PerperikonIn South-Eastern Bulgaria is one of the biggest and mostancient fortresses in Europe towers.A stone city, that has survived for almost 6500 years, withits houses, streets, water storage basins and ruler’s palace.Nowadays, it is only a carved rock in the sacred for theancient people Rodopi Mountain, but still keeps themysterious name of Perperikon.
Thracian Tomb of KazanlakThe tomb is part of a large Thracian necropolis. Itcomprises a narrow corridor and a round burial chamber,both decorated with murals representing a Thracian coupleat a ritual funeral feast.The monument dates back to the 4th century BOT and hasbeen on the UNESCO protected World Heritage Site listsince 1979.The paintings are Bulgariasbest-preserved artistic masterpiecesfrom the Hellenistic period.
Great Basilica, PliskaThe Great Basilica of Pliska is an architectural complexin Pliska, the first capital of the First BulgarianEmpire (7th–9th century), which includes acathedral,an archbishops palace and a monastery.Completed around 875, the basilica was the largestChristian cathedral in medieval SoutheasternEurope outside Constantinople, with an area of 2,920square metres
Madara horseman and fortressIn the middle of a sheer cliff in the Еastern end of theBalkan Mountain Range is the oldest stone relief in Europe– the Madara Horseman was carved.It is one of the most enigmatic monuments in UNESCO’sWorld Heritage List.The scholars consider it’s been made about 1300 years ago,in the early 8th century.
Within 20 km from Madara Fortress, on top of another highplateau, the medieval stronghold - Shumen Fortress issituated. People settled here about 6000 years ago and thefirst fortification was built during the Trojan War.The city-fortress flowered in the Middle Ages. There waseven a mint. The legend has it that Bulgarian kings had oneof their residence palaces here and somewhere in itsbasement the royal treasure was hidden. It hasn’t beenfound since…Hundreds of houses and churches, resting in ruins, behindthe thick fortress walls, form an enigmatic labyrinth.
Samuil’s FortressSamuil’s Fortress is one of the most important medievalcastles, preserved to this day the Bulgarian lands. SamuilsFortress has great historical significance, mostly because ofthe key events and turning points of history of Bulgaria,which originated in the lands around it.Samuils Fortress Today is the emblem of the historicgrandeur of the former Bulgarian state, but simultaneouslyit is a great reminder of the tragedy that happened here in1014.
NesebarNessebar is the historic treasury of Bulgaria and in 1956 itwas declared and recognized as museum city –archaeological and architectural reservation.Valuable monuments from all stages of its long existenceare preserved here: remnants of fortress walls from Romantimes and the Middle Ages, old Byzantine and Bulgarianchurches, antique 18th and 19th century houses.The greatest treasure of the town are the numerouschurches.
Rogozen TreasureThe treasure now consists of 165 containers, all made ofsilver, 131 of them with golden decorations.This is the biggest treasure ever found in Bulgaria.Inscriptions on some of the items show they belonged to aThracian king.Historians believe they have found one almost completeroyal set that was hidden in the ground.
Balchik PalaceIn 1940, after the reincoporation of Southern Dobrujain Bulgaria with the Treaty of Craiova, the BalchikBotanical Garden was established at the place of thepalaces park.One of the gardens main attractions is the collection oflarge-sized cactus species arranged outdoors on 1000 m²,the second of its kind in Europe after the one in Monaco.Other notable species include the Metasequoia, the Pararubber tree and the Ginkgo.
The Rila Monastery While the monastery has been existing, it was many timesrebuilt, destroyed and reconstructed. It is the biggest andthe most respected Bulgarian monastery.The monastery is a complex of cultural, dwelling andfarming buildings which take about 8800 square meters.The Rila Monastery has an unique architecture.Outside, the monasterylooks like a fortress. It has 24-meter stone wallswhich forms irregularpentagon.
Veliko TarnovoOften referred to as the „City of the Tsars“, Veliko Tarnovo islocated on the Yantra River and is famous as the historicalcapital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, attracting manytourists with its unique architecture..Tsarevets housed the palaces of the Bulgarian Emperorsand the Patriarchate, as well as a number of administrativeand residential edifices surrounded by thick walls.
St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral The St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is a BulgarianOrthodox cathedral in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It’sone of the largest Eastern Orthodox cathedrals in theworld, as well as one of Sofias symbolsThere is a museum of Bulgarian icons inside the cathedralcrypt, part of the National Art Gallery. The church claimsthat the museum contains the largest collection ofOrthodox icons in Europe.
MelnikThe unique architecture of Melnik and the nearby RozhenMonastery make it a popular tourist destination.The town is also associated with the impressive naturalsand pyramids in various forms, resemblinggiant mushrooms, ancient towers and obelisks, spread inan area of 17 km² near Melnik, Kurlanovo and Rozhen.The town has also been famous for producing a strong winesince at least 1346. The localwine was reportedlya favourite of WinstonChurchills.
Belogradchik RocksThe Belogradchik Rocks is one of the most famous andmost impressive nature phenomenon in Bulgaria.They are a group of bizarre sandstone and limestone rockformations with different and amazing shapes, reaching upto 200 m in height.The most characteristic peculiarity of the BelogradchikFortress is the perfect inclusion of the unapproachablerocks in the whole fortresssystem.Three construction periods canbe seen in the buildings –Roman and Byzantine ,Byzantine and Bulgarianand Turkish.
Seven Rila lakesThe Seven Rila Lakes are a group of lakes of glacial origin(glacial lakes), situated in the northwestern RilaMountains inBulgaria. The lakes are situated between 2,100and 2,500 metres elevation above sea level.The lakes are located one above the other and areconnected by small streams, which form tiny waterfalls andcascades. You can find tourist accommodation in the lakesvicinity. It lies on the northeastern shore of The Fish Lake,at an elevation of 2,196 m
Ledenica caveIts name, Ledenika, comes from the icy stalagmites,stalactites and columns, which are formed during thewinter at the beginning of the cave near the entrance.There is a small, shallow sinter lake, which according to abelief fulfills the desire of everyone who puts their hand init. 53 species live inside it, among which is the insect Light-hater, which has adapted so well to the darkness, that if itgoes out in the light, it dies.
Created by Simona Ivanova - 10th gradeJoan Ekzarh Language School Vratsa, 2012