did you make them? etc.) 3. How many papers in total do you have on your board? 4. What kind of diagrams, graphs or tables do you have? Explain how you made some of them. 5. What did you use to arrange your report? (binder, file folder…etc). How did you arrange all your papers? 6. _________________________________________________________________________ __?Part 2 – To do for HW Questions  Of course, you are going to make any necessary revisions to your board  But also remember that you need to talk during your science fair presentation.  Most likely, you will be asked questions.  The following are some commonly asked science fair questions.  Answer all questions in full on other paper. ** Remember to answer each question using FULL SENTENCES and include LOTS OF DETAILS! (A simple Yes or No is not a proper answer!)Questions that you may be asked during your Science Fair Presentation 1. How did you get the idea for your topic? 2. Can you explain your background research (stage 1)? OR What was the most interesting background reading you used? 3. What are your variables? Your controls? 4. Can you explain your procedure? 5. How many times did you repeat your experiment? 6. Did you need to make any changes to your original procedure? 7. What does your data (from your results) tell you? 8. What do your graphs represent? 9. What does each photo or picture tell you? 10. How does your apparatus work? (your model, experiment or other) 11. Did you find any experimental errors? What did you do about them? 12. Why is your results and analysis important? OR What application does this project have to real life? (Hint – use your application paragraph) 13. What problems did you run into while doing your experiment and how did you fix them? 14. Did you acquire any new skills while doing your project? 15. What help did you receive from others (students, adults, teachers, family, and so on)?
  23. 23. 16. What are the three most interesting or important things you learned when doing this science fair project? 17. What further research do you plan on doing, or would do, to this science fair project? (Your future study) 18. _________________________________________________________________________ __?Part 3 – (Optional)Write up a short "speech" (about 2–5 minutes long) summarizing your science fair project. Do not justyou’re your papers word by word. That is too long to keep saying to each visitor! Also memorize it! - Things to possibly include in your speech are:  How you got the idea for your topic.  How you did the experiment(s) (explain any relevant terms along the way).  Your results and conclusions.  Why your science fair project is important in todays society (how will it help people today?)  Demonstrate (briefly) that you understand the theory behind why your project turns out the way it does. - After writing and learning your speech, you could also:  Practice explaining your science fair project to others and pretend they are judges.  Videotaping yourself during practice can also be very helpful. Although it can be painful to watch the video, you will see the mistakes you made and be able to fix the next time you speak.  Practice explaining your science fair project in simple terms so anyone can understand it. o Many students do not know how to explain their science fair project to the general public. If you can explain your project in laymens terms, you are one step ahead of everyone!Part 4 – For the Days of the Science Fair 1. Present yourself in a professional way- Always dress up nicely for the science fair judging period-NO JEANS! Everyone will take you more seriously if you look professional. 2. Make good use of your display board. Point to diagrams / graphs when you are discussing. 3. Always be positive and enthusiastic! 4. Be confident with your answers. Do not mumble and say "Ummmmm...I think maybe this is happening?" Even if you answer a question incorrectly, at least you tried your best! 5. Emphasize how you were creative/unique/innovative with your science fair project. 6. If you have no idea what a person is asking, or do not know the answer to their question, it is okay to say "I do not know." (And move on to the next question that you –can- hopefully answer!) 7. Treat each person who visits you like a judge, even nonscientists. 8. Always ask for feedback from others especially teachers.