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G7 Term 2 other handouts and notes G7 Term 2 other handouts and notes Document Transcript

  • Your titlepage forthe othersection
  • Making Your Science Mini-Web PageAs promised, you will now have the wonderful opportunity to design yourown mini-web page to be an added component to the SAIS ScienceWebpage for Middle Students. Please pay careful attention to all partsoutline below.Why Are You Making This?There are 3 important reasons- 1. Self-Presentation- This page will serve as a way to present yourself and your feelings of science to the class. You will be encouraged to include various profile elements and can also add other personal items. Keep in mind though that this mini-web page is for science class so try to make your items relevant as much as possible. 2. Communication – this page will also be another way for you, your parents, the other students and the teacher to communicate with each other. For instance, your ongoing grades will be accessed here (with password protection). As well, in time, you can create widgets that allow people to post messages and read your messages. 3. File Sharing – eventually, you will also be able to share files both privately with the teacher and your parents and also more publicly with other students. For instance, your teacher may send rubric files or activity handout files to your blog. Also, you will be able to submit certain assignments to your page for your teacher to obtain. How to make your mini-web page? Mr. Zions’ SAIS science web page uses a free web page provider called Yola. Consequently, you will be required to create your web page through Yola as well so that everything can be synchronized with each other. --> If you wish you could view a tutorial video such as the one at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJnRiHd6b8g Follow the instructions below and ask others including the teacher when you don’t understand.Part 1 – Creating Your Yola Account To make a web page, your first need an account with Yola. It is easy and you can just use your email account. 1. Go to yola.com 2. Click login and then signup (in the top right corner) 3. Fill out the online form and click Get Started NowPart 2 – Creating Your SiteAfter you click Get Started Now, you will immediately enter a screen titled, Create a new site.
  • 1. Enter your name on the top line (where it says Enter your business name) 2. Check the box at the bottom left labeled Start with only a blank page and then click Build it (Just ignore choosing any website category. You will choose later) 3. You are now in your web page. Find and click the Style icon at the top (second one from the left) 4. Select Change Style . 5. Scroll through and select any (free) style to decide on the look of your web page (You can always change it later at any time you wish!)Part 3 – Creating the Basic Items for your Web Page-You are now ready to design the core elements of your web page. You have various elements to choosefrom as follows- A. Making Textboxes – you can put various text writings in your web page. 1. Simply click and drag the text widget (on the right side) into the main area of your web page. 2. Click anywhere on the text box to type in a message. 3. You can also cut and paste text from other sources if you wish. 4. To edit your text, notice the template appears when you click on your text box. There are various actions you can take to edit your text such as bolding, changing the font size or colour, centering text etc. B. Inserting Images – you can also put various images into your webpage. 1. First you need to save an image (that you uploaded or got from the web) as a jpeg file on your computer. --> Use another program such as paint.net. --> Open or pasted your image in that program --> Then save the image on your computer with the extension .jpg 2. Next, click and drag the picture widget in the main area of your web page 3. When prompted, choose Upload new image and then select the jpg image file you saved. 4. Your picture will then be uploaded to you web page. 5. You can also adjust the size of your picture by dragging a corner of it with the mouse. C. Images in Textboxes Combined- You can also add pictures directly into your text as follows: 1. Follow the directions for making textboxes (A.) 2. When the template appears, click the insert image icon. 3. Upload your image as you did in step 3 for inserting images (B.) 4. You can also choose to the wrap or center the picture. Click the icon for the desired effect in the above template (to the very right) D. Dividing Columns – This is a very USEFUL widget. It will allow you to arrange all your text and picture boxes in a neat an artistic fashion. 1. Click and drag the column divider widget into the main area of your web page. 2. Notice there are two columns divided a line. 3. Click and move the dividing line to decide on the column sizes. 4. Now you can click and drag and text boxes into your columns to arrange two items side by side.
  • 5. Add more column dividers as you desire. You can even put a column divider into another column divider to arrange more than two items side by side. Have fun! E. Other Widgets – You can also add horizontal lines and custom colour panels by dragging their widgets into the main area of your web page if desired.Part 4 – Saving, Previewing and Publishing Your Mini-Web Page-These are three very important steps. Otherwise, you will lose all the important work you did! 1. To save your mini-web page online, simply click save (in the top right corner of the main window) 2. To preview your mini-web page at any time, click preview (in the top corner of the main window) 3. To publish your mini-web page online, simply click publish to the web (at the very top) 4. Be sure to note (ex. write down) the name of your web page so you and others can access it later!---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Science Mini-Web Page AssignmentNote! All middle school students are required to make a mini-web page for their science class.Mini-web pages will be marked and the score will be used as part of your project score.When designing the web-page, all of the following items must be met- 1. _____ you created an account with Yola 2. _____ your web page has your name for at least part of its title 3. _____ you have chosen an appropriate style for your webpage 4. _____ your web page has at least 2 text boxes with text relating to yourself and/or science 5. _____ your web page has at least 2 images relating to yourself and/or science 6. _____ you have used the column divider at least once to help arrange your widgets (your text boxes and images) 7. _____ you have published your webpage to the Internet 8. _____ you have emailed Mr. Zions the address for your webpage 9. _____ you have created a “My Grades” section for you teacher to upload your grades ** See Below for creating this section *** Also note, you will not be able to do this step until after you have emailed your webpage’s address to Mr. Zions**** Also, remember you are encouraged to do something insightful or additional to the above for ahigher grade. (For instance, you scan in your own photos or even make your avatar such as by usingthe free website program at www.befunky.com)* Creating My Grades Section--> Follow all steps carefully. It is important to do so if you wish to view your grades online. 1. _____ Create a text box somewhere on your webpage. 2. _____ Double click the textbox to make the textbox editing template visible 3. _____ Click the HTML icon (the last icon on the right in the template) 4. _____ Cut and Paste in the HTML text that you received in an email from your teacherNote: To view your grades, simply go to your web page. You will be able to login with your email andpassword in the section of your page you create for your grades.
  • Grade 7 Winter Break ProjectScience Topic: Earth’s HistoryProject Name: Research Report on Earth’s HistoryProject Tentative Due Date: Wednesday, January 11For Parent- I have read and understand my child has to complete the project outlined below by the tentative duedate given above.저는 이프로젝트 개요를 읽었으며 제 아아가 위에 명시 된 날짜가찌프로젝트를 완성해야 됨을이해합니다.__________________________________ (Parent’s Signature 학부모님 서명)Section 1 – Background Summarizing  In this section, you will do things: 1. Review / Practice your summarizing skills 2. Learn important background information about your assignment’s topicInstructions-1. Read a whole chapter (3 sections) from chapter 13 or chapter 14 on Earth’s History  So, you have a choice here! Check only one blank below.____ I will read Chapter 13 (Sections 1,2 and 3, page 362 – 381)OR____ I will read Chapter 14 (Sections 1,2 and 3, page 392 – 413)2. Use the summary organizer format below (page ___ of this handout) to summarize each section for your chosen chapter.3. Important! You must write 3 summaries (one for each section)4. After you finish writing, check all items below:_____ I have written one summary for Section 1 of my chapter using the organizer below_____ I have copied the organizer format on other paper two more times_____ I have written 2 more summaries for Section 2 and 3 of my chapter using my copied organizers on the other paper
  • SUMMARY – Organizer Handout Part 1- Read for the Main Idea (Thesis) Reading NotesMain Idea (1-2 sentences) - ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Part 2- READ FOR SUPPORTING IDEAS (Divisions of Thought)Supporting Idea 1 (1-2 sentences) Supporting Details 1 (1+ sentences)Supporting Idea 2 (1-2 sentences) Supporting Details 2 (1+ sentences)Supporting Idea 3 (1-2 sentences)
  • Supporting Details 3 (1+ sentences)Supporting Idea 4 (1-2 sentences) Supporting Details 1 (1+ sentences)Supporting Idea 5 (1-2 sentences) Supporting Details 2 (1+ sentences)Supporting Idea 6 (1-2 sentences) Supporting Details 7 (1+ sentences) ** CONTINUE ON OTHER A4 paper for readings with more than 6 supporting ideas !!!
  • Section 2 – Choosing Your Report’s TopicIn this section, you will do things:  Learn or review what a report is  Choose your report’s topicInstructions-1. At the SAIS science webpage, find your grade (under Our Classes) and then find Research Report (under Our Units)2. Scroll through the embedded handouts to page 1 that is titled, What is the Research Report?3. Read carefully page 1 and 2.4. Fill in the blanks for the note below- ______________________________________What is the ______________________________________?The research report is a ____________________________________ usually about a_________________________________. The writer obtains the information by first researching a topic. Then,he/she organizes the information in a special way to make a report of the information.The research report is a ________________________ writing piece. It has__________________________________. It has different kinds of paragraphs. Also, it is usually_____________________________________.The purpose of a research report is to learn about some topic and to report information on the topic in an easy tounderstand format. How to Write a Research Report- Understanding the Basic Organization-** Most research reports (but not all) can be broken down into three basic parts:1) _________________________________ - contains the thesis (main idea of the report)2) 2 or more _______________________________- each contains a main topic for the report and other supporting details.3) __________________________________- contains the re-thesis (summary of the report)
  • Research Report Format First to the Top Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain. It stand 29 035 feet above seaLevel, between Nepal and Tibet. Avalanches and the cold climate make it scary to _____________climb. Its summit is a dangerous place. It is cold all year, and the wind and ____________snowstorms can be extreme. Also, the air high on Everest is so thin that climberscan hardly breathe. Many people have died there in the cold, yet climbers keeptrying to reach the top. Some say George Leigh Mallory was the first to reach the summit of Mount ___________Everest. After two unsuccessful trips, Mallory tried again. In early June of 1924, ____________his group reached Camp Six on the north pass. Next, Mallory and Sandy Irvine,another climber, tried for the summit. The last time they were seen, they werealmost there, but they never returned. For a long time, it seemed Mallory and Irvine had disappeared forever in the ___________snow and ice. Then, in 1933 an ice ax was found. In 1975, Wang Hongbao, aChinese climber, found a man in 1920s clothing dead on the slopes of Everest, ____________but he could not bring the body down before losing his own life in an avalanche.In May of 1999, climbers following Mallory and Irvine’s route found that bodyagain. Labels in the clothing were marked “G. L. Mallory.” Did Mallory and Irvinereach the summit before they died? The answer is still a mystery. Edmund Hillary, of New Zealand, also wanted to climb the highest mountain in ____________the world. In 1953, he set out with a climbing party led by John Hunt, anEnglishman. Hunt’s group was guided by Sherpas, the mountain people of _____________Nepal. The group was going up from the south instead of the north. Hunt pickedHillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa, to try for the summit. Soon after 11:30 amon May 29, 1953, Hillary and Tenzing stood triumphant at the top of the world. _____________They shook hands, hugged, and took pictures. When Hillary and Tenzingreturned form Mount Everest, they were honored greatly. _____________ 5. So you hopefully now have an idea of what a research report is!  Now, you are going to learn how to write it. This means you will explain ideas about some topic using the special paragraph format that you read on pages 1 and 2.  But first you need a topic and your topic must be connected to your textbook chapter that you read in Section 1 before 6. To choose your topic, first look at and review the blue headings that you read in your chapter (Example- In chapter 13 of grade 7 textbook, section1, The first blue heading is Traces of the Distant Past. The second blue heading is Formation of Fossils.. etc. In chapter 14, section 1, the first blue heading is Geologic Time. The second blue heading is Organic Evolution etc. Every chapter of any textbook will be similar in format) 7. Write down any three blue headings that seemed interesting for your chapter below ____________________________________________________________ (Blue Heading 1) ____________________________________________________________ (Blue Heading 2) ____________________________________________________________ (Blue Heading 3) 8. Now look at what you write. Which one seems to be the best to write about? Circle it. Then write it on the blank below:
  • My Chosen Research Report Topic: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(choose one blue heading to write from step 7)9. Last, get your teacher’s approval. In an email, tell your teacher your chosen topic and why. Yourteacher will email you back to confirm your topic10. After you finish this stage, check all items below:_____ I have complete the note about the research report_____ I emailed my topic to my teacher and received confirmation for my topic.Section 3 – Planning Your ReportIn this section, you will do things:  Brainstorm questions to research about your topic  Learn how to take jot notes to find answers to your brainstorm questionsInstructions- 1. One good way to get more information about your topic is to make a KWS (What I Know, What I Want to Know, Sources). Complete the KWS handout below on the next page of this handout. 2. Next, use your KWS chart to find out information for your topic.  You should write down information for your topic using a special format called jot notes. How to write jot notes  Write each of your questions (from the W column of your KWS chart) at the top of a small note card (or ½ size A4 paper) Then, read a possible source about your question .  If you find some good information, write the source name under your question.  Then, write down the information last (see the sample jot notes below) ** Important! Don’t write the whole sentences from the source. Instead just write the main words. You can even use your own words to explain. Also, you can put bullets (dots) next to your words. Don’t worry about punctuation either. What you are doing is making jot notes! Sample Jot Notes- What causes cancer? - Source 1- Grade 9 Science Textbook,  Certain viruses can infect your cells and cause changes that lead to cancer  One example virus is the Hepatitus- C virus which can cause liver cancer and failure and then death Source 2 - http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/CancerCauses/index  Smoking tobacco  DNA can be a factor  Exposure to UV rays from the sun  Source 3 – ETC.
  • Make sure you repeat step 2 for many question. You should have at least 5 or 6 jot notes. Also, make sure you try to write a lot of information for each jot note. Of course, some sources will give you more information than others.4. After you finish writing, check all items below:_____ I have complete the KWS chart for my topic_____ I have made 5 or 6 jot notes for my topic
  • Section 4 – Writing Your ReportIn this section, you will do things:  Write a Brainstorm for your report  Write a first draft for your reportInstructions- 1.Use the Brainstorm Organizer below to write out a brainstorm for your report.  The hardest parts may be to change your research questions into Supporting ideas.  Sometimes, you can just reword your question.  Sometimes, you can read your jot notes to create a sentence that tells the main idea for your jot notes.  Also, consider the kind of information you wrote for your jot note. Are they…examples? Reasons? Causes? Strategy steps? Other? Try to do something similar to the 3 examples below. My Question Supporting IdeaExample 1 – What causes cancer? Cancer is caused by many thing.Example 2 – How does cancer kill you? Cancer can cause serious damage to you body cells.Example 3 – Can we fight cancer? There are few ways we can stop or at least slowcancer. Brainstorm Organizer: Use this handout to organize your research. Be sure to complete at least three supporting paragraphs below in full.
  • Introduction Paragraph- Basic Background Information- (try to make interesting to hook your reader’s attention) Your topic – (write your topic using a good statement)Support Paragraph 1: (Explanation Paragraph 1) Supporting Idea**:_______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ** Use one your jot not questions for the supporting idea. Change it into a statement. Supporting Details (examples, reasons, causes, solutions, strategy steps, etc. ) 1. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________Support Paragraph 2: (Explanation Paragraph 2) Supporting Idea**:_______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ** Use one your jot not questions for the supporting idea. Change it into a statement. Supporting Details (examples, reasons, causes, solutions, strategy steps, etc. ) 1. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________
  • Support Paragraph 3: (Explanation Paragraph 3) Supporting Idea**:_______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ** Use one your jot not questions for the supporting idea. Change it into a statement. Supporting Details (examples, reasons, causes, solutions, strategy steps, etc. ) 1. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Conclusion Paragraph- Review your topic again- (use a good statement) Closing Information- (try to give some relevant closing information to satisfy your reader) 2. Now take some clean A4 paper and write everything from the organizer again on this paper. You should also double space and remember to include a title! 3. After you finish section 4,Section 5 – Finalizing Your Report check all items below:In this section, you will do things: _____ I have completed all sections of the brainstorm  Revise your report _____ (check here when done) organizer  Write a final for your report _____ (check here) _____ I have written a first draftInstructions- 1. Have someone read your first draft carefully and give corrections or suggestions. 2. Make changes to your first draft by following your reader’s advice. Write your report again as a final draft. The End!
  • The Research ReportWhat is the Research Report?The research report is a collection ofinformation usually about a particular topic.The writer obtains the information by firstresearching a topic. Then, he/she organizesthe information in a special way to make areport of the information.The research report is a more complexwriting piece. It has multiple paragraphs. Ithas different kinds of paragraphs. Also, it isusually non-fiction.The purpose of a research report is to learnabout some topic and to report informationon the topic in an easy to understand format.
  • How to Write a Research Report- Understanding the Basic Organization-** Most research reports (but not all) can bebroken down into three basic parts: 1) Introduction paragraph – contains the thesis (main idea of the report) 2) 2 or more body support (explanation) paragraphs- each contains a main topic for the report and other supporting details. 3) conclusion paragraph- contains the re-thesis (summary of the report)
  • Research Report Format First to the Top Mount Everest is the world’s tallest mountain. It stand 29 035 feet above sea level,between Nepal and Tibet. Avalanches and the cold climate make it scary to climb. Its Introductionsummit is a dangerous place. It is cold all year, and the wind and snowstorms can beextreme. Also, the air high on Everest is so thin that climbers can hardly breathe. Many Paragraphpeople have died there in the cold, yet climbers keep trying to reach the top. Some say George Leigh Mallory was the first to reach the summit of Mount Everest.After two unsuccessful trips, Mallory tried again. In early June of 1924, his group Supportreached Camp Six on the north pass. Next, Mallory and Sandy Irvine, another climber,tried for the summit. The last time they were seen, they were almost there, but they Paragraph 1never returned. For a long time, it seemed Mallory and Irvine had disappeared forever in the snow andice. Then, in 1933 an ice ax was found. In 1975, Wang Hongbao, a Chinese climber,found a man in 1920s clothing dead on the slopes of Everest, but he could not bring the Supportbody down before losing his own life in an avalanche. In May of 1999, climbers followingMallory and Irvine’s route found that body again. Labels in the clothing were marked “G. Paragraph 2L. Mallory.” Did Mallory and Irvine reach the summit before they died? The answer isstill a mystery. Edmund Hillary, of New Zealand, also wanted to climb the highest mountain in theworld. In 1953, he set out with a climbing party led by John Hunt, an Englishman. Hunt’sgroup was guided by Sherpas, the mountain people of Nepal. The group was going up Supportfrom the south instead of the north. Hunt picked Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa,to try for the summit. Soon after 11:30 am on May 29, 1953, Hillary and Tenzing stood Paragraph 3triumphant at the top of the world. They shook hands, hugged, and took pictures. WhenHillary and Tenzing returned form Mount Everest, they were honored greatly. In 1975, two expeditions raced to put the first woman on the summit. In one group, a ConclusionJapanese expedition leader named Junko Tabei was trapped under ice when anavalanche slammed into her tent. Sherpas rescued her and her ten mates. Even though Paragraphshe was injured, Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the summit of MountEverest.
  • Jot NotesWhat are They?Jot notes are a convenient way of recordinginformation when you are researching.Jot notes have the following features: 1. Start with a bullet, a dash (-), a tilde (~) or a dot 2. Do not need punctuation including capitals 3. Use only main words or phrases - no sentences. This is called writing in point form.
  • When and How Do we Use Them?When researching, jot notes are useful foranswering your questions through multiplesources as follows: 1. Write your question. 2. Write a possible source 3. List many points about your question in point form 4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 again and again for each next source.Example- What causes cancer? - Source 1- Grade 9 Science Textbook,  Certain viruses can infect your cells and cause changes that lead to cancer  One example virus is the Hepatitus- C virus which can cause liver cancer and failure and then death Source 2 - http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/CancerCauses/index  Smoking tobacco  DNA can be a factor  Exposure to UV rays from the sun Source 3 – ETC.