Local Transparency and Open Data
What is the value of transparency and open
data to local government?
Gesche Schmid
@Gesch...
Local Transparency
• transparency fosters greater accountability and
democracy
• ready access and meaningful use of open d...
Drivers for transparency and open data
• Legal and policy drivers (accountability and
transparency)
• Information economy ...
Legal and Policy Drivers to Open Data
• Legal Driver:
– FOI A: release of datasets for reuse
– INSPIRE: regulation for acc...
Open Data Charter
• Open Data principles:
– Open Data by Default
– Quality and Quantity
– Useable by All
– Releasing Data ...
What is open?
Open Data Careful sharing of data Closed data
The vast majority of
government data will be
published as open...
Government Response to Shakespeare Review set out a
three pronged approach to releasing further open data
National Informa...
Open Data User Group
• to help government understand the requirements of people
who are using, or could use, the datasets ...
Information economy
• Open data and information drive technology-led economic
growth. Estimated £ 1.8 bn direct value to t...
Local transparency
• Open by default (Vision Redbridge)
• Closed data is dead data (Future Cities)
“There are only two typ...
Public service transformation
• Offering a more efficient and effective public
service through better collaboration:
Under...
Smart Places
• A system or city/community that runs on its own
and is sustainable.
• Open Data plays an increasing role as...
Open Data Engagement
• Government information and data are common resources,
managed in trust by government.
• A commitmen...
Examples
Food Inspections as an indicator for choosing restaurants
Usage of Car parks as an indicator for town centre acti...
LG Inform: LGA data service
‘The LGA’s free data service which presents you with up-to-
date published data about your loc...
Approach to open data: Technical
implementation
• Choose a platform
• Reuse existing components and software
(inventories,...
Approach to open data:
Engagement
• Open by default
• Get senior management buy-in
• Work collaboratively across the local...
https://certificates.theodi.org
Local Open Data Breakthrough Programme
• Enables open data release and ease of access to open data
to stimulate engagement...
Open Data Breakthrough Projects 2013/14
“... There are some great
examples of authorities using
open data to benefit their...
Open Data Breakthrough Projects 2013/14
• Lancashire County Council -
Lancashire Local Information Service
(LIS) Project
•...
www.cipfa.org/Services/Research-and-Statistics/Datashare
Neighbourhoods
.esd.org.uk
Cambridgeshire Insight: Who
uses our information…
51.9% are repeat visitors
Real Estate/Residential
Properties
Consumer
El...
Integrated transport and weather information pilot
https://itwip.sunderlandsoftwarecity.com/
LG Incentive Scheme
• The local government incentive scheme encourages
local authorities to publish datasets according to ...
Local Government sector-led
approach
• Encourages a meaningful approach to the release of open
data with the emphasis of a...
Services supporting
Local transparency and open data
Local Transparency: http://www.local.gov.uk/local-transparency
Email:...
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data
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Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data

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Lga local transparency roadshow 2014 value of local open data

  1. 1. Local Transparency and Open Data What is the value of transparency and open data to local government? Gesche Schmid @GescheSchmid Programme Manager Transparency Local Government Association Local Transparency road show June 2014 www.local.gov.uk
  2. 2. Local Transparency • transparency fosters greater accountability and democracy • ready access and meaningful use of open data – Innovates and transforms local public services – Empowers citizen, business, community groups • The pace of the transition from closed to open data is based on local needs and demand • Local government supports a presumption in favour of transparency and open data Social, environmental and economic
  3. 3. Drivers for transparency and open data • Legal and policy drivers (accountability and transparency) • Information economy and economic growth • Public service transformation (efficiencies and effectiveness) • Citizen and community engagement and self service, localism (social growth) • Smart places (environmental, social and economic growth)
  4. 4. Legal and Policy Drivers to Open Data • Legal Driver: – FOI A: release of datasets for reuse – INSPIRE: regulation for accessing geospatial data • Government Policy Drivers – Open data white paper: Unleashing the potential – Government department open data strategies – National Information Infrastructure – Open Government Partnership: Data Charter – Information Economy and Data Capability • Local policy drivers: – Improving Local Government Transparency: Code of practice for local government on transparency – Localism: public service reform, empowering communities
  5. 5. Open Data Charter • Open Data principles: – Open Data by Default – Quality and Quantity – Useable by All – Releasing Data for Improved Governance – Releasing Data for Innovation • Technical commitment – Use robust and consistent metadata – And others…. • https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter
  6. 6. What is open? Open Data Careful sharing of data Closed data The vast majority of government data will be published as open data and available through Dataportals such as data.gov.uk Where it is not possible to publish data as open data, Government will explore opportunities to share this safely across Government Departments and where appropriate with relevant outside organisations in “sandbox” / “datalab” environments Data remains secure and is not shared outside a particular government department or agency Reasons could include: •Privacy •National security •Some commercial information
  7. 7. Government Response to Shakespeare Review set out a three pronged approach to releasing further open data National Information Infrastructure Make explicit the main departmental data through the ‘National Information Infrastructure’ Data requests Maintain and strengthen the bottom-up approach we already have in place via ODUG and Data.gov.uk which allows data businesses and others to request particular datasets which are crucial to their business Data release Continue to press for the release of particular ad-hoc datasets that provide the opportunity for transformational benefits for UK citizens. Central government approach: How will local data feed into this approach?
  8. 8. Open Data User Group • to help government understand the requirements of people who are using, or could use, the datasets it collects. • Advises Public Sector Transparency Board on key dataset requests – Develops business cases for key data requests submitted on data.gov.uk • Local government data requests for making data more easily and openly accessible and available to a consistent format
  9. 9. Information economy • Open data and information drive technology-led economic growth. Estimated £ 1.8 bn direct value to the economy and another £ 5 bn of indirect benefits (DeLoitte Marketstudy 2013). – promote the smart use of information technology and data in UK business in particular supporting SMEs – ensure that citizens benefit from the digital age and are able to use digital service confidently. • Thriving information economy relies on – public sector information to be easily and openly accessible and interoperable based on standards – A workforce that have the skill to make use of the data
  10. 10. Local transparency • Open by default (Vision Redbridge) • Closed data is dead data (Future Cities) “There are only two types of data in Bristol City Council: confidential data which we can’t share, and open data which will be made available.” Councillor Mark Wright, Bristol • Used within public sector to transform services – Self assessment and self service(community budgets). – Sharing of Insight • Make data open so that it can be reused by citizen, business, community groups, – Apps, location analysis, commissioning, engagement with communities • £ 70 million value in efficiency savings through the better use of public sector information in local government alone (DeLoitte 2013)
  11. 11. Public service transformation • Offering a more efficient and effective public service through better collaboration: Underpinned by sharing information and knowledge Community and citizen engagement • Citizen self service and self assessment of services • Community led services: Neighbourhood planning, Right to buy, etc. • Customer led transformation: Customer insight, needs and demands
  12. 12. Smart Places • A system or city/community that runs on its own and is sustainable. • Open Data plays an increasing role as a basis for measuring the need and demand and the function and performance of a city/community. • Role of Local authorities: As a custodian of the city or community may take the lead to publish and manage civic data upon which others could build.
  13. 13. Open Data Engagement • Government information and data are common resources, managed in trust by government. • A commitment to open data involves making information and data resources accessible to all without discrimination; and actively engaging to ensure that information and data can be used in a wide range of ways. • Engaging open data should: ★ Be demand driven ★ ★ Put data in context ★ ★ ★ Support conversation around data ★ ★ ★ ★ Build capacity, skills and networks ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Collaborate on data as a common resource http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/
  14. 14. Examples Food Inspections as an indicator for choosing restaurants Usage of Car parks as an indicator for town centre activity
  15. 15. LG Inform: LGA data service ‘The LGA’s free data service which presents you with up-to- date published data about your local area and the performance of your council’. www.local.gov.uk/lginform
  16. 16. Approach to open data: Technical implementation • Choose a platform • Reuse existing components and software (inventories, schemas, apps, INSPIRE) • Publish data as machine readable (3 star proprietary, 5 star linked data) • Publish your metadata on data.gov.uk • Certify your data by the Open Data Institute for level of openness • Good data management is key
  17. 17. Approach to open data: Engagement • Open by default • Get senior management buy-in • Work collaboratively across the local area • Find out what users want (FOI, Blogs, etc.) • Encourage the meaningful use of data – Get the users involved through hackathons, etc. • Skills training and capacity building
  18. 18. https://certificates.theodi.org
  19. 19. Local Open Data Breakthrough Programme • Enables open data release and ease of access to open data to stimulate engagement, innovation and growth • Overcome particular technical barriers in opening up data or assisting in the release of locally or organisationally held data. – Infrastructure and software that enables the release of data; – Standardising data and making it linkable so that it can be easier combined and compared • Enables data to be better understood, accessed, shared and reused as open data bringing together open data for onward use and supporting local communities to understand and use the data through applications • Breakthrough fund 2013/14: 19 successful projects • Funding for 2014/15: www.local.gov.uk/local-transparency
  20. 20. Open Data Breakthrough Projects 2013/14 “... There are some great examples of authorities using open data to benefit their communities and we hope this money will help local groups and businesses access data and drive social and economic growth in their areas.“ Cllr Tim Cheetham, chair of the local government review panel http://www.local.gov.uk/local- transparency
  21. 21. Open Data Breakthrough Projects 2013/14 • Lancashire County Council - Lancashire Local Information Service (LIS) Project • Cambridgeshire County Council - Cambridgeshire Insight Open Data: Stimulating Economic Growth and Encouraging Innovation. • Devon County Council - Local Government Community Data – opportunities for localities and businesses* • Leeds City Council - development of the West Yorkshire Observatory* and Hackathon/Leed Data Mill • City of York Council – Community service directory – Empowering communities to access services
  22. 22. www.cipfa.org/Services/Research-and-Statistics/Datashare
  23. 23. Neighbourhoods .esd.org.uk
  24. 24. Cambridgeshire Insight: Who uses our information… 51.9% are repeat visitors Real Estate/Residential Properties Consumer Electronics/Mobile Phones Home & Garden/Home Improvement Autos & Vehicles/Motor Vehicles Financial Services/Investment Services In-Market Segments Economy  Employment in the hi-tech community: Cambridgeshire & Peterborough 2012  Cambridgeshire East of England Forecasting Model 2013 Baseline Housing  Local Housing Allowance (LHA) Changes  Registers of expressed need compared to lettings and sales  Affordable Housing Completions  Planning Permission Granted and Housing Completions  Housing need register applicants parish preference, social rented lettings and bidding behaviour Demography  Cambridgeshire Dwelling Stock Forecasts 2012  Cambridgeshire Population and Dwelling Stock Estimates 2012  Cambridgeshire Population Forecasts 2012 Transport  Traffic Counts
  25. 25. Integrated transport and weather information pilot https://itwip.sunderlandsoftwarecity.com/
  26. 26. LG Incentive Scheme • The local government incentive scheme encourages local authorities to publish datasets according to a given schema which combined will deliver a national view of the data. • Themes: Planning applications, public conveniences, licenced premises • Managed through the LG Inform Plus (formerly esd toolkit) programme funded by Cabinet Office, through the Public Sector Transparency Board • Soon to be released. http://data.gov.uk/blog/every-forward-step-progress
  27. 27. Local Government sector-led approach • Encourages a meaningful approach to the release of open data with the emphasis of a sector-led approach to improvement and innovation. – Local Transparency programme managed by the Local Government Association (LGA) – Local Open Data Group to promote a common local data infrastructure and local domain on data.gov.uk – Local government open data breakthrough programme funded by the Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS), data release and incentive programme funded by Cabinet Office – http://www.local.gov.uk/local-transparency
  28. 28. Services supporting Local transparency and open data Local Transparency: http://www.local.gov.uk/local-transparency Email: transparency@local.gov.uk LG Inform: www.local.gov.uk/about-lginform, Email: LGInform@local.gov.uk Esd toolkit: www.esd.org.uk
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