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  • 1. E-profile ebrary1 : A User-Centered Digital Library of Interactive Content Gerry McKiernan LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005, pp. 31-39, # Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 0741-9058, DOI 10.1108/07419050510588287 31 Imagine being able to send full text and graphics documents (newspapers, maga- zine articles, technical manuals etc.) over electronic mail distribution networks. These documents could be viewed on any machine and any selected document could be printed locally. This capability would truly change the way information is managed. Large centrally maintained databases of documents could be ac- cessed remotely and selectively printed remotely (Warnock, 1991). Portable document format Portable document format (PDF) is a file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing documents in a manner that is independent of the original application software, and operating system used to create those documents. A PDF file can describe documents containing any combination of text, graphics, and images in a device independent and resolution independent format. These documents can be one page or thousands of pages, very simple or extremely complex with a rich use of fonts, graphics, colour, and images (Wikipedia, 2004). The PDF format was initially an internal project at Adobe1 ``to create a file format so that documents could be spread throughout the company and displayed on any computer using any operating systems'' (www.prepressure. com/pdf/history/ history01.htm). It was outlined and described by John Warnock, co-founder of Adobe, in a White Paper titled ``The Camelot Project'' (Warnock, 1991). For Warnock, the Camelot Project was an effort to ``define a new language of operators and conventions'' (Warnock, 1991). Less than a decade later, Christopher Warnock, the son of John Warnock, launched ebrary1 , a digital library that utilizes advanced PDF-based technology to transform static PDF pages into a ``highly interactive experience, where users can interact with every word in every document'' (http:// corp.ebrary.com/publishers/asp.jsp). Prior to co-founding ebrary in 1999, Christopher Warnock was employed at Adobe as a systems engineer, project manager, and product marketing manager for Adobe1 Acrobat1 (www.ebrary. com/company/exec.jsp). ebrary employs a streaming technology that delivers documents one page at a time, providing end-users with ready access to the document without needing to download a complete work. In addition, the underlying technology of ebrary `` . . . deconstructs PDF and builds a database that allows for the support of several different business and usage models. Incorporated within this system is digital rights management, full-text search, display technology, multiple discovery engines as well as some interfaces that . . . have [been] developed to facilitate integration'' (Strauch, 2004, p. 66). Collection(s) At present, ebrary offers access to ``more than 40,000 full-text books and other documents from over 180 of the world's leading academic, trade and professional publishers'' (http://corp. ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp#010), providing full-text, searchable collections and sub-collections for all major subject areas (www.ebrary.com/ libraries/dbcollections.jsp) (see below). Aggregated databases Academic (1) Academic complete: . > 19,197 titles (December 1, 2004). . All content in aggregated academic collections plus > 1,050 maps of academic interest. . Also includes a rich collection of hundreds of additional titles, ranging from law to core reference, that are not avail- able in any other collection. (2) Business and economics: . > 3,644 titles (December 1, 2004). . 75 percent published in 2000 or later. . Supports both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. . Category strengths: business administration, business prac- tice, management, economic development, economic his- tory and theory, and interna- tional business. (3) Computers, technology, and engi- neering: . > 2,194 titles. . 67 percent published in 2000 or later. . Category strengths: computer programming, networking, software applications, engi- neering, IT case studies, secur- ity, and telecommunications. (4) Humanities: . > 5,287 titles. . Covers a vast range of sub- jects. . Category strengths: history (see below), language and linguistics, literature and lit- erary criticism, philosophy.
  • 2. (5) Life sciences and physical sciences: . > 3,084 titles. . Covers all fields in natural and physical sciences. . Category strengths: agriculture and food science, environmen- tal science, math and statistics, medicine. (6) Social and behavioral sciences: . > 5,220 titles. . Robust collection spanning the full range of social science disciplines. . Category strengths: education (see below), political science, psychology, sociology. (7) Other aggregated databases: . Spanish language. Covers aca- demic subject areas as well as topics related to US citizenship and also includes a strong fiction collection. Within the humanities grouping, the history sub-collection, 65 percent of the titles were published in 2000 or later. Particular strengths of the sub- collection include Africa, Ancient Greece and Rome, Asia, Eastern and Western Europe, China, Great Britain, Historiography, Middle East, Military History, Reference, Russia (pre- and post-Soviet Union) and the USA. The education sub-collection is a particular strength of the social and behavioral sciences, with 60 percent of its titles published since 1999; its focus includes administration, adult and continuing education, bilingual education, computers and technology in the classroom, curricula, educational psychology, elementary education, higher education, pedagogical research, secondary education, special education, and teaching methods and materials. In addition to its full and sub- collections, ebrary offers are range of ``publisher branded'' collections, notably: . Byron HoytTM Digital Sheet music titles for bands, or- chestras, instrumentalists and voc- alists of all levels. This collection includes classical titles from the major classical composers (e.g. Bach, Beethoven, Mozart,) as well as a collection of early US sheet music titles published between 1850 and 1920 (www.ebrary.com/ collateral/ebrary-byronhoyt.pdf). . Datamonitor Industry ReportsTM Provides current profiles of ``38 major industrial and consumer sectors across the world's leading economies'' (www.ebrary.com/ collateral/ebrary-datamonitor.pdf). . D&B International Business Re- ports Reports and guides including three of D&B's most popular products: D&B's Country ReportTM , Country RiskLineTM , and Export GuidesTM . Offers ``timely information [that] provides a complete picture of up-to-date international business statistics, trends, and regulations'' (http://corp.ebrary.com/collateral/ ebrary-dnb.pdf). . Harris InfoSource Industry and Manufacturing Reports Provides a comprehensive over- view of major US industry sectors as well as individual companies, including three of the leading Harris InfoSource products: Harris Industry ReportsTM , Harris Major Companies ReportsTM , and Harris State Manufacturing ReportsTM (www.ebrary.com/collateral/ebrary- harris.pdf). . SME SourceTM (Society of Manu- facturing Engineers) Books, journals and technical papers in manufacturing engineer- ing, including the nine-volume Tool and Manufacturing Engineers Handbook series, current and all back volumes of Journal of Man- ufacturing Systems and the Journal of Manufacturing Processes (www. ebrary.com/collateral/ebrary-sme. pdf) (www.ebrary.com/libraries/ dbcollections.jsp). Public library complete ebrary also offers public libraries a comprehensive, searchable collection of more than 6,700 full-text books, maps and other documents from more than 90 leading publishers that span practical, professional and educational subject areas. The ebrary Public Library Complete collection includes eight aggregated sub-collections, which may also be purchased separately and include: (1) Practical and professional databases . Business and personal finance. . Careers and professional development. . Computers and technology. . Psychology and self-help. (2) Educational databases . Arts and literature. . Education and study. . History. . Philosophy, religion and spiri- tuality. The Public Library Complete collection also features a rich collection of more than 1,000 maps as well as hundreds of additional titles in such subject areas as health and travel that are not available in the individual subordinate collections (www.ebrary. com/libraries/lib-public.jsp). The majority (60 percent) of titles in ebrary was published in 2000 or later (www.ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp). A spreadsheet of available titles for various ebrary collections is available on request (www.ebrary.com/forms/ info.jsp). Publishers ebrary includes content provided by more than 180 of the world's leading publishers (www.ebrary.com/publishers/ book.jsp) representing a range of major commercial and popular publishing houses, scholarly publishers, university presses and national and international governmental agencies that include: . Allen & Unwin. . Archaeological Institute of America. . Bantam Dell. . BMJ Books. . Butterworth-Heinemann. . Cambridge University Press. . Columbia University Press. . Cornell University Press. . Dell Publishing. . Doubleday. . Elsevier Science. . Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. . Garland Publishing. 32 LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005
  • 3. . Gower Publishing. . Greenwood Press. . Imperial College Press. . International Labour Organization. . Island Press. . John Wiley & Sons. . Karger. . Kluwer Academic. . Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. . Library of Congress. . The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Marcel Dekker. . MIT Press. . Modern Library. . National Academies Press. . Oryx Press. . Praeger Publishers. . RAND Corporation. . Random House. . Routledge. . Society of Manufacturing Engi- neers. . Stanford University Press. . Taylor & Francis. . University of California Press. . Viking Penguin. . The World Bank. . World Health Organization. . Yale University Press. (www.ebrary.com/publishers/list.jsp). Selection The selection, assessment, and review criteria used by ebrary ``have been heavily influenced by standards set forth by the Research Libraries Group (RLG), the North American Collections Inventory Project'' . . . in the Guide for Written Collection Development Policy Statements (2nd ed.) (Bryant, 1989). ``The selection criteria for books, and other publications, chosen for . . . . [the ebrary] collections require all publications to meet one or more of the following standards: . it must directly serve the informa- tional needs of the academic, special, or public library markets; . it must be recently published as set forth by professional association standards, be of significance in its field, and published by a valued and recognized publisher; . it must be purchased in print form by a large cross-section of institutions served, indicating a high standard of excellence, authority, and interest within markets served (www.ebrar- y.com/libraries/policies.jsp). ebrary ReaderTM The ebrary ReaderTM is a software plug-in for Windows and Macintosh browsers that enables the user to navigate, browse, copy, and print documents, as well perform basic, advanced, and enhanced functions in the ebrary digital library (http:// librarycenter.ebrary.com/support/ tools00_en.html). ebrary InfoToolsTM menu is a pull- down component of the ebrary ReaderTM that allows a user to readily link to definitions, encyclopedia entries, maps, translations, or biography information for any term in a document as well as to perform standard and advanced navigation functions (see Figure 1) (http://librarycenter.ebrary. com/support/tools00_en.html). The ebrary InfoToolsTM menu offers of a variety of reference functions (``define'', ``explain'', ``locate'', ``translate'', and ``who''), standard and enhanced search functions (``search document'', ``search all documents'', ``search web''), user-centered features (``highlight'', ``add to bookshelf'', ``copy text'', ``copy bookmark''), printing (``print'' ``print again''), special features (``toggle automenu'', ``preferences'') http://librarycenter. ebrary.com/Help?page=tools00) and have the following functionalities. Reference functions . Define. Search for dictionary defi- nitions of selected term(s) or phrase. . Explain. Search for encyclopedia entries of selected term(s) or phrase. . Locate. Access maps related to selected term(s) or phrase. . Translate. Translate selected sec- tions to/from French, German, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese. . Who. Find phone information, postal and email addresses, biogra- phies, and bibliographies for the selected term(s) (see Figure 2). For the ``define'', ``explain'' and ``translate'' function, users can select a maximum of ten words in a document. Searching . Search document. Search the cur- rent document for the selected term(s) or phrase. . Search all documents. Search all documents in the ebrary collection for the selected terms(s) or phrase. . Search web. Search the web for the selected term(s) or phrase. User-centered . Highlight. Using a virtual high- lighter, users can highlight portions of text in one of three colors (yellow, pink, and blue). High- lighted portions are copied into the contents/notes/highlights sec- tion of the ebrary ReaderTM . . Add to bookshelf. This function allows the user to copy the title (and associated web address) to a personal virtual ``bookshelf'' for future use. . Copy text. The user can copy the selected text for pasting into a text Figure 1 Portion of ebrary InfoToolsTM menu and tool bar (librarycenter.ebrary.com/ support/tools00_en.htm) LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005 33
  • 4. editor. A bibliographic citation is automatically included. . Copy bookmark. Activating this function allows the user to copy the web address for a specific document section and saved in a browser bookmarks (or ``favor- ites'') feature. Printing . Print. User can specify particular pages. . Print again. Allows the user to print selected pages if a printer problem has occurred. Special features . Toggle automenu. Allows the user to set the ebrary InfoToolsTM menu to pop up (or not) after selecting desired text. . Preferences. Allows the user to set the default zoom factor (100, 150 or 200 percent), highlight color, table of contents, and menu pre- ferences. ebrary InfoToolsTM can be ``customized to link researchers to other digital resources within . . . [a particular] library, including ILS [integrated library] systems [(OPACs)], abstracts and reference databases, or information on the World Wide Web'' (www.ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp #080). In addition, ebrary has made available a ``free set of XML-based web APIs [known as ebrary eXtend] that enables ebrary partners and customers to seamlessly integrate ebrary content and functionality using their own interface, existing infrastructure and brand. With eXtend, organizations can provide a better end user experience and increase usage . . . . eXtend also ''enables, single point access and supports OpenURL initiatives and federated search'' (www.ebrary.com/ api/). Full MARC21 records are available for ebrary documents that include 856 fields directly linked to each ebrary document (www.ebrary.com/index.jsp). Discover ebrary offers a variety of basic and advanced searching and browsing features and functions that include: . Simple search The ``simple'' search functions as a keyword search in which all occurrences of search terms (or phrases) are searched in the full text, as well as the title, subject, author, and/or publisher fields. A phrase can be searched by enclos- ing the terms between two double quotes. . Advanced search In the ``advanced'' search option, users are provided with two sets of search fields. By default, the first search term will perform a text search, while the second search term will perform a subject search. Using a drop-down menu the setting (``text'', ``subject'', ``title'', ``author'', or ``publisher'') can be changed for either. The search will be performed in ``all documents'' (i.e. ``books'', ``journals'', ``maps'', ``reports'', or ``sheet music'') and/or ``all languages'' (i.e. ``English'', ``Por- tuguese'' or ``Spanish''). A search can be limited to a specific docu- ment type and/or language by selecting the option of interest from an associated drop-down menu. The user can request addi- tional fields by clicking on the hotlinked ``more'' option (see Figure 3). . Boolean and proximity searching Readers can also perform Boolean searches in a ``simple'' search option using standard operators as capital letters (e.g. ``and'', ``or'', and ``not'') between terms or phrases in e.g. ``digital and libraries''). A proximity Figure 2 Details of a sample ``Who'' reference option available from the ebrary InfoToolsTM menu (corp.ebrary.com/publishers/asp.jsp) 34 LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005
  • 5. function (within) is also available (e.g. Nixon within-10 McNamara [Retrieve those records where the word ``Nixon'' is within ten words of the word ``McNamara'']). . Search results By default, the search results are sorted by ``score'', which displays the most relevant results first. If there are more than ten documents, results are shown on multiple pages. The results can be re-sorted by ``title'', ``contributor'' or ``date'' (see Figure 3, upper right- hand corner). Search results are displayed in a secondary, right-hand frame that occupies more than two-thirds of the web page (see Figure 3). For each retrieved item, an image of the cover for the associated docu- ment is provided, if available; a ``result'' number (e.g. ``1''); a score (e.g. ``57%''); hotlinked title (e.g. ``consciousness evolving'') linked to the first occurrence of the search term or phrase (e.g. ``Stevan Harnad''); document type (e.g. ``book''); pagination (e.g. ``273 pages''), and ``view'' hotlink that serves as a secondary link to the first occurrence of the search term or phrase. To the right of this data and information in the same frame, is brief bibliographic data that includes the names of the ``contributor'' [author], ``publish- er'', ``date'' [year of publication], ``LC call number'', ``ISBN'', and associated Library of Congress subject headings (see Figure 3). The name of the contributor and name of the publisher are hotlinked and provide ready access to other works written by a particular author or issued by a particular publisher within the ebrary digital library. In addition, the assigned Library of Congress subject head- ings are also hotlinked and like- wise provide direct access to other works within ebrary assigned the same headings. . Browse ebrary can also be browsed using of the topics associated with the Library of Congress classification scheme. On clicking the hotlinked ``browse'' option ``search'' tab (see Figure 3), an alphabetized listing of the broad topics is displayed. The approximate number of titles pertaining to a general (or specific) topic is displayed in parentheses to the right of a topic (e.g. ``Agriculture (191)''). A topic can be expanded by clicking on a ``+'' (plus) symbol located to the left of topic. Clicking on a parti- cular hotlinked topic, either full or expanded, will retrieve those docu- ments associated with the topic and display the selected document in a right-hand frame (see Figure 4). The ebrary search interface lan- guage can be specified by selecting the available options (i.e. English (default), EspanÄol (Spanish), or PortuguÃes (Portuguese)) from a pull-down menu. Optimize Users can read a retrieved document using a variety of navigation tools. By selecting the hotlinked title (e.g. ``consciousness evolving''), the first page containing the search term or phrase of the selected document is retrieved and displayed in a far right window, while a table of contents for the work is displayed in a middle frame. Bibliographic details are displayed in a left-side window (see Figure 5). Users can ``page flip'' through the document using the outline, or alternately, select from one of several options made available in a navigation tool bar. The tool bar options allow users to navigate sequentially, move to the next occurrence of the search term or phrase by using a different function, or, jump to a particular page within the document by clicking on an icon associated with this feature (``go to page number''). In addition, the tool bar offers a zoom function, a highlighting feature with three color options (yellow, pink, or blue), and most importantly, a bookmark function and annotation feature (see Figure 1). Expand As noted previously, ebrary offers of a variety of reference functions, notably ``define'', ``explain'', ``locate'', ``translate'', and ``who''. To activate any of these functions, the user must first select (highlight) the text of interest (e.g. word, phrase, sentence) within an ebrary page, and then select the function of interest from the ``InfoTools menu''. Figure 3 Sample ebrary ``Advanced'' search window (left) and search results (right) LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005 35
  • 6. The selection of the ``define'' function for a term (e.g. ``consciousness'') will open and display an entry in a web- based dictionary, while selection of the ``explain'' function will link to an entry (or listing of entries) within the Encyclopñdia Britannica Online (www.britannica.com). Using the ``locate'' function, users can highlight geographic place names from with ebrary document and subsequently link to one of three free major web-based geographic information sources: ``MapQuest US Cities'', ``National Geographic'', or ``Yahoo! US Cities'' for a variety of map types for a place name. The ``National Geographic'' option links to the ``MapMachine'', the free online atlas provided by the National Geographic Society (http://plasma. nationalgeographic.com/mapmachine/). The ``translate'' function allows the user to translate a selected term, phrase, or text to (or from) one of several common European languages (e.g. French, German, Italian, Portuguese) by feeding the selected text to the Babel Fish Translation service (http:// babelfish.altavista.com) (see Figure 6). The ``who'' function allows the user to select a variety of identification sources (i.e. ``phone book'', ``post address'', ``e-mail address'', ``biography'', or ``bibliography''). While the ``phone book'', ``post address'' and ``e-mail'' options execute a search in Yahoo! People search service, the ``biography'' option links to the A&E cable network site Biography.com which displays the search results for the selected name. The ``bibliography'' option searches for occurrences of an author's name anywhere in the ebrary digital library. ebrary InfoToolsTM can be ``customized to link researchers to other digital resources within the library, including . . . ILS [integrated library] systems [(OPACs)], abstracts and reference databases, or information on the World Wide Web'' (www. ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp#080). Searching In addition to enabling users to search a given work, the ebrary InfoToolTM allows users to ``search all documents'' from within a document by first selecting a term, name, or phrase (``natural consciousness'') within a ebrary document and the ``search all documents'' option of interest (``text'', ``author'', ``subject'', ``title'', ``publisher'') from the InfoToolsTM menu. Search results will be displayed in a new browser window, with entries ranked in relevancy order. In addition, users are presented with the option of searching select text in one of five major web search engines (``web search'') (i.e. all the Web, Alta Vista, Go, Google, Yahoo!). Among other noteworthy user- centered features in ebrary are ``add to Figure 4 Screen print of first record from a selected ``Agriculure'' browse category in ebrary Figure 5 Screen print of the first page of an ebrary1 document (right) and document table of contents outline (middle) 36 LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005
  • 7. bookshelf'', ``copy text'', and ``copy bookmark''. The ``copy text'' allows the user to copy selected text and to subsequently paste it into text editor (e.g. Notepad) or a word processing document; a full citation is provided with the selected text. As noted, the ``add to bookshelf'' feature copies the title of the selected document title (and associated address) into a personal virtual bookshelf (see Figure 7). Before using the bookshelf features and functions, users must first register, and sign-in with a previously established username and password. Previously created ``bookshelf'' items, including highlighted text, can be accessed by selecting the ``bookshelf'' tab found to the right of the ``search'' and ``view'' tab found in the left-side frame. As previously noted, ``copy bookmark'' allows the user to readily copy the web address for a specific document section and save it in a browser's favorites/ bookmarks menu (e.g. ``add to favorites'' (Microsoft Internet Explorer)). User assistance ebrary provides extensive user assistance throughout its service that include extensive ``help'' functions, various FAQs (e.g. www.ebrary.com/ libraries/faq.jsp), a ``quick tour'', and a ``library center'', among others. The library center site ``is intended to provide librarians and students with important research materials, industry news and information related to librarianship and related fields.'' The site allows users to ``search and browse through more than 45 full-text books spanning topics such as digital library development, general collection development, and the history of libraries and librarianship, as well as illustrated guides from the Library of Congress'' (http://librarycenter.ebrary. com). Sample titles available from the site include Collection Development for the 21st Century: A Handbook for Librarians, Digital Libraries and Multimedia, and Serials Management in Academic Libraries: A Guide to Issues & Practices. In addition, select back issues of Advanced Technology Libraries ± a leading industry newsletter that offers a concise monthly review of information technology relevant to academic, public and special libraries. The ``quick tour'' (http:// corp.ebrary.com/tour/) offers a nine-slide presentation on the core features and functionalities. A variety of library promotional material is also available and includes booksmarks, brochures (e.g. www.ebrary.com/ collateral/ebrary_brochure.pdf), flyers, `Getting Started Guides', logos and graphics, PowerPoint screen shots, and web site copy, among other items (www.ebrary.com/libraries/promo/). A 24-page _ebrary Patron User Guide is available from Marty Moe (marty.moe@ebrary.com) Director of Marketing, ebrary on request. Access options Subscription ``Unlike traditional `single check- out' eBook models [such as netLibrary], or per-seat, concurrent database site licenses, ebrar offers simultaneous, multi-user access from any web-enabled computer'' on a subscription basis (http://corp. ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp#010). Figure 6 ebrary InfoToolsTM includes a ``Translate'' function that allows the user to translate a limited amount of document text to (or from) select languages Figure 7 Screen print of sample personal virtual ebrary1 ``Bookshelf'' with sample annotated, ``Add to bookshelf'', and highlighted content LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005 37
  • 8. Pricing is based on the type of library and the number of full time equivalent (FTE) students. Access to added content is provided at no additional cost during the subscription term, affordable. Multi-year contracts and special pricing are available through regional networks and consortia. Participating consortia, regional networks, and resellers include AMIGOS Library Services, CIC (Committee on Institutional Cooperation), Coutts, GWLA (Greater Western Library Alliance), MINITEX Library Information Network, NELINET, Inc. (New England's Library & Information Services Network), NERL (North East Research Libraries Consortium), OHIONET, PALINET, and WILS (Wisconsin Library Services) , among several other American and international groups (www.ebrary.com/libraries/subscribe.jsp). A price quote can be requested by submitting an ebrary Information Request (http://corp.ebrary.com/forms/ info.jsp) or by contacting an ebrary representative (http://corp.ebrary.com/ contact/). Discover ebrary1 In May 2003, ebrary formally launched a pay-per-view service known as Discover ebrary (http://discover. ebrary.com) that provides access to more than ``20,000 full-text books in multiple academic and general interest subject areas, sheet music titles and reports.'' As with the ebrary institution- based service, Discover ebrary offers ``advanced research technology, highlights, bookmarks, annotations and more'' (www.ebrary.com/news/ 030513a.jsp). Open access In addition to its subscription and ebrary Discover models, ebrary can technologically support Open Access as a distribution model. An Open Access option would allow publishers to ``have their content downloaded, viewed, printed and copied without any fee or restriction.'' While it has not yet had a publisher or a university request that ebrary make documents available under the Open Access model, it intends ``to facilitate Open Access when a publisher or institution is interested'' (Strauch, 2004, p. 68) Reporting and usage statistics ebrary offers reporting tools and usage statistics to International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC) standards (International Coalition of Library Consortia, 1998). ``Libraries may use these tools to track activity over a certain time period, see which documents have been viewed, copied or printed, and determine the number of individual researchers that have accessed and used the database (www. ebrary.com/libraries/features.jsp#080). ebrary ``logs each user interaction with a document at the page and transaction level, which provides organizations with key data about their . . . [users] and how documents are viewed and used'' (www.ebrary.com/technology/ ). Customers Currently ``[m]ore than 300 libraries throughout the world currently subscribe to ebrary including Yale University Library, Princeton University Library, University of Southern California Libraries, The University of Auckland Library, Ivy Tech State College Library, University of Utah Libraries, Stanford University Libraries, University of Malaya Library, Brigham Young University Libraries, National University Library, Staffordshire University Library, University of San Francisco Library, Westminster College, Giovale Library'', among many others (www.ebrary.com/partners/). Licensing ebrary licenses its ``unique database technology to organizations that need to securely distribute their own content over the internet to reduce costs, increase revenues and improve efficiency'' (www.ebrary.com/ company/). The American Library Association (ALA), Byron Hoyt, Primis Custom Publishing (McGraw-Hill), Stanford University are among the publishers and organization that have licensed the ebrary technology (www.ebrary.com/partners/). ALA is using ebrary to distribute and archive American Libraries magazine, while the Special Libraries Association (SLA) is using ebrary technology to distribute and archive Information Outlook, the news journal of the organization (Strauch, 2004, p. 66). ebrary team ebrary is a privately held company and is funded by Random House Ventures LLC, Pearson plc and The McGraw-Hill Companies (www. ebrary.com/company/). Its Advisory Board include Roger Summit (Founder, Former CEO, and Chairman Emeritus of the Dialog Corporation), Michael A. Keller (University Librarian and Director, Academic Information Resources, Stanford University and publisher of High Wire Press), Craig Cline (Vice President, Program DevelopmentZiff-Davis Events), Mario Rosati (Partner, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati), and Heidi Kuhn (President, Newslink International) (www.ebrary.com/company/advisory.jsp). The ebrary Board of Directors include Christopher Warnock (CEO), Kevin Sayar (President), Mohamad Al-Baghdadi (Vice President, International Sales), Richard Sarnoff (President, Random House New Media and Corporate Development Group), Philip Hoffman (CEO, Learning Network, a Subsidiary of Pearson plc), and John Warnock (co-Chairman, Adobe Systems Incorporated) (www.ebrary.com/company/board.jsp). The ebrary Executive Staff include Christopher Warnock (CEO and CTO), Kevin Sayar (President), David Bass (Senior Vice President of Sales and Marketing),, Mohamad Al-Baghdadi (Vice President, International Sales), Christopher Radcliffe (Vice President, Engineering), Tom Santos (Vice President, Advanced Technologies, and Neal Strickberger (Vice President, Operations) (www.ebrary.com/ company/exec.jsp). Free trial ebrary offers a fully functional 30 day IP-authenticated trial program for qualifying libraries for patrons, employees, faculty and staff (http:// corp.ebrary.com/trialsignup/) Note: This review was based on site documentation and use of a trial subscription in mid-December 2004. 38 LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005
  • 9. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author is grateful to David R. Fritsch, ebrary Mid-States Regional Sales Manager, and Tish Wagner, ebrary Director of Library Relations, for their assistance in the preparation of this review and for permission to reproduce select screen prints. REFERENCES Bryant, B. (Ed.) (1989), Guide for Written Collection Development Policy Statements, 2nd ed., American Library Association, Chicago, IL. International Coalition of Library Consortia (1998), Guidelines for Statistical Measures of Usage of Web-based Indexed, Abstracted, and Full-Text Resources, available at: www.library.yale.edu/consortia/webstats.html (accessed 12 December 2004). Strauch, K. (2004), ``ATG interviews Christopher Warnock'', Against the Grain, Vol. 16 No. 3, June, available at: www. ebrary.com/news/atg_warnock_interview.pdf, pp. 66-9 (accessed 12 December). Warnock, J. (1991), ``The Camelot Project'', available at: www.planetpdf.com/ mainpage.asp?webpageid=1851 (accessed 7 December 2004). Wikipedia (n.d.), ``Portable Document Format'', available at: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/ Portable_Document_Format (accessed 7 December 2004). Gerry McKiernan (gerrymck@iastate. edu) is a Science and Technology Librarian and Bibliographer, Iowa State University Library, Ames, Iowa, USA. LIBRARY HI TECH NEWS Number 1 2005 39