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  • 1. NEWS FROM THE FIELD Gerry McKiernan, Editor PROGRAMS Forum “Converging, Emerging Standards for Digital Preservation” June 16, 2002 American Library Association Annual Conference Atlanta, Georgia http://www.rlg.org/longterm/forum02/ During the annual meeting of the American Library Association held in mid-June 2002, the Research Libraries Group (RLG) sponsored an Open Forum that brought together representatives from RLG member institutions and Michigan State University to discuss current digital preservation initiatives. The forum was introduced by Robin Dale, Program Officer with RLG, and included the following topics and presentations: • The Joint Work of the OCLC-RLG Preservation Metadata Working Group (Rebecca Guenther, Senior Networking and Standards Spe- cialist, Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress) <http://www.rlg.org/longterm/forum02/guenther.html> Gerry McKiernan, MLS, is Science and Technology Librarian and Bibliographer, 152 Parks Library, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (E-mail: gerrymck@gwgate. lib.iastate.edu) (http://www.public.iastate.edu/~CYBERSTACKS/). Journal of Internet Cataloging, Vol. 6(2) 2003 http://www.haworthpress.com/store/product.asp?sku=J141  2003 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved. 10.1300/J141v06n02_07 91
  • 2. • Technical Metadata for Digital Still Images (Janet Gertz, Director for Preservation, Columbia University) <http://www.rlg.org/longterm/ forum02/gertz.html> • New Work in Audiovisual Metadata (Michael Seadle, Head, Digital & Multimedia Center, Michigan State University) <http://www.rlg. org/longterm/forum02/seadle.html> • Uses of the Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard (METS) (Merrilee Proffitt, Program Officer, RLG) <http://www.rlg.org/ longterm/forum02/proffitt.html> • Harvard University’s Submission Information Package for electronic journals (Stephen Abrams, Digital Library Program Manager, Har- vard University Library) <http://www.rlg.org/longterm/forum02/ abrams.html> • The Library of Congress’s Archival Information Package for Audio- visual Materials (Morgan Cundiff, Senior Network and MARC Stan- dards Specialist, Library of Congress) <http://www.rlg.org/longterm/ forum02/cundiff.html>. Institutes “ALCTS AACR2 2002 Revision and Metadata Regional Institutes” November 2002 Chicago, Illinois; Arlington, Virginia http://www.ala.org/alcts/now/metadata.html Beginning in early November 2002, the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS) sponsored several regional institutes devoted to revised and expanded chapters of the Anglo-Amer- ican Cataloguing Rules, 2nd Edition, 2002 Revised Edition, MARC 21, and the applications of these rules and formats. The institute also ex- plored “new approaches to cataloging resources, especially the practicalities of dealing with metadata for Web resources with a vision for the future.” The institute topics and in-depth presentations included: • Developing the Metadata Repository (Grace Agnew, Associate University Librarian for Digital Library Systems, Rutgers Univer- sity Libraries) • Metadata Schemas and Controlled Vocabularies for Art, Architec- ture, and Material Culture (Dr. Murtha Baca, Head, Standards Pro- gram, Getty Research Institute and Dr. Patricia Harpring, Managing Editor, Getty Vocabulary Program Getty Research Institute) 92 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 3. • More Than Books: Access to Locally-Held Materials in Alterna- tive Media (Dr. Sheila S. Intner, Professor Emeritus, Graduate School of Library & Information Science Simmons College) • Chapter 3 Twenty Years Later: Changes in Cataloging Cartographic Materials (Mary Lynette Larsgaard, Assistant Head, Map and Imag- ery Laboratory, University of California, Santa Barbara Libraries) • There Ought to Be a Law: AACR2 2002 Amendments, Integrating Resources and Updating Loose-Leafs (Rhonda K. Lawrence, Head of Cataloging, UCLA School of Law) • Electronic Integrating Resources: AACR 2002 for Updating Web Sites and Databases (Steven Jack Miller, Head, Monographs De- partment, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Libraries) • Amendments 2001: Changes to Chapter 9 (Nancy B. Olson, Pro- fessor, Minnesota State University, Mankato) • The New Chapter 12 for AACR 2002 (Steve Shadle, Serials Cata- loging Librarian, University of Washington Libraries) • AACR and Metadata: Library Opportunities in the Global Seman- tic Web–LC, IFLA, Dublin Core, Virtual International Authority Files, and More (Dr. Barbara B. Tillett, Chief, Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library of Congress). The November 2002 institutes were held at the held at the Hyatt Re- gency O’Hare at O’Hare International Airport, Rosemont, Illinois (No- vember 1-2, 2002) and at the Doubletree Hotel Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia (November 4-5, 2002). In addition, the institutes were sched- uled to be held in Orlando, Florida (February 21-22, 2003), and in San Jose, California (April 4-5, 2003). Sally C. Tseng, Head, Serials Cataloging, Science Library, Univer- sity of California, Irvine, is the Program Chair for ALCTS AACR2 2002 and Metadata Regional Institutes. Training “Rare Book School” University of Virginia Winter/Spring 2002/03 Charlottesville, Virginia http://www.rarebookschool.org The Rare Book School (RBS), based at the University of Virginia, re- cently announced its Winter and Spring 2003 sessions of five-day, non-credit courses on topics concerning rare books, manuscripts, the News from the Field 93
  • 4. history of books and printing, and special collections (http://www. virginia.edu/oldbooks/rbs/schedule.html). Of particular note are the following two offerings: • Implementing Encoded Archival Description (January 6-10, 2003) Description: Encoded Archival Description (EAD) provides stan- dardized machine-readable access to primary resource materials. This course was aimed at archivists, librarians, and museum per- sonnel who would like an introduction to EAD that includes an ex- tensive supervised hands-on component. Students learned SGML encoding techniques in part using examples selected from among their own institutions’ finding aids. Topics: the context out of which EAD emerged; introduction to the use of SGML authoring tools and browsers; the conversion of existing finding aids to EAD. Instructor: Daniel Pitti. Pitti is currently the Project Director of the Institute for Advanced Technology, University of Virginia. Prior to assuming his current position in1997, he served as the Li- brarian for Advanced Technologies at the University of Califor- nia, Berkeley, where he served as the Coordinator of the Encoded Archival Description Initiative. • Electronic Texts & Images (March 3-7, 2003) Description: A practical exploration of the research, preservation, editing, and pedagogical uses of electronic texts and images in the humanities. The course centered around the creation of a set of ar- chival-quality etexts and digital images, and included creation of an Encoded Archival Description guide. Topics included: SGML tagging and conversion; using the Text Encoding Initiative Guide- lines; the form and implications of XML; publishing on the World Wide Web; and the management and use of online texts. Some ex- perience with HTML was a prerequisite for admission to the course. Instructor: David Seaman. Seaman is the founding direc- tor of the internationally renowned Electronic Text Center and on- line archive at the University of Virginia. He lectures and writes frequently on SGML, the Internet, and the creation and use of elec- tronic texts in the humanities. An application form, electronic copies of the complete RBS brochure, Rare Book School detailed course descriptions, and other information about the Rare Book School, are available from the RBS Web site. 94 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 5. Workshop “Open Archives Forum Workshop: Open Access to Hidden Resources” December 6-7, 2002 Biblioteca Nacional Lisbon, Portugal http://www.oaforum.org/workshops/ This second Open Archives Forum Workshop aimed to evaluate whether and how the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) (www.openarchives.org) can facilitate access and management of traditional archive and library collections. The workshop included a review of the requirements, standards, best prac- tices, and solutions of the traditional archival and library communities to interoperability, compared with the features provided by the OAI-PMH. The OAI-PMH was originally developed to provide interoperability among e-print repositories. The workshop included presentations by noted authorities and small- group breakout sessions where participants discussed relevant key issues, such as: • How far is OAI-PMH applicable to the electronic records of tradi- tional archives, whether historical or ‘born digital’ assets; • To what extent have OAI-PMH and Dublin Core been imple- mented and adopted within the library community; • Can OAI-PMH enable innovative ways of cross-domain collabo- ration between the archival and library communities; and • To what extent can OAI-PMH cross over with other interoperability standards and concepts, such as Z39.50? A tutorial on the implementation of OAI-PMH was held prior to the formal workshop for those not familiar with the protocol. In addition, a representative associated with the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) provided an update on OAI activities. Workshop discussions and recommendations were summarized and published on the Open Archives Forum Web site (www.oaforum.org). The Open Archives Forum supports projects and national initiatives with an interest in using an open archive approach to interoperability and pro- vides a focus for European initiatives implementing the recently released Open Archives Initiative (OAI) Metadata Harvesting Protocol (OAI- PMH) (www.openarchives.org/OAI/openarchivesprotocol.html). News from the Field 95
  • 6. North American Serials Interest Group Annual Meeting: Transforming Serials: The Revolution Continues June 20-23, 2002 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, Virginia http://www.nasig.org/wm/ In mid-June 2002, the North American Serials Interest Group (NASIG) held its seventeenth annual meeting at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. As in previous years, the meeting included plenary, concurrent, poster sessions, and workshops. Among the variety of presentations, the conference included: • Plenary Sessions • The Future of Information Access and Distribution (Howard Strauss, Manager of Advanced Applications, Princeton Uni- versity) • The Future of Digitized Materials: Where We’ve Been and Where We Are Going (David Seaman, Director, Electronic Text Center) • Concurrent Sessions • Challenging Current Publishing Models (David Goodman, Bi- ology Librarian and Digital Resources Researcher, Princeton University, and Jan Velterop, BioMed Central) • Open URL, and SFX Open Linking (Nettie Lagace, Internet Librarian, Ex Libris (USA), Inc.) • Seize the E! The Eclectic Journal and Its Ramifications (Gerry McKiernan, Science and Technology Librarian and Bibliogra- pher, Iowa State University) • Cataloging: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (Regina Reynolds, Head, National Serials Data Program, Library of Congress) • The Information Resource Matrix: A Revolutionary Method to Present Relationships Among Online Serial Objects (Carol Casey, Head, Cataloging Dept., Washington State University, and Mark Jacobs, Electronic Resources/Serials Cataloging Li- brarian, Washington State University) 96 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 7. • Workshops • Revolutionary Relationships: Catalogers’ Liaison Role as Metadata Experts in the Creation of the K-State Digital Li- brary (Char Simser, Interim Chair, Technical Services, Kansas State University) • Transforming AACR2: Using the Revised Rules in Chapters 9 and 12 (Jean Hirons, CONSER Coordinator, Serial Record Di- vision, Library of Congress, and Leslie Hawkins, CONSER Specialist, Serial Record Division, Library of Congress) • A is for Acronyms: Library and Internet Standards for Serial- ists (Shelley Neville, Library Systems Analyst, epixtech, inc., and Howard Rosenbaum, Assistant Professor of Library and Information Science, Indiana University • Poster Sessions • Implementing a Reference Linking Solution (Kevin Petsche, Electronic Journals Collection Manager, Digital Libraries/ Cataloging Teams, Indiana University Purdue University, Indi- anapolis) • Journal Finder: Simplifying Access to E-Journals, Print and Document Delivery Options (Beth Bernhardt, Electronic Jour- nals/Document Delivery Librarian, University of North Carolina at Greensboro) • Plug-Ins and E-Journals: How Browser Extensions Transform Electronic Journal Content and Access (Diana Kichuk, Elec- tronic Resources Librarian, University of Saskatchewan) • S-Link S-Holdings: An XML Format for Distribution of Seri- als Holdings Information (Eric Hellman, President, Openly In- formatics, Inc). PROJECTS Diffuse Project http://www.diffuse.org/ The objective of the Diffuse Project is to serve as a single, value-added current source of reference and guidance information on available and emerging standards and specifications that facilitate the electronic exchange of information. The Diffuse Project was estab- lished as a central information source for developments relating to stan- News from the Field 97
  • 8. dards and specifications in support of key action initiatives of the Information Society Technologies (IST) programme of the European Commission (www.cordis.lu/ist/). The Diffuse services are organized into the following categories of publications and activities: • Business Guides • Standards and Specifications Reference Data • Standards and Specifications List • Standards Fora List • RTD Project List • Standards and Specifications News • Electronic Commerce • Information Management • RTD Projects • Conferences • User Support • Alphabetical Index to Standards and Specifications • Search Engine • Help Desk • Dissemination Events. The Business Guides (www.diffuse.org/guides.html) provide an overview of the underlying concepts and current development status for individual key technology areas from a business perspective, while the Standards and Specifications List (www.diffuse.org/standards.html) through its Table of Contents offers access to categories of standards and specifications (e.g., ‘Sectorial Data Interchange,’ ‘Information Management,’ ‘Data Representation’). An alphabetical index is also available (www.diffuse.org/alpha.html) as is a Search Engine (www. diffuse.org/search.html). For select complex subjects, access is also provided using Topic Maps (www.diffuse.org/TopicMaps/TopicMap.xml). Topic Maps are “SGML or XML documents that describe what an information set is about, by formally declaring topics, and by linking the relevant parts of the information set to the appropriate topics” (www.infoloom.com/tmfaq. htm#faq01). Diffuse Topic Maps have been prepared for the following standards: • CORBA: Common Object Request Broker Architecture • DC: Dublin Core • EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Com- merce and Transport 98 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 9. • HTTP: HyperText Transfer Protocol • ISO 10646: Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS) • Java • RDF: Resource Description Framework • SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language • STEP: Product Data and Representation (ISO 10303) • XML: Extensible Markup Language A Standards Fora List (www.diffuse.org/fora.html), a directory of organizations responsible for producing standards and specifications, including formal standardization bodies, industry consortia, and other bodies involved in the standardization process, is also provided, as is an RTD Projects list (www.diffuse.org/projects.html), a listing of projects supported by the Fifth Framework Programme for Research and Tech- nological Development and Demonstration (RTD) projects of the Euro- pean Union (http://www.cordis.lu/fp5/src/over.htm). DLIST is the Digital Library of Information Science and Technology http://dlist.sir.arizona.edu/ DLIST is an electronic archive for published, refereed, and unpub- lished materials in the areas of Information Science and Information Technology. The objectives of DLIST are: • to serve as a repository of electronic resources in the domains of Library and Information Science (LIS) and Information Technol- ogy (IT); • to serve as a repository of both formal papers in the areas of Infor- mation Literacy and other areas, as well a centralized source for user aids, such as guides, bibliographies, pathfinders, tutorials, and other instructional materials in LIS & IT; and • to serve as a repository of formal research papers on ‘Informetrics’ and bibliometric datasets. DLIST is a service of the School of Information Resources and Li- brary Science, University of Arizona, and the Arizona Health Sciences Library. The DLIST repository is operated using the EPrints2 software available from eprints.org (www.eprints.org/). Information Science and Information Technology researchers are invited to deposit electronic News from the Field 99
  • 10. versions of their pre- or post-papers or publications in DLIST. For addi- tional information, interested parties may contact the DLIST Project Manager, Paul Bracke, Systems Librarian with the University of Ari- zona Library (paul@ahsl.arizona.edu). Focus on Access to Institutional Resources Programme (FAIR) Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) United Kingdom http://www.jisc.ac.uk/dner/development/programmes/fair.html In late summer 2002, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) (www.jisc.ac.uk) awarded funding to 14 projects under its Focus on Access to Institutional Resources Programme (FAIR). JISC is the strategic advisory committee that works on behalf of funding bodies for further and higher education in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and promotes the innovative application and use of information systems and information technology. Projects included partnerships among more than 50 institutions and teams, involving universities, li- braries, JISC services, art galleries, colleges, museums and commercial companies. Focus on Access to Institutional Resources Programme (FAIR) was inspired by the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) (www.openarchives.org), which seeks to facilitate the sharing of digital resources based on mecha- nisms that allow metadata about those resources to be harvested. To focus the impact of related fields, JISC has grouped the projects into five clus- ters: Museums and Images, E-Prints, E-Theses, Intellectual Property Rights and Institutional Portals. In 2002, the following programs were funded in these respective clusters: • FAIR Museums and Images Cluster Petrie Museum, University College London–Accessing the Virtual Museum Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge–Harvesting the Fitzwilliam Archaeology Data Service, University of York AHDS Executive, King’s College London–Partial Deposit Theatre Museum, V&A Courtald Institute of Art, University of London 100 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 11. Visual Arts Data Service, University of Surrey Performing Arts Data Service, University of Glasgow ILRT, University of Bristol–BioBank University of Cambridge • FAIR E-Prints Cluster University of Nottingham/CURL–SHERPA University of Edinburgh University of Glasgow Universities of Leeds, Sheffield and York (‘White Rose’ partnership) University of Oxford British Library RDN, King’s College London–e-prints UK University of Southampton UKOLN, University of Bath UMIST University of Bath University of Strathclyde University of Leeds ILRT, University of Bristol Heriot Watt University University of Birmingham Manchester Metropolitan University OCLC University of Strathclyde–Harvesting Institutional Resources in Scotland Testbed University of St. Andrews Napier University Glasgow Colleges Group University of Southampton–Targeting Academic Research for Deposit and dISclosure • FAIR E-Theses Cluster Robert Gordon University–Electronic Theses University of Aberdeen Cranfield University University of London British Library University of Edinburgh–Theses Alive! University of Glasgow–DAEDALUS News from the Field 101
  • 12. • FAIR Intellectual Property Rights Center Loughborough University–Machine-readable rights metadata Birkbeck College, University of London University of Greenwich University of Southampton AHDS Executive, King’s College London–Partial Deposit • FAIR Institutional Portals Cluster University of Hull–Presenting National Resources To Audiences Locally RDN, King’s College London UKOLN, University of Bath Norton Radstock College, Bristol–FAIR Enough City of Bath College City of Bristol College Filton College, Bristol Weston College, Weston-super-Mare Western College Consortium, Bristol Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETDs) OCLC Office of Research Dublin, Ohio http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/etd/index.shtm The Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETDs) project focuses on thesis metadata via the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Har- vesting (OAI-PMH) (http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/openarchives protocol.html). The goals of ETDs project are to: • investigate OAI-PMH by participating in beta-tests • promote the use of theses and dissertations • investigate services that can be built with OAI-PMH • understand OAI-PMH from serving and harvesting perspectives. To date, the project team, Thom Hickey and Jeff Young, have written a harvester and server in Java and created a database of 4.3 million the- 102 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 13. sis and dissertation records derived from the WorldCat database. Future plans call for the development of a searchable, public version of the da- tabase via Search and Retrieve on the Web (SRW) (www.oclc.org/ research/projects/webservices/index.shtm); making sets harvestable via OAI-PMH; implementing an OAI-PMH v2.0 server; merging OCLC ETDs with other theses and dissertation databases; and harvesting rec- ords from other OAI-compliant servers. Humbul Humanities Hub: RSS Channels http://www.humbul.ac.uk/help/rss.html Humbul is a Web-based service dedicated to “discovering, evaluat- ing and cataloguing online resources in the humanities.” In addition to coverage of various national studies (e.g., American Studies, English Studies, German Studies), Humbul provides access to an evaluated col- lection of Web-based resources in traditional humanities fields (e.g., Archaeology, History, Philosophy). Recently, the Humbul Humanities Hub announced the launch of Humbul RSS (‘Rich Site Summary’) channels, a technology that en- ables users to automatically incorporate newly added Humbul resource descriptions within designated Web pages. The Humbul channels em- ploy RSS-xpress Lite (rssxpress.ukoln.ac.uk/lite/), an RSS channel pre- sentation and searching tool developed at UKOLN, the UK Office for Library and Information Networking based at the University of Bath. Currently, users can receive a maximum of fifteen record descriptions daily on the subject of their choice, or the most recently added resources in any subject. In addition to numerous area studies, the following chan- nels are currently available (www.humbul.ac.uk/help/rss.html): • Archaeology • Classics • Comparative Literature • History • History and Philosophy of Science • Humanities Computing • Humanities–General • Linguistics • Manuscript Studies • Modern Languages News from the Field 103
  • 14. • Museums, Libraries, Archives • Philosophy The Humbul Humanities Hub is a service of the Resource Discovery Network and is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and the Arts and Humanities Research Board, and is hosted by the University of Oxford. Humbul is part of the Resource Discovery Network (www.rdn.ac.uk). PUBLICATIONS Bibliography “Medlane Bibliography” Medlane XMLMARC Lane Medical Library, Stanford University http://laneweb.stanford.edu:2380/wiki/medlane/bibliography Medlane is an experimental project of the Lane Medical Library at Stanford University that seeks to investigate new methods for making library information available to the public. One of its major foci is the ‘recasting’ of library information into a more universally accepted for- mat, notably XML, the eXtensible Markup Language. XML has been referred to as the lingua franca of the World Wide Web and was selected for the project because of its open nature and platform independence. An outstanding bibliography of key print and electronic publications has been compiled to support Medlane initiatives and to serve as a re- source for others seeking relevant literature. Currently, resources are organized in the following categories: ‘General XML,’ ‘XML Stan- dards,’ ‘XML and Cataloging,’ ‘XML Storage and Retrieval,’ ‘XML Software,’ and ‘Digital Librarianship.’ Representative sources within selected sections of this webliography include: • General XML • Bray, Tim. The Annotated XML Specification. Online: http://www.xml.com/axml/testaxml.htm. • Cover, Robin. The XML Cover Pages. Online: http://www.oasis- open.org/cover/sgml-xml.html. • Desmarais, Norman. The ABCs of XML: The Librarian’s Guide to the eXtenstible Markup Language, 2000. 104 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 15. • Rhyno, Art. Is XML in Your Future? The Serials Librarian 2002; 42(1/2):143-53. • Tennant, Roy. XML: The Digital Library Hammer. Library Journal Online: http://libraryjournal.reviewsnews.com/index. asp?layout=articleArchive&articleId=CA156526. • XML Standards • DuCharme, Robert. Replace DTDs? Why? XML Journal 2000; 1(1): 40-41. • Mikula, Norbert. Schemas Take DTDs to the Next Level. XML Magazine 1999/2000 winter; 1(1). Online: http://www.fawcette. com/archives/listissue.asp?pubID=2&MagIssueId=259#. • Moller, Anders and Schwartzbach, Michael. The XML Revolu- tion: Technologies for the Future Web. http://www.brics.dk/ ~amoeller/XML/. • Simeonov, Simeon. The Evolution of XML Protocols: Charting Recent Advances in the XML Standards Space. XML Journal 2000; 1(3): 24-7. • Web Developer’s Virtual Library. Introduction to XHTML, with eXamples. http://wdvl.com/Authoring/Languages/XML/ XHTML/. • XML and Cataloging • Ayres, F. H. Time for Change: A New Approach to Cata- loguing Concepts. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 1999; 28(2): 3-16. • Carvalho, Joaquim de. XML and Bibliographic Data: The TVS (Transport, Validation and Services) Model. 2002. http://www. ifla.org/IV/ifla68/papers/075-095e.pdf. • Crossnet Systems. Using XSLT for XML MARC Record Con- version. http://www.crxnet.com/one2/xslt_marc_report.pdf. • Herwijnen, Eric van. The Impact of XML on Library Proce- dures and Services. High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine 2000 March. http://lhcb.cern.ch/%7Eevh/xmlandlibrary.htm. • Johnson, Bruce Chr. XML and MARC: Which is “Right”? Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 2001; 32:(1): 81-90. http://elane.stanford.edu/docs/johnson.pdf. • Miller, Dick. XML: Libraries’ Strategic Opportunity Library Journal. NetConnect supplement. 2000 summer; 125(suppl): 16-9. Online: http://elane.stanford.edu/laneauth/LJ/. News from the Field 105
  • 16. • XML Storage and Retrieval • Goldman, Roy. Lore: A Database Management System for XML. Dr. Dobb’s Journal 2000 April. http://www.ddj.com/ articles/2000/0004/0004i/0004i.htm?amp;topic=xml. • Li, Ying, Miller, Dick, and Buttner, Mary. Bibliographic Data Mining: Automatically Building Component Part Records for E-Journal Articles on the Internet. Journal of Internet Cata- loging: The International Quarterly of Digital Organization, Classification & Access 2002; 5(1): 29-41. • Mable, Greg. The Next Generation Database, XDB: Combining XML’s Document Flexibility with SQL’s Data Integrity. XML Journal 2002; 3(6). Online at: http://www.sys-con.com/xml/article. cfm?id=421. • Rappoport, Avi. XML and Search. http://www.searchtools.com/ related/xml.html. • Sagar, Agit. XML, RDBMS, and OODBMS: Peaceful Coexis- tence? XML Journal 2000; 1(2):52-53. • XML Software • Berners-Lee, Tim. The Semantic Web. Scientific American 2001 May; 284(5):34-43. Online at: http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm? articleID=00048144-10D2-1C7084A9809EC588EF21&cat ID=2. • Bretthauer, David. Open Source Software in Libraries. Li- brary High Tech News 2001 June 18(6): 8-9. • Clarke, Kevin S. Managing MARC with Open Source Soft- ware. LITA Guide 2002; 9(3): 30-44. • Coyle, Karen. Open Source, Open Standards. Information Technology and Libraries 2002 March; 21(1): 33-6. • Morgan, Eric Lease. Open Source Software in Libraries. LITA Guide 2002; 9(1): 7-18. Journal Issues New Review of Information Networking Volume 7, 2001 http://www.taylorgraham.com/journals/nrinvol7.html The intent of The New Review of Information Networking is to serve as an “expert source on the needs and behaviour of the network user; the role of networks in teaching, learning, research and scholarly communi- 106 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 17. cation; the implications of networks for library and information ser- vices; the development of campus and other information strategies; the role of information publishers on the networks; policies for funding and charging for network and information services; and standards and pro- tocols for network applications.” In addition to an editorial by guest edi- tor Ray Lester, Head of Library & Information Services, Natural History Museum (London), a recent volume of The New Review of In- formation Networking included several articles relating to the theory, application, and implications of interoperability, notably: • Interoperability and information discovery (Eliot Christian) • Creating an academic self-documentation system through digital library interoperability: the RePEc model (Emily Walshe) • Open linking in the scholarly information environment using the OpenURL framework (Herbert Van de Sompel and Oren Beit-Arie) • The CHIN experience: interoperability (K. Geber and Suhas Deshpande) • The interoperability jigsaw: finding the edge-pieces for The Natu- ral History Museum (Neil Thomson and Rachel Perkins) • Rethinking EAD: balancing flexibility and interoperability (Eliza- beth J. Shaw) • Better interoperability through the Open Archives Initiative (Mi- chael L. Nelson) • Interoperability in subject terminologies: The HILT Project (Den- nis Nicholson and Susannah Neill) • Syntactic and semantic interoperability: new approaches to knowledge and the semantic web (Kim H. Veltman). OCLC Systems & Services Volume 18(2), 2002 In addition to its coverage of OCLC system applications, services, and research, OCLC Systems & Services, a quarterly journal published by MCB University Press, “is intended for information professionals, educators, students, and researchers around the world to share and ex- change their ideas, applications, and research results concerning infor- mation education, management, technology, and dissemination.” The journal also provides coverage of developments relating to metadata standards such as Dublin Core (DC), the Text Encoding Initiative News from the Field 107
  • 18. (TEI), Encoded Archival Description (EAD), and the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), the theme of one of its recent issues. In addition to an editorial by the journal editor, Sheau-Hwang Chang (“XML–the foundation for the next generation library management sys- tem,” OCLC Systems & Services, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 64-66), a recent is- sue contains contributions on a variety of XML library-related issues, notably: • Cole, Timothy. (2002) “Qualified Dublin Core Metadata for On- line Journal Articles,” OCLC Systems & Services, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 79-87. This paper describes an implementation utilizing preliminary Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) guidelines for express- ing Qualified Dublin Core (DCQ) metadata in RDF/XML. Pri- mary source objects used in this research were online versions of articles published in more than 50 academic journals in physics and engineering. Articles were encoded in well-formed XML. While able to follow DCMI guidelines generally, it was necessary to augment DCQ semantics with local extensions in order to retain desired richness of semantics and structure. Also described is re- lated work, including development of XML schema documents necessary to validate metadata and creation of a transforming XSL stylesheet to “dumb-down” metadata to simple Dublin Core. As a case study, this research illustrates issues encountered when ex- pressing real-world DCQ metadata in RDF/XML. Significant ini- tial investment of effort was required to develop RDF facilities and expertise. Pending more applications that exploit RDF, this in- vestment may not be warranted in all domains. • Lam, Ki-Tat. (2002) “XML and Global Name Access Control,” OCLC Systems & Services, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 88-95. This paper discusses why the MARC21-based authority format has failed in a global setting and details the use of XML and its re- lated technologies to achieve global name access control. • Rhyno, Art. “XML and Relational Databases: Uses and Opportunities forLibraries,”OCLCSystems&Services,Vol.18,No.2,pp.97-103. Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) have a proven track record for storing and managing many different forms of digital content, and new strategies have been defined to 108 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING
  • 19. provide RDBMS-based solutions for XML. Some relational data- bases now offer special mechanisms to accommodate XML while several technologies have emerged to facilitate the use of XML representations of data housed within an RDBMS. In addition to presenting challenges and opportunities to RDBMS developers, XML and XML-enabled technologies may find new application for libraries by combining RDBMS concepts with Web-based services. Website Digital Preservation Coalition http://www.dpconline.org/ The Digital Preservation Coalition was established in 2001 “to foster joint action to address the urgent challenges of securing the preserva- tion of digital resources in the UK and to work with others internation- ally to secure our global digital memory and knowledge base.” The principles of the Coalition include the following tenets: • Openness (The Coalition and its members commit to promoting and disseminating information and sharing outcomes); • Collaboration (As digital preservation has become increasingly sig- nificant in scope, complexity, and investment, collaboration is essen- tial. The Coalition offers a forum for members to identify relevant issues and to pursue collaboration across organizations and sectors); • Collective benefit (Core Coalition activities supported by member- ship resources must be of common interest and benefit to them); • Vendor neutrality (The goals of the Coalition are generic and will be vendor neutral. The Coalition will support the development of stan- dards and generic approaches to digital preservation that can be im- plemented by a range of hardware, software, and service vendors). An annual work plan has been developed by the Coalition in consul- tation with its membership and includes the following priorities: • establishment of the Coalition and development of the Coalition’s program and plans to address its long-term goals; • constructing and disseminating information on current research and practice and building expertise amongst its members to accel- News from the Field 109
  • 20. erate their learning and widen the pool of professionals skilled in digital preservation; • instituting a concerted and coordinated effort to place digital pres- ervation issue on the agenda of key stakeholders; • acting in concert to make arguments for appropriate and adequate funding to secure the nation’s investment in digital resources and ensure an enduring global digital memory; • providing a focus for the co-ordination and development of digital preservation strategies in the UK and placing them within an inter- national context; • promoting the development of appropriate services, technology, standards, and training for digital preservation; • forging strategic alliances with relevant agencies nationally and internationally, and working collaboratively together and with in- dustry and research organizations, to address shared challenges in digital preservation; and • attracting funding to the Coalition to support achievement of its goals and programs. Among its notable resources, the Website provides access to the full-text of Preservation Management of Digital Materials: A Handbook by Neil Beagrie and Maggie Jones (www.dpconline.org/graphics/handbook/), as well as a directory of Coalition events (www.dpconline.org/graphics/ events/), and a news summary of “selected recent activity in the field of digital preservation compiled from the digital-preservation and padiforum- l mailing lists and the Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI) Gateway” (www.dpconline.org/graphics/whatsnew/). 110 JOURNAL OF INTERNET CATALOGING